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Pacman + NGINX + PHP + MongoDB Application

This is an example Kubernetes application that hosts an HTML5 Pacman game with NGINX as the web server and PHP backend to read and write data to a MongoDB database.

Pacman Game Architecture Overview


The Pacman game is a slightly modified version of the open source Pacman game written in HTML5 with Javascript. You can get the modified Pacman game source code here.


NGINX is used as the web server to host the Pacman game application. It is configured with PHP FPM support for the backend PHP API.


PHP FPM is used for the PHP API to receive read and write requests from clients and perform database operations. The PHP MongoDB driver extension contains the minimal API for core driver functionality. In addition, the PHP library for MongoDB provides the higher level APIs. Both are needed.


MongoDB is used as the backend database to store the Pacman game's high score user data.


Clone This Repository

Clone this repo which contains the Kubernetes configs and Dockerfile resources.

git clone https://github.com/font/k8s-example-apps.git
cd k8s-example-apps/pacman-nginx-app

Create Application Container Image

The Dockerfile performs the following steps:

  1. It is based on Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial and installs NGINX, PHP FPM, PHP MongoDB, and Composer (for the PHP MongoDB lib).
  2. It then creates a basic NGINX configuration that includes enabling PHP FastCGI.
  3. Clones the Pacman game into the configured root directory of the NGINX web server.
  4. Replaces the host 'localhost' with 'mongo' in the PHP backend API to match the host DNS given to the MongoDB Kubernetes service.
  5. Exposes port 80 for the web server.
  6. Starts nginx, php7.0-fpm, and runs a forever command to keep the container running.

To build the image run:

cd docker
docker build -t <user>/pacman-nginx-app .
cd ..

You can test the image by running:

docker run -p 8000:80 <user>/pacman-nginx-app

And going to http://localhost:8000/ to see if you get the Pacman game.

Kubernetes Components

Install Google Cloud SDK

To test on a Kubernetes cluster, make sure you have the Google Cloud SDK installed. You can quickly do this on Linux/Mac with:

curl https://sdk.cloud.google.com | bash

Once installed, log in and update it:

gcloud auth login
gcloud components update

Create a Google Cloud Project

You can either create a new project or use an existing one. See the Google Cloud Docs for more details.

Push container to Google Cloud Container Registry

You'll want to tag your previously created Docker image to use the Google Cloud Container Registry URL and then push it:

docker tag <user>/pacman-nginx-app gcr.io/YOUR_PROJECT_ID/pacman-nginx-app
gcloud docker push gcr.io/YOUR_PROJECT_ID/pacman-nginx-app

Once you've pushed your image, you'll need to update the Kubernetes resources to point to your image before you continue with the rest of the guides.

sed -i 's/ifontlabs/YOUR_PROJECT_ID/' controllers/web-controller.yaml replicasets/pacman-replicaset.yaml

Set Up Kubernetes Cluster(s)

You'll need to create 1 or at least 3 Kubernetes cluster(s) depending on whether you want to try out the Pac-Man app on 1 cluster, or try it out on a federated cluster. Below are links to the two choices that will guide you through it: