Skip to content
This repository
tree: d1da5e6778
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

file 3767 lines (3310 sloc) 155.291 kb
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409 1410 1411 1412 1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 1502 1503 1504 1505 1506 1507 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515 1516 1517 1518 1519 1520 1521 1522 1523 1524 1525 1526 1527 1528 1529 1530 1531 1532 1533 1534 1535 1536 1537 1538 1539 1540 1541 1542 1543 1544 1545 1546 1547 1548 1549 1550 1551 1552 1553 1554 1555 1556 1557 1558 1559 1560 1561 1562 1563 1564 1565 1566 1567 1568 1569 1570 1571 1572 1573 1574 1575 1576 1577 1578 1579 1580 1581 1582 1583 1584 1585 1586 1587 1588 1589 1590 1591 1592 1593 1594 1595 1596 1597 1598 1599 1600 1601 1602 1603 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 1610 1611 1612 1613 1614 1615 1616 1617 1618 1619 1620 1621 1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 2096 2097 2098 2099 2100 2101 2102 2103 2104 2105 2106 2107 2108 2109 2110 2111 2112 2113 2114 2115 2116 2117 2118 2119 2120 2121 2122 2123 2124 2125 2126 2127 2128 2129 2130 2131 2132 2133 2134 2135 2136 2137 2138 2139 2140 2141 2142 2143 2144 2145 2146 2147 2148 2149 2150 2151 2152 2153 2154 2155 2156 2157 2158 2159 2160 2161 2162 2163 2164 2165 2166 2167 2168 2169 2170 2171 2172 2173 2174 2175 2176 2177 2178 2179 2180 2181 2182 2183 2184 2185 2186 2187 2188 2189 2190 2191 2192 2193 2194 2195 2196 2197 2198 2199 2200 2201 2202 2203 2204 2205 2206 2207 2208 2209 2210 2211 2212 2213 2214 2215 2216 2217 2218 2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 2316 2317 2318 2319 2320 2321 2322 2323 2324 2325 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332 2333 2334 2335 2336 2337 2338 2339 2340 2341 2342 2343 2344 2345 2346 2347 2348 2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 2356 2357 2358 2359 2360 2361 2362 2363 2364 2365 2366 2367 2368 2369 2370 2371 2372 2373 2374 2375 2376 2377 2378 2379 2380 2381 2382 2383 2384 2385 2386 2387 2388 2389 2390 2391 2392 2393 2394 2395 2396 2397 2398 2399 2400 2401 2402 2403 2404 2405 2406 2407 2408 2409 2410 2411 2412 2413 2414 2415 2416 2417 2418 2419 2420 2421 2422 2423 2424 2425 2426 2427 2428 2429 2430 2431 2432 2433 2434 2435 2436 2437 2438 2439 2440 2441 2442 2443 2444 2445 2446 2447 2448 2449 2450 2451 2452 2453 2454 2455 2456 2457 2458 2459 2460 2461 2462 2463 2464 2465 2466 2467 2468 2469 2470 2471 2472 2473 2474 2475 2476 2477 2478 2479 2480 2481 2482 2483 2484 2485 2486 2487 2488 2489 2490 2491 2492 2493 2494 2495 2496 2497 2498 2499 2500 2501 2502 2503 2504 2505 2506 2507 2508 2509 2510 2511 2512 2513 2514 2515 2516 2517 2518 2519 2520 2521 2522 2523 2524 2525 2526 2527 2528 2529 2530 2531 2532 2533 2534 2535 2536 2537 2538 2539 2540 2541 2542 2543 2544 2545 2546 2547 2548 2549 2550 2551 2552 2553 2554 2555 2556 2557 2558 2559 2560 2561 2562 2563 2564 2565 2566 2567 2568 2569 2570 2571 2572 2573 2574 2575 2576 2577 2578 2579 2580 2581 2582 2583 2584 2585 2586 2587 2588 2589 2590 2591 2592 2593 2594 2595 2596 2597 2598 2599 2600 2601 2602 2603 2604 2605 2606 2607 2608 2609 2610 2611 2612 2613 2614 2615 2616 2617 2618 2619 2620 2621 2622 2623 2624 2625 2626 2627 2628 2629 2630 2631 2632 2633 2634 2635 2636 2637 2638 2639 2640 2641 2642 2643 2644 2645 2646 2647 2648 2649 2650 2651 2652 2653 2654 2655 2656 2657 2658 2659 2660 2661 2662 2663 2664 2665 2666 2667 2668 2669 2670 2671 2672 2673 2674 2675 2676 2677 2678 2679 2680 2681 2682 2683 2684 2685 2686 2687 2688 2689 2690 2691 2692 2693 2694 2695 2696 2697 2698 2699 2700 2701 2702 2703 2704 2705 2706 2707 2708 2709 2710 2711 2712 2713 2714 2715 2716 2717 2718 2719 2720 2721 2722 2723 2724 2725 2726 2727 2728 2729 2730 2731 2732 2733 2734 2735 2736 2737 2738 2739 2740 2741 2742 2743 2744 2745 2746 2747 2748 2749 2750 2751 2752 2753 2754 2755 2756 2757 2758 2759 2760 2761 2762 2763 2764 2765 2766 2767 2768 2769 2770 2771 2772 2773 2774 2775 2776 2777 2778 2779 2780 2781 2782 2783 2784 2785 2786 2787 2788 2789 2790 2791 2792 2793 2794 2795 2796 2797 2798 2799 2800 2801 2802 2803 2804 2805 2806 2807 2808 2809 2810 2811 2812 2813 2814 2815 2816 2817 2818 2819 2820 2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 2917 2918 2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944 2945 2946 2947 2948 2949 2950 2951 2952 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961 2962 2963 2964 2965 2966 2967 2968 2969 2970 2971 2972 2973 2974 2975 2976 2977 2978 2979 2980 2981 2982 2983 2984 2985 2986 2987 2988 2989 2990 2991 2992 2993 2994 2995 2996 2997 2998 2999 3000 3001 3002 3003 3004 3005 3006 3007 3008 3009 3010 3011 3012 3013 3014 3015 3016 3017 3018 3019 3020 3021 3022 3023 3024 3025 3026 3027 3028 3029 3030 3031 3032 3033 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042 3043 3044 3045 3046 3047 3048 3049 3050 3051 3052 3053 3054 3055 3056 3057 3058 3059 3060 3061 3062 3063 3064 3065 3066 3067 3068 3069 3070 3071 3072 3073 3074 3075 3076 3077 3078 3079 3080 3081 3082 3083 3084 3085 3086 3087 3088 3089 3090 3091 3092 3093 3094 3095 3096 3097 3098 3099 3100 3101 3102 3103 3104 3105 3106 3107 3108 3109 3110 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 3120 3121 3122 3123 3124 3125 3126 3127 3128 3129 3130 3131 3132 3133 3134 3135 3136 3137 3138 3139 3140 3141 3142 3143 3144 3145 3146 3147 3148 3149 3150 3151 3152 3153 3154 3155 3156 3157 3158 3159 3160 3161 3162 3163 3164 3165 3166 3167 3168 3169 3170 3171 3172 3173 3174 3175 3176 3177 3178 3179 3180 3181 3182 3183 3184 3185 3186 3187 3188 3189 3190 3191 3192 3193 3194 3195 3196 3197 3198 3199 3200 3201 3202 3203 3204 3205 3206 3207 3208 3209 3210 3211 3212 3213 3214 3215 3216 3217 3218 3219 3220 3221 3222 3223 3224 3225 3226 3227 3228 3229 3230 3231 3232 3233 3234 3235 3236 3237 3238 3239 3240 3241 3242 3243 3244 3245 3246 3247 3248 3249 3250 3251 3252 3253 3254 3255 3256 3257 3258 3259 3260 3261 3262 3263 3264 3265 3266 3267 3268 3269 3270 3271 3272 3273 3274 3275 3276 3277 3278 3279 3280 3281 3282 3283 3284 3285 3286 3287 3288 3289 3290 3291 3292 3293 3294 3295 3296 3297 3298 3299 3300 3301 3302 3303 3304 3305 3306 3307 3308 3309 3310 3311 3312 3313 3314 3315 3316 3317 3318 3319 3320 3321 3322 3323 3324 3325 3326 3327 3328 3329 3330 3331 3332 3333 3334 3335 3336 3337 3338 3339 3340 3341 3342 3343 3344 3345 3346 3347 3348 3349 3350 3351 3352 3353 3354 3355 3356 3357 3358 3359 3360 3361 3362 3363 3364 3365 3366 3367 3368 3369 3370 3371 3372 3373 3374 3375 3376 3377 3378 3379 3380 3381 3382 3383 3384 3385 3386 3387 3388 3389 3390 3391 3392 3393 3394 3395 3396 3397 3398 3399 3400 3401 3402 3403 3404 3405 3406 3407 3408 3409 3410 3411 3412 3413 3414 3415 3416 3417 3418 3419 3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 3486 3487 3488 3489 3490 3491 3492 3493 3494 3495 3496 3497 3498 3499 3500 3501 3502 3503 3504 3505 3506 3507 3508 3509 3510 3511 3512 3513 3514 3515 3516 3517 3518 3519 3520 3521 3522 3523 3524 3525 3526 3527 3528 3529 3530 3531 3532 3533 3534 3535 3536 3537 3538 3539 3540 3541 3542 3543 3544 3545 3546 3547 3548 3549 3550 3551 3552 3553 3554 3555 3556 3557 3558 3559 3560 3561 3562 3563 3564 3565 3566 3567 3568 3569 3570 3571 3572 3573 3574 3575 3576 3577 3578 3579 3580 3581 3582 3583 3584 3585 3586 3587 3588 3589 3590 3591 3592 3593 3594 3595 3596 3597 3598 3599 3600 3601 3602 3603 3604 3605 3606 3607 3608 3609 3610 3611 3612 3613 3614 3615 3616 3617 3618 3619 3620 3621 3622 3623 3624 3625 3626 3627 3628 3629 3630 3631 3632 3633 3634 3635 3636 3637 3638 3639 3640 3641 3642 3643 3644 3645 3646 3647 3648 3649 3650 3651 3652 3653 3654 3655 3656 3657 3658 3659 3660 3661 3662 3663 3664 3665 3666 3667 3668 3669 3670 3671 3672 3673 3674 3675 3676 3677 3678 3679 3680 3681 3682 3683 3684 3685 3686 3687 3688 3689 3690 3691 3692 3693 3694 3695 3696 3697 3698 3699 3700 3701 3702 3703 3704 3705 3706 3707 3708 3709 3710 3711 3712 3713 3714 3715 3716 3717 3718 3719 3720 3721 3722 3723 3724 3725 3726 3727 3728 3729 3730 3731 3732 3733 3734 3735 3736 3737 3738 3739 3740 3741 3742 3743 3744 3745 3746 3747 3748 3749 3750 3751 3752 3753 3754 3755 3756 3757 3758 3759 3760 3761 3762 3763 3764 3765 3766 3767
# module pyparsing.py
#
# Copyright (c) 2003-2009 Paul T. McGuire
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
# a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
# "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
# without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
# distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
# permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
# the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
# included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
# EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
# MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
# IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
# CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
# TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE
# SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
#
#from __future__ import generators

__doc__ = \
"""
pyparsing module - Classes and methods to define and execute parsing grammars

The pyparsing module is an alternative approach to creating and executing simple grammars,
vs. the traditional lex/yacc approach, or the use of regular expressions. With pyparsing, you
don't need to learn a new syntax for defining grammars or matching expressions - the parsing module
provides a library of classes that you use to construct the grammar directly in Python.

Here is a program to parse "Hello, World!" (or any greeting of the form "<salutation>, <addressee>!")::

from pyparsing import Word, alphas

# define grammar of a greeting
greet = Word( alphas ) + "," + Word( alphas ) + "!"

hello = "Hello, World!"
print hello, "->", greet.parseString( hello )

The program outputs the following::

Hello, World! -> ['Hello', ',', 'World', '!']

The Python representation of the grammar is quite readable, owing to the self-explanatory
class names, and the use of '+', '|' and '^' operators.

The parsed results returned from parseString() can be accessed as a nested list, a dictionary, or an
object with named attributes.

The pyparsing module handles some of the problems that are typically vexing when writing text parsers:
- extra or missing whitespace (the above program will also handle "Hello,World!", "Hello , World !", etc.)
- quoted strings
- embedded comments
"""

__version__ = "1.5.3"
__versionTime__ = "24 Jun 2010 06:06"
__author__ = "Paul McGuire <ptmcg@users.sourceforge.net>"

import string
from weakref import ref as wkref
import copy
import sys
import warnings
import re
import sre_constants
#~ sys.stderr.write( "testing pyparsing module, version %s, %s\n" % (__version__,__versionTime__ ) )

__all__ = [
'And', 'CaselessKeyword', 'CaselessLiteral', 'CharsNotIn', 'Combine', 'Dict', 'Each', 'Empty',
'FollowedBy', 'Forward', 'GoToColumn', 'Group', 'Keyword', 'LineEnd', 'LineStart', 'Literal',
'MatchFirst', 'NoMatch', 'NotAny', 'OneOrMore', 'OnlyOnce', 'Optional', 'Or',
'ParseBaseException', 'ParseElementEnhance', 'ParseException', 'ParseExpression', 'ParseFatalException',
'ParseResults', 'ParseSyntaxException', 'ParserElement', 'QuotedString', 'RecursiveGrammarException',
'Regex', 'SkipTo', 'StringEnd', 'StringStart', 'Suppress', 'Token', 'TokenConverter', 'Upcase',
'White', 'Word', 'WordEnd', 'WordStart', 'ZeroOrMore',
'alphanums', 'alphas', 'alphas8bit', 'anyCloseTag', 'anyOpenTag', 'cStyleComment', 'col',
'commaSeparatedList', 'commonHTMLEntity', 'countedArray', 'cppStyleComment', 'dblQuotedString',
'dblSlashComment', 'delimitedList', 'dictOf', 'downcaseTokens', 'empty', 'getTokensEndLoc', 'hexnums',
'htmlComment', 'javaStyleComment', 'keepOriginalText', 'line', 'lineEnd', 'lineStart', 'lineno',
'makeHTMLTags', 'makeXMLTags', 'matchOnlyAtCol', 'matchPreviousExpr', 'matchPreviousLiteral',
'nestedExpr', 'nullDebugAction', 'nums', 'oneOf', 'opAssoc', 'operatorPrecedence', 'printables',
'punc8bit', 'pythonStyleComment', 'quotedString', 'removeQuotes', 'replaceHTMLEntity',
'replaceWith', 'restOfLine', 'sglQuotedString', 'srange', 'stringEnd',
'stringStart', 'traceParseAction', 'unicodeString', 'upcaseTokens', 'withAttribute',
'indentedBlock', 'originalTextFor',
]

"""
Detect if we are running version 3.X and make appropriate changes
Robert A. Clark
"""
_PY3K = sys.version_info[0] > 2
if _PY3K:
    _MAX_INT = sys.maxsize
    basestring = str
    unichr = chr
    _ustr = str
    _str2dict = set
    alphas = string.ascii_lowercase + string.ascii_uppercase
else:
    _MAX_INT = sys.maxint
    range = xrange

    def _ustr(obj):
        """Drop-in replacement for str(obj) that tries to be Unicode friendly. It first tries
str(obj). If that fails with a UnicodeEncodeError, then it tries unicode(obj). It
then < returns the unicode object | encodes it with the default encoding | ... >.
"""
        if isinstance(obj,unicode):
            return obj

        try:
            # If this works, then _ustr(obj) has the same behaviour as str(obj), so
            # it won't break any existing code.
            return str(obj)

        except UnicodeEncodeError:
            # The Python docs (http://docs.python.org/ref/customization.html#l2h-182)
            # state that "The return value must be a string object". However, does a
            # unicode object (being a subclass of basestring) count as a "string
            # object"?
            # If so, then return a unicode object:
            return unicode(obj)
            # Else encode it... but how? There are many choices... :)
            # Replace unprintables with escape codes?
            #return unicode(obj).encode(sys.getdefaultencoding(), 'backslashreplace_errors')
            # Replace unprintables with question marks?
            #return unicode(obj).encode(sys.getdefaultencoding(), 'replace')
            # ...
            
    def _str2dict(strg):
        return dict( [(c,0) for c in strg] )
            
    alphas = string.lowercase + string.uppercase

# build list of single arg builtins, tolerant of Python version, that can be used as parse actions
singleArgBuiltins = []
import __builtin__
for fname in "sum len enumerate sorted reversed list tuple set any all".split():
    try:
        singleArgBuiltins.append(getattr(__builtin__,fname))
    except AttributeError:
        continue

def _xml_escape(data):
    """Escape &, <, >, ", ', etc. in a string of data."""

