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fresh-container brings semantic versioning checks to the world of containers
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README.md

The goal of the tool

Given a version constraint and a container image name, fresh-container determines whether the image is fresh or stale. For stale images fresh-container gives the name of the latest tag that satisfies the constraint provided by the user.

fresh-container brings semantic versioning checks to the world of containers.

Making an analogy with software development

Developers are used to express the dependencies of their programs using semantic versioning constrains.

For example a Node.js application relying on left-pad could force only certain versions of this library to be used by specifying a constraint like >= 1.1.0 < 1.2.0. This would force npm to install the latest version of the library that satisfies the constraint.

Going back to the container world, imagine the following scenario. A developer needs to deploy an instance of the nginx container. The maintainers of the nginx image are providing tags compatible with semantic versioning. That allows the developer to start by deploying version 1.9.0 and then, using fresh-container, be aware of patch releases of this container image.

Usage

This is the simplest way to use fresh-container:

$ fresh-container check --constraint ">= 1.9.0 < 1.10.0" nginx:1.9.0

The 'docker.io/library/nginx' container image can be upgraded from the '1.9.0' tag to the '1.9.15' one and still satisfy the '>= 1.9.0 < 1.10.0' constraint.

Behind the scenes fresh-container will query the container registry hosting the image to gather the list of all the available tags. The tags that do not respect semantic versioning will be ignored and finally the tool will evaluate the constraint provided by the user.

The tool can also provide output in json format by using the -o json flag.

Expressing constraint

fresh-container relies on the blang/semver library.

Constraints have to be expressed using this syntax.

Server mode

Querying the remote container registries to fetch all the available tags of a container image is an expensive operation. That gets even worse when multiple containers have to be inspected on a regular basis.

The fresh-container binary can operate in a server mode to alleviate this issue.

Consider the following command:

$ fresh-container server

This will start a simple web server exposing a REST interface that can be used to query the stale status of a container image.

The server will query the remote container registries and cache the results into an in-memory database (fresh-container relies on dgraph-io/badger for that).

The entries of the cache expire after a customizable interval of time.

The fresh-container binary can perform a request against a remote server by using the following command:

$ fresh-container check --server fresh-service.local.lan --constraint ">= 1.0.0 < 2.0.0" influxdb:1.2.3

Configuration

fresh-container has a simple json configuration file that covers the following options:

  • registry configuration: that allows the user to specify special connection options on a per registry basis. For example: authentication credentials, tls options,...
  • cache TTL (hours): this tunes the amount of time container image tags are stored inside of the in-memory database used by fresh-container server.

Registry configurations are stored inside of a map where the url of the registry is used as key, while the value is a struct with the following attributes:

  • auth_domain: alternate URL for registry authentication (ex. auth.docker.io) (default: none)
  • insecure: do not verify tls certificates (default: false)
  • non_ssl: do not use ssl secure connection (default: false)
  • skip_ping: skip pinging the registry while establishing connection (default: false)
  • username: username for the registry (default: none)
  • password: password for the registry (default: none)

You can find a simple configuration under the examples directory.

Deployment

The deployment/helm directory includes a helm chart that deploys the application on top of a kubernetes cluster.

The deployment happens using the docker.io/flavio/fresh-container container image that is automatically built from this repository.

Kubernetes integration

Take a look at the fresh-container-operator project to see how to find and react to stale containers inside of kubernetes clusters.

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