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;; -*- mode: common-lisp; package: -*-
;; See the file LICENSE for the full license governing this code.
;; Description:
;; inflate a stream of bytes which was compressed with the Deflate
;; algorithm
;; john foderaro, August 2001
;;- This code in this file obeys the Lisp Coding Standard found in
#+(version= 8 2)
(sys:defpatch "inflate" 4
"v1: improved inflate-stream;
v2: performance improvements.
v3: Fix bug in v2 patch that always expected a gzip trailer.
v4: Fix bug in skip-*-header routines. Don't unread-char that wasn't read from inflate stream."
:type :system
:post-loadable t)
Programming interface:
(inflate input-stream output-stream)
- the compressed information from the input-stream is read and
the uncompressed information is written to the output-stream
- both streams must support (unsigned-byte 8) element reading and writing
(skip-gzip-header input-stream)
- if the input stream is positioned on the header of a gzip'ed file
then skip that header.
- if the input stream is not positioned on a gzip header then nothing
is done.
The Deflate Compression Algorithm
Basic idea:
Deflation is a means of compressing an octet sequence that
combines the LZ77 algorithm for marking common substrings and
Huffman coding to take advantage of different frequency of occurance
for each possible values in the file.
This algorithm may not be as easy to understand or as efficient
as the LZW compression algorithm but Deflate does have the big
advantage in that it is not patented. Thus Deflate is a very
widely used. Nowdays it's the most common compression method
used in Windows Zip programs (e.g. Winzip) and in the Unix gzip program.
Java jar files, being just zip files, also use this compression method.
Lempel-Ziv 1977 (LZ77):
An octet sequence often contains repeated subsequences. The LZ algorithm
compresses a file by replacing repeated substrings with (Length,Distance)
markers which mean during decompression: Go back Distance octets
in output stream and copy Length bytes to the output stream.
Huffman Coding:
A Huffman code for a set of values V assigns a unique bitsequence
to each value in V. A bitsequence is a sequence of 0's and 1'.
An important property of Huffman codes is that if X is a bitsequence
for a value in V then no other value in V has a bitsequence
with X as a prefix of that sequence. This means that if you see
the bitsequence X in the stream you know that this denotes the value
v and you don't have to read any more bits.
A deflated file is a sequence of blocks. There are three types of
1. uncompressed - The block simply contains the same sequence of
octets as were found in the input stream. This type of block
is useful when the input stream has already been compressed (e.g.
it's a jpg or gif file) as compressing a compressed file often
results in the file getting larger.
2. compressed with fixed Huffman code - The block contains a
huffman-coded LZ77 compressed bitsequence. The huffman code
used is specified by the deflate algorithm. This type of block
is useful when the octet sequence is short since in that case
the overhead of creating a custom huffman code is more than is gained
by that custom code.
3. compressed with a custom Huffman code - The block contains
a description of a Huffman code to be used in this block only
and then a Huffman-code LZ77 compressed bitsequence. The values
that describe the custome huffman tree are themselves huffman coded.
(:use :common-lisp :excl)
(:export #:inflate
(eval-when (compile load eval)
(require :iodefs))
(provide :inflate)
;; used by aserve to create correct inflate-stream based
;; on inflate patch installed when it was built.
(pushnew :inflate-bug20472 *features*)
(defun inflate (p op)
;; user callable
;; inflate the stream p into the stream op
;; both streams should be unsigned-byte 8
(let ((br (new-bit-reader p))
(buffer (make-array (* 32 1024) :element-type '(unsigned-byte 8)))
(end 0))
(if* (null (setq end (process-deflate-block br op buffer end)))
then ; last block, we're all done
;;; ------------ gzip support
; gzip preceeds files with a header and the only support we need
; give to handle gzip files is the ability to skip the header
; and get to the meat of the file
; gzip constants
; compression strategies (only one supported)
(defconstant z_deflated 8)
; flag bits
(defconstant gz_ascii_flags #x01) ; file probably ascii
(defconstant gz_head_crc #x02) ; header crc present
(defconstant gz_extra_field #x04) ; extra field present
(defconstant gz_orig_name #x08) ; original file name present
(defconstant gz_comment #x10) ; file comment present
(defconstant gz_reserved #xe0) ; no bits allowed on here
(defun skip-gzip-header (p)
;; If the next thing in the stream p is gzip header then skip
;; past it and return t.
;; If it's not a gzip header than return nil
;; If it's starts to look like a gzip header but turns out to
;; not be valid signal an error. Note that the first byte of
;; a gzip header is an illegal byte to begin a deflated stream so
;; that if the first byte matches a gzip header but the rest do not
;; then the stream was positioned at neither a gzip header nor a
;; deflated stream
;; see check_header in gzio.c in rpm zlib-1.1.3 (or variant)
;; for details on what's in the header.
(let (method flags (bytes-read 0))
; look for magic number
;; unwind-protect is for bug20742. unread-char is being used until an unread-byte is
;; available, so we must ensure the external-format is octet-based.