    # ampersand must be replaced first
    from_symbols = '&><"\''
    to_symbols = ['&'+s+';' for s in "amp gt lt quot apos".split()]
    for from_,to_ in zip(from_symbols, to_symbols):
        data = data.replace(from_, to_)
    return data

class _Constants(object):
    pass

nums = string.digits
hexnums = nums + "ABCDEFabcdef"
alphanums = alphas + nums
_bslash = chr(92)
printables = "".join( [ c for c in string.printable if c not in string.whitespace ] )

class ParseBaseException(Exception):
    """base exception class for all parsing runtime exceptions"""
    # Performance tuning: we construct a *lot* of these, so keep this
    # constructor as small and fast as possible
    def __init__( self, pstr, loc=0, msg=None, elem=None ):
        self.loc = loc
        if msg is None:
            self.msg = pstr
            self.pstr = ""
        else:
            self.msg = msg
            self.pstr = pstr
        self.parserElement = elem

    def __getattr__( self, aname ):
        """supported attributes by name are:
- lineno - returns the line number of the exception text
- col - returns the column number of the exception text
- line - returns the line containing the exception text
"""
        if( aname == "lineno" ):
            return lineno( self.loc, self.pstr )
        elif( aname in ("col", "column") ):
            return col( self.loc, self.pstr )
        elif( aname == "line" ):
            return line( self.loc, self.pstr )
        else:
            raise AttributeError(aname)

    def __str__( self ):
        return "%s (at char %d), (line:%d, col:%d)" % \
                ( self.msg, self.loc, self.lineno, self.column )
    def __repr__( self ):
        return _ustr(self)
    def markInputline( self, markerString = ">!<" ):
        """Extracts the exception line from the input string, and marks
the location of the exception with a special symbol.
"""
        line_str = self.line
        line_column = self.column - 1
        if markerString:
            line_str = "".join( [line_str[:line_column],
                                markerString, line_str[line_column:]])
        return line_str.strip()
    def __dir__(self):
        return "loc msg pstr parserElement lineno col line " \
               "markInputLine __str__ __repr__".split()

class ParseException(ParseBaseException):
    """exception thrown when parse expressions don't match class;
supported attributes by name are:
- lineno - returns the line number of the exception text
- col - returns the column number of the exception text
- line - returns the line containing the exception text
"""
    pass

class ParseFatalException(ParseBaseException):
    """user-throwable exception thrown when inconsistent parse content
is found; stops all parsing immediately"""
    pass

class ParseSyntaxException(ParseFatalException):
    """just like ParseFatalException, but thrown internally when an
ErrorStop indicates that parsing is to stop immediately because
an unbacktrackable syntax error has been found"""
    def __init__(self, pe):
        super(ParseSyntaxException, self).__init__(
                                    pe.pstr, pe.loc, pe.msg, pe.parserElement)

#~ class ReparseException(ParseBaseException):
    #~ """Experimental class - parse actions can raise this exception to cause
       #~ pyparsing to reparse the input string:
        #~ - with a modified input string, and/or
        #~ - with a modified start location
       #~ Set the values of the ReparseException in the constructor, and raise the
       #~ exception in a parse action to cause pyparsing to use the new string/location.
       #~ Setting the values as None causes no change to be made.
       #~ """
    #~ def __init_( self, newstring, restartLoc ):
        #~ self.newParseText = newstring
        #~ self.reparseLoc = restartLoc

class RecursiveGrammarException(Exception):
    """exception thrown by validate() if the grammar could be improperly recursive"""
    def __init__( self, parseElementList ):
        self.parseElementTrace = parseElementList

    def __str__( self ):
        return "RecursiveGrammarException: %s" % self.parseElementTrace

class _ParseResultsWithOffset(object):
    def __init__(self,p1,p2):
        self.tup = (p1,p2)
    def __getitem__(self,i):
        return self.tup[i]
    def __repr__(self):
        return repr(self.tup)
    def setOffset(self,i):
        self.tup = (self.tup[0],i)

class ParseResults(object):
    """Structured parse results, to provide multiple means of access to the parsed data:
- as a list (len(results))
- by list index (results[0], results[1], etc.)
- by attribute (results.<resultsName>)
"""
    #~ __slots__ = ( "__toklist", "__tokdict", "__doinit", "__name", "__parent", "__accumNames", "__weakref__" )
    def __new__(cls, toklist, name=None, asList=True, modal=True ):
        if isinstance(toklist, cls):
            return toklist
        retobj = object.__new__(cls)
        retobj.__doinit = True
        return retobj

    # Performance tuning: we construct a *lot* of these, so keep this
    # constructor as small and fast as possible
    def __init__( self, toklist, name=None, asList=True, modal=True, isinstance=isinstance ):
        if self.__doinit:
            self.__doinit = False
            self.__name = None
            self.__parent = None
            self.__accumNames = {}
            if isinstance(toklist, list):
                self.__toklist = toklist[:]
            else:
                self.__toklist = [toklist]
            self.__tokdict = dict()

        if name is not None and name:
            if not modal:
                self.__accumNames[name] = 0
            if isinstance(name,int):
                name = _ustr(name) # will always return a str, but use _ustr for consistency
            self.__name = name
            if not toklist in (None,'',[]):
                if isinstance(toklist,basestring):
                    toklist = [ toklist ]
                if asList:
                    if isinstance(toklist,ParseResults):
                        self[name] = _ParseResultsWithOffset(toklist.copy(),0)
                    else:
                        self[name] = _ParseResultsWithOffset(ParseResults(toklist[0]),0)
                    self[name].__name = name
                else:
                    try:
                        self[name] = toklist[0]
                    except (KeyError,TypeError,IndexError):
                        self[name] = toklist

    def __getitem__( self, i ):
        if isinstance( i, (int,slice) ):
            return self.__toklist[i]
        else:
            if i not in self.__accumNames:
                return self.__tokdict[i][-1][0]
            else:
                return ParseResults([ v[0] for v in self.__tokdict[i] ])

    def __setitem__( self, k, v, isinstance=isinstance ):
        if isinstance(v,_ParseResultsWithOffset):
            self.__tokdict[k] = self.__tokdict.get(k,list()) + [v]
            sub = v[0]
        elif isinstance(k,int):
            self.__toklist[k] = v
            sub = v
        else:
            self.__tokdict[k] = self.__tokdict.get(k,list()) + [_ParseResultsWithOffset(v,0)]
            sub = v
        if isinstance(sub,ParseResults):
            sub.__parent = wkref(self)

    def __delitem__( self, i ):
        if isinstance(i,(int,slice)):
            mylen = len( self.__toklist )
            del self.__toklist[i]

            # convert int to slice
            if isinstance(i, int):
                if i < 0:
                    i += mylen
                i = slice(i, i+1)
            # get removed indices
            removed = list(range(*i.indices(mylen)))
            removed.reverse()
            # fixup indices in token dictionary
            for name in self.__tokdict:
                occurrences = self.__tokdict[name]
                for j in removed:
                    for k, (value, position) in enumerate(occurrences):
                        occurrences[k] = _ParseResultsWithOffset(value, position - (position > j))
        else:
            del self.__tokdict[i]

    def __contains__( self, k ):
        return k in self.__tokdict

    def __len__( self ): return len( self.__toklist )
    def __bool__(self): return len( self.__toklist ) > 0
    __nonzero__ = __bool__
    def __iter__( self ): return iter( self.__toklist )
    def __reversed__( self ): return iter( self.__toklist[::-1] )
    def keys( self ):
        """Returns all named result keys."""
        return self.__tokdict.keys()

    def pop( self, index=-1 ):
        """Removes and returns item at specified index (default=last).
Will work with either numeric indices or dict-key indicies."""
        ret = self[index]
        del self[index]
        return ret

    def get(self, key, defaultValue=None):
        """Returns named result matching the given key, or if there is no
such name, then returns the given defaultValue or None if no
defaultValue is specified."""
        if key in self:
            return self[key]
        else:
            return defaultValue

    def insert( self, index, insStr ):
        self.__toklist.insert(index, insStr)
        # fixup indices in token dictionary
        for name in self.__tokdict:
            occurrences = self.__tokdict[name]
            for k, (value, position) in enumerate(occurrences):
                occurrences[k] = _ParseResultsWithOffset(value, position + (position > index))

    def items( self ):
        """Returns all named result keys and values as a list of tuples."""
        return [(k,self[k]) for k in self.__tokdict]

    def values( self ):
        """Returns all named result values."""
        return [ v[-1][0] for v in self.__tokdict.values() ]

    def __getattr__( self, name ):
        if True: #name not in self.__slots__:
            if name in self.__tokdict:
                if name not in self.__accumNames:
                    return self.__tokdict[name][-1][0]
                else:
                    return ParseResults([ v[0] for v in self.__tokdict[name] ])
            else:
                return ""
        return None

    def __add__( self, other ):
        ret = self.copy()
        ret += other
        return ret

    def __iadd__( self, other ):
        if other.__tokdict:
            offset = len(self.__toklist)
            addoffset = ( lambda a: (a<0 and offset) or (a+offset) )
            otheritems = other.__tokdict.items()
            otherdictitems = [(k, _ParseResultsWithOffset(v[0],addoffset(v[1])) )
                                for (k,vlist) in otheritems for v in vlist]
            for k,v in otherdictitems:
                self[k] = v
                if isinstance(v[0],ParseResults):
                    v[0].__parent = wkref(self)
            
        self.__toklist += other.__toklist
        self.__accumNames.update( other.__accumNames )
        return self

    def __radd__(self, other):
        if isinstance(other,int) and other == 0:
            return self.copy()
        
    def __repr__( self ):
        return "(%s, %s)" % ( repr( self.__toklist ), repr( self.__tokdict ) )

    def __str__( self ):
        out = "["
        sep = ""
        for i in self.__toklist:
            if isinstance(i, ParseResults):
                out += sep + _ustr(i)
            else:
                out += sep + repr(i)
            sep = ", "
        out += "]"
        return out

    def _asStringList( self, sep='' ):
        out = []
        for item in self.__toklist:
            if out and sep:
                out.append(sep)
            if isinstance( item, ParseResults ):
                out += item._asStringList()
            else:
                out.append( _ustr(item) )
        return out

    def asList( self ):
        """Returns the parse results as a nested list of matching tokens, all converted to strings."""
        out = []
        for res in self.__toklist:
            if isinstance(res,ParseResults):
                out.append( res.asList() )
            else:
                out.append( res )
        return out

    def asDict( self ):
        """Returns the named parse results as dictionary."""
        return dict( self.items() )

    def copy( self ):
        """Returns a new copy of a ParseResults object."""
        ret = ParseResults( self.__toklist )
        ret.__tokdict = self.__tokdict.copy()
        ret.__parent = self.__parent
        ret.__accumNames.update( self.__accumNames )
        ret.__name = self.__name
        return ret

    def asXML( self, doctag=None, namedItemsOnly=False, indent="", formatted=True ):
        """Returns the parse results as XML. Tags are created for tokens and lists that have defined results names."""
        nl = "\n"
        out = []
        namedItems = dict( [ (v[1],k) for (k,vlist) in self.__tokdict.items()
                                                            for v in vlist ] )
        nextLevelIndent = indent + " "

        # collapse out indents if formatting is not desired
        if not formatted:
            indent = ""
            nextLevelIndent = ""
            nl = ""

        selfTag = None
        if doctag is not None:
            selfTag = doctag
        else:
            if self.__name:
                selfTag = self.__name

        if not selfTag:
            if namedItemsOnly:
                return ""
            else:
                selfTag = "ITEM"

        out += [ nl, indent, "<", selfTag, ">" ]

        worklist = self.__toklist
        for i,res in enumerate(worklist):
            if isinstance(res,ParseResults):
                if i in namedItems:
                    out += [ res.asXML(namedItems[i],
                                        namedItemsOnly and doctag is None,
                                        nextLevelIndent,
                                        formatted)]
                else:
                    out += [ res.asXML(None,
                                        namedItemsOnly and doctag is None,
                                        nextLevelIndent,
                                        formatted)]
            else:
                # individual token, see if there is a name for it
                resTag = None
                if i in namedItems:
                    resTag = namedItems[i]
                if not resTag:
                    if namedItemsOnly:
                        continue
                    else:
                        resTag = "ITEM"
                xmlBodyText = _xml_escape(_ustr(res))
                out += [ nl, nextLevelIndent, "<", resTag, ">",
                                                xmlBodyText,
                                                "</", resTag, ">" ]

        out += [ nl, indent, "</", selfTag, ">" ]
        return "".join(out)

    def __lookup(self,sub):
        for k,vlist in self.__tokdict.items():
            for v,loc in vlist:
                if sub is v:
                    return k
        return None

    def getName(self):
        """Returns the results name for this token expression."""
        if self.__name:
            return self.__name
        elif self.__parent:
            par = self.__parent()
            if par:
                return par.__lookup(self)
            else:
                return None
        elif (len(self) == 1 and
               len(self.__tokdict) == 1 and
               self.__tokdict.values()[0][0][1] in (0,-1)):
            return self.__tokdict.keys()[0]
        else:
            return None

    def dump(self,indent='',depth=0):
        """Diagnostic method for listing out the contents of a ParseResults.
Accepts an optional indent argument so that this string can be embedded
in a nested display of other data."""
        out = []
        out.append( indent+_ustr(self.asList()) )
        keys = self.items()
        keys.sort()
        for k,v in keys:
            if out:
                out.append('\n')
            out.append( "%s%s- %s: " % (indent,(' '*depth), k) )
            if isinstance(v,ParseResults):
                if v.keys():
                    out.append( v.dump(indent,depth+1) )
                else:
                    out.append(_ustr(v))
            else:
                out.append(_ustr(v))
        return "".join(out)

    # add support for pickle protocol
    def __getstate__(self):
        return ( self.__toklist,
                 ( self.__tokdict.copy(),
                   self.__parent is not None and self.__parent() or None,
                   self.__accumNames,
                   self.__name ) )

    def __setstate__(self,state):
        self.__toklist = state[0]
        self.__tokdict, \
        par, \
        inAccumNames, \
        self.__name = state[1]
        self.__accumNames = {}
        self.__accumNames.update(inAccumNames)
        if par is not None:
            self.__parent = wkref(par)
        else:
            self.__parent = None

    def __dir__(self):
        return dir(super(ParseResults,self)) + self.keys()

def col (loc,strg):
    """Returns current column within a string, counting newlines as line separators.
The first column is number 1.

Note: the default parsing behavior is to expand tabs in the input string
before starting the parsing process. See L{I{ParserElement.parseString}<ParserElement.parseString>} for more information
on parsing strings containing <TAB>s, and suggested methods to maintain a
consistent view of the parsed string, the parse location, and line and column
positions within the parsed string.
"""
    return (loc<len(strg) and strg[loc] == '\n') and 1 or loc - strg.rfind("\n", 0, loc)

def lineno(loc,strg):
    """Returns current line number within a string, counting newlines as line separators.
The first line is number 1.

