Setting up the virtual printer for debugging
OctoPrint includes, by default, a virtual printer plugin. This plugin allows you to debug OctoPrint's serial communication without connecting to an actual printer. Furthermore, it is possible to create certain edge conditions that may be hard to reproduce with a real printer.
Enabling the virtual printer
The virtual printer is enabled by editing OctoPrint's config.yaml file. Details on the configuration file can be found in the full :ref:`config.yaml documentation <sec-configuration-config_yaml>`.
The steps to take are as follows:
- Find config.yaml in the OctoPrint settings folder. Usually in
~/.octoprinton Linux, in
%APPDATA%/OctoPrinton Windows and in
~/Library/Application Support/OctoPrinton MacOS.
- Add or extend the
devel: virtualPrinter: enabled: true
- Restart OctoPrint.
- In the connection panel, a new option will appear in the Serial Port dropdown labeled
- Select this option and click
- The virtual printer is now active.
Virtual printer configuration options
The config.yaml file has many configuration options for the virtual printer that allow you to fine-tune its behavior.
Please see the relevant :ref:`config.yaml section <sec-configuration-config_yaml-devel>` for the full details.
Once activated, the virtual printer will log all serial communication in the
that can be found in the OctoPrint settings folder.
You can simulate certain conditions and communications through the terminal tab in OctoPrint's interface.
All commands start with
!!DEBUG: and are followed by the command you want to execute. For instance, sending
!!DEBUG:action_disconnect will disconnect the printer. Sending
!!DEBUG without command will show a help
message with all the available commands:
OctoPrint Virtual Printer debug commands help ? | This help. # Action Triggers action_pause | Sends a "// action:pause" action trigger to the host. action_resume | Sends a "// action:resume" action trigger to the host. action_disconnect | Sends a "// action:disconnect" action trigger to the | host. action_custom <action>[ <parameters>] | Sends a custom "// action:<action> <parameters>" | action trigger to the host. # Communication Errors dont_answer | Will not acknowledge the next command. go_awol | Will completely stop replying trigger_resend_lineno | Triggers a resend error with a line number mismatch trigger_resend_checksum | Triggers a resend error with a checksum mismatch trigger_missing_checksum | Triggers a resend error with a missing checksum trigger_missing_lineno | Triggers a "no line number with checksum" error w/o resend request drop_connection | Drops the serial connection prepare_ok <broken ok> | Will cause <broken ok> to be enqueued for use, | will be used instead of actual "ok" # Reply Timing / Sleeping sleep <int:seconds> | Sleep <seconds> s sleep_after <str:command> <int:seconds> | Sleeps <seconds> s after each execution of <command> sleep_after_next <str:command> <int:seconds> | Sleeps <seconds> s after execution of next <command> # SD printing start_sd <str:file> | Select and start printing file <file> from SD select_sd <str:file> | Select file <file> from SD, don't start printing it yet. Use | start_sd to start the print cancel_sd | Cancels an ongoing SD print # Misc send <str:message> | Sends back <message> reset | Simulates a reset. Internal state will be lost.