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Finance::Quote - Get stock and mutual fund quotes from various exchanges


use Finance::Quote;
$q = Finance::Quote->new;


$conversion_rate = $q->currency("AUD", "USD");
$q->set_currency("EUR");  # Return all info in Euros.

$q->require_labels(qw/price date high low volume/);

$q->failover(1); # Set failover support (on by default).

%quotes  = $q->fetch("nasdaq", @stocks);
$hashref = $q->fetch("nyse", @stocks);


This module gets stock quotes from various internet sources all over the world. Quotes are obtained by constructing a quoter object and using the fetch method to gather data, which is returned as a two-dimensional hash (or a reference to such a hash, if called in a scalar context). For example:

$q = Finance::Quote->new;
%info = $q->fetch("australia", "CML");
print "The price of CML is ".$info{"CML", "price"};

The first part of the hash (eg, "CML") is referred to as the stock. The second part (in this case, "price") is referred to as the label.


When information about a stock is returned, the following standard labels may be used. Some custom-written modules may use labels not mentioned here. If you wish to be certain that you obtain a certain set of labels for a given stock, you can specify that using require_labels().

ask          Ask
avg_vol      Average Daily Vol
bid          Bid
cap          Market Capitalization
close        Previous Close
currency     Currency code for the returned data
date         Last Trade Date  (MM/DD/YY format)
day_range    Day's Range
div          Dividend per Share
div_date     Dividend Pay Date
div_yield    Dividend Yield
eps          Earnings per Share
errormsg     If success is false, this field may contain the reason why.
ex_div       Ex-Dividend Date.
exchange     The exchange the information was obtained from.
high         Highest trade today
isin         International Securities Identification Number
isodate      ISO 8601 formatted date 
last         Last Price
low          Lowest trade today
method       The module (as could be passed to fetch) which found this information.
name         Company or Mutual Fund Name
nav          Net Asset Value
net          Net Change
open         Today's Open
p_change     Percent Change from previous day's close
pe           P/E Ratio
success      Did the stock successfully return information? (true/false)
time         Last Trade Time
type         The type of equity returned
volume       Volume
year_range   52-Week Range
yield        Yield (usually 30 day avg)

If all stock lookups fail (possibly because of a failed connection) then the empty list may be returned, or undef in a scalar context.


Please note that the Github repository is not meant for general users of Finance::Quote for installation.

If you downloaded the Finance-Quote-N.NN.tar.gz tarball from CPAN (N.NN is the version number, ex: Finance-Quote-1.50.tar.gz), run the following commands:

tar xzf Finance-Quote-1.50.tar.gz
cd Finance-Quote-1.50.tar.gz
perl Makefile.PL
make test
make install

If you have the CPAN module installed: Using cpanm (Requires App::cpanminus)

cpanm Finance::Quote

or Using CPAN shell

perl -MCPAN -e shell
install Finance::Quote


After installing, you can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

perldoc Finance::Quote

You can also look for information at:


Finance::Quote has public class methods to construct a quoter object, get or set default class values, and one helper function.


my $q = Finance::Quote->new()
my $q = Finance::Quote->new('-defaults')
my $q = Finance::Quote->new('AEX', 'Fool')
my $q = Finance::Quote->new(timeout => 30)
my $q = Finance::Quote->new('YahooJSON', fetch_currency => 'EUR')
my $q = Finance::Quote->new('alphavantage' => {API_KEY => '...'})
my $q = Finance::Quote->new('IEXCloud', 'iexcloud' => {API_KEY => '...'});

A Finance::Quote object uses one or more methods to fetch quotes for securities. new constructs a Finance::Quote object and enables the caller to load only specific methods, set parameters that control the behavior of the fetch method, and pass method-specific parameters to the corresponding method.

  • timeout = T> sets the web request timeout to T seconds
  • failover = B> where B is a boolean value indicating if failover is acceptable
  • fetch_currency = C> sets the desired currency code to C for fetch results
  • required_labels = A> sets the required labels for fetch results to array A
  • <Module-name> as a string is the name of a specific Finance::Quote::Module to load
  • <method-name => H> passes hash H to the method-name constructor

With no arguments, new creates a Finance::Quote object with the default methods. If the environment variable FQ_LOAD_QUOTELET is set, then the contents of FQ_LOAD_QUOTELET (split on whitespace) will be used as the argument list. This allows users to load their own custom modules without having to change existing code. If any method names are passed to new or the flag '-defaults' is included in the argument list, then FQ_LOAD_QUOTELET is ignored.