Note: the default parsing behavior is to expand tabs in the input string
before starting the parsing process. See L{I{ParserElement.parseString}<ParserElement.parseString>} for more information
on parsing strings containing <TAB>s, and suggested methods to maintain a
consistent view of the parsed string, the parse location, and line and column
positions within the parsed string.
"""
    return strg.count("\n",0,loc) + 1

def line( loc, strg ):
    """Returns the line of text containing loc within a string, counting newlines as line separators.
"""
    lastCR = strg.rfind("\n", 0, loc)
    nextCR = strg.find("\n", loc)
    if nextCR >= 0:
        return strg[lastCR+1:nextCR]
    else:
        return strg[lastCR+1:]

def _defaultStartDebugAction( instring, loc, expr ):
    print ("Match " + _ustr(expr) + " at loc " + _ustr(loc) + "(%d,%d)" % ( lineno(loc,instring), col(loc,instring) ))

def _defaultSuccessDebugAction( instring, startloc, endloc, expr, toks ):
    print ("Matched " + _ustr(expr) + " -> " + str(toks.asList()))

def _defaultExceptionDebugAction( instring, loc, expr, exc ):
    print ("Exception raised:" + _ustr(exc))

def nullDebugAction(*args):
    """'Do-nothing' debug action, to suppress debugging output during parsing."""
    pass

class ParserElement(object):
    """Abstract base level parser element class."""
    DEFAULT_WHITE_CHARS = " \n\t\r"
    verbose_stacktrace = False

    def setDefaultWhitespaceChars( chars ):
        """Overrides the default whitespace chars
"""
        ParserElement.DEFAULT_WHITE_CHARS = chars
    setDefaultWhitespaceChars = staticmethod(setDefaultWhitespaceChars)

    def __init__( self, savelist=False ):
        self.parseAction = list()
        self.failAction = None
        #~ self.name = "<unknown>" # don't define self.name, let subclasses try/except upcall
        self.strRepr = None
        self.resultsName = None
        self.saveAsList = savelist
        self.skipWhitespace = True
        self.whiteChars = ParserElement.DEFAULT_WHITE_CHARS
        self.copyDefaultWhiteChars = True
        self.mayReturnEmpty = False # used when checking for left-recursion
        self.keepTabs = False
        self.ignoreExprs = list()
        self.debug = False
        self.streamlined = False
        self.mayIndexError = True # used to optimize exception handling for subclasses that don't advance parse index
        self.errmsg = ""
        self.modalResults = True # used to mark results names as modal (report only last) or cumulative (list all)
        self.debugActions = ( None, None, None ) #custom debug actions
        self.re = None
        self.callPreparse = True # used to avoid redundant calls to preParse
        self.callDuringTry = False

    def copy( self ):
        """Make a copy of this ParserElement. Useful for defining different parse actions
for the same parsing pattern, using copies of the original parse element."""
        cpy = copy.copy( self )
        cpy.parseAction = self.parseAction[:]
        cpy.ignoreExprs = self.ignoreExprs[:]
        if self.copyDefaultWhiteChars:
            cpy.whiteChars = ParserElement.DEFAULT_WHITE_CHARS
        return cpy

    def setName( self, name ):
        """Define name for this expression, for use in debugging."""
        self.name = name
        self.errmsg = "Expected " + self.name
        if hasattr(self,"exception"):
            self.exception.msg = self.errmsg
        return self

    def setResultsName( self, name, listAllMatches=False ):
        """Define name for referencing matching tokens as a nested attribute
of the returned parse results.
NOTE: this returns a *copy* of the original ParserElement object;
this is so that the client can define a basic element, such as an
integer, and reference it in multiple places with different names.
"""
        newself = self.copy()
        newself.resultsName = name
        newself.modalResults = not listAllMatches
        return newself

    def setBreak(self,breakFlag = True):
        """Method to invoke the Python pdb debugger when this element is
about to be parsed. Set breakFlag to True to enable, False to
disable.
"""
        if breakFlag:
            _parseMethod = self._parse
            def breaker(instring, loc, doActions=True, callPreParse=True):
                import pdb
                pdb.set_trace()
                return _parseMethod( instring, loc, doActions, callPreParse )
            breaker._originalParseMethod = _parseMethod
            self._parse = breaker
        else:
            if hasattr(self._parse,"_originalParseMethod"):
                self._parse = self._parse._originalParseMethod
        return self

    def _normalizeParseActionArgs( f ):
        """Internal method used to decorate parse actions that take fewer than 3 arguments,
so that all parse actions can be called as f(s,l,t)."""
        STAR_ARGS = 4

        # special handling for single-argument builtins
        if (f in singleArgBuiltins):
            numargs = 1
        else:
try:
restore = None
if isinstance(f,type):
restore = f
f = f.__init__
if not _PY3K:
codeObj = f.func_code
else:
codeObj = f.code
if codeObj.co_flags & STAR_ARGS:
return f
numargs = codeObj.co_argcount
if not _PY3K:
if hasattr(f,"im_self"):
numargs -= 1
else:
if hasattr(f,"__self__"):
numargs -= 1
if restore:
f = restore
except AttributeError:
try:
if not _PY3K:
call_im_func_code = f.__call__.im_func.func_code
else:
call_im_func_code = f.__code__

# not a function, must be a callable object, get info from the
# im_func binding of its bound __call__ method
if call_im_func_code.co_flags & STAR_ARGS:
return f
numargs = call_im_func_code.co_argcount
if not _PY3K:
if hasattr(f.__call__,"im_self"):
numargs -= 1
else:
if hasattr(f.__call__,"__self__"):
numargs -= 0
except AttributeError:
if not _PY3K:
call_func_code = f.__call__.func_code
else:
call_func_code = f.__call__.__code__
# not a bound method, get info directly from __call__ method
if call_func_code.co_flags & STAR_ARGS:
return f
numargs = call_func_code.co_argcount
if not _PY3K:
if hasattr(f.__call__,"im_self"):
numargs -= 1
else:
if hasattr(f.__call__,"__self__"):
numargs -= 1


        #~ print ("adding function %s with %d args" % (f.func_name,numargs))
        if numargs == 3:
            return f
        else:
            if numargs > 3:
                def tmp(s,l,t):
                    return f(f.__call__.__self__, s,l,t)
            if numargs == 2:
                def tmp(s,l,t):
                    return f(l,t)
            elif numargs == 1:
                def tmp(s,l,t):
                    return f(t)
            else: #~ numargs == 0:
                def tmp(s,l,t):
                    return f()
            try:
                tmp.__name__ = f.__name__
            except (AttributeError,TypeError):
                # no need for special handling if attribute doesnt exist
                pass
            try:
                tmp.__doc__ = f.__doc__
            except (AttributeError,TypeError):
                # no need for special handling if attribute doesnt exist
                pass
            try:
                tmp.__dict__.update(f.__dict__)
            except (AttributeError,TypeError):
                # no need for special handling if attribute doesnt exist
                pass
            return tmp
    _normalizeParseActionArgs = staticmethod(_normalizeParseActionArgs)

    def setParseAction( self, *fns, **kwargs ):
        """Define action to perform when successfully matching parse element definition.
Parse action fn is a callable method with 0-3 arguments, called as fn(s,loc,toks),
fn(loc,toks), fn(toks), or just fn(), where:
- s = the original string being parsed (see note below)
- loc = the location of the matching substring
- toks = a list of the matched tokens, packaged as a ParseResults object
If the functions in fns modify the tokens, they can return them as the return
value from fn, and the modified list of tokens will replace the original.
Otherwise, fn does not need to return any value.

Note: the default parsing behavior is to expand tabs in the input string
before starting the parsing process. See L{I{parseString}<parseString>} for more information
on parsing strings containing <TAB>s, and suggested methods to maintain a
consistent view of the parsed string, the parse location, and line and column
positions within the parsed string.
"""
        self.parseAction = list(map(self._normalizeParseActionArgs, list(fns)))
        self.callDuringTry = ("callDuringTry" in kwargs and kwargs["callDuringTry"])
        return self

    def addParseAction( self, *fns, **kwargs ):
        """Add parse action to expression's list of parse actions. See L{I{setParseAction}<setParseAction>}."""
        self.parseAction += list(map(self._normalizeParseActionArgs, list(fns)))
        self.callDuringTry = self.callDuringTry or ("callDuringTry" in kwargs and kwargs["callDuringTry"])
        return self

    def setFailAction( self, fn ):
        """Define action to perform if parsing fails at this expression.
Fail acton fn is a callable function that takes the arguments
fn(s,loc,expr,err) where:
- s = string being parsed
- loc = location where expression match was attempted and failed
- expr = the parse expression that failed
- err = the exception thrown
The function returns no value. It may throw ParseFatalException
if it is desired to stop parsing immediately."""
        self.failAction = fn
        return self

    def _skipIgnorables( self, instring, loc ):
        exprsFound = True
        while exprsFound:
            exprsFound = False
            for e in self.ignoreExprs:
                try:
                    while 1:
                        loc,dummy = e._parse( instring, loc )
                        exprsFound = True
                except ParseException:
                    pass
        return loc

    def preParse( self, instring, loc ):
        if self.ignoreExprs:
            loc = self._skipIgnorables( instring, loc )

        if self.skipWhitespace:
            wt = self.whiteChars
            instrlen = len(instring)
            while loc < instrlen and instring[loc] in wt:
                loc += 1

        return loc

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        return loc, []

    def postParse( self, instring, loc, tokenlist ):
        return tokenlist

    #~ @profile
    def _parseNoCache( self, instring, loc, doActions=True, callPreParse=True ):
        debugging = ( self.debug ) #and doActions )

        if debugging or self.failAction:
            #~ print ("Match",self,"at loc",loc,"(%d,%d)" % ( lineno(loc,instring), col(loc,instring) ))
            if (self.debugActions[0] ):
                self.debugActions[0]( instring, loc, self )
            if callPreParse and self.callPreparse:
                preloc = self.preParse( instring, loc )
            else:
                preloc = loc
            tokensStart = preloc
            try:
                try:
                    loc,tokens = self.parseImpl( instring, preloc, doActions )
                except IndexError:
                    raise ParseException( instring, len(instring), self.errmsg, self )
            except ParseBaseException:
                #~ print ("Exception raised:", err)
                err = None
                if self.debugActions[2]:
                    err = sys.exc_info()[1]
                    self.debugActions[2]( instring, tokensStart, self, err )
                if self.failAction:
                    if err is None:
                        err = sys.exc_info()[1]
                    self.failAction( instring, tokensStart, self, err )
                raise
        else:
            if callPreParse and self.callPreparse:
                preloc = self.preParse( instring, loc )
            else:
                preloc = loc
            tokensStart = preloc
            if self.mayIndexError or loc >= len(instring):
                try:
                    loc,tokens = self.parseImpl( instring, preloc, doActions )
                except IndexError:
                    raise ParseException( instring, len(instring), self.errmsg, self )
            else:
                loc,tokens = self.parseImpl( instring, preloc, doActions )

        tokens = self.postParse( instring, loc, tokens )

        retTokens = ParseResults( tokens, self.resultsName, asList=self.saveAsList, modal=self.modalResults )
        if self.parseAction and (doActions or self.callDuringTry):
            if debugging:
                try:
                    for fn in self.parseAction:
                        tokens = fn( instring, tokensStart, retTokens )
                        if tokens is not None:
                            retTokens = ParseResults( tokens,
                                                      self.resultsName,
                                                      asList=self.saveAsList and isinstance(tokens,(ParseResults,list)),
                                                      modal=self.modalResults )
                except ParseBaseException:
                    #~ print "Exception raised in user parse action:", err
                    if (self.debugActions[2] ):
                        err = sys.exc_info()[1]
                        self.debugActions[2]( instring, tokensStart, self, err )
                    raise
            else:
                for fn in self.parseAction:
                    tokens = fn( instring, tokensStart, retTokens )
                    if tokens is not None:
                        retTokens = ParseResults( tokens,
                                                  self.resultsName,
                                                  asList=self.saveAsList and isinstance(tokens,(ParseResults,list)),
                                                  modal=self.modalResults )

        if debugging:
            #~ print ("Matched",self,"->",retTokens.asList())
            if (self.debugActions[1] ):
                self.debugActions[1]( instring, tokensStart, loc, self, retTokens )

        return loc, retTokens

    def tryParse( self, instring, loc ):
        try:
            return self._parse( instring, loc, doActions=False )[0]
        except ParseFatalException:
            raise ParseException( instring, loc, self.errmsg, self)

    # this method gets repeatedly called during backtracking with the same arguments -
    # we can cache these arguments and save ourselves the trouble of re-parsing the contained expression
    def _parseCache( self, instring, loc, doActions=True, callPreParse=True ):
        lookup = (self,instring,loc,callPreParse,doActions)
        if lookup in ParserElement._exprArgCache:
            value = ParserElement._exprArgCache[ lookup ]
            if isinstance(value,Exception):
                raise value
            return value
        else:
            try:
                value = self._parseNoCache( instring, loc, doActions, callPreParse )
                ParserElement._exprArgCache[ lookup ] = (value[0],value[1].copy())
                return value
            except ParseBaseException:
                pe = sys.exc_info()[1]
                ParserElement._exprArgCache[ lookup ] = pe
                raise

    _parse = _parseNoCache

    # argument cache for optimizing repeated calls when backtracking through recursive expressions
    _exprArgCache = {}
    def resetCache():
        ParserElement._exprArgCache.clear()
    resetCache = staticmethod(resetCache)

    _packratEnabled = False
    def enablePackrat():
        """Enables "packrat" parsing, which adds memoizing to the parsing logic.
Repeated parse attempts at the same string location (which happens
often in many complex grammars) can immediately return a cached value,
instead of re-executing parsing/validating code. Memoizing is done of
both valid results and parsing exceptions.

This speedup may break existing programs that use parse actions that
have side-effects. For this reason, packrat parsing is disabled when
you first import pyparsing. To activate the packrat feature, your
program must call the class method ParserElement.enablePackrat(). If
your program uses psyco to "compile as you go", you must call
enablePackrat before calling psyco.full(). If you do not do this,
Python will crash. For best results, call enablePackrat() immediately
after importing pyparsing.
"""
        if not ParserElement._packratEnabled:
            ParserElement._packratEnabled = True
            ParserElement._parse = ParserElement._parseCache
    enablePackrat = staticmethod(enablePackrat)

    def parseString( self, instring, parseAll=False ):
        """Execute the parse expression with the given string.
This is the main interface to the client code, once the complete
expression has been built.

If you want the grammar to require that the entire input string be
successfully parsed, then set parseAll to True (equivalent to ending
the grammar with StringEnd()).

Note: parseString implicitly calls expandtabs() on the input string,
in order to report proper column numbers in parse actions.
If the input string contains tabs and
the grammar uses parse actions that use the loc argument to index into the
string being parsed, you can ensure you have a consistent view of the input
string by:
- calling parseWithTabs on your grammar before calling parseString
(see L{I{parseWithTabs}<parseWithTabs>})
- define your parse action using the full (s,loc,toks) signature, and
reference the input string using the parse action's s argument
- explictly expand the tabs in your input string before calling
parseString
"""
        ParserElement.resetCache()
        if not self.streamlined:
            self.streamline()
            #~ self.saveAsList = True
        for e in self.ignoreExprs:
            e.streamline()
        if not self.keepTabs:
            instring = instring.expandtabs()
        try:
            loc, tokens = self._parse( instring, 0 )
            if parseAll:
                #loc = self.preParse( instring, loc )
                se = StringEnd()
                se._parse( instring, loc )
        except ParseBaseException:
            if ParserElement.verbose_stacktrace:
                raise
            else:
                # catch and re-raise exception from here, clears out pyparsing internal stack trace
                exc = sys.exc_info()[1]
            raise exc
        else:
            return tokens

    def scanString( self, instring, maxMatches=_MAX_INT ):
        """Scan the input string for expression matches. Each match will return the
matching tokens, start location, and end location. May be called with optional
maxMatches argument, to clip scanning after 'n' matches are found.

Note that the start and end locations are reported relative to the string
being parsed. See L{I{parseString}<parseString>} for more information on parsing
strings with embedded tabs."""
        if not self.streamlined:
            self.streamline()
        for e in self.ignoreExprs:
            e.streamline()

        if not self.keepTabs:
            instring = _ustr(instring).expandtabs()
        instrlen = len(instring)
        loc = 0
        preparseFn = self.preParse
        parseFn = self._parse
        ParserElement.resetCache()
        matches = 0
        try:
            while loc <= instrlen and matches < maxMatches:
                try:
                    preloc = preparseFn( instring, loc )
                    nextLoc,tokens = parseFn( instring, preloc, callPreParse=False )
                except ParseException:
                    loc = preloc+1
                else:
                    if nextLoc > loc:
                        matches += 1
                        yield tokens, preloc, nextLoc
                        loc = nextLoc
                    else:
                        loc = preloc+1
        except ParseBaseException:
            if ParserElement.verbose_stacktrace:
                raise
            else:
                # catch and re-raise exception from here, clears out pyparsing internal stack trace
                exc = sys.exc_info()[1]
                raise exc

    def transformString( self, instring ):
        """Extension to scanString, to modify matching text with modified tokens that may
be returned from a parse action. To use transformString, define a grammar and
attach a parse action to it that modifies the returned token list.
Invoking transformString() on a target string will then scan for matches,
and replace the matched text patterns according to the logic in the parse
action. transformString() returns the resulting transformed string."""
        out = []
        lastE = 0
        # force preservation of <TAB>s, to minimize unwanted transformation of string, and to
        # keep string locs straight between transformString and scanString
        self.keepTabs = True
        try:
            for t,s,e in self.scanString( instring ):
                out.append( instring[lastE:s] )
                if t:
                    if isinstance(t,ParseResults):
                        out += t.asList()
                    elif isinstance(t,list):
                        out += t
                    else:
                        out.append(t)
                lastE = e
            out.append(instring[lastE:])
            return "".join(map(_ustr,_flatten(out)))
        except ParseBaseException:
            if ParserElement.verbose_stacktrace:
                raise
            else:
                # catch and re-raise exception from here, clears out pyparsing internal stack trace
                exc = sys.exc_info()[1]
                raise exc

    def searchString( self, instring, maxMatches=_MAX_INT ):
        """Another extension to scanString, simplifying the access to the tokens found
to match the given parse expression. May be called with optional
maxMatches argument, to clip searching after 'n' matches are found.
"""
        try:
            return ParseResults([ t for t,s,e in self.scanString( instring, maxMatches ) ])
        except ParseBaseException:
            if ParserElement.verbose_stacktrace:
                raise
            else:
                # catch and re-raise exception from here, clears out pyparsing internal stack trace
                exc = sys.exc_info()[1]
                raise exc

    def __add__(self, other ):
        """Implementation of + operator - returns And"""
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal( other )
        if not isinstance( other, ParserElement ):
            warnings.warn("Cannot combine element of type %s with ParserElement" % type(other),
                    SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
            return None
        return And( [ self, other ] )

    def __radd__(self, other ):
        """Implementation of + operator when left operand is not a ParserElement"""
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal( other )
        if not isinstance( other, ParserElement ):
            warnings.warn("Cannot combine element of type %s with ParserElement" % type(other),
                    SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
            return None
        return other + self

    def __sub__(self, other):
        """Implementation of - operator, returns And with error stop"""
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal( other )
        if not isinstance( other, ParserElement ):
            warnings.warn("Cannot combine element of type %s with ParserElement" % type(other),
                    SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
            return None
        return And( [ self, And._ErrorStop(), other ] )

