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fluent-plugin-webhdfs

Fluentd output plugin to write data into Hadoop HDFS over WebHDFS/HttpFs.

WebHDFSOutput slices data by time (specified unit), and store these data as hdfs file of plain text. You can specify to:

  • format whole data as serialized JSON, single attribute or separated multi attributes
  • include time as line header, or not
  • include tag as line header, or not
  • change field separator (default: TAB)
  • add new line as termination, or not

And you can specify output file path as 'path /path/to/dir/access.%Y%m%d.log', then got '/path/to/dir/access.20120316.log' on HDFS.

Configuration

WebHDFSOutput

To store data by time,tag,json (same with '@type file') over WebHDFS:

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  host namenode.your.cluster.local
  port 50070
  path /path/on/hdfs/access.log.%Y%m%d_%H.log
</match>

If you want JSON object only (without time or tag or both on header of lines), specify it by output_include_time or output_include_tag (default true):

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  host namenode.your.cluster.local
  port 50070
  path /path/on/hdfs/access.log.%Y%m%d_%H.log
  output_include_time false
  output_include_tag  false
</match>

To specify namenode, namenode is also available:

<match access.**>
  @type     webhdfs
  namenode master.your.cluster.local:50070
  path     /path/on/hdfs/access.log.%Y%m%d_%H.log
</match>

To store data as LTSV without time and tag over WebHDFS:

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  host namenode.your.cluster.local
  port 50070
  path /path/on/hdfs/access.log.%Y%m%d_%H.log
  output_data_type ltsv
</match>

With username of pseudo authentication:

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  host namenode.your.cluster.local
  port 50070
  path /path/on/hdfs/access.log.%Y%m%d_%H.log
  username hdfsuser
</match>

Store data over HttpFs (instead of WebHDFS):

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  host httpfs.node.your.cluster.local
  port 14000
  path /path/on/hdfs/access.log.%Y%m%d_%H.log
  httpfs true
</match>

Store data as TSV (TAB separated values) of specified keys, without time, with tag (removed prefix 'access'):

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  host namenode.your.cluster.local
  port 50070
  path /path/on/hdfs/access.log.%Y%m%d_%H.log

  field_separator TAB        # or 'SPACE', 'COMMA' or 'SOH'(Start Of Heading: \001)
  output_include_time false
  output_include_tag true
  remove_prefix access

  output_data_type attr:path,status,referer,agent,bytes
</match>

If message doesn't have specified attribute, fluent-plugin-webhdfs outputs 'NULL' instead of values.

With ssl:

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  host namenode.your.cluster.local
  port 50070
  path /path/on/hdfs/access.log.%Y%m%d_%H.log
  ssl true
  ssl_ca_file /path/to/ca_file.pem   # if needed
  ssl_verify_mode peer               # if needed (peer or none)
</match>

Here ssl_verify_mode peer means to verify the server's certificate. You can turn off it by setting ssl_verify_mode none. The default is peer. See net/http and openssl documentation for further details.

With kerberos authentication:

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  host namenode.your.cluster.local
  port 50070
  path /path/on/hdfs/access.log.%Y%m%d_%H.log
  kerberos true
</match>

If you want to compress data before storing it:

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  host namenode.your.cluster.local
  port 50070
  path /path/on/hdfs/access.log.%Y%m%d_%H
  compress gzip  # or 'bzip2', 'snappy', 'lzo_command'
</match>

Note that if you set compress gzip, then the suffix .gz will be added to path (or .bz2, sz, .lzo). Note that you have to install snappy gem if you want to set compress snappy.

Namenode HA / Auto retry for WebHDFS known errors

fluent-plugin-webhdfs (v0.2.0 or later) accepts 2 namenodes for Namenode HA (active/standby). Use standby_namenode like this:

<match access.**>
  @type            webhdfs
  namenode         master1.your.cluster.local:50070
  standby_namenode master2.your.cluster.local:50070
  path             /path/on/hdfs/access.log.%Y%m%d_%H.log
</match>

And you can also specify to retry known hdfs errors (such like LeaseExpiredException) automatically. With this configuration, fluentd doesn't write logs for this errors if retry successed.

<match access.**>
  @type              webhdfs
  namenode           master1.your.cluster.local:50070
  path               /path/on/hdfs/access.log.%Y%m%d_%H.log
  retry_known_errors yes
  retry_times        1 # default 1
  retry_interval     1 # [sec] default 1
</match>

Performance notifications

Writing data on HDFS single file from 2 or more fluentd nodes, makes many bad blocks of HDFS. If you want to run 2 or more fluentd nodes with fluent-plugin-webhdfs, you should configure 'path' for each node. You can use '${hostname}' or '${uuid:random}' placeholders in configuration for this purpose.

For hostname:

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  host namenode.your.cluster.local
  port 50070
  path /log/access/%Y%m%d/${hostname}.log
</match>

Or with random filename (to avoid duplicated file name only):

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  host namenode.your.cluster.local
  port 50070
  path /log/access/%Y%m%d/${uuid:random}.log
</match>

With configurations above, you can handle all of files of '/log/access/20120820/*' as specified timeslice access logs.

For high load cluster nodes, you can specify timeouts for HTTP requests.

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  namenode master.your.cluster.local:50070
  path /log/access/%Y%m%d/${hostname}.log
  open_timeout 180 # [sec] default: 30
  read_timeout 180 # [sec] default: 60
</match>

For unstable Namenodes

With default configuration, fluent-plugin-webhdfs checks HDFS filesystem status and raise error for inacive NameNodes.

If you were usging unstable NameNodes and have wanted to ignore NameNode errors on startup of fluentd, enable ignore_start_check_error option like below:

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  host namenode.your.cluster.local
  port 50070
  path /log/access/%Y%m%d/${hostname}.log
  ignore_start_check_error true
</match>

For unstable Datanodes

With unstable datanodes that frequently downs, appending over WebHDFS may produce broken files. In such cases, specify append no and ${chunk_id} parameter.

<match access.**>
  @type webhdfs
  host namenode.your.cluster.local
  port 50070

  append no
  path   /log/access/%Y%m%d/${hostname}.${chunk_id}.log
</match>

out_webhdfs creates new files on hdfs per flush of fluentd, with chunk id. You shouldn't care broken files from append operations.

TODO

  • configuration example for Hadoop Namenode HA
    • here, or docs.fluentd.org ?
  • patches welcome!

Copyright

  • Copyright (c) 2012- TAGOMORI Satoshi (tagomoris)
  • License
    • Apache License, Version 2.0