(let ((saved-ef (stream-external-format p))
(setf (stream-external-format p) (load-time-value (find-external-format :latin1)))
(setf byte-read (char-code (read-char p)))
(if* (not (eql #x1f byte-read))
then ; not a gzip header, may be a deflate block
(unread-char (code-char byte-read) p)
(return-from skip-gzip-header nil)))
(setf (stream-external-format p) saved-ef)))
(incf bytes-read)
; now check the second magic number
(if* (not (eql #x8b (read-byte p)))
then (error "non gzip magic number"))
(incf bytes-read)
(setq method (read-byte p)
flags (read-byte p))
(incf bytes-read 2)
(if* (or (not (eql method z_deflated))
(not (zerop (logand flags gz_reserved))))
then (error "bad method/flags in header"))
; discard time, xflags and os code */
(dotimes (i 6) (read-byte p))
(incf bytes-read 6)
; discard extra field if present
(if* (logtest flags gz_extra_field)
then (let ((length (+ (read-byte p)
(ash (read-byte p) 8))))
(dotimes (i length) (read-byte p))
(incf bytes-read (+ length 2))))
(if* (logtest flags gz_orig_name)
then ; discard name of file, null terminated
(do ((val (read-byte p) (read-byte p)))
((zerop val)
(incf bytes-read))
(incf bytes-read)))
(if* (logtest flags gz_comment)
then ; discard comment, null terminated
(do ((val (read-byte p) (read-byte p)))
((zerop val)
(incf bytes-read))
(incf bytes-read)))
(if* (logtest flags gz_head_crc)
then ; discard header crc
(dotimes (i 2) (read-byte p))
(incf bytes-read 2))
; success!
(defun skip-gzip-trailer (p)
;; There is no identifier for the gzip trailer, so
;; this function should only be called immediately after
;; the final block is read in the DEFLATE data-stream
;; of an inflate-stream with :compression :gzip
(dotimes (i 8) (read-byte p))
(defun skip-zlib-header (p)
;; typically a 2-byte header, unless an FDICT is present.
;; first nibble should always be 8.
;; second nibble should always be <= 7.
;; unwind-protect is for bug20742. unread-char is being used until an unread-byte is
;; available, so we must ensure the external-format is octet-based.
(let ((bytes-read 0)
(saved-ef (stream-external-format p)))
(setf (stream-external-format p) (load-time-value (find-external-format :latin1)))
(let* ((cmf (char-code (read-char p)))
(cm (logand cmf #xF))
(cinfo (ash cmf -4)))
(unless (and (= cm 8) (<= cinfo 7))
;; not a zlib header
(unread-char (code-char cmf) p)
(return-from skip-zlib-header nil))
(incf bytes-read)
(let* ((flag (read-byte p))
(fdict (logand flag #x20)))
(unless (= (mod (+ (ash cmf 8) flag) 31) 0)
;; not a zlib header
(error "non zlib header detected."))
(incf bytes-read)
;; check for fdist
(if* (> fdict 0)
then ;; shouldn't occur, but just in case, skip DICTID
(dotimes (i 4) (read-byte p))
(incf bytes-read 4))))
;; success!
(setf (stream-external-format p) saved-ef))))
(defun skip-zlib-trailer (p)
;; 4-byte adler32 value.
(dotimes (i 4) (read-byte p))
;;;----------- end gzip support
;;;----------- support for reading bitfields from a stream
(defstruct bit-reader
last-byte ; last byte read, possibly two combined bytes too
bits ; bits left of last byte to use
(bytes-read 0)
bytes-to-read ; number of bytes to read before eof (nil if no limit)
(defparameter *maskarray*
;; for a bit length, mask off junk bits
(make-array 17
#x1 #x3 #x7 #xf
#x1f #x3f #x7f #xff
#x1ff #x3ff #x7ff #xfff
#x1fff #x3fff #x7fff #xffff)))
;; bit reader
(defun new-bit-reader (stream &key bytes-to-read (bytes-read 0))
; create and initialize bit reader
(make-bit-reader :stream stream :last-byte 0 :bits 0
:bytes-to-read bytes-to-read
:bytes-read bytes-read))
(defun reset-bit-reader (br)
; clear out unused bit of the current byte
(setf (bit-reader-bits br) 0))
(defun read-bits (br count)
;; return a value from the current bit reader.
