Skip to content
This repository

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP

A scripting language is built on top of the Objective-C runtime, and ABI compatible with Objective-C.

branch: master

Merge branch 'master' of github.com:fjolnir/Tranquil

# By Fjölnir Ásgeirsson
# Via Fjölnir Ásgeirsson
* 'master' of github.com:fjolnir/Tranquil:
  Updated installer link, now supports Xcode 5.1
latest commit 02eabcd0ba
Fjölnir Ásgeirsson authored
Octocat-spinner-32 Docs Cleanup March 23, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 Source Using the 10.9 SDK now March 23, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 Tests Adjusted fibonacci test November 16, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 Tools Using the 10.9 SDK now March 23, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 iosTest Added simdemo.app to iosTest December 19, 2012
Octocat-spinner-32 .gitignore Ignored build products November 16, 2012
Octocat-spinner-32 .gitmodules Moved vim syntax file to a separate repository (So it can be managed … November 21, 2012
Octocat-spinner-32 License.md Added missing copyright notice to license November 29, 2012
Octocat-spinner-32 Rakefile Using the 10.9 SDK now March 23, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 ReadMe.md Updated installer link, now supports Xcode 5.1 March 23, 2014
ReadMe.md

Tranquil

Tranquil is a programming language built on top of LLVM & the Objective-C Runtime.

It aims to provide a more expressive & easy to use way to write Mac and iOS Apps.

It's features include:

  • Compatibility with C/ObjC headers, meaning that there is no need to create special bindings for C APIs.
  • Automatic memory management.
  • Line by line debugging. (Using LLDB or GDB) — still under development, but breaking on, and stepping over source lines is supported
  • Dynamic Typing.
  • Language level concurrency support.
  • String interpolation.
  • Multiple assignment.
  • Message cascading.
  • Unlimited number range.
  • Unicode through&through (変数=123 works fine)
  • Good performance, even at this extremely early stage.
  • And more..

However, Tranquil is still extremely experimental and you shouldn't use it for anything other than exploration and learning.

How to build and run

The simplest way of getting started is to use the binary installer. Everything will be placed into /usr/local/tranquil (Requires Xcode 5.1 to be installed)

If you wish to contribute, you can use the install script instead which checks out the latest source and sets up the development environment.

> curl -fsSkL https://raw.github.com/fjolnir/Tranquil/master/Tools/install.sh | /bin/zsh
> /usr/local/tranquil/bin/tqrepl

Note: OS X ≥ 10.7 or iOS ≥ 5 is required to run compiled tranquil programs. 10.9 is required to compile.

Learning the language

To learn more about Tranquil you should read the specification and check out the tests.

You can also talk to me directly by visiting #tranquil on irc.freenode.net.

And here're a couple of examples:

Print a Mandelbrot fractal

mandelbrot = { x, y, bailout=16, maxIter=1000 |
    cr, ci = y-0.5, x
    zi, zr = 0

    maxIter times: {
        temp = zr*zi
        zr2, zi2 = zr^2, zi^2
        zr = zr2 - zi2 + cr
        zi = 2*temp + ci
        ^^no if zi2 + zr2 > bailout
    }
    ^yes
}

(-1 to: 1 withStep: 1/40) each: { y |
    (-1 to: 1 withStep: 1/40) each: { x |
        (mandelbrot(x, y) ? #● ! #◦) printWithoutNl
    }
    #"" print
}

Iterate an array

alternatives = ["Objective-C", "Ruby", "Nu", "Perl", "Python"]
alternatives each: `alternative | "Tranquil is nicer than «alternative»" print`
"Or so I hope at least." print

Reduce

sum = (0 to: 1000000) reduce: `obj, accum=0 | obj+accum`

Do two things at the same time

a = async foo()
b = bar()
whenFinished {
    "a is «a» and b is: «b»" print
}

Chain messages (Without having to return self from every method you write)

var = Character new setName: "Deckard"; setOccupation: "Blade Runner"; self

Do multiple assignment

a, b = b, a  \ Swap b&a

Return non-locally

a = {
    b = {
        ^^123
    }
    b()
    ^321
}
a() print \ This prints '123'

Calculate fibonacci numbers (In a not-so-performant manner)

fib = `n | n > 1 ? fib(n-1) + fib(n-2) ! n`
fib(10) print

Make a database query (Using DatabaseKit)

import "DatabaseKit"
db = DB withURL: "sqlite://data/database.sqlite"
query = db[#aTable] select: #field; where: { #anotherField => aValue }
val   = query[#field]

\ We can write that more concisely as:
val   = table[{ #anotherField => aValue }][#field]

Create a Web Server (Using HTTPKit)

import "HTTPKit"
HTTP new handleGet: "/"
              with: `connection| "Hello World!"`;
      listenOnPort: 8080
           onError: `"Unable to start server" print`

Evaluate a regular expression

"Foobar starts with foo." print if /foo[a-z]+/i matches: "Foobar"

Use the OpenGL & GLUT APIs

import "GLUT" \ This simply reads in your GLUT.h header. No bindings are required.

GlutInit(0, nil)
GlutInitDisplayMode(GLUT_DOUBLE)
GlutInitWindowSize(640, 480)
GlutInitWindowPosition(200, 200)
GlutCreateWindow("Tranquil is cool as beans!")

GlClearColor(0, 0, 0, 0)
GlScalef(0.4, 0.4, 0.4)

GlutDisplayFunc({
    GlRotatef(0.1, 0, 1, 0)
    GlClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT)
    GlColor3f(0, 1, 0)
        GlutWireDodecahedron()
    GlColor3f(1, 1, 1)
        GlutWireTeapot(0.7)
    GlutSwapBuffers()
})

lastX, lastY = 0
GlutMotionFunc({ x, y |
    dx, dy = lastX - x, lastY - y
    GlRotatef(dx, 0, 1, 0)
    GlRotatef(dy, 1, 0, 0)
    lastX, lastY = x, y
})

GlutIdleFunc(GlutPostRedisplay)
GlutMainLoop()
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.