    def __rsub__(self, other ):
        """Implementation of - operator when left operand is not a ParserElement"""
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal( other )
        if not isinstance( other, ParserElement ):
            warnings.warn("Cannot combine element of type %s with ParserElement" % type(other),
                    SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
            return None
        return other - self

    def __mul__(self,other):
        if isinstance(other,int):
            minElements, optElements = other,0
        elif isinstance(other,tuple):
            other = (other + (None, None))[:2]
            if other[0] is None:
                other = (0, other[1])
            if isinstance(other[0],int) and other[1] is None:
                if other[0] == 0:
                    return ZeroOrMore(self)
                if other[0] == 1:
                    return OneOrMore(self)
                else:
                    return self*other[0] + ZeroOrMore(self)
            elif isinstance(other[0],int) and isinstance(other[1],int):
                minElements, optElements = other
                optElements -= minElements
            else:
                raise TypeError("cannot multiply 'ParserElement' and ('%s','%s') objects", type(other[0]),type(other[1]))
        else:
            raise TypeError("cannot multiply 'ParserElement' and '%s' objects", type(other))

        if minElements < 0:
            raise ValueError("cannot multiply ParserElement by negative value")
        if optElements < 0:
            raise ValueError("second tuple value must be greater or equal to first tuple value")
        if minElements == optElements == 0:
            raise ValueError("cannot multiply ParserElement by 0 or (0,0)")

        if (optElements):
            def makeOptionalList(n):
                if n>1:
                    return Optional(self + makeOptionalList(n-1))
                else:
                    return Optional(self)
            if minElements:
                if minElements == 1:
                    ret = self + makeOptionalList(optElements)
                else:
                    ret = And([self]*minElements) + makeOptionalList(optElements)
            else:
                ret = makeOptionalList(optElements)
        else:
            if minElements == 1:
                ret = self
            else:
                ret = And([self]*minElements)
        return ret

    def __rmul__(self, other):
        return self.__mul__(other)

    def __or__(self, other ):
        """Implementation of | operator - returns MatchFirst"""
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal( other )
        if not isinstance( other, ParserElement ):
            warnings.warn("Cannot combine element of type %s with ParserElement" % type(other),
                    SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
            return None
        return MatchFirst( [ self, other ] )

    def __ror__(self, other ):
        """Implementation of | operator when left operand is not a ParserElement"""
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal( other )
        if not isinstance( other, ParserElement ):
            warnings.warn("Cannot combine element of type %s with ParserElement" % type(other),
                    SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
            return None
        return other | self

    def __xor__(self, other ):
        """Implementation of ^ operator - returns Or"""
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal( other )
        if not isinstance( other, ParserElement ):
            warnings.warn("Cannot combine element of type %s with ParserElement" % type(other),
                    SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
            return None
        return Or( [ self, other ] )

    def __rxor__(self, other ):
        """Implementation of ^ operator when left operand is not a ParserElement"""
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal( other )
        if not isinstance( other, ParserElement ):
            warnings.warn("Cannot combine element of type %s with ParserElement" % type(other),
                    SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
            return None
        return other ^ self

    def __and__(self, other ):
        """Implementation of & operator - returns Each"""
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal( other )
        if not isinstance( other, ParserElement ):
            warnings.warn("Cannot combine element of type %s with ParserElement" % type(other),
                    SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
            return None
        return Each( [ self, other ] )

    def __rand__(self, other ):
        """Implementation of & operator when left operand is not a ParserElement"""
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal( other )
        if not isinstance( other, ParserElement ):
            warnings.warn("Cannot combine element of type %s with ParserElement" % type(other),
                    SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
            return None
        return other & self

    def __invert__( self ):
        """Implementation of ~ operator - returns NotAny"""
        return NotAny( self )

    def __call__(self, name):
        """Shortcut for setResultsName, with listAllMatches=default::
userdata = Word(alphas).setResultsName("name") + Word(nums+"-").setResultsName("socsecno")
could be written as::
userdata = Word(alphas)("name") + Word(nums+"-")("socsecno")
"""
        return self.setResultsName(name)

    def suppress( self ):
        """Suppresses the output of this ParserElement; useful to keep punctuation from
cluttering up returned output.
"""
        return Suppress( self )

    def leaveWhitespace( self ):
        """Disables the skipping of whitespace before matching the characters in the
ParserElement's defined pattern. This is normally only used internally by
the pyparsing module, but may be needed in some whitespace-sensitive grammars.
"""
        self.skipWhitespace = False
        return self

    def setWhitespaceChars( self, chars ):
        """Overrides the default whitespace chars
"""
        self.skipWhitespace = True
        self.whiteChars = chars
        self.copyDefaultWhiteChars = False
        return self

    def parseWithTabs( self ):
        """Overrides default behavior to expand <TAB>s to spaces before parsing the input string.
Must be called before parseString when the input grammar contains elements that
match <TAB> characters."""
        self.keepTabs = True
        return self

    def ignore( self, other ):
        """Define expression to be ignored (e.g., comments) while doing pattern
matching; may be called repeatedly, to define multiple comment or other
ignorable patterns.
"""
        if isinstance( other, Suppress ):
            if other not in self.ignoreExprs:
                self.ignoreExprs.append( other.copy() )
        else:
            self.ignoreExprs.append( Suppress( other.copy() ) )
        return self

    def setDebugActions( self, startAction, successAction, exceptionAction ):
        """Enable display of debugging messages while doing pattern matching."""
        self.debugActions = (startAction or _defaultStartDebugAction,
                             successAction or _defaultSuccessDebugAction,
                             exceptionAction or _defaultExceptionDebugAction)
        self.debug = True
        return self

    def setDebug( self, flag=True ):
        """Enable display of debugging messages while doing pattern matching.
Set flag to True to enable, False to disable."""
        if flag:
            self.setDebugActions( _defaultStartDebugAction, _defaultSuccessDebugAction, _defaultExceptionDebugAction )
        else:
            self.debug = False
        return self

    def __str__( self ):
        return self.name

    def __repr__( self ):
        return _ustr(self)

    def streamline( self ):
        self.streamlined = True
        self.strRepr = None
        return self

    def checkRecursion( self, parseElementList ):
        pass

    def validate( self, validateTrace=[] ):
        """Check defined expressions for valid structure, check for infinite recursive definitions."""
        self.checkRecursion( [] )

    def parseFile( self, file_or_filename, parseAll=False ):
        """Execute the parse expression on the given file or filename.
If a filename is specified (instead of a file object),
the entire file is opened, read, and closed before parsing.
"""
        try:
            file_contents = file_or_filename.read()
        except AttributeError:
            f = open(file_or_filename, "rb")
            file_contents = f.read()
            f.close()
        try:
            return self.parseString(file_contents, parseAll)
        except ParseBaseException:
            # catch and re-raise exception from here, clears out pyparsing internal stack trace
            exc = sys.exc_info()[1]
            raise exc

    def getException(self):
        return ParseException("",0,self.errmsg,self)

    def __getattr__(self,aname):
        if aname == "myException":
            self.myException = ret = self.getException();
            return ret;
        else:
            raise AttributeError("no such attribute " + aname)

    def __eq__(self,other):
        if isinstance(other, ParserElement):
            return self is other or self.__dict__ == other.__dict__
        elif isinstance(other, basestring):
            try:
                self.parseString(_ustr(other), parseAll=True)
                return True
            except ParseBaseException:
                return False
        else:
            return super(ParserElement,self)==other

    def __ne__(self,other):
        return not (self == other)

    def __hash__(self):
        return hash(id(self))

    def __req__(self,other):
        return self == other

    def __rne__(self,other):
        return not (self == other)


class Token(ParserElement):
    """Abstract ParserElement subclass, for defining atomic matching patterns."""
    def __init__( self ):
        super(Token,self).__init__( savelist=False )
        #self.myException = ParseException("",0,"",self)

    def setName(self, name):
        s = super(Token,self).setName(name)
        self.errmsg = "Expected " + self.name
        #s.myException.msg = self.errmsg
        return s


class Empty(Token):
    """An empty token, will always match."""
    def __init__( self ):
        super(Empty,self).__init__()
        self.name = "Empty"
        self.mayReturnEmpty = True
        self.mayIndexError = False


class NoMatch(Token):
    """A token that will never match."""
    def __init__( self ):
        super(NoMatch,self).__init__()
        self.name = "NoMatch"
        self.mayReturnEmpty = True
        self.mayIndexError = False
        self.errmsg = "Unmatchable token"
        #self.myException.msg = self.errmsg

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        exc = self.myException
        exc.loc = loc
        exc.pstr = instring
        raise exc


class Literal(Token):
    """Token to exactly match a specified string."""
    def __init__( self, matchString ):
        super(Literal,self).__init__()
        self.match = matchString
        self.matchLen = len(matchString)
        try:
            self.firstMatchChar = matchString[0]
        except IndexError:
            warnings.warn("null string passed to Literal; use Empty() instead",
                            SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
            self.__class__ = Empty
        self.name = '"%s"' % _ustr(self.match)
        self.errmsg = "Expected " + self.name
        self.mayReturnEmpty = False
        #self.myException.msg = self.errmsg
        self.mayIndexError = False

    # Performance tuning: this routine gets called a *lot*
    # if this is a single character match string and the first character matches,
    # short-circuit as quickly as possible, and avoid calling startswith
    #~ @profile
    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if (instring[loc] == self.firstMatchChar and
            (self.matchLen==1 or instring.startswith(self.match,loc)) ):
            return loc+self.matchLen, self.match
        #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, self.errmsg )
        exc = self.myException
        exc.loc = loc
        exc.pstr = instring
        raise exc
_L = Literal

class Keyword(Token):
    """Token to exactly match a specified string as a keyword, that is, it must be
immediately followed by a non-keyword character. Compare with Literal::
Literal("if") will match the leading 'if' in 'ifAndOnlyIf'.
Keyword("if") will not; it will only match the leading 'if in 'if x=1', or 'if(y==2)'
Accepts two optional constructor arguments in addition to the keyword string:
identChars is a string of characters that would be valid identifier characters,
defaulting to all alphanumerics + "_" and "$"; caseless allows case-insensitive
matching, default is False.
"""
    DEFAULT_KEYWORD_CHARS = alphanums+"_$"

    def __init__( self, matchString, identChars=DEFAULT_KEYWORD_CHARS, caseless=False ):
        super(Keyword,self).__init__()
        self.match = matchString
        self.matchLen = len(matchString)
        try:
            self.firstMatchChar = matchString[0]
        except IndexError:
            warnings.warn("null string passed to Keyword; use Empty() instead",
                            SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
        self.name = '"%s"' % self.match
        self.errmsg = "Expected " + self.name
        self.mayReturnEmpty = False
        #self.myException.msg = self.errmsg
        self.mayIndexError = False
        self.caseless = caseless
        if caseless:
            self.caselessmatch = matchString.upper()
            identChars = identChars.upper()
        self.identChars = _str2dict(identChars)

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if self.caseless:
            if ( (instring[ loc:loc+self.matchLen ].upper() == self.caselessmatch) and
                 (loc >= len(instring)-self.matchLen or instring[loc+self.matchLen].upper() not in self.identChars) and
                 (loc == 0 or instring[loc-1].upper() not in self.identChars) ):
                return loc+self.matchLen, self.match
        else:
            if (instring[loc] == self.firstMatchChar and
                (self.matchLen==1 or instring.startswith(self.match,loc)) and
                (loc >= len(instring)-self.matchLen or instring[loc+self.matchLen] not in self.identChars) and
                (loc == 0 or instring[loc-1] not in self.identChars) ):
                return loc+self.matchLen, self.match
        #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, self.errmsg )
        exc = self.myException
        exc.loc = loc
        exc.pstr = instring
        raise exc

    def copy(self):
        c = super(Keyword,self).copy()
        c.identChars = Keyword.DEFAULT_KEYWORD_CHARS
        return c

    def setDefaultKeywordChars( chars ):
        """Overrides the default Keyword chars
"""
        Keyword.DEFAULT_KEYWORD_CHARS = chars
    setDefaultKeywordChars = staticmethod(setDefaultKeywordChars)

class CaselessLiteral(Literal):
    """Token to match a specified string, ignoring case of letters.
Note: the matched results will always be in the case of the given
match string, NOT the case of the input text.
"""
    def __init__( self, matchString ):
        super(CaselessLiteral,self).__init__( matchString.upper() )
        # Preserve the defining literal.
        self.returnString = matchString
        self.name = "'%s'" % self.returnString
        self.errmsg = "Expected " + self.name
        #self.myException.msg = self.errmsg

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if instring[ loc:loc+self.matchLen ].upper() == self.match:
            return loc+self.matchLen, self.returnString
        #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, self.errmsg )
        exc = self.myException
        exc.loc = loc
        exc.pstr = instring
        raise exc

class CaselessKeyword(Keyword):
    def __init__( self, matchString, identChars=Keyword.DEFAULT_KEYWORD_CHARS ):
        super(CaselessKeyword,self).__init__( matchString, identChars, caseless=True )

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if ( (instring[ loc:loc+self.matchLen ].upper() == self.caselessmatch) and
             (loc >= len(instring)-self.matchLen or instring[loc+self.matchLen].upper() not in self.identChars) ):
            return loc+self.matchLen, self.match
        #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, self.errmsg )
        exc = self.myException
        exc.loc = loc
        exc.pstr = instring
        raise exc

class Word(Token):
    """Token for matching words composed of allowed character sets.
Defined with string containing all allowed initial characters,
an optional string containing allowed body characters (if omitted,
defaults to the initial character set), and an optional minimum,
maximum, and/or exact length. The default value for min is 1 (a
minimum value < 1 is not valid); the default values for max and exact
are 0, meaning no maximum or exact length restriction.
"""
    def __init__( self, initChars, bodyChars=None, min=1, max=0, exact=0, asKeyword=False ):
        super(Word,self).__init__()
        self.initCharsOrig = initChars
        self.initChars = _str2dict(initChars)
        if bodyChars :
            self.bodyCharsOrig = bodyChars
            self.bodyChars = _str2dict(bodyChars)
        else:
            self.bodyCharsOrig = initChars
            self.bodyChars = _str2dict(initChars)

        self.maxSpecified = max > 0

        if min < 1:
            raise ValueError("cannot specify a minimum length < 1; use Optional(Word()) if zero-length word is permitted")

        self.minLen = min

        if max > 0:
            self.maxLen = max
        else:
            self.maxLen = _MAX_INT

        if exact > 0:
            self.maxLen = exact
            self.minLen = exact

        self.name = _ustr(self)
        self.errmsg = "Expected " + self.name
        #self.myException.msg = self.errmsg
        self.mayIndexError = False
        self.asKeyword = asKeyword

        if ' ' not in self.initCharsOrig+self.bodyCharsOrig and (min==1 and max==0 and exact==0):
            if self.bodyCharsOrig == self.initCharsOrig:
                self.reString = "[%s]+" % _escapeRegexRangeChars(self.initCharsOrig)
            elif len(self.bodyCharsOrig) == 1:
                self.reString = "%s[%s]*" % \
                                      (re.escape(self.initCharsOrig),
                                      _escapeRegexRangeChars(self.bodyCharsOrig),)
            else:
                self.reString = "[%s][%s]*" % \
                                      (_escapeRegexRangeChars(self.initCharsOrig),
                                      _escapeRegexRangeChars(self.bodyCharsOrig),)
            if self.asKeyword:
                self.reString = r"\b"+self.reString+r"\b"
            try:
                self.re = re.compile( self.reString )
            except:
                self.re = None

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if self.re:
            result = self.re.match(instring,loc)
            if not result:
                exc = self.myException
                exc.loc = loc
                exc.pstr = instring
                raise exc

            loc = result.end()
            return loc,result.group()

        if not(instring[ loc ] in self.initChars):
            #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, self.errmsg )
            exc = self.myException
            exc.loc = loc
            exc.pstr = instring
            raise exc
        start = loc
        loc += 1
        instrlen = len(instring)
        bodychars = self.bodyChars
        maxloc = start + self.maxLen
        maxloc = min( maxloc, instrlen )
        while loc < maxloc and instring[loc] in bodychars:
            loc += 1

        throwException = False
        if loc - start < self.minLen:
            throwException = True
        if self.maxSpecified and loc < instrlen and instring[loc] in bodychars:
            throwException = True
        if self.asKeyword:
            if (start>0 and instring[start-1] in bodychars) or (loc<instrlen and instring[loc] in bodychars):
                throwException = True

        if throwException:
            #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, self.errmsg )
            exc = self.myException
            exc.loc = loc
            exc.pstr = instring
            raise exc

        return loc, instring[start:loc]

    def __str__( self ):
        try:
            return super(Word,self).__str__()
        except:
            pass


        if self.strRepr is None:

            def charsAsStr(s):
                if len(s)>4:
                    return s[:4]+"..."
                else:
                    return s

            if ( self.initCharsOrig != self.bodyCharsOrig ):
                self.strRepr = "W:(%s,%s)" % ( charsAsStr(self.initCharsOrig), charsAsStr(self.bodyCharsOrig) )
            else:
                self.strRepr = "W:(%s)" % charsAsStr(self.initCharsOrig)

        return self.strRepr


class Regex(Token):
    """Token for matching strings that match a given regular expression.
Defined with string specifying the regular expression in a form recognized by the inbuilt Python re module.
"""
    compiledREtype = type(re.compile("[A-Z]"))
    def __init__( self, pattern, flags=0):
        """The parameters pattern and flags are passed to the re.compile() function as-is. See the Python re module for an explanation of the acceptable patterns and flags."""
        super(Regex,self).__init__()

        if isinstance(pattern, basestring):
if len(pattern) == 0:
warnings.warn("null string passed to Regex; use Empty() instead",
SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)

self.pattern = pattern
self.flags = flags

try:
self.re = re.compile(self.pattern, self.flags)
self.reString = self.pattern
except sre_constants.error:
warnings.warn("invalid pattern (%s) passed to Regex" % pattern,
SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
raise

        elif isinstance(pattern, Regex.compiledREtype):
            self.re = pattern
            self.pattern = \
            self.reString = str(pattern)
            self.flags = flags
            
        else:
            raise ValueError("Regex may only be constructed with a string or a compiled RE object")

        self.name = _ustr(self)
        self.errmsg = "Expected " + self.name
        #self.myException.msg = self.errmsg
        self.mayIndexError = False
        self.mayReturnEmpty = True

