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function [data] = ft_rejectcomponent(cfg, comp, data)
% FT_REJECTCOMPONENT backprojects an ICA (or similar) decomposition to the
% channel level after removing the independent components that contain
% the artifacts. This function does not automatically detect the artifact
% components, you will have to do that yourself.
% Use as
% [data] = ft_rejectcomponent(cfg, comp)
% or as
% [data] = ft_rejectcomponent(cfg, comp, data)
% where the input comp is the result of FT_COMPONENTANALYSIS. The output
% data will have the same format as the output of FT_PREPROCESSING.
% An optional input argument data can be provided. In that case
% componentanalysis will do a subspace projection of the input data
% onto the space which is spanned by the topographies in the unmixing
% matrix in comp, after removal of the artifact components. Please use
% this option of including data as input, if you wish to use the output
% data.grad in further computation, for example for leadfield computation.
% The configuration structure can contain
% cfg.component = list of components to remove, e.g. [1 4 7] or see FT_CHANNELSELECTION
% cfg.demean = 'no' or 'yes', whether to demean the input data (default = 'yes')
% cfg.updatesens = 'no' or 'yes' (default = 'yes')
% To facilitate data-handling and distributed computing you can use
% cfg.inputfile = ...
% cfg.outputfile = ...
% If you specify one of these (or both) the input data will be read from a *.mat
% file on disk and/or the output data will be written to a *.mat file. These mat
% files should contain only a single variable, corresponding with the
% input/output structure.
% Copyright (C) 2005-2014, Robert Oostenveld
% This file is part of FieldTrip, see
% for the documentation and details.
% FieldTrip is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
% it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
% the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
% (at your option) any later version.
% FieldTrip is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
% but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
% GNU General Public License for more details.
% You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
% along with FieldTrip. If not, see <>.
% $Id$
% these are used by the ft_preamble/ft_postamble function and scripts
ft_revision = '$Id$';
ft_nargin = nargin;
ft_nargout = nargout;
% do the general setup of the function
ft_preamble init
ft_preamble debug
ft_preamble loadvar comp data
ft_preamble provenance comp data
ft_preamble trackconfig
% the ft_abort variable is set to true or false in ft_preamble_init
if ft_abort
% set the defaults
cfg.component = ft_getopt(cfg, 'component', []);
cfg.demean = ft_getopt(cfg, 'demean', 'yes'); = ft_getopt(cfg, 'feedback', 'text');
cfg.updatesens = ft_getopt(cfg, 'updatesens', 'yes');
% the data can be passed as input arguments or can be read from disk
hascomp = exist('comp', 'var');
hasdata = exist('data', 'var');
if hascomp && hasdata
% check if the input data is valid for this function
istlck = ft_datatype(data, 'timelock'); % this will be temporary converted into raw
data = ft_checkdata(data, 'datatype', 'raw');
comp = ft_checkdata(comp, 'datatype', 'comp');
label = data.label;
nchans = length(data.label);
ncomps = length(comp.label);
elseif hascomp
% check if the input data is valid for this function
istlck = ft_datatype(comp, 'timelock'); % this will be temporary converted into raw
comp = ft_checkdata(comp, 'datatype', 'raw+comp');
label = comp.topolabel;
ncomps = length(comp.label);
ft_error('incorrect number of input arguments');
% cfg.component can be indicated by number or by label
cfg.component = ft_channelselection(cfg.component, comp.label);
reject = match_str(comp.label, cfg.component);
if isempty(reject)
ft_warning('no components were selected for rejection');
if min(reject)<1
ft_error('you cannot remove components that are not present in the data');
if max(reject)>ncomps
ft_error('you cannot remove components that are not present in the data');
if hasdata && strcmp(cfg.demean, 'yes')
