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A hybrid buffered / streaming middleware kernel backwards compatible with connect.

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README.md

Synopsis

A hybrid streaming middleware kernel backwards compatible with connect.

Motivation

The advantage to streaming middlewares is that they do not require buffering the entire stream in order to execute their function.

Status

Build Status

Installation

There are a few ways to use union. Install the library using npm. You can add it to your package.json file as a dependancy

  $ [sudo] npm install union

Usage

Union's request handling is connect-compatible, meaning that all existing connect middlewares should work out-of-the-box with union.

(Union 0.3.x is compatible with connect >= 2.1.0, Extensively Tested)

In addition, the response object passed to middlewares listens for a "next" event, which is equivalent to calling next(). Flatiron middlewares are written in this manner, meaning they are not reverse-compatible with connect.

A simple case

var fs = require('fs'),
    union = require('../lib'),
    director = require('director'),
    favicon = require('./middleware/favicon');

var router = new director.http.Router();

var server = union.createServer({
  before: [
    favicon('./favicon.png'),
    function (req, res) {
      var found = router.dispatch(req, res);
      if (!found) {
        res.emit('next');
      }
    }
  ]
});

router.get(/foo/, function () {
  this.res.writeHead(200, { 'Content-Type': 'text/plain' })
  this.res.end('hello world\n');
});

router.post(/foo/, { stream: true }, function () {
  var req = this.req,
      res = this.res,
      writeStream;

  writeStream = fs.createWriteStream(Date.now() + '-foo.txt');
  req.pipe(writeStream);

  writeStream.on('close', function () {
    res.writeHead(200, { 'Content-Type': 'text/plain' });
    res.end('wrote to a stream!');
  });
});

server.listen(9090);
console.log('union with director running on 9090');

To demonstrate the code, we use director. A light-weight, Client AND Server side URL-Router for Node.js and Single Page Apps!

A case with connect

Code based on connect

var connect = require('connect')
  , http = require('http');

var app = connect()
  .use(connect.favicon())
  .use(connect.logger('dev'))
  .use(connect.static('public'))
  .use(connect.directory('public'))
  .use(connect.cookieParser('my secret here'))
  .use(connect.session())
  .use(function(req, res){
    res.end('Hello from Connect!\n');
  });

http.createServer(app).listen(3000);

Code based on union

var connect = require('connect')
  , union = require('union');

var server = union.createServer({
  buffer: false,
  before: [
    connect.favicon(),
    connect.logger('dev'),
    connect.static('public'),
    connect.directory('public'),
    connect.cookieParser('my secret here'),
    connect.session(),
    function(req, res) {
      res.end('Hello from Connect!\n');
    },
  ]
}).listen(3000);

API

union Static Members

createServer(options)

The options object is required. Options include:

Specification

  function createServer(options)

  @param options {Object} 
  An object literal that represents the configuration for the server.

    @option before {Array} 
    The `before` value is an array of middlewares, which are used to route and serve incoming 
    requests. For instance, in the example, `favicon` is a middleware which handles requests 
    for `/favicon.ico`.

    @option after {Array} 
    The `after` value is an array of functions that return stream filters,
    which are applied after the request handlers in `options.before`. 
    Stream filters inherit from `union.ResponseStream`, which implements the 
    Node.js core streams api with a bunch of other goodies.

    @option limit {Object} 
    (optional) A value, passed to internal instantiations of `union.BufferedStream`.

    @option https {Object} 
    (optional) A value that specifies the certificate and key necessary to create an instance of 
    `https.Server`.

    @option headers {Object} 
    (optional) An object representing a set of headers to set in every outgoing response

Example

var server = union.createServer({
  before: [
    favicon('./favicon.png'),
    function (req, res) {
      var found = router.dispatch(req, res);
      if (!found) {
        res.emit('next');
      }
    }
  ]
});

An example of the https option.

{
  https: {
    cert: 'path/to/cert.pem',
    key: 'path/to/key.pem',
    ca: 'path/to/ca.pem'
  }
}

An example of the headers option.

{
  'x-powered-by': 'your-sweet-application v10.9.8'  
}

Error Handling

Error handler is similiar to middlware but takes an extra argument for error at the beginning.

var handle = function (err, req, res) {
  res.statusCode = err.status;
  res.end(req.headers);
};

var server = union.createServer({
  onError: handle,
  before: [
    favicon('./favicon.png'),
    function (req, res) {
      var found = router.dispatch(req, res);
      if (!found) {
        res.emit('next');
      }
    }
  ]
});

BufferedStream Constructor

This constructor inherits from Stream and can buffer data up to limit bytes. It also implements pause and resume methods.

Specification

  function BufferedStream(limit)

  @param limit {Number} 
  the limit for which the stream can be buffered

Example

var bs = union.BufferedStream(n);

HttpStream Constructor

This constructor inherits from union.BufferedStream and returns a stream with these extra properties:

Specification

  function HttpStream()

Example

var hs = union.HttpStream();

HttpStream Instance Memebers

url

The url from the request.

Example

httpStream.url = '';

headers

The HTTP headers associated with the stream.

Example

httpStream.headers = '';

method

The HTTP method ("GET", "POST", etc).

Example

httpStream.method = 'POST';

query

The querystring associated with the stream (if applicable).

Example

httpStream.query = '';

ResponseStream Constructor

This constructor inherits from union.HttpStream, and is additionally writeable. Union supplies this constructor as a basic response stream middleware from which to inherit.

Specification

  function ResponseStream()

Example

var rs = union.ResponseStream();

Tests

All tests are written with vows and should be run with npm:

  $ npm test

Licence

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2010 Nodejitsu Inc. http://www.twitter.com/nodejitsu

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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