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FLOE-493: first draft of making/hacking article. #11

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commented Dec 12, 2016


The <a href="https://github.com/asterics" target="_blank" class="link-external">Assistive Technology Rapid Integration &amp; Construction Set</a> is an open source construction set for assistive technologies.

AsTeRICS can be used to rapidly prototype new forms of assistive technology using a graphical construction environment that runs on Windows or as a <a href="https://github.com/asterics/WebACS" target="_blank" class="link-external">web-based application.</a>

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@colinbdclark

colinbdclark Feb 17, 2017

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An example might be cool here. I know the Austrian teams have run several hacking-type events with AsTeRICs—I wonder if we can include that somehow?

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@waharnum

waharnum Feb 28, 2017

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This one seems good, and it has a video: http://www.ki-i.at/helicopter/

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waharnum Feb 28, 2017

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http://www.asterics-academy.net/ also has a number of examples.


#### The Developer Space

The three examples above are only a sample of what is available; more can be found by exploring the <a href="http://dspace.teco.edu/" target="_blank" class="link-external">Developer Space</a>, especially the lists of <a href="http://dspace.teco.edu/en/categories/parts-tools" target="_blank" class="link-external">Parts &amp; Tools</a>.

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@colinbdclark

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Can we describe what the Developer Space is and what it's goals are? I think it is relevant to this article to describe that there is this clearinghouse site that aims to be a place to go to learn about and find tools that support accessible development.

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@waharnum

waharnum Feb 28, 2017

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OK - I'll add some content on this.

While we're at it, can we confirm what URL should be used at this time for the Developer Space?

Currently, it's http://dspace.teco.edu/ - I've also seen http://staging.developerspace.gpii.net/ used (it has a DOWN FOR MAINTENANCE message currently), and http://developerspace.gpii.net/ appears to be active, but has only the default nginx page.

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@colinbdclark

colinbdclark Feb 28, 2017

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@michelled pointed me to this URL, which she thinks is the latest version: http://testing.developerspace.gpii.net/

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@waharnum

waharnum Feb 28, 2017

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@colinbdclark @michelled is it intentional behaviour for http://testing.developerspace.gpii.net/ that I can access no information without creating an account and logging in? (you might not be the right ones to ask)


#### Specialized Programming Environments

There is a wide range of software built with the intention of supporting more specific programming tasks than "general purpose" programming languages, or providing alternatives to the more familiar text-centric approaches to programming languages.

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@colinbdclark

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Is there something to be said about how some "specific purpose" programming environments are designed to empower people who would otherwise not identify as programmers or do programming? (e.g. Scratch -> children, Processing -> artists, PureData -> musicians, etc.)

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@colinbdclark

colinbdclark Feb 17, 2017

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It looks like you say this later, but it might be worth highlighting this in your summary here.

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commented Feb 28, 2017

@colinbdclark I think I've now addressed all your feedback (and the entry is much better for it!) - I believe this should now be mergeable so it will appear on the public site.

I would anticipate doing more work on this in the future, especially as we learn from the various ongoing and upcoming projects like the Social Justice Repair Kit and Big Idea.

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commented Feb 28, 2017

Thanks @waharnum! I'll review it today and then we should be good to go. Thanks so much for your thoughtful work on this.

category: Methods
---

Hackathons, makeathons and similar community-oriented participatory technology events have become very popular in recent years, both in traditional learning contexts such as schools, colleges and universities, and in broader world. Ideas of "hacking" and "making" have also been popularized as approaches to creatively and collaboratively solve problems in society, business and government.

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Missing word: in 'the' broader world


### Hackathon

We use the term "hackathon" expansively in this entry to refer to events that emphasize intensive short-term collaboration between small groups. The groups typically brainstorm, design and prototype around social, cultural, or political issues that are relevant to them (for example <a href="http://arthackathon.co.uk/" target="_blank" class="link-external">art</a> or <a href="http://civictech.ca/2016/04/08/codeacross-toronto-community-collaboration-in-celebration-of-international-open-data-day/" target="_blank" class="link-external">open data</a>), then present their result in some form to to the larger group throughout the event or at the end.

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@michelled

michelled Mar 2, 2017

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Maybe the plural 'results'? Also, the double 'to' is still present.

While these events are often focused on producing or proposing new software or hardware as a means of addressing a social problem or creating a new product, this is not stricly necessary; hackathons have been held to produce
<a href="https://www.policyhack.com.au/" target="_blank" class="link-external">government policy</a>, or ideas to address <a href="http://foodinnovationprogram.org/hacking-hunger/" target="_blank" class="link-external">food security</a>.

In learning settings, hackathons might be held as part of course curriculum or as an extracurricular activity for interested students. Academic institutions might seek to partner with community groups for hackathons to encourage students and faculty to form connections outside the institution. These events can be highly engaging to students by allowing them to design and pursue challenges of their own interesting (including students disconnected from or turned off by traditional classroom structures), and can help bring in the the world beyond the classroom.

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The last sentence feels a bit awkward. At the least it should be 'interest' instead of 'interesting'.


## Inclusively Designing Hackathons and Hacking

We believe that that the connections and ideas that get made between people attending hackathons and similar events are more important than any products that get produced. If hackathons are about building community, issues of inclusion, exclusion and audience diversity are paramount to their design.

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michelled Mar 2, 2017

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Double 'that'


### The Curb Cut Effect and Innovation from the Margins

There are no "average" users in inclusive design's philosophy. Per the first dimension of inclusive design, <a href="http://idrc.ocadu.ca/index.php/resources/idrc-online/library-of-papers/443-whatisinclusivedesign" target="_blank" class="link-external">"As individuals spread out from the hypothetical average, the needs of individuals that are outliers, or at the margins, become ever more diverse. Most individuals stray from the average in some facet of their needs or goals."</a> Designing to accomodate the diversity of individual differences makes designs stronger as our designs accumulate and accomodate the many different "edge cases" even a small group of individuals have.

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Missing 'm' in accommodate. Maybe change the second occurrence to 'address'.


#### Inclusive Design Guide

The <a href="https://guide.inclusivedesign.ca/" target="_blank" class="link-external">Inclusive Design Guide</a> is an evolving collection of insights, practices, tools and activities that can be applied a wide range of design challenges in the digital, physical and service realm.

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Missing word: applied 'to' a wide range


##### Electronics and Internet of Things Prototyping

Inexpensive systems for prototyping electronics have become widespread in the last decade. They can be programmed to operate lights, sensors, motors and other electronic devices; by connecting them to the internet, they can be used to prototype and <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_of_things" target="_blank" class="link-external">internet of things</a> devices.

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Extra 'and': they can be used to prototype internet of things devices


Individuals can have unique needs that are not well-served by existing commercial technology aimed at people with disabilities. It can be a powerful exercise in one-size-fits-one design to work with a person to improve an assistive technology they use, or create something entirely new, as in the work done by the <a href="http://www.tetrasociety.org/" target="_blank" class="link-external">Tetra Society</a>. Some tools that can support this include:

* Using <a href="http://makeymakey.com/" target="_blank" class="link-external">to build alternate computer interface devices.</a>

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Missing word: Using Makey Makey to build

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commented Mar 3, 2017

@michelled thanks for the review! I've fixed all the issues you highlighted and tried to improve sentences in a few places.

I think this can now be merged; once we confirm the current Developer Space URL, we can update the document. Currently http://dspace.teco.edu/ seems the most functional of them.

@michelled michelled merged commit 8036a22 into fluid-project:master Mar 3, 2017

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