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        result = self.re.match(instring,loc)
        if not result:
            exc = self.myException
            exc.loc = loc
            exc.pstr = instring
            raise exc

        loc = result.end()
        d = result.groupdict()
        ret = ParseResults(result.group())
        if d:
            for k in d:
                ret[k] = d[k]
        return loc,ret

    def __str__( self ):
        try:
            return super(Regex,self).__str__()
        except:
            pass

        if self.strRepr is None:
            self.strRepr = "Re:(%s)" % repr(self.pattern)

        return self.strRepr


class QuotedString(Token):
    """Token for matching strings that are delimited by quoting characters.
"""
    def __init__( self, quoteChar, escChar=None, escQuote=None, multiline=False, unquoteResults=True, endQuoteChar=None):
        """
Defined with the following parameters:
- quoteChar - string of one or more characters defining the quote delimiting string
- escChar - character to escape quotes, typically backslash (default=None)
- escQuote - special quote sequence to escape an embedded quote string (such as SQL's "" to escape an embedded ") (default=None)
- multiline - boolean indicating whether quotes can span multiple lines (default=False)
- unquoteResults - boolean indicating whether the matched text should be unquoted (default=True)
- endQuoteChar - string of one or more characters defining the end of the quote delimited string (default=None => same as quoteChar)
"""
        super(QuotedString,self).__init__()

        # remove white space from quote chars - wont work anyway
        quoteChar = quoteChar.strip()
        if len(quoteChar) == 0:
            warnings.warn("quoteChar cannot be the empty string",SyntaxWarning,stacklevel=2)
            raise SyntaxError()

        if endQuoteChar is None:
            endQuoteChar = quoteChar
        else:
            endQuoteChar = endQuoteChar.strip()
            if len(endQuoteChar) == 0:
                warnings.warn("endQuoteChar cannot be the empty string",SyntaxWarning,stacklevel=2)
                raise SyntaxError()

        self.quoteChar = quoteChar
        self.quoteCharLen = len(quoteChar)
        self.firstQuoteChar = quoteChar[0]
        self.endQuoteChar = endQuoteChar
        self.endQuoteCharLen = len(endQuoteChar)
        self.escChar = escChar
        self.escQuote = escQuote
        self.unquoteResults = unquoteResults

        if multiline:
            self.flags = re.MULTILINE | re.DOTALL
            self.pattern = r'%s(?:[^%s%s]' % \
                ( re.escape(self.quoteChar),
                  _escapeRegexRangeChars(self.endQuoteChar[0]),
                  (escChar is not None and _escapeRegexRangeChars(escChar) or '') )
        else:
            self.flags = 0
            self.pattern = r'%s(?:[^%s\n\r%s]' % \
                ( re.escape(self.quoteChar),
                  _escapeRegexRangeChars(self.endQuoteChar[0]),
                  (escChar is not None and _escapeRegexRangeChars(escChar) or '') )
        if len(self.endQuoteChar) > 1:
            self.pattern += (
                '|(?:' + ')|(?:'.join(["%s[^%s]" % (re.escape(self.endQuoteChar[:i]),
                                               _escapeRegexRangeChars(self.endQuoteChar[i]))
                                    for i in range(len(self.endQuoteChar)-1,0,-1)]) + ')'
                )
        if escQuote:
            self.pattern += (r'|(?:%s)' % re.escape(escQuote))
        if escChar:
            self.pattern += (r'|(?:%s.)' % re.escape(escChar))
            self.escCharReplacePattern = re.escape(self.escChar)+"(.)"
        self.pattern += (r')*%s' % re.escape(self.endQuoteChar))

        try:
            self.re = re.compile(self.pattern, self.flags)
            self.reString = self.pattern
        except sre_constants.error:
            warnings.warn("invalid pattern (%s) passed to Regex" % self.pattern,
                SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)
            raise

        self.name = _ustr(self)
        self.errmsg = "Expected " + self.name
        #self.myException.msg = self.errmsg
        self.mayIndexError = False
        self.mayReturnEmpty = True

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        result = instring[loc] == self.firstQuoteChar and self.re.match(instring,loc) or None
        if not result:
            exc = self.myException
            exc.loc = loc
            exc.pstr = instring
            raise exc

        loc = result.end()
        ret = result.group()

        if self.unquoteResults:

            # strip off quotes
            ret = ret[self.quoteCharLen:-self.endQuoteCharLen]

            if isinstance(ret,basestring):
                # replace escaped characters
                if self.escChar:
                    ret = re.sub(self.escCharReplacePattern,"\g<1>",ret)

                # replace escaped quotes
                if self.escQuote:
                    ret = ret.replace(self.escQuote, self.endQuoteChar)

        return loc, ret

    def __str__( self ):
        try:
            return super(QuotedString,self).__str__()
        except:
            pass

        if self.strRepr is None:
            self.strRepr = "quoted string, starting with %s ending with %s" % (self.quoteChar, self.endQuoteChar)

        return self.strRepr


class CharsNotIn(Token):
    """Token for matching words composed of characters *not* in a given set.
Defined with string containing all disallowed characters, and an optional
minimum, maximum, and/or exact length. The default value for min is 1 (a
minimum value < 1 is not valid); the default values for max and exact
are 0, meaning no maximum or exact length restriction.
"""
    def __init__( self, notChars, min=1, max=0, exact=0 ):
        super(CharsNotIn,self).__init__()
        self.skipWhitespace = False
        self.notChars = notChars

        if min < 1:
            raise ValueError("cannot specify a minimum length < 1; use Optional(CharsNotIn()) if zero-length char group is permitted")

        self.minLen = min

        if max > 0:
            self.maxLen = max
        else:
            self.maxLen = _MAX_INT

        if exact > 0:
            self.maxLen = exact
            self.minLen = exact

        self.name = _ustr(self)
        self.errmsg = "Expected " + self.name
        self.mayReturnEmpty = ( self.minLen == 0 )
        #self.myException.msg = self.errmsg
        self.mayIndexError = False

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if instring[loc] in self.notChars:
            #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, self.errmsg )
            exc = self.myException
            exc.loc = loc
            exc.pstr = instring
            raise exc

        start = loc
        loc += 1
        notchars = self.notChars
        maxlen = min( start+self.maxLen, len(instring) )
        while loc < maxlen and \
              (instring[loc] not in notchars):
            loc += 1

        if loc - start < self.minLen:
            #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, self.errmsg )
            exc = self.myException
            exc.loc = loc
            exc.pstr = instring
            raise exc

        return loc, instring[start:loc]

    def __str__( self ):
        try:
            return super(CharsNotIn, self).__str__()
        except:
            pass

        if self.strRepr is None:
            if len(self.notChars) > 4:
                self.strRepr = "!W:(%s...)" % self.notChars[:4]
            else:
                self.strRepr = "!W:(%s)" % self.notChars

        return self.strRepr

class White(Token):
    """Special matching class for matching whitespace. Normally, whitespace is ignored
by pyparsing grammars. This class is included when some whitespace structures
are significant. Define with a string containing the whitespace characters to be
matched; default is " \\t\\r\\n". Also takes optional min, max, and exact arguments,
as defined for the Word class."""
    whiteStrs = {
        " " : "<SPC>",
        "\t": "<TAB>",
        "\n": "<LF>",
        "\r": "<CR>",
        "\f": "<FF>",
        }
    def __init__(self, ws=" \t\r\n", min=1, max=0, exact=0):
        super(White,self).__init__()
        self.matchWhite = ws
        self.setWhitespaceChars( "".join([c for c in self.whiteChars if c not in self.matchWhite]) )
        #~ self.leaveWhitespace()
        self.name = ("".join([White.whiteStrs[c] for c in self.matchWhite]))
        self.mayReturnEmpty = True
        self.errmsg = "Expected " + self.name
        #self.myException.msg = self.errmsg

        self.minLen = min

        if max > 0:
            self.maxLen = max
        else:
            self.maxLen = _MAX_INT

        if exact > 0:
            self.maxLen = exact
            self.minLen = exact

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if not(instring[ loc ] in self.matchWhite):
            #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, self.errmsg )
            exc = self.myException
            exc.loc = loc
            exc.pstr = instring
            raise exc
        start = loc
        loc += 1
        maxloc = start + self.maxLen
        maxloc = min( maxloc, len(instring) )
        while loc < maxloc and instring[loc] in self.matchWhite:
            loc += 1

        if loc - start < self.minLen:
            #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, self.errmsg )
            exc = self.myException
            exc.loc = loc
            exc.pstr = instring
            raise exc

        return loc, instring[start:loc]


class _PositionToken(Token):
    def __init__( self ):
        super(_PositionToken,self).__init__()
        self.name=self.__class__.__name__
        self.mayReturnEmpty = True
        self.mayIndexError = False

class GoToColumn(_PositionToken):
    """Token to advance to a specific column of input text; useful for tabular report scraping."""
    def __init__( self, colno ):
        super(GoToColumn,self).__init__()
        self.col = colno

    def preParse( self, instring, loc ):
        if col(loc,instring) != self.col:
            instrlen = len(instring)
            if self.ignoreExprs:
                loc = self._skipIgnorables( instring, loc )
            while loc < instrlen and instring[loc].isspace() and col( loc, instring ) != self.col :
                loc += 1
        return loc

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        thiscol = col( loc, instring )
        if thiscol > self.col:
            raise ParseException( instring, loc, "Text not in expected column", self )
        newloc = loc + self.col - thiscol
        ret = instring[ loc: newloc ]
        return newloc, ret

class LineStart(_PositionToken):
    """Matches if current position is at the beginning of a line within the parse string"""
    def __init__( self ):
        super(LineStart,self).__init__()
        self.setWhitespaceChars( ParserElement.DEFAULT_WHITE_CHARS.replace("\n","") )
        self.errmsg = "Expected start of line"
        #self.myException.msg = self.errmsg

    def preParse( self, instring, loc ):
        preloc = super(LineStart,self).preParse(instring,loc)
        if instring[preloc] == "\n":
            loc += 1
        return loc

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if not( loc==0 or
            (loc == self.preParse( instring, 0 )) or
            (instring[loc-1] == "\n") ): #col(loc, instring) != 1:
            #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, "Expected start of line" )
            exc = self.myException
            exc.loc = loc
            exc.pstr = instring
            raise exc
        return loc, []

class LineEnd(_PositionToken):
    """Matches if current position is at the end of a line within the parse string"""
    def __init__( self ):
        super(LineEnd,self).__init__()
        self.setWhitespaceChars( ParserElement.DEFAULT_WHITE_CHARS.replace("\n","") )
        self.errmsg = "Expected end of line"
        #self.myException.msg = self.errmsg

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if loc<len(instring):
            if instring[loc] == "\n":
                return loc+1, "\n"
            else:
                #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, "Expected end of line" )
                exc = self.myException
                exc.loc = loc
                exc.pstr = instring
                raise exc
        elif loc == len(instring):
            return loc+1, []
        else:
            exc = self.myException
            exc.loc = loc
            exc.pstr = instring
            raise exc

class StringStart(_PositionToken):
    """Matches if current position is at the beginning of the parse string"""
    def __init__( self ):
        super(StringStart,self).__init__()
        self.errmsg = "Expected start of text"
        #self.myException.msg = self.errmsg

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if loc != 0:
            # see if entire string up to here is just whitespace and ignoreables
            if loc != self.preParse( instring, 0 ):
                #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, "Expected start of text" )
                exc = self.myException
                exc.loc = loc
                exc.pstr = instring
                raise exc
        return loc, []

class StringEnd(_PositionToken):
    """Matches if current position is at the end of the parse string"""
    def __init__( self ):
        super(StringEnd,self).__init__()
        self.errmsg = "Expected end of text"
        #self.myException.msg = self.errmsg

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if loc < len(instring):
            #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, "Expected end of text" )
            exc = self.myException
            exc.loc = loc
            exc.pstr = instring
            raise exc
        elif loc == len(instring):
            return loc+1, []
        elif loc > len(instring):
            return loc, []
        else:
            exc = self.myException
            exc.loc = loc
            exc.pstr = instring
            raise exc

class WordStart(_PositionToken):
    """Matches if the current position is at the beginning of a Word, and
is not preceded by any character in a given set of wordChars
(default=printables). To emulate the \b behavior of regular expressions,
use WordStart(alphanums). WordStart will also match at the beginning of
the string being parsed, or at the beginning of a line.
"""
    def __init__(self, wordChars = printables):
        super(WordStart,self).__init__()
        self.wordChars = _str2dict(wordChars)
        self.errmsg = "Not at the start of a word"

    def parseImpl(self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if loc != 0:
            if (instring[loc-1] in self.wordChars or
                instring[loc] not in self.wordChars):
                exc = self.myException
                exc.loc = loc
                exc.pstr = instring
                raise exc
        return loc, []

class WordEnd(_PositionToken):
    """Matches if the current position is at the end of a Word, and
is not followed by any character in a given set of wordChars
(default=printables). To emulate the \b behavior of regular expressions,
use WordEnd(alphanums). WordEnd will also match at the end of
the string being parsed, or at the end of a line.
"""
    def __init__(self, wordChars = printables):
        super(WordEnd,self).__init__()
        self.wordChars = _str2dict(wordChars)
        self.skipWhitespace = False
        self.errmsg = "Not at the end of a word"

    def parseImpl(self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        instrlen = len(instring)
        if instrlen>0 and loc<instrlen:
            if (instring[loc] in self.wordChars or
                instring[loc-1] not in self.wordChars):
                #~ raise ParseException( instring, loc, "Expected end of word" )
                exc = self.myException
                exc.loc = loc
                exc.pstr = instring
                raise exc
        return loc, []


class ParseExpression(ParserElement):
    """Abstract subclass of ParserElement, for combining and post-processing parsed tokens."""
    def __init__( self, exprs, savelist = False ):
        super(ParseExpression,self).__init__(savelist)
        if isinstance( exprs, list ):
            self.exprs = exprs
        elif isinstance( exprs, basestring ):
            self.exprs = [ Literal( exprs ) ]
        else:
            try:
                self.exprs = list( exprs )
            except TypeError:
                self.exprs = [ exprs ]
        self.callPreparse = False

    def __getitem__( self, i ):
        return self.exprs[i]

    def append( self, other ):
        self.exprs.append( other )
        self.strRepr = None
        return self

    def leaveWhitespace( self ):
        """Extends leaveWhitespace defined in base class, and also invokes leaveWhitespace on
all contained expressions."""
        self.skipWhitespace = False
        self.exprs = [ e.copy() for e in self.exprs ]
        for e in self.exprs:
            e.leaveWhitespace()
        return self

    def ignore( self, other ):
        if isinstance( other, Suppress ):
            if other not in self.ignoreExprs:
                super( ParseExpression, self).ignore( other )
                for e in self.exprs:
                    e.ignore( self.ignoreExprs[-1] )
        else:
            super( ParseExpression, self).ignore( other )
            for e in self.exprs:
                e.ignore( self.ignoreExprs[-1] )
        return self

    def __str__( self ):
        try:
            return super(ParseExpression,self).__str__()
        except:
            pass

        if self.strRepr is None:
            self.strRepr = "%s:(%s)" % ( self.__class__.__name__, _ustr(self.exprs) )
        return self.strRepr

    def streamline( self ):
        super(ParseExpression,self).streamline()

        for e in self.exprs:
            e.streamline()