When new() is passed one or more class name arguments, an object is created with only the specified modules loaded. If the first argument is '-defaults', then the default modules will be loaded first, followed by any other specified modules. Note that the FQ_LOAD_QUOTELET environment variable must begin with '-defaults' if you wish the default modules to be loaded.

Method names correspond to the Perl module in the Finance::Quote module space. For example, Finance::Quote-new('ASX')> will load the module Finance::Quote::ASX, which provides the method "asx".


my @fields = Finance::Quote::get_default_currency_fields();

get_default_currency_fields returns the standard list of fields in a quote that are automatically converted during currency conversion. Individual modules may override this list.


my $value = Finance::Quote::get_default_timeout();

get_default_timeout returns the current Finance::Quote default timeout in seconds for web requests. Finance::Quote does not specify a default timeout, deferring to the underlying user agent for web requests. So this function will return undef unless set_default_timeout was previously called.



set_default_timeout sets the Finance::Quote default timeout to a new value.


my @methods = Finance::Quote::get_methods();

get_methods returns the list of methods that can be passed to new when creating a quoter object and as the first argument to fetch.



my $value = $q->B_to_billions("20B");

B_to_billions is a utility function that expands a numeric string with a "B" suffix to the corresponding multiple of 1000000000.


my $value = $q->decimal_shiftup("123.45", 1);  # returns 1234.5
my $value = $q->decimal_shiftup("0.25", 1);    # returns 2.5

decimal_shiftup moves a the decimal point in a numeric string the specified number of places to the right.


my %stocks  = $q->fetch("alphavantage", "IBM", "MSFT", "LNUX");
my $hashref = $q->fetch("usa", "IBM", "MSFT", "LNUX");

fetch takes a method as its first argument and the remaining arguments are treated as securities. If the quoter $q was constructed with a specific method or methods, then only those methods are available.

When called in an array context, a hash is returned. In a scalar context, a reference to a hash will be returned.

The keys for the returned hash are {SECURITY,LABEL}. For the above example call, $stocks{"IBM","high"} is the high value for IBM as determined by the AlphaVantage method.


my $failover = $q->get_failover();

Failover is when the fetch method attempts to retrieve quote information for a security from alternate sources when the requested method fails. get_failover returns a boolean value indicating if the quoter object will use failover or not.



set_failover sets the failover flag on the quoter object.


my $currency = $q->get_fetch_currency();

get_fetch_currency returns either the desired currency code for the quoter object or undef if no target currency was set during construction or with the set_fetch_currency function.


$q->set_fetch_currency("FRF");  # Get results in French Francs.

set_fetch_currency method is used to request that all information be returned in the specified currency. Note that this increases the chance stock-lookup failure, as remote requests must be made to fetch both the stock information and the currency rates. In order to improve reliability and speed performance, currency conversion rates are cached and are assumed not to change for the duration of the Finance::Quote object.

Currency conversions are requested through AlphaVantage, which requires an API key. Please see Finance::Quote::AlphaVantage for more information.


my @labels = $q->get_required_labels();

get_required_labels returns the list of labels that must be populated for a security quote to be considered valid and returned by fetch.


my $labels = ['close', 'isodate', 'last'];

set_required_labels updates the list of required labels for the quoter object.


my $timeout = $q->get_timeout();

get_timeout returns the timeout in seconds the quoter object is using for web requests.



set_timeout updated teh timeout in seconds for the quoter object.


my $ua = $q->get_user_agent();

get_user_agent returns the LWP::UserAgent the quoter object is using for web requests.


$q->isoTime("11:39PM");    # returns "23:39"
$q->isoTime("9:10 AM");    # returns "09:10"

isoTime returns an ISO formatted time.


The following methods are available as class methods, but can also be called from Finance::Quote objects.


my $value = Finance::Quote->scale_field('1023', '0.01')

scale_field is a utility function that scales the first argument by the second argument. In the above example, value is '10.23'.


my $value = Finance::Quote->currency('15.95 USD', 'AUD');

currency converts a value with a currency code suffix to another currency using the current exchange rate returned by the AlphaVantage method. AlphaVantage requires an API key. See Finance::Quote::AlphaVantage for more information.


my $currency = $quoter->currency_lookup();
my $currency = $quoter->currency_lookup( name => "Caribbean");
my $currency = $quoter->currency_loopup( country => qw/denmark/i );
my $currency = $q->currency_lookup(country => qr/united states/i, number => 840);

currency_lookup takes zero or more constraints and filters the list of currencies known to Finance::Quote. It returns a hash reference where the keys are ISO currency codes and the values are hash references containing metadata about the currency.

