This repository contains exercises, hints, and answers for the book Functional Programming in Scala. Along with the book itself, it's the closest you'll get to having your own private functional programming tutor without actually having one.
There are two main branches in this repository:
Be sure to select the branch which matches the edition of the book you are reading!
Here's how to use this repository:
Each chapter in the book develops a fully working library of functions
and data types, built up through a series of exercises and example code
given in the book text. The shell of this working library and exercise
stubs live in
<chapter-description> is a package name that corresponds to the
chapter title (see below). When you begin working on a chapter, we
recommend you open the exercise file(s) for that chapter, and when you
encounter exercises, implement them in the exercises file and make sure
If you get stuck on an exercise, let's say exercise 4 in the chapter,
you can find hints in
no hints are available for a problem, the file will just have a single
'-' as its contents) and the answer along with an explanation of the
answer and any variations in
04.answer.markdown. The finished Scala modules, with all answers for
each chapter live in
answers/src/main/scala/fpinscala/<chapter-description>. Please feel
free to submit pull requests for alternate answers, improved hints, and
so on, so we can make this repo the very best resource for people
working through the book.
- Chapter 2: gettingstarted
- Chapter 3: datastructures
- Chapter 4: errorhandling
- Chapter 5: laziness
- Chapter 6: state
- Chapter 7: parallelism
- Chapter 8: testing
- Chapter 9: parsing
- Chapter 10: monoids
- Chapter 11: monads
- Chapter 12: applicative
- Chapter 13: iomonad
- Chapter 14: localeffects
- Chapter 15: streamingio
To build the code for the first time, if on windows:
If on mac/linux, first make sure you have not checked out the code onto an encrypted file system, otherwise you will get compile errors regarding too long file names (one solution is to put the fpinscala repo on a unencrypted usb key, and symlink it into your preferred code location).
$ chmod a+x ./sbt $ ./sbt
This will download and launch sbt, a build tool for Scala. Once it is finished downloading, you'll get a prompt from which you can issue commands to build and interact with your code. Try the following:
> project exercises > compile
This switches to the exercises project, where your code lives, and compiles the code. You can also do:
to get a Scala REPL with access to your exercises, and
To get a menu of possible main methods to execute.
All code in this repository is MIT-licensed. See the LICENSE file for details.
Have fun, and good luck! Also be sure to check out the community wiki for the chapter notes, links to more reading, and more.
Paul and Rúnar