        # collapse nested And's of the form And( And( And( a,b), c), d) to And( a,b,c,d )
        # but only if there are no parse actions or resultsNames on the nested And's
        # (likewise for Or's and MatchFirst's)
        if ( len(self.exprs) == 2 ):
            other = self.exprs[0]
            if ( isinstance( other, self.__class__ ) and
                  not(other.parseAction) and
                  other.resultsName is None and
                  not other.debug ):
                self.exprs = other.exprs[:] + [ self.exprs[1] ]
                self.strRepr = None
                self.mayReturnEmpty |= other.mayReturnEmpty
                self.mayIndexError |= other.mayIndexError

            other = self.exprs[-1]
            if ( isinstance( other, self.__class__ ) and
                  not(other.parseAction) and
                  other.resultsName is None and
                  not other.debug ):
                self.exprs = self.exprs[:-1] + other.exprs[:]
                self.strRepr = None
                self.mayReturnEmpty |= other.mayReturnEmpty
                self.mayIndexError |= other.mayIndexError

        return self

    def setResultsName( self, name, listAllMatches=False ):
        ret = super(ParseExpression,self).setResultsName(name,listAllMatches)
        return ret

    def validate( self, validateTrace=[] ):
        tmp = validateTrace[:]+[self]
        for e in self.exprs:
            e.validate(tmp)
        self.checkRecursion( [] )

class And(ParseExpression):
    """Requires all given ParseExpressions to be found in the given order.
Expressions may be separated by whitespace.
May be constructed using the '+' operator.
"""

    class _ErrorStop(Empty):
        def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
            super(Empty,self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
            self.leaveWhitespace()

    def __init__( self, exprs, savelist = True ):
        super(And,self).__init__(exprs, savelist)
        self.mayReturnEmpty = True
        for e in self.exprs:
            if not e.mayReturnEmpty:
                self.mayReturnEmpty = False
                break
        self.setWhitespaceChars( exprs[0].whiteChars )
        self.skipWhitespace = exprs[0].skipWhitespace
        self.callPreparse = True

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        # pass False as last arg to _parse for first element, since we already
        # pre-parsed the string as part of our And pre-parsing
        loc, resultlist = self.exprs[0]._parse( instring, loc, doActions, callPreParse=False )
        errorStop = False
        for e in self.exprs[1:]:
            if isinstance(e, And._ErrorStop):
                errorStop = True
                continue
            if errorStop:
                try:
                    loc, exprtokens = e._parse( instring, loc, doActions )
                except ParseSyntaxException:
                    raise
                except ParseBaseException:
                    pe = sys.exc_info()[1]
                    raise ParseSyntaxException(pe)
                except IndexError:
                    raise ParseSyntaxException( ParseException(instring, len(instring), self.errmsg, self) )
            else:
                loc, exprtokens = e._parse( instring, loc, doActions )
            if exprtokens or exprtokens.keys():
                resultlist += exprtokens
        return loc, resultlist

    def __iadd__(self, other ):
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal( other )
        return self.append( other ) #And( [ self, other ] )

    def checkRecursion( self, parseElementList ):
        subRecCheckList = parseElementList[:] + [ self ]
        for e in self.exprs:
            e.checkRecursion( subRecCheckList )
            if not e.mayReturnEmpty:
                break

    def __str__( self ):
        if hasattr(self,"name"):
            return self.name

        if self.strRepr is None:
            self.strRepr = "{" + " ".join( [ _ustr(e) for e in self.exprs ] ) + "}"

        return self.strRepr


class Or(ParseExpression):
    """Requires that at least one ParseExpression is found.
If two expressions match, the expression that matches the longest string will be used.
May be constructed using the '^' operator.
"""
    def __init__( self, exprs, savelist = False ):
        super(Or,self).__init__(exprs, savelist)
        self.mayReturnEmpty = False
        for e in self.exprs:
            if e.mayReturnEmpty:
                self.mayReturnEmpty = True
                break

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        maxExcLoc = -1
        maxMatchLoc = -1
        maxException = None
        for e in self.exprs:
            try:
                loc2 = e.tryParse( instring, loc )
            except ParseException:
                err = sys.exc_info()[1]
                if err.loc > maxExcLoc:
                    maxException = err
                    maxExcLoc = err.loc
            except IndexError:
                if len(instring) > maxExcLoc:
                    maxException = ParseException(instring,len(instring),e.errmsg,self)
                    maxExcLoc = len(instring)
            else:
                if loc2 > maxMatchLoc:
                    maxMatchLoc = loc2
                    maxMatchExp = e

        if maxMatchLoc < 0:
            if maxException is not None:
                raise maxException
            else:
                raise ParseException(instring, loc, "no defined alternatives to match", self)

        return maxMatchExp._parse( instring, loc, doActions )

    def __ixor__(self, other ):
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal( other )
        return self.append( other ) #Or( [ self, other ] )

    def __str__( self ):
        if hasattr(self,"name"):
            return self.name

        if self.strRepr is None:
            self.strRepr = "{" + " ^ ".join( [ _ustr(e) for e in self.exprs ] ) + "}"

        return self.strRepr

    def checkRecursion( self, parseElementList ):
        subRecCheckList = parseElementList[:] + [ self ]
        for e in self.exprs:
            e.checkRecursion( subRecCheckList )


class MatchFirst(ParseExpression):
    """Requires that at least one ParseExpression is found.
If two expressions match, the first one listed is the one that will match.
May be constructed using the '|' operator.
"""
    def __init__( self, exprs, savelist = False ):
        super(MatchFirst,self).__init__(exprs, savelist)
        if exprs:
            self.mayReturnEmpty = False
            for e in self.exprs:
                if e.mayReturnEmpty:
                    self.mayReturnEmpty = True
                    break
        else:
            self.mayReturnEmpty = True

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        maxExcLoc = -1
        maxException = None
        for e in self.exprs:
            try:
                ret = e._parse( instring, loc, doActions )
                return ret
            except ParseException, err:
                if err.loc > maxExcLoc:
                    maxException = err
                    maxExcLoc = err.loc
            except IndexError:
                if len(instring) > maxExcLoc:
                    maxException = ParseException(instring,len(instring),e.errmsg,self)
                    maxExcLoc = len(instring)

        # only got here if no expression matched, raise exception for match that made it the furthest
        else:
            if maxException is not None:
                raise maxException
            else:
                raise ParseException(instring, loc, "no defined alternatives to match", self)

    def __ior__(self, other ):
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal( other )
        return self.append( other ) #MatchFirst( [ self, other ] )

    def __str__( self ):
        if hasattr(self,"name"):
            return self.name

        if self.strRepr is None:
            self.strRepr = "{" + " | ".join( [ _ustr(e) for e in self.exprs ] ) + "}"

        return self.strRepr

    def checkRecursion( self, parseElementList ):
        subRecCheckList = parseElementList[:] + [ self ]
        for e in self.exprs:
            e.checkRecursion( subRecCheckList )


class Each(ParseExpression):
    """Requires all given ParseExpressions to be found, but in any order.
Expressions may be separated by whitespace.
May be constructed using the '&' operator.
"""
    def __init__( self, exprs, savelist = True ):
        super(Each,self).__init__(exprs, savelist)
        self.mayReturnEmpty = True
        for e in self.exprs:
            if not e.mayReturnEmpty:
                self.mayReturnEmpty = False
                break
        self.skipWhitespace = True
        self.initExprGroups = True

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if self.initExprGroups:
            opt1 = [ e.expr for e in self.exprs if isinstance(e,Optional) ]
            opt2 = [ e for e in self.exprs if e.mayReturnEmpty and e not in opt1 ]
            self.optionals = opt1 + opt2
            self.multioptionals = [ e.expr for e in self.exprs if isinstance(e,ZeroOrMore) ]
            self.multirequired = [ e.expr for e in self.exprs if isinstance(e,OneOrMore) ]
            self.required = [ e for e in self.exprs if not isinstance(e,(Optional,ZeroOrMore,OneOrMore)) ]
            self.required += self.multirequired
            self.initExprGroups = False
        tmpLoc = loc
        tmpReqd = self.required[:]
        tmpOpt = self.optionals[:]
        matchOrder = []

        keepMatching = True
        while keepMatching:
            tmpExprs = tmpReqd + tmpOpt + self.multioptionals + self.multirequired
            failed = []
            for e in tmpExprs:
                try:
                    tmpLoc = e.tryParse( instring, tmpLoc )
                except ParseException:
                    failed.append(e)
                else:
                    matchOrder.append(e)
                    if e in tmpReqd:
                        tmpReqd.remove(e)
                    elif e in tmpOpt:
                        tmpOpt.remove(e)
            if len(failed) == len(tmpExprs):
                keepMatching = False

        if tmpReqd:
            missing = ", ".join( [ _ustr(e) for e in tmpReqd ] )
            raise ParseException(instring,loc,"Missing one or more required elements (%s)" % missing )

        # add any unmatched Optionals, in case they have default values defined
        matchOrder += [e for e in self.exprs if isinstance(e,Optional) and e.expr in tmpOpt]

        resultlist = []
        for e in matchOrder:
            loc,results = e._parse(instring,loc,doActions)
            resultlist.append(results)

        finalResults = ParseResults([])
        for r in resultlist:
            dups = {}
            for k in r.keys():
                if k in finalResults.keys():
                    tmp = ParseResults(finalResults[k])
                    tmp += ParseResults(r[k])
                    dups[k] = tmp
            finalResults += ParseResults(r)
            for k,v in dups.items():
                finalResults[k] = v
        return loc, finalResults

    def __str__( self ):
        if hasattr(self,"name"):
            return self.name

        if self.strRepr is None:
            self.strRepr = "{" + " & ".join( [ _ustr(e) for e in self.exprs ] ) + "}"

        return self.strRepr

    def checkRecursion( self, parseElementList ):
        subRecCheckList = parseElementList[:] + [ self ]
        for e in self.exprs:
            e.checkRecursion( subRecCheckList )


class ParseElementEnhance(ParserElement):
    """Abstract subclass of ParserElement, for combining and post-processing parsed tokens."""
    def __init__( self, expr, savelist=False ):
        super(ParseElementEnhance,self).__init__(savelist)
        if isinstance( expr, basestring ):
            expr = Literal(expr)
        self.expr = expr
        self.strRepr = None
        if expr is not None:
            self.mayIndexError = expr.mayIndexError
            self.mayReturnEmpty = expr.mayReturnEmpty
            self.setWhitespaceChars( expr.whiteChars )
            self.skipWhitespace = expr.skipWhitespace
            self.saveAsList = expr.saveAsList
            self.callPreparse = expr.callPreparse
            self.ignoreExprs.extend(expr.ignoreExprs)

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        if self.expr is not None:
            return self.expr._parse( instring, loc, doActions, callPreParse=False )
        else:
            raise ParseException("",loc,self.errmsg,self)

    def leaveWhitespace( self ):
        self.skipWhitespace = False
        self.expr = self.expr.copy()
        if self.expr is not None:
            self.expr.leaveWhitespace()
        return self

    def ignore( self, other ):
        if isinstance( other, Suppress ):
            if other not in self.ignoreExprs:
                super( ParseElementEnhance, self).ignore( other )
                if self.expr is not None:
                    self.expr.ignore( self.ignoreExprs[-1] )
        else:
            super( ParseElementEnhance, self).ignore( other )
            if self.expr is not None:
                self.expr.ignore( self.ignoreExprs[-1] )
        return self

    def streamline( self ):
        super(ParseElementEnhance,self).streamline()
        if self.expr is not None:
            self.expr.streamline()
        return self

    def checkRecursion( self, parseElementList ):
        if self in parseElementList:
            raise RecursiveGrammarException( parseElementList+[self] )
        subRecCheckList = parseElementList[:] + [ self ]
        if self.expr is not None:
            self.expr.checkRecursion( subRecCheckList )

    def validate( self, validateTrace=[] ):
        tmp = validateTrace[:]+[self]
        if self.expr is not None:
            self.expr.validate(tmp)
        self.checkRecursion( [] )

    def __str__( self ):
        try:
            return super(ParseElementEnhance,self).__str__()
        except:
            pass

        if self.strRepr is None and self.expr is not None:
            self.strRepr = "%s:(%s)" % ( self.__class__.__name__, _ustr(self.expr) )
        return self.strRepr


class FollowedBy(ParseElementEnhance):
    """Lookahead matching of the given parse expression. FollowedBy
does *not* advance the parsing position within the input string, it only
verifies that the specified parse expression matches at the current
position. FollowedBy always returns a null token list."""
    def __init__( self, expr ):
        super(FollowedBy,self).__init__(expr)
        self.mayReturnEmpty = True

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        self.expr.tryParse( instring, loc )
        return loc, []


class NotAny(ParseElementEnhance):
    """Lookahead to disallow matching with the given parse expression. NotAny
does *not* advance the parsing position within the input string, it only
verifies that the specified parse expression does *not* match at the current
position. Also, NotAny does *not* skip over leading whitespace. NotAny
always returns a null token list. May be constructed using the '~' operator."""
    def __init__( self, expr ):
        super(NotAny,self).__init__(expr)
        #~ self.leaveWhitespace()
        self.skipWhitespace = False # do NOT use self.leaveWhitespace(), don't want to propagate to exprs
        self.mayReturnEmpty = True
        self.errmsg = "Found unwanted token, "+_ustr(self.expr)
        #self.myException = ParseException("",0,self.errmsg,self)

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        try:
            self.expr.tryParse( instring, loc )
        except (ParseException,IndexError):
            pass
        else:
            #~ raise ParseException(instring, loc, self.errmsg )
            exc = self.myException
            exc.loc = loc
            exc.pstr = instring
            raise exc
        return loc, []

    def __str__( self ):
        if hasattr(self,"name"):
            return self.name

        if self.strRepr is None:
            self.strRepr = "~{" + _ustr(self.expr) + "}"

        return self.strRepr


class ZeroOrMore(ParseElementEnhance):
    """Optional repetition of zero or more of the given expression."""
    def __init__( self, expr ):
        super(ZeroOrMore,self).__init__(expr)
        self.mayReturnEmpty = True

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        tokens = []
        try:
            loc, tokens = self.expr._parse( instring, loc, doActions, callPreParse=False )
            hasIgnoreExprs = ( len(self.ignoreExprs) > 0 )
            while 1:
                if hasIgnoreExprs:
                    preloc = self._skipIgnorables( instring, loc )
                else:
                    preloc = loc
                loc, tmptokens = self.expr._parse( instring, preloc, doActions )
                if tmptokens or tmptokens.keys():
                    tokens += tmptokens
        except (ParseException,IndexError):
            pass

        return loc, tokens

    def __str__( self ):
        if hasattr(self,"name"):
            return self.name

        if self.strRepr is None:
            self.strRepr = "[" + _ustr(self.expr) + "]..."

        return self.strRepr

    def setResultsName( self, name, listAllMatches=False ):
        ret = super(ZeroOrMore,self).setResultsName(name,listAllMatches)
        ret.saveAsList = True
        return ret


class OneOrMore(ParseElementEnhance):
    """Repetition of one or more of the given expression."""
    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        # must be at least one
        loc, tokens = self.expr._parse( instring, loc, doActions, callPreParse=False )
        try:
            hasIgnoreExprs = ( len(self.ignoreExprs) > 0 )
            while 1:
                if hasIgnoreExprs:
                    preloc = self._skipIgnorables( instring, loc )
                else:
                    preloc = loc
                loc, tmptokens = self.expr._parse( instring, preloc, doActions )
                if tmptokens or tmptokens.keys():
                    tokens += tmptokens
        except (ParseException,IndexError):
            pass

        return loc, tokens

    def __str__( self ):
        if hasattr(self,"name"):
            return self.name

        if self.strRepr is None:
            self.strRepr = "{" + _ustr(self.expr) + "}..."

        return self.strRepr

    def setResultsName( self, name, listAllMatches=False ):
        ret = super(OneOrMore,self).setResultsName(name,listAllMatches)
        ret.saveAsList = True
        return ret

class _NullToken(object):
    def __bool__(self):
        return False
    __nonzero__ = __bool__
    def __str__(self):
        return ""

_optionalNotMatched = _NullToken()
class Optional(ParseElementEnhance):
    """Optional matching of the given expression.
A default return string can also be specified, if the optional expression
is not found.
"""
    def __init__( self, exprs, default=_optionalNotMatched ):
        super(Optional,self).__init__( exprs, savelist=False )
        self.defaultValue = default
        self.mayReturnEmpty = True

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        try:
            loc, tokens = self.expr._parse( instring, loc, doActions, callPreParse=False )
        except (ParseException,IndexError):
            if self.defaultValue is not _optionalNotMatched:
                if self.expr.resultsName:
                    tokens = ParseResults([ self.defaultValue ])
                    tokens[self.expr.resultsName] = self.defaultValue
                else:
                    tokens = [ self.defaultValue ]
            else:
                tokens = []
        return loc, tokens

    def __str__( self ):
        if hasattr(self,"name"):
            return self.name

        if self.strRepr is None:
            self.strRepr = "[" + _ustr(self.expr) + "]"

        return self.strRepr


class SkipTo(ParseElementEnhance):
    """Token for skipping over all undefined text until the matched expression is found.
If include is set to true, the matched expression is also parsed (the skipped text
and matched expression are returned as a 2-element list). The ignore
argument is used to define grammars (typically quoted strings and comments) that
might contain false matches.
"""
    def __init__( self, other, include=False, ignore=None, failOn=None ):
        super( SkipTo, self ).__init__( other )
        self.ignoreExpr = ignore
        self.mayReturnEmpty = True
        self.mayIndexError = False
        self.includeMatch = include
        self.asList = False
        if failOn is not None and isinstance(failOn, basestring):
            self.failOn = Literal(failOn)
        else:
            self.failOn = failOn
        self.errmsg = "No match found for "+_ustr(self.expr)
        #self.myException = ParseException("",0,self.errmsg,self)

    def parseImpl( self, instring, loc, doActions=True ):
        startLoc = loc
        instrlen = len(instring)
        expr = self.expr
        failParse = False
        while loc <= instrlen:
            try:
                if self.failOn:
                    try:
                        self.failOn.tryParse(instring, loc)
                    except ParseBaseException:
                        pass
                    else:
                        failParse = True
                        raise ParseException(instring, loc, "Found expression " + str(self.failOn))
                    failParse = False
                if self.ignoreExpr is not None:
                    while 1:
                        try:
                            loc = self.ignoreExpr.tryParse(instring,loc)
                            # print "found ignoreExpr, advance to", loc
                        except ParseBaseException:
                            break
                expr._parse( instring, loc, doActions=False, callPreParse=False )
                skipText = instring[startLoc:loc]
                if self.includeMatch:
                    loc,mat = expr._parse(instring,loc,doActions,callPreParse=False)
                    if mat:
                        skipRes = ParseResults( skipText )
                        skipRes += mat
                        return loc, [ skipRes ]
                    else:
                        return loc, [ skipText ]
                else:
                    return loc, [ skipText ]
            except (ParseException,IndexError):
                if failParse:
                    raise
                else:
                    loc += 1
        exc = self.myException
        exc.loc = loc
        exc.pstr = instring
        raise exc

class Forward(ParseElementEnhance):
    """Forward declaration of an expression to be defined later -
used for recursive grammars, such as algebraic infix notation.
When the expression is known, it is assigned to the Forward variable using the '<<' operator.