A constraint is a key name and either a scalar or regular expression. A currency satisfies the constraint if its metadata hash contains the constraint key and the value of that metadata field matches the regular expression or contains the constraint value as a substring. If the metadata field is an array, then it satisfies the constraint if any value in the array satisfies the constraint.


my @list = Finance::Quote::parse_csv($string);

parse_csv is a utility function for spliting a comma seperated value string into a list of terms, treating double-quoted strings that contain commas as a single value.


my @list = Finance::Quote::parse_csv_semicolon($string);

parse_csv is a utility function for spliting a semicolon seperated value string into a list of terms, treating double-quoted strings that contain semicolons as a single value.


Finance::Quote respects all environment that your installed version of LWP::UserAgent respects. Most importantly, it respects the http_proxy environment variable.


There are no ways for a user to define a failover list.

The two-dimensional hash is a somewhat unwieldly method of passing around information when compared to references

There is no way to override the default behaviour to cache currency conversion rates.


Copyright 1998, Dj Padzensky
Copyright 1998, 1999 Linas Vepstas
Copyright 2000, Yannick LE NY (update for Yahoo Europe and YahooQuote)
Copyright 2000-2001, Paul Fenwick (updates for ASX, maintenance and release)
Copyright 2000-2001, Brent Neal (update for TIAA-CREF)
Copyright 2000 Volker Stuerzl (DWS and VWD support)
Copyright 2000 Keith Refson (Trustnet support)
Copyright 2001 Rob Sessink (AEX support)
Copyright 2001 Leigh Wedding (ASX updates)
Copyright 2001 Tobias Vancura (Fool support)
Copyright 2001 James Treacy (TD Waterhouse support)
Copyright 2008 Erik Colson (isoTime)

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

Currency information fetched through this module is bound by the terms and conditons of the data source.

Other copyrights and conditions may apply to data fetched through this module. Please refer to the sub-modules for further information.


Dj Padzensky <>, PadzNet, Inc.
Linas Vepstas <>
Yannick LE NY <>
Paul Fenwick <>
Brent Neal <>
Volker Stuerzl <>
Keith Refson <>
Rob Sessink <>
Leigh Wedding <>
Tobias Vancura <>
James Treacy <>
Bradley Dean <>
Erik Colson <>

The Finance::Quote home page can be found at

The Finance::YahooQuote home page can be found at

The GnuCash home page can be found at


Finance::Quote::AEX, Finance::Quote::AIAHK, Finance::Quote::ASEGR, Finance::Quote::ASX, Finance::Quote::Bloomberg, Finance::Quote::BMONesbittBurns, Finance::Quote::BSEIndia, Finance::Quote::Bourso, Finance::Quote::CSE, Finance::Quote::Cdnfundlibrary, Finance::Quote::Citywire, Finance::Quote::Cominvest, Finance::Quote::Currencies, Finance::Quote::DWS, Finance::Quote::Deka, Finance::Quote::FTPortfolios, Finance::Quote::FTfunds, Finance::Quote::Fidelity, Finance::Quote::FidelityFixed, Finance::Quote::Finanzpartner, Finance::Quote::Fondsweb, Finance::Quote::Fool, Finance::Quote::Fundata Finance::Quote::GoldMoney, Finance::Quote::HEX, Finance::Quote::HU, Finance::Quote::IEXCloud, Finance::Quote::IndiaMutual, Finance::Quote::LeRevenu, Finance::Quote::MStaruk, Finance::Quote::ManInvestments, Finance::Quote::Morningstar, Finance::Quote::MorningstarAU, Finance::Quote::MorningstarCH, Finance::Quote::MorningstarJP, Finance::Quote::NSEIndia, Finance::Quote::NZX, Finance::Quote::OnVista, Finance::Quote::Oslobors, Finance::Quote::Platinum, Finance::Quote::SEB, Finance::Quote::TNetuk, Finance::Quote::Tradeville, Finance::Quote::TSP, Finance::Quote::TSX, Finance::Quote::Tdefunds, Finance::Quote::Tdwaterhouse, Finance::Quote::Tiaacref, Finance::Quote::Troweprice, Finance::Quote::Trustnet, Finance::Quote::USFedBonds, Finance::Quote::Union, Finance::Quote::VWD, Finance::Quote::XETRA, Finance::Quote::YahooJSON, Finance::Quote::YahooYQL, Finance::Quote::ZA, Finance::Quote::ZA_UnitTrusts

You should have received the Finance::Quote hacker's guide with this package. Please read it if you are interested in adding extra methods to this package. The latest hacker's guide can also be found on GitHub at

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