% optionally perform baseline correction on each trial
ft_info('baseline correcting data \n');
for trial=1:numel(data.trial)
data.trial{trial} = ft_preproc_baselinecorrect(data.trial{trial});
% set the rejected component amplitudes to zero
ft_info('removing %d components\n', length(reject));
ft_info('keeping %d components\n', ncomps-length(reject));
% create a projection matrix by subtracting the subspace spanned by the
% topographies of the to-be-removed components from identity
[seldat, selcomp] = match_str(label, comp.topolabel);
if hasdata && length(seldat)~=length(label)
ft_warning('the subspace projection is not guaranteed to be correct for non-orthogonal components');
if hasdata
mixing = comp.topo(selcomp,:);
unmixing = comp.unmixing(:,selcomp);
% I am not sure about this, but it gives comparable results to the ~hasdata case
% when comp contains non-orthogonal (=ica) topographies, and contains a complete decomposition
montage = [];
montage.tra = eye(length(selcomp)) - mixing(:, reject)*unmixing(reject, :);
% we are going from data to components, and back again
montage.labelold = comp.topolabel(selcomp);
montage.labelnew = comp.topolabel(selcomp);
keepunused = 'yes'; % keep the original data which are not present in the mixing provided
bname = 'reject';
mixing = comp.topo(selcomp, :);
mixing(:, reject) = 0;
montage = [];
montage.tra = mixing;
% we are going from components to data
montage.labelold = comp.label;
montage.labelnew = comp.topolabel(selcomp);
keepunused = 'no'; % don't need to keep the original rejected components
bname = 'invcomp';
% create the initial data structure, remove all component details
data = keepfields(comp, {'trial', 'time', 'label', 'fsample', 'grad', 'elec', 'opto', 'trialinfo', 'sampleinfo'});
end % if hasdata
% apply the linear projection to the data
data = ft_apply_montage(data, montage, 'keepunused', keepunused, 'feedback',, 'showcallinfo', cfg.showcallinfo);
sensfield = cell(0,1);
if isfield(data, 'grad')
sensfield{end+1} = 'grad';
if isfield(data, 'elec')
sensfield{end+1} = 'elec';
if isfield(data, 'opto')
sensfield{end+1} = 'opto';
% apply the linear projection also to the sensor description
if ~isempty(sensfield)
if strcmp(cfg.updatesens, 'yes')
for m = 1:numel(sensfield)
ft_info('also applying the backprojection matrix to the %s structure\n', sensfield{m});
% the balance field is needed to keep the sequence of linear projections
if ~isfield(data.(sensfield{m}), 'balance')
data.(sensfield{m}).balance.current = 'none';
% keepunused = 'yes' is required to get back e.g. reference or otherwise
% unused sensors in the sensor description. the unused components need to
% be removed in a second step
sens = ft_apply_montage(data.(sensfield{m}), montage, 'keepunused', 'yes', 'balancename', bname, 'feedback',;
% remove the unused channels from the grad/elec/opto
[junk, remove] = match_str(comp.label, sens.label);
sens.tra(remove,:) = [];
sens.label(remove) = [];
sens.chanpos(remove,:) = [];
if isfield(sens, 'chanori')
sens.chanori(remove,:) = [];
% there could have been sequential subspace projections, so the
% invcomp-field may have been renamed into invcompX. If this it the case,
% take the one with the highest suffix
invcompfield = bname;
if ~isfield(sens.balance, invcompfield)
for k = 10:-1:1
if isfield(sens.balance, [bname num2str(k)])
invcompfield = [invcompfield num2str(k)];
% remove the unused components from the balancing
[junk, remove] = match_str(comp.label, sens.balance.(invcompfield).labelnew);
sens.balance.(invcompfield).tra(remove, :) = [];
sens.balance.(invcompfield).labelnew(remove) = [];
data.(sensfield{m}) = sens;
for m = 1:numel(sensfield)
ft_info('not applying the backprojection matrix to the %s structure\n', sensfield{m});
% simply copy it over
comp.(sensfield{m}) = data.(sensfield{m});
end % if sensfield
if istlck
% convert the raw structure back into a timelock structure
data = ft_checkdata(data, 'datatype', 'timelock');
% do the general cleanup and bookkeeping at the end of the function
ft_postamble debug
ft_postamble trackconfig
ft_postamble previous comp data
ft_postamble provenance data
ft_postamble history data
ft_postamble savevar data