Note: take care when assigning to Forward not to overlook precedence of operators.
Specifically, '|' has a lower precedence than '<<', so that::
fwdExpr << a | b | c
will actually be evaluated as::
(fwdExpr << a) | b | c
thereby leaving b and c out as parseable alternatives. It is recommended that you
explicitly group the values inserted into the Forward::
fwdExpr << (a | b | c)
"""
    def __init__( self, other=None ):
        super(Forward,self).__init__( other, savelist=False )

    def __lshift__( self, other ):
        if isinstance( other, basestring ):
            other = Literal(other)
        self.expr = other
        self.mayReturnEmpty = other.mayReturnEmpty
        self.strRepr = None
        self.mayIndexError = self.expr.mayIndexError
        self.mayReturnEmpty = self.expr.mayReturnEmpty
        self.setWhitespaceChars( self.expr.whiteChars )
        self.skipWhitespace = self.expr.skipWhitespace
        self.saveAsList = self.expr.saveAsList
        self.ignoreExprs.extend(self.expr.ignoreExprs)
        return None

    def leaveWhitespace( self ):
        self.skipWhitespace = False
        return self

    def streamline( self ):
        if not self.streamlined:
            self.streamlined = True
            if self.expr is not None:
                self.expr.streamline()
        return self

    def validate( self, validateTrace=[] ):
        if self not in validateTrace:
            tmp = validateTrace[:]+[self]
            if self.expr is not None:
                self.expr.validate(tmp)
        self.checkRecursion([])

    def __str__( self ):
        if hasattr(self,"name"):
            return self.name

        self._revertClass = self.__class__
        self.__class__ = _ForwardNoRecurse
        try:
            if self.expr is not None:
                retString = _ustr(self.expr)
            else:
                retString = "None"
        finally:
            self.__class__ = self._revertClass
        return self.__class__.__name__ + ": " + retString

    def copy(self):
        if self.expr is not None:
            return super(Forward,self).copy()
        else:
            ret = Forward()
            ret << self
            return ret

class _ForwardNoRecurse(Forward):
    def __str__( self ):
        return "..."

class TokenConverter(ParseElementEnhance):
    """Abstract subclass of ParseExpression, for converting parsed results."""
    def __init__( self, expr, savelist=False ):
        super(TokenConverter,self).__init__( expr )#, savelist )
        self.saveAsList = False

class Upcase(TokenConverter):
    """Converter to upper case all matching tokens."""
    def __init__(self, *args):
        super(Upcase,self).__init__(*args)
        warnings.warn("Upcase class is deprecated, use upcaseTokens parse action instead",
                       DeprecationWarning,stacklevel=2)

    def postParse( self, instring, loc, tokenlist ):
        return list(map( string.upper, tokenlist ))


class Combine(TokenConverter):
    """Converter to concatenate all matching tokens to a single string.
By default, the matching patterns must also be contiguous in the input string;
this can be disabled by specifying 'adjacent=False' in the constructor.
"""
    def __init__( self, expr, joinString="", adjacent=True ):
        super(Combine,self).__init__( expr )
        # suppress whitespace-stripping in contained parse expressions, but re-enable it on the Combine itself
        if adjacent:
            self.leaveWhitespace()
        self.adjacent = adjacent
        self.skipWhitespace = True
        self.joinString = joinString
        self.callPreparse = True

    def ignore( self, other ):
        if self.adjacent:
            ParserElement.ignore(self, other)
        else:
            super( Combine, self).ignore( other )
        return self

    def postParse( self, instring, loc, tokenlist ):
        retToks = tokenlist.copy()
        del retToks[:]
        retToks += ParseResults([ "".join(tokenlist._asStringList(self.joinString)) ], modal=self.modalResults)

        if self.resultsName and len(retToks.keys())>0:
            return [ retToks ]
        else:
            return retToks

class Group(TokenConverter):
    """Converter to return the matched tokens as a list - useful for returning tokens of ZeroOrMore and OneOrMore expressions."""
    def __init__( self, expr ):
        super(Group,self).__init__( expr )
        self.saveAsList = True

    def postParse( self, instring, loc, tokenlist ):
        return [ tokenlist ]

class Dict(TokenConverter):
    """Converter to return a repetitive expression as a list, but also as a dictionary.
Each element can also be referenced using the first token in the expression as its key.
Useful for tabular report scraping when the first column can be used as a item key.
"""
    def __init__( self, exprs ):
        super(Dict,self).__init__( exprs )
        self.saveAsList = True

    def postParse( self, instring, loc, tokenlist ):
        for i,tok in enumerate(tokenlist):
            if len(tok) == 0:
                continue
            ikey = tok[0]
            if isinstance(ikey,int):
                ikey = _ustr(tok[0]).strip()
            if len(tok)==1:
                tokenlist[ikey] = _ParseResultsWithOffset("",i)
            elif len(tok)==2 and not isinstance(tok[1],ParseResults):
                tokenlist[ikey] = _ParseResultsWithOffset(tok[1],i)
            else:
                dictvalue = tok.copy() #ParseResults(i)
                del dictvalue[0]
                if len(dictvalue)!= 1 or (isinstance(dictvalue,ParseResults) and dictvalue.keys()):
                    tokenlist[ikey] = _ParseResultsWithOffset(dictvalue,i)
                else:
                    tokenlist[ikey] = _ParseResultsWithOffset(dictvalue[0],i)

        if self.resultsName:
            return [ tokenlist ]
        else:
            return tokenlist


class Suppress(TokenConverter):
    """Converter for ignoring the results of a parsed expression."""
    def postParse( self, instring, loc, tokenlist ):
        return []

    def suppress( self ):
        return self


class OnlyOnce(object):
    """Wrapper for parse actions, to ensure they are only called once."""
    def __init__(self, methodCall):
        self.callable = ParserElement._normalizeParseActionArgs(methodCall)
        self.called = False
    def __call__(self,s,l,t):
        if not self.called:
            results = self.callable(s,l,t)
            self.called = True
            return results
        raise ParseException(s,l,"")
    def reset(self):
        self.called = False

def traceParseAction(f):
    """Decorator for debugging parse actions."""
    f = ParserElement._normalizeParseActionArgs(f)
    def z(*paArgs):
        thisFunc = f.func_name
        s,l,t = paArgs[-3:]
        if len(paArgs)>3:
            thisFunc = paArgs[0].__class__.__name__ + '.' + thisFunc
        sys.stderr.write( ">>entering %s(line: '%s', %d, %s)\n" % (thisFunc,line(l,s),l,t) )
        try:
            ret = f(*paArgs)
        except Exception:
            exc = sys.exc_info()[1]
            sys.stderr.write( "<<leaving %s (exception: %s)\n" % (thisFunc,exc) )
            raise
        sys.stderr.write( "<<leaving %s (ret: %s)\n" % (thisFunc,ret) )
        return ret
    try:
        z.__name__ = f.__name__
    except AttributeError:
        pass
    return z

#
# global helpers
#
def delimitedList( expr, delim=",", combine=False ):
    """Helper to define a delimited list of expressions - the delimiter defaults to ','.
By default, the list elements and delimiters can have intervening whitespace, and
comments, but this can be overridden by passing 'combine=True' in the constructor.
If combine is set to True, the matching tokens are returned as a single token
string, with the delimiters included; otherwise, the matching tokens are returned
as a list of tokens, with the delimiters suppressed.
"""
    dlName = _ustr(expr)+" ["+_ustr(delim)+" "+_ustr(expr)+"]..."
    if combine:
        return Combine( expr + ZeroOrMore( delim + expr ) ).setName(dlName)
    else:
        return ( expr + ZeroOrMore( Suppress( delim ) + expr ) ).setName(dlName)

def countedArray( expr ):
    """Helper to define a counted list of expressions.
This helper defines a pattern of the form::
integer expr expr expr...
where the leading integer tells how many expr expressions follow.
The matched tokens returns the array of expr tokens as a list - the leading count token is suppressed.
"""
    arrayExpr = Forward()
    def countFieldParseAction(s,l,t):
        n = int(t[0])
        arrayExpr << (n and Group(And([expr]*n)) or Group(empty))
        return []
    return ( Word(nums).setName("arrayLen").setParseAction(countFieldParseAction, callDuringTry=True) + arrayExpr )

def _flatten(L):
    if type(L) is not list: return [L]
    if L == []: return L
    return _flatten(L[0]) + _flatten(L[1:])

def matchPreviousLiteral(expr):
    """Helper to define an expression that is indirectly defined from
the tokens matched in a previous expression, that is, it looks
for a 'repeat' of a previous expression. For example::
first = Word(nums)
second = matchPreviousLiteral(first)
matchExpr = first + ":" + second
will match "1:1", but not "1:2". Because this matches a
previous literal, will also match the leading "1:1" in "1:10".
If this is not desired, use matchPreviousExpr.
Do *not* use with packrat parsing enabled.
"""
    rep = Forward()
    def copyTokenToRepeater(s,l,t):
        if t:
            if len(t) == 1:
                rep << t[0]
            else:
                # flatten t tokens
                tflat = _flatten(t.asList())
                rep << And( [ Literal(tt) for tt in tflat ] )
        else:
            rep << Empty()
    expr.addParseAction(copyTokenToRepeater, callDuringTry=True)
    return rep

def matchPreviousExpr(expr):
    """Helper to define an expression that is indirectly defined from
the tokens matched in a previous expression, that is, it looks
for a 'repeat' of a previous expression. For example::
first = Word(nums)
second = matchPreviousExpr(first)
matchExpr = first + ":" + second
will match "1:1", but not "1:2". Because this matches by
expressions, will *not* match the leading "1:1" in "1:10";
the expressions are evaluated first, and then compared, so
"1" is compared with "10".
Do *not* use with packrat parsing enabled.
"""
    rep = Forward()
    e2 = expr.copy()
    rep << e2
    def copyTokenToRepeater(s,l,t):
        matchTokens = _flatten(t.asList())
        def mustMatchTheseTokens(s,l,t):
            theseTokens = _flatten(t.asList())
            if theseTokens != matchTokens:
                raise ParseException("",0,"")
        rep.setParseAction( mustMatchTheseTokens, callDuringTry=True )
    expr.addParseAction(copyTokenToRepeater, callDuringTry=True)
    return rep

def _escapeRegexRangeChars(s):
    #~ escape these chars: ^-]
    for c in r"\^-]":
        s = s.replace(c,_bslash+c)
    s = s.replace("\n",r"\n")
    s = s.replace("\t",r"\t")
    return _ustr(s)

def oneOf( strs, caseless=False, useRegex=True ):
    """Helper to quickly define a set of alternative Literals, and makes sure to do
longest-first testing when there is a conflict, regardless of the input order,
but returns a MatchFirst for best performance.

Parameters:
- strs - a string of space-delimited literals, or a list of string literals
- caseless - (default=False) - treat all literals as caseless
- useRegex - (default=True) - as an optimization, will generate a Regex
object; otherwise, will generate a MatchFirst object (if caseless=True, or
if creating a Regex raises an exception)
"""
    if caseless:
        isequal = ( lambda a,b: a.upper() == b.upper() )
        masks = ( lambda a,b: b.upper().startswith(a.upper()) )
        parseElementClass = CaselessLiteral
    else:
        isequal = ( lambda a,b: a == b )
        masks = ( lambda a,b: b.startswith(a) )
        parseElementClass = Literal

    if isinstance(strs,(list,tuple)):
        symbols = list(strs[:])
    elif isinstance(strs,basestring):
        symbols = strs.split()
    else:
        warnings.warn("Invalid argument to oneOf, expected string or list",
                SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)

    i = 0
    while i < len(symbols)-1:
        cur = symbols[i]
        for j,other in enumerate(symbols[i+1:]):
            if ( isequal(other, cur) ):
                del symbols[i+j+1]
                break
            elif ( masks(cur, other) ):
                del symbols[i+j+1]
                symbols.insert(i,other)
                cur = other
                break
        else:
            i += 1

    if not caseless and useRegex:
        #~ print (strs,"->", "|".join( [ _escapeRegexChars(sym) for sym in symbols] ))
        try:
            if len(symbols)==len("".join(symbols)):
                return Regex( "[%s]" % "".join( [ _escapeRegexRangeChars(sym) for sym in symbols] ) )
            else:
                return Regex( "|".join( [ re.escape(sym) for sym in symbols] ) )
        except:
            warnings.warn("Exception creating Regex for oneOf, building MatchFirst",
                    SyntaxWarning, stacklevel=2)


    # last resort, just use MatchFirst
    return MatchFirst( [ parseElementClass(sym) for sym in symbols ] )

def dictOf( key, value ):
    """Helper to easily and clearly define a dictionary by specifying the respective patterns
for the key and value. Takes care of defining the Dict, ZeroOrMore, and Group tokens
in the proper order. The key pattern can include delimiting markers or punctuation,
as long as they are suppressed, thereby leaving the significant key text. The value
pattern can include named results, so that the Dict results can include named token
fields.
"""
    return Dict( ZeroOrMore( Group ( key + value ) ) )

def originalTextFor(expr, asString=True):
    """Helper to return the original, untokenized text for a given expression. Useful to
restore the parsed fields of an HTML start tag into the raw tag text itself, or to
revert separate tokens with intervening whitespace back to the original matching
input text. Simpler to use than the parse action keepOriginalText, and does not
require the inspect module to chase up the call stack. By default, returns a
string containing the original parsed text.
If the optional asString argument is passed as False, then the return value is a
ParseResults containing any results names that were originally matched, and a
single token containing the original matched text from the input string. So if
the expression passed to originalTextFor contains expressions with defined
results names, you must set asString to False if you want to preserve those
results name values."""
    locMarker = Empty().setParseAction(lambda s,loc,t: loc)
    endlocMarker = locMarker.copy()
    endlocMarker.callPreparse = False
    matchExpr = locMarker("_original_start") + expr + endlocMarker("_original_end")
    if asString:
        extractText = lambda s,l,t: s[t._original_start:t._original_end]
    else:
        def extractText(s,l,t):
            del t[:]
            t.insert(0, s[t._original_start:t._original_end])
            del t["_original_start"]
            del t["_original_end"]
    matchExpr.setParseAction(extractText)
    return matchExpr
    
# convenience constants for positional expressions
empty = Empty().setName("empty")
lineStart = LineStart().setName("lineStart")
lineEnd = LineEnd().setName("lineEnd")
stringStart = StringStart().setName("stringStart")
stringEnd = StringEnd().setName("stringEnd")

_escapedPunc = Word( _bslash, r"\[]-*.$+^?()~ ", exact=2 ).setParseAction(lambda s,l,t:t[0][1])
_printables_less_backslash = "".join([ c for c in printables if c not in r"\]" ])
_escapedHexChar = Combine( Suppress(_bslash + "0x") + Word(hexnums) ).setParseAction(lambda s,l,t:unichr(int(t[0],16)))
_escapedOctChar = Combine( Suppress(_bslash) + Word("0","01234567") ).setParseAction(lambda s,l,t:unichr(int(t[0],8)))
_singleChar = _escapedPunc | _escapedHexChar | _escapedOctChar | Word(_printables_less_backslash,exact=1)
_charRange = Group(_singleChar + Suppress("-") + _singleChar)
_reBracketExpr = Literal("[") + Optional("^").setResultsName("negate") + Group( OneOrMore( _charRange | _singleChar ) ).setResultsName("body") + "]"

