Icinga web 2 module to expose graphite perfdata metrics for services and hosts
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Graphite module for Icinga Web 2

General Information

Enable the graphite carbon cache writer: http://docs.icinga.org/icinga2/latest/doc/module/icinga2/chapter/monitoring-basics#graphite-carbon-cache-writer

All perfdata metrics will be automatically included as graphs however if you just want a subset, the host or service then needs to have custom vars of the form vars.graphite_keys =["key1","key2"] where key1 key2 represent perfdata stats you want to see.

You can configure the graphite metric keys formats by using standard-ish icinga2 macros.


Just extract this to your Icinga Web 2 module folder in a folder called graphite.

(Configuration -> Modules -> graphite -> enable). Check the modules config tab right there.

NB: It is best practice to install 3rd party modules into a distinct module folder like /usr/share/icingaweb2/modules. In case you don't know where this might be please check the module path in your Icinga Web 2 configuration.

Setting up carbon-cache for icinga2

For graphs to show up correctly in Icinga Web 2, the storage schema for icinga2 needs to be added on the host running Graphite. Usually this configuration file can be found in /etc/carbon/ or /opt/graphite/conf/, depending on how your Graphite server was installed.

Edit the file storage-schemas.conf and add the following configuration example for icinga2:

pattern = ^icinga2\..*\.(max_check_attempts|reachable|current_attempt|execution_time|latency|state|state_type)
retentions = 5m:7d

pattern = ^icinga2\.
retentions = 5m:10d,30m:90d,360m:4y

Hint: Make sure to add these lines before any wild card directives (eg. pattern = .*), otherwise they will never match!

Refer to Configuring Carbon for more details.

##Configuration There are various configuration settings to tweak how the module behaves and ensure that it aligns with how the graphite carbon cache writer is set up:

base_url A fully formed url

legacy_mode To support older versions of the writer pre-icinga2 2.4 where true - is replaced with _

  • false

service_name_template Macro template for the service name

  • icinga2.$host.name$.services.$service.name$.$service.check_command$.perfdata.$metric$.value

host_name_template Macro template for the host name

  • icinga2.$host.name$.host.$host.check_command$.perfdata.$metric$.value

graphite_args_template Macro template for the small image where $target$ is replaced with the metric name

  • &target=$target$&source=0&width=300&height=120&hideAxes=true&lineWidth=2&hideLegend=true&colorList=049BAF

graphite_large_args_template Macro template for the large image

  • &target=$target$&source=0&width=800&height=700&colorList=049BAF&lineMode=connected

remote_fetch To allow remote fetch of the graph image. Useful in multi-tenant installations and/or with password protected graphite-web installations (http auth). Set base_url as http://user:pass@graphite.com/render?

  • false

remote_verify_peer Verify remote peer certificate (if using https base_url)

  • false

remote_verify_peer_name Verify remote peer common name in certificate (if using https base_url)

  • false


As mentioned in General Information above, you can use vars.graphite_keys to limit [or define] the graphs you want to see.

Limiting graphs

In our example there are 6 metrics available in perfdata from the check_tomcat script:

  • used
  • free
  • max
  • currentThreadCount
  • maxThreads
  • currentThreadsBusy

To just see the basic graphs of used heap and currentThreadCount, add the following to your Service definition.

vars.graphite_keys = ["used", "currentThreadCount"]

Composite Graphs

In some cases, composite graphs are more useful. Used Heap doesn't make sense unless you know the Max Heap size. To create some useful composite graphs, add the following to your Service definition.

vars.graphite_keys = ["{used,max}", "{currentThreadsBusy,currentThreadCount}"]

Graph Labels

Composite graph definitions can get long and cumbersome, so you can define Labels for each graph. To make short, user-friendly labels for the composite graphs, add the following to your Service definition.

vars.graphite_keys = ["{used,max}", "{currentThreadsBusy,currentThreadCount}"]
vars.graphite_labels = ["Heap", "Threads"]

Area mode

It is possible to fill the area below the graphed lines by adding the following to your Service definition.

vars.graphite.area_mode = "all" // default : "all"
vars.graphite.area_alpha = "0.1" // default : "0.1"

To set it globally, customize the configuration file with :

graphite_area_mode = all
graphite_area_alpha = 0.1

For details about the values, see doc here : http://graphite.readthedocs.io/en/latest/render_api.html?highlight=areaMode

Derivative graphs

It is possible to plot derivative graphs instead of the measured values. This is useful for sensors giving increasing counters (like printer's page count, network IO bytes counter, ...). You can set it by adding the following to your Service definition.

vars.graphite.graph_type = "derivative" // default : "normal"

You can customize it's output by setting the summarize interval and summarize function :

vars.graphite.summarize_interval = "60min" // default : "10min"
vars.graphite.summarize_func = "sum" // default : "sum"

To set it globally, customize the configuration file with :

graphite_summarize_interval = 10min

Color list

It is possible to define which colors to use in the graph. You can set it by adding the following to your Service definition.

vars.graphite.color_list = "2D7DB3,EE1D00" // default : "049BAF,EE1D00,04B06E,0446B0,871E10,CB315D,B06904,B0049C"

To set it globally, customize the configuration file with :

graphite_color_list = 2D7DB3,EE1D00

This might be specialy useful in conjunction with vars.graphite_keys which plots several graphs in the same picture.

Hats off to

This module borrows a lot from https://github.com/Icinga/icingaweb2-module-pnp4nagios

What it looks like

screen shot of graphite graph