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README.md

flumeview-hashtable

A in-memory hashtable based flumeview.

Creates an unordered key:value mapping over a flumedb. the key for each indexed record must be unique, and the value will be the record stored in the log. Since flumedb uses integer keys for the log implementation, the hashtable is just a sparse array of integers, implemented on a buffer. This means that a relatively small buffer (say 1mb) can hold hundreds of thousands of references, and since buffers are not traversed by the garbage collector, this is not a burden on your app. Also, there is no disk-io while building the index so if the only disk access is very slow (i.e. browser) this is great.

example

//you need to provide a hash function.
//it doesn't actually need to be cryptographic

function hash (v) {
  return crypto.createHash('sha256')
    .update(v.toString())
    .digest().readUInt32BE(0)
}

//default getKey function
function getKey (data) {
  return data.key
}

var db =  Flume(
  Log(
    '/tmp/test-flumeview-hashtable'+Date.now(),
    {blockSize: 1024, codec: require('flumecodec/json')}
  ))
.use('index', require('../')(1, hash, getKey))

db.append({key: 'foo', value: ...}, function (err) {
  if(err) throw err
  db.index.get('foo', function (err, value) {

  })
})

append-only resize

this implements a simple resize strategy, when the hashtable starts to become saturated, a second hashtable twice the size is allocated. when querying, look in the largest hashtable first.

TODO

  • migrate records accessed into the large table, and throw out the smaller ones when possible.
  • maybe implement multiple records? for not quite unique values?
  • support different key sizes.

api

FlumeViewHashTable = require('flumeview-hashtable')

FlumeViewHashTable(version, hash, getKey, minSlots) => fvht

create a flumeview based on a hash table. This view is suitable only for unique keys. version is an integer. If you change any of the supplied functions or the version of this library, version must be changed.

hash and getKey are passed to HashTable module. see documentation below.

minSlots is the size of the smallest hashtable to start with.

fvht supports the required flumeview apis (since, createSink, destroy, close) and also exposes methods get and load

fvht.get(key, cb(err, data, seq))

retrive a record by key.

fvht.load() => float

returns the current load, count / slots. when this is near 0.5 it will make the hashtable bigger, which will decrease the load.

HashTable = require('flumeview-hashtable/hashtable')

create hashtables that look up data asynchronously.

HashTable(hash, matches, get) => createHashTable(buffer) => ht

takes hash matches and get and returns a factory function that accepts a buffer, and returns a hashtable instance.

//initialize a hash table with
var createHashTable = HashTable(hash, matches, get)

//pass a buffer for the hashtable to use.
var ht = createHashTable(Buffer.alloc(4*1024*1024))
//or give the number of slots desired.
var ht = createHashTable(1024*1024)

setting up a new hash table requires passing in 3 methods that will be used to hash input values and return results.

hash(key) => index

Takes a key (of any type, but that you indend to pass to ht.add(key, seq) later and returns a 32 bit int hash value, that will be used as the index within the hashtable. the value seq will be placed at the first empty slot after modulus of index and the number of slots in the hashtable.

hash would usually contain a hash function, but if the key is already a hash, it's okay to just read a integer from it.

index must not ever be zero because zero represents an empty space in the filter.

matches(data, key) => boolean

when you call get(key, cb) this method is used to check each value, after it is returned by get. data is the record retrived, and key is the query.

get(seq, cb(err, data, seq))

retrive data at key. if you added ht.add(key, index) then did ht.get(key) get(index, cb) will be called.

ht.slots => int

a read only property, the maximum capacity of the hashtable.

ht.count => int

a read only property, the current occupied capacity of the hashtable. hashtables become inefficient when they become full, so usually you want to move to a new hashtable when ht.count >= ht.slots/2

ht.add(key, seq)

add a key, pointing at seq. seq must be a 32 bit int. The return value for get is expected to be already stored at seq.

ht.get(key, cb(err, data, seq))

retrive a previously added key. This will look up the seq, and call get(seq, cb) (which was passed to createHashTable(hash, matches, get)).

ht.buffer => Buffer

a read only property. The buffer making up the hash table. The first two UInt32LE's (unsigned 32 bit big endian int) store the slots and the count. the rest are slots that may have indexes stored.

ht.load()

return count / slots when greater than 0.5 it's time to allocate a new hashtable. when a new hashtable is created, it will be twice the size of the previous one.

createMulti = require('flumeview-hashtable/multi')

create progressively larger hashtables, so they remain efficient.

createMulti(createHashTable(buffer)) => MultiHashTable

given the initialized createHashTable function, returns an MultiHashTable instance. this has the same api as HashTable, except it handles resizing automatically.

mht.count => int

the number of items currently in the collection of hash tables.

mht.slots => int

the number of available slots in the collection of hash tables.

mht.get(key, cb(err, data, seq))

call with key and returns the first data found that matches the key

mht.add(key, seq)

adds key to the hashtable. The key is only added to the last created, largest hashtable.

mht.buffer() => [buffer,...]

returns an array of all buffers in the collection of hashtables.

License

MIT

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