_expanded = lambda p: (isinstance(p,ParseResults) and ''.join([ unichr(c) for c in range(ord(p[0]),ord(p[1])+1) ]) or p)

def srange(s):
    r"""Helper to easily define string ranges for use in Word construction. Borrows
syntax from regexp '[]' string range definitions::
srange("[0-9]") -> "0123456789"
srange("[a-z]") -> "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
srange("[a-z$_]") -> "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz$_"
The input string must be enclosed in []'s, and the returned string is the expanded
character set joined into a single string.
The values enclosed in the []'s may be::
a single character
an escaped character with a leading backslash (such as \- or \])
an escaped hex character with a leading '\0x' (\0x21, which is a '!' character)
an escaped octal character with a leading '\0' (\041, which is a '!' character)
a range of any of the above, separated by a dash ('a-z', etc.)
any combination of the above ('aeiouy', 'a-zA-Z0-9_$', etc.)
"""
    try:
        return "".join([_expanded(part) for part in _reBracketExpr.parseString(s).body])
    except:
        return ""

def matchOnlyAtCol(n):
    """Helper method for defining parse actions that require matching at a specific
column in the input text.
"""
    def verifyCol(strg,locn,toks):
        if col(locn,strg) != n:
            raise ParseException(strg,locn,"matched token not at column %d" % n)
    return verifyCol

def replaceWith(replStr):
    """Helper method for common parse actions that simply return a literal value. Especially
useful when used with transformString().
"""
    def _replFunc(*args):
        return [replStr]
    return _replFunc

def removeQuotes(s,l,t):
    """Helper parse action for removing quotation marks from parsed quoted strings.
To use, add this parse action to quoted string using::
quotedString.setParseAction( removeQuotes )
"""
    return t[0][1:-1]

def upcaseTokens(s,l,t):
    """Helper parse action to convert tokens to upper case."""
    return [ tt.upper() for tt in map(_ustr,t) ]

def downcaseTokens(s,l,t):
    """Helper parse action to convert tokens to lower case."""
    return [ tt.lower() for tt in map(_ustr,t) ]

def keepOriginalText(s,startLoc,t):
    """DEPRECATED - use new helper method 'originalTextFor'.
Helper parse action to preserve original parsed text,
overriding any nested parse actions."""
    try:
        endloc = getTokensEndLoc()
    except ParseException:
        raise ParseFatalException("incorrect usage of keepOriginalText - may only be called as a parse action")
    del t[:]
    t += ParseResults(s[startLoc:endloc])
    return t

def getTokensEndLoc():
    """Method to be called from within a parse action to determine the end
location of the parsed tokens."""
    import inspect
    fstack = inspect.stack()
    try:
        # search up the stack (through intervening argument normalizers) for correct calling routine
        for f in fstack[2:]:
            if f[3] == "_parseNoCache":
                endloc = f[0].f_locals["loc"]
                return endloc
        else:
            raise ParseFatalException("incorrect usage of getTokensEndLoc - may only be called from within a parse action")
    finally:
        del fstack

def _makeTags(tagStr, xml):
    """Internal helper to construct opening and closing tag expressions, given a tag name"""
    if isinstance(tagStr,basestring):
        resname = tagStr
        tagStr = Keyword(tagStr, caseless=not xml)
    else:
        resname = tagStr.name

    tagAttrName = Word(alphas,alphanums+"_-:")
    if (xml):
        tagAttrValue = dblQuotedString.copy().setParseAction( removeQuotes )
        openTag = Suppress("<") + tagStr("tag") + \
                Dict(ZeroOrMore(Group( tagAttrName + Suppress("=") + tagAttrValue ))) + \
                Optional("/",default=[False]).setResultsName("empty").setParseAction(lambda s,l,t:t[0]=='/') + Suppress(">")
    else:
        printablesLessRAbrack = "".join( [ c for c in printables if c not in ">" ] )
        tagAttrValue = quotedString.copy().setParseAction( removeQuotes ) | Word(printablesLessRAbrack)
        openTag = Suppress("<") + tagStr + \
                Dict(ZeroOrMore(Group( tagAttrName.setParseAction(downcaseTokens) + \
                Optional( Suppress("=") + tagAttrValue ) ))) + \
                Optional("/",default=[False]).setResultsName("empty").setParseAction(lambda s,l,t:t[0]=='/') + Suppress(">")
    closeTag = Combine(_L("</") + tagStr + ">")

    openTag = openTag.setResultsName("start"+"".join(resname.replace(":"," ").title().split())).setName("<%s>" % tagStr)
    closeTag = closeTag.setResultsName("end"+"".join(resname.replace(":"," ").title().split())).setName("</%s>" % tagStr)
    openTag.tag = resname
    closeTag.tag = resname
    return openTag, closeTag

def makeHTMLTags(tagStr):
    """Helper to construct opening and closing tag expressions for HTML, given a tag name"""
    return _makeTags( tagStr, False )

def makeXMLTags(tagStr):
    """Helper to construct opening and closing tag expressions for XML, given a tag name"""
    return _makeTags( tagStr, True )

def withAttribute(*args,**attrDict):
    """Helper to create a validating parse action to be used with start tags created
with makeXMLTags or makeHTMLTags. Use withAttribute to qualify a starting tag
with a required attribute value, to avoid false matches on common tags such as
<TD> or <DIV>.

Call withAttribute with a series of attribute names and values. Specify the list
of filter attributes names and values as:
- keyword arguments, as in (class="Customer",align="right"), or
- a list of name-value tuples, as in ( ("ns1:class", "Customer"), ("ns2:align","right") )
For attribute names with a namespace prefix, you must use the second form. Attribute
names are matched insensitive to upper/lower case.

To verify that the attribute exists, but without specifying a value, pass
withAttribute.ANY_VALUE as the value.
"""
    if args:
        attrs = args[:]
    else:
        attrs = attrDict.items()
    attrs = [(k,v) for k,v in attrs]
    def pa(s,l,tokens):
        for attrName,attrValue in attrs:
            if attrName not in tokens:
                raise ParseException(s,l,"no matching attribute " + attrName)
            if attrValue != withAttribute.ANY_VALUE and tokens[attrName] != attrValue:
                raise ParseException(s,l,"attribute '%s' has value '%s', must be '%s'" %
                                            (attrName, tokens[attrName], attrValue))
    return pa
withAttribute.ANY_VALUE = object()

opAssoc = _Constants()
opAssoc.LEFT = object()
opAssoc.RIGHT = object()

def operatorPrecedence( baseExpr, opList ):
    """Helper method for constructing grammars of expressions made up of
operators working in a precedence hierarchy. Operators may be unary or
binary, left- or right-associative. Parse actions can also be attached
to operator expressions.

Parameters:
- baseExpr - expression representing the most basic element for the nested
- opList - list of tuples, one for each operator precedence level in the
expression grammar; each tuple is of the form
(opExpr, numTerms, rightLeftAssoc, parseAction), where:
- opExpr is the pyparsing expression for the operator;
may also be a string, which will be converted to a Literal;
if numTerms is 3, opExpr is a tuple of two expressions, for the
two operators separating the 3 terms
- numTerms is the number of terms for this operator (must
be 1, 2, or 3)
- rightLeftAssoc is the indicator whether the operator is
right or left associative, using the pyparsing-defined
constants opAssoc.RIGHT and opAssoc.LEFT.
- parseAction is the parse action to be associated with
expressions matching this operator expression (the
parse action tuple member may be omitted)
"""
    ret = Forward()
    lastExpr = baseExpr | ( Suppress('(') + ret + Suppress(')') )
    for i,operDef in enumerate(opList):
        opExpr,arity,rightLeftAssoc,pa = (operDef + (None,))[:4]
        if arity == 3:
            if opExpr is None or len(opExpr) != 2:
                raise ValueError("if numterms=3, opExpr must be a tuple or list of two expressions")
            opExpr1, opExpr2 = opExpr
        thisExpr = Forward()#.setName("expr%d" % i)
        if rightLeftAssoc == opAssoc.LEFT:
            if arity == 1:
                matchExpr = FollowedBy(lastExpr + opExpr) + Group( lastExpr + OneOrMore( opExpr ) )
            elif arity == 2:
                if opExpr is not None:
                    matchExpr = FollowedBy(lastExpr + opExpr + lastExpr) + Group( lastExpr + OneOrMore( opExpr + lastExpr ) )
                else:
                    matchExpr = FollowedBy(lastExpr+lastExpr) + Group( lastExpr + OneOrMore(lastExpr) )
            elif arity == 3:
                matchExpr = FollowedBy(lastExpr + opExpr1 + lastExpr + opExpr2 + lastExpr) + \
                            Group( lastExpr + opExpr1 + lastExpr + opExpr2 + lastExpr )
            else:
                raise ValueError("operator must be unary (1), binary (2), or ternary (3)")
        elif rightLeftAssoc == opAssoc.RIGHT:
            if arity == 1:
                # try to avoid LR with this extra test
                if not isinstance(opExpr, Optional):
                    opExpr = Optional(opExpr)
                matchExpr = FollowedBy(opExpr.expr + thisExpr) + Group( opExpr + thisExpr )
            elif arity == 2:
                if opExpr is not None:
                    matchExpr = FollowedBy(lastExpr + opExpr + thisExpr) + Group( lastExpr + OneOrMore( opExpr + thisExpr ) )
                else:
                    matchExpr = FollowedBy(lastExpr + thisExpr) + Group( lastExpr + OneOrMore( thisExpr ) )
            elif arity == 3:
                matchExpr = FollowedBy(lastExpr + opExpr1 + thisExpr + opExpr2 + thisExpr) + \
                            Group( lastExpr + opExpr1 + thisExpr + opExpr2 + thisExpr )
            else:
                raise ValueError("operator must be unary (1), binary (2), or ternary (3)")
        else:
            raise ValueError("operator must indicate right or left associativity")
        if pa:
            matchExpr.setParseAction( pa )
        thisExpr << ( matchExpr | lastExpr )
        lastExpr = thisExpr
    ret << lastExpr
    return ret

dblQuotedString = Regex(r'"(?:[^"\n\r\\]|(?:"")|(?:\\x[0-9a-fA-F]+)|(?:\\.))*"').setName("string enclosed in double quotes")
sglQuotedString = Regex(r"'(?:[^'\n\r\\]|(?:'')|(?:\\x[0-9a-fA-F]+)|(?:\\.))*'").setName("string enclosed in single quotes")
quotedString = Regex(r'''(?:"(?:[^"\n\r\\]|(?:"")|(?:\\x[0-9a-fA-F]+)|(?:\\.))*")|(?:'(?:[^'\n\r\\]|(?:'')|(?:\\x[0-9a-fA-F]+)|(?:\\.))*')''').setName("quotedString using single or double quotes")
unicodeString = Combine(_L('u') + quotedString.copy())

def nestedExpr(opener="(", closer=")", content=None, ignoreExpr=quotedString.copy()):
    """Helper method for defining nested lists enclosed in opening and closing
delimiters ("(" and ")" are the default).

Parameters:
- opener - opening character for a nested list (default="("); can also be a pyparsing expression
- closer - closing character for a nested list (default=")"); can also be a pyparsing expression
- content - expression for items within the nested lists (default=None)
- ignoreExpr - expression for ignoring opening and closing delimiters (default=quotedString)

If an expression is not provided for the content argument, the nested
expression will capture all whitespace-delimited content between delimiters
as a list of separate values.

Use the ignoreExpr argument to define expressions that may contain
opening or closing characters that should not be treated as opening
or closing characters for nesting, such as quotedString or a comment
expression. Specify multiple expressions using an Or or MatchFirst.
The default is quotedString, but if no expressions are to be ignored,
then pass None for this argument.
"""
    if opener == closer:
        raise ValueError("opening and closing strings cannot be the same")
    if content is None:
        if isinstance(opener,basestring) and isinstance(closer,basestring):
            if len(opener) == 1 and len(closer)==1:
                if ignoreExpr is not None:
                    content = (Combine(OneOrMore(~ignoreExpr +
                                    CharsNotIn(opener+closer+ParserElement.DEFAULT_WHITE_CHARS,exact=1))
                                ).setParseAction(lambda t:t[0].strip()))
                else:
                    content = (empty.copy()+CharsNotIn(opener+closer+ParserElement.DEFAULT_WHITE_CHARS
                                ).setParseAction(lambda t:t[0].strip()))
            else:
                if ignoreExpr is not None:
                    content = (Combine(OneOrMore(~ignoreExpr +
                                    ~Literal(opener) + ~Literal(closer) +
                                    CharsNotIn(ParserElement.DEFAULT_WHITE_CHARS,exact=1))
                                ).setParseAction(lambda t:t[0].strip()))
                else:
                    content = (Combine(OneOrMore(~Literal(opener) + ~Literal(closer) +
                                    CharsNotIn(ParserElement.DEFAULT_WHITE_CHARS,exact=1))
                                ).setParseAction(lambda t:t[0].strip()))
        else:
            raise ValueError("opening and closing arguments must be strings if no content expression is given")
    ret = Forward()
    if ignoreExpr is not None:
        ret << Group( Suppress(opener) + ZeroOrMore( ignoreExpr | ret | content ) + Suppress(closer) )
    else:
        ret << Group( Suppress(opener) + ZeroOrMore( ret | content ) + Suppress(closer) )
    return ret

def indentedBlock(blockStatementExpr, indentStack, indent=True):
    """Helper method for defining space-delimited indentation blocks, such as
those used to define block statements in Python source code.

Parameters:
- blockStatementExpr - expression defining syntax of statement that
is repeated within the indented block
- indentStack - list created by caller to manage indentation stack
(multiple statementWithIndentedBlock expressions within a single grammar
should share a common indentStack)
- indent - boolean indicating whether block must be indented beyond the
the current level; set to False for block of left-most statements
(default=True)

A valid block must contain at least one blockStatement.
"""
    def checkPeerIndent(s,l,t):
        if l >= len(s): return
        curCol = col(l,s)
        if curCol != indentStack[-1]:
            if curCol > indentStack[-1]:
                raise ParseFatalException(s,l,"illegal nesting")
            raise ParseException(s,l,"not a peer entry")

    def checkSubIndent(s,l,t):
        curCol = col(l,s)
        if curCol > indentStack[-1]:
            indentStack.append( curCol )
        else:
            raise ParseException(s,l,"not a subentry")

    def checkUnindent(s,l,t):
        if l >= len(s): return
        curCol = col(l,s)
        if not(indentStack and curCol < indentStack[-1] and curCol <= indentStack[-2]):
            raise ParseException(s,l,"not an unindent")
        indentStack.pop()

    NL = OneOrMore(LineEnd().setWhitespaceChars("\t ").suppress())
    INDENT = Empty() + Empty().setParseAction(checkSubIndent)
    PEER = Empty().setParseAction(checkPeerIndent)
    UNDENT = Empty().setParseAction(checkUnindent)
    if indent:
        smExpr = Group( Optional(NL) +
            #~ FollowedBy(blockStatementExpr) +
            INDENT + (OneOrMore( PEER + Group(blockStatementExpr) + Optional(NL) )) + UNDENT)
    else:
        smExpr = Group( Optional(NL) +
            (OneOrMore( PEER + Group(blockStatementExpr) + Optional(NL) )) )
    blockStatementExpr.ignore(_bslash + LineEnd())
    return smExpr

alphas8bit = srange(r"[\0xc0-\0xd6\0xd8-\0xf6\0xf8-\0xff]")
punc8bit = srange(r"[\0xa1-\0xbf\0xd7\0xf7]")

anyOpenTag,anyCloseTag = makeHTMLTags(Word(alphas,alphanums+"_:"))
commonHTMLEntity = Combine(_L("&") + oneOf("gt lt amp nbsp quot").setResultsName("entity") +";").streamline()
_htmlEntityMap = dict(zip("gt lt amp nbsp quot".split(),'><& "'))
replaceHTMLEntity = lambda t : t.entity in _htmlEntityMap and _htmlEntityMap[t.entity] or None

# it's easy to get these comment structures wrong - they're very common, so may as well make them available
cStyleComment = Regex(r"/\*(?:[^*]*\*+)+?/").setName("C style comment")

htmlComment = Regex(r"<!--[\s\S]*?-->")
restOfLine = Regex(r".*").leaveWhitespace()
dblSlashComment = Regex(r"\/\/(\\\n|.)*").setName("// comment")
cppStyleComment = Regex(r"/(?:\*(?:[^*]*\*+)+?/|/[^\n]*(?:\n[^\n]*)*?(?:(?<!\\)|\Z))").setName("C++ style comment")

javaStyleComment = cppStyleComment
pythonStyleComment = Regex(r"#.*").setName("Python style comment")
_noncomma = "".join( [ c for c in printables if c != "," ] )
_commasepitem = Combine(OneOrMore(Word(_noncomma) +
                                  Optional( Word(" \t") +
                                            ~Literal(",") + ~LineEnd() ) ) ).streamline().setName("commaItem")