;; the count can be from 1 to 16
(declare (optimize (speed 3) (safety 1))
(type bit-reader br)
(type (integer 0 16) count))
(if* (eql count 0)
then (return-from read-bits 0))
(let ((last-byte (bit-reader-last-byte br))
(bits (bit-reader-bits br)))
(declare (type (unsigned-byte 16) last-byte)
(type (integer 0 8) bits))
(if* (>= bits count)
then ;we have enough now
(if* (> bits count)
then ; we have some left over
(setf (bit-reader-last-byte br)
(ash last-byte (- count)))
(setf (bit-reader-bits br) (- bits count))
(return (logand last-byte (the (unsigned-byte 16)
(svref *maskarray* count))))
else ; no bits left
(setf (bit-reader-bits br) 0)
(setf (bit-reader-last-byte br) 0)
(return last-byte)
else ; need a new byte
(let ((bytes-left (bit-reader-bytes-to-read br)))
(if* (eq 0 bytes-left)
then (error "end of file on bit reader"))
(let ((new-byte (read-byte (bit-reader-stream br))))
(declare (type (unsigned-byte 8) new-byte))
(incf (bit-reader-bytes-read br))
(if* bytes-left
then (setf (bit-reader-bytes-to-read br) (1- bytes-left)))
(setq last-byte (+ last-byte
(ash new-byte bits)))
(incf bits 8)))))))
;;;----------- end bitfield reading
;;;----------- build constant tables needed by the algorithm
;; The tables needed to decode length and distance values
;; A compressed file contains a sequence of literal character values
;; or (length,distance) pairs. The length is computed by taking
;; the length-value in the file and using these tables to bind
;; a base length value and the number of extra bits to read from the file
;; and then to add to the length value.
;; The same is done for distance.
(defvar *base-length*) ; array mapping code to length value
(defvar *length-extra-bits*) ; array saying how many more bitsworth to read
(defvar *base-distance*)
(defvar *distance-extra-bits*)
; build those arrays at load time:
(setq *base-length* (make-array (1+ (- 285 257)))
*length-extra-bits* (make-array (1+ (- 285 257))))
(let ((len 3)
(ind 0))
(dolist (ent '((8 0) ; count and number of extra bits
(4 1) (4 2) (4 3) (4 4) (4 5) (1 0)))
(dotimes (i (car ent))
(setf (svref *base-length* ind) len)
(setf (svref *length-extra-bits* ind) (cadr ent))
(incf ind 1)
(incf len (ash 1 (cadr ent)))
; special case, code 285 is length 258.
(setf (svref *base-length* (- 285 257)) 258)
(setq *base-distance* (make-array (1+ (- 29 0)))
*distance-extra-bits* (make-array (1+ (- 29 0))))
(let ((dist 1)
(ind 0))
(dolist (ent '((4 0) ; count and number of extra bits
(2 1) (2 2) (2 3) (2 4) (2 5) (2 6) (2 7) (2 8)
(2 9) (2 10) (2 11) (2 12) (2 13)))
(dotimes (i (car ent))
(setf (svref *base-distance* ind) dist)
(setf (svref *distance-extra-bits* ind) (cadr ent))
(incf ind 1)
(incf dist (ash 1 (cadr ent)))))))
;;;----------- end table building
;;;----------- Huffman tree support
(defstruct (bitinfo (:type list))
;; when we describe a range of values and the code width we
;; use a list of three elements. this structure describes it
;test case
; (generate-huffman-tree '((0 4 3) (5 5 2) (6 7 4)))
; will generate sample table from the Deutsch paper
(defun generate-huffman-tree (bitinfo)
;; bitinfo is a list of bitinfo items (minval maxval bitwidth)
;; which means that values from minval through maxval are
;; to be represented by codes of width bitwidth.
;; we return two valuse: the huffman tree and the mininum bit width
(let ((maxval 0)
(minval most-positive-fixnum)
(maxbitwidth 0)
(minbitwidth most-positive-fixnum)
; find out the range of values (well the max) and the max bit width
(dolist (bi bitinfo)
(setq maxval (max maxval (bitinfo-maxval bi)))
(setq minval (min minval (bitinfo-minval bi)))
(setq maxbitwidth (max maxbitwidth (bitinfo-bitwidth bi)))
(setq minbitwidth (min minbitwidth (bitinfo-bitwidth bi)))
; per bitwidth arrays
(setq bitwidthcounts (make-array (1+ maxbitwidth)
:initial-element 0))
(setq nextcode (make-array (1+ maxbitwidth)
:initial-element 0))
; per value arrays
(setq valuecode (make-array (1+ (- maxval minval)))) ; huffman code chose
(setq valuewidth (make-array (1+ (- maxval minval))
:initial-element 0)) ; bit width
(dolist (bi bitinfo)
; set valuewidth array from the given data
(do ((v (bitinfo-minval bi) (1+ v)))
((> v (bitinfo-maxval bi)))
(setf (svref valuewidth (- v minval)) (bitinfo-bitwidth bi)))
; keep track of how many huffman codes will have a certain bit width
(incf (svref bitwidthcounts (bitinfo-bitwidth bi))
(1+ (- (bitinfo-maxval bi) (bitinfo-minval bi))))
; compute the starting code for each bit width
(let ((code 0))
(dotimes (widthm1 maxbitwidth)
(setq code
(ash (+ code (svref bitwidthcounts widthm1)) 1))
(setf (svref nextcode (1+ widthm1)) code)))
; compute the huffman code for each value
(do ((v minval (1+ v)))
((> v maxval))
(let ((width (svref valuewidth (- v minval))))
(if* (not (zerop width))
then ; must assign a code
(setf (svref valuecode (- v minval))
(svref nextcode width))
(incf (svref nextcode width)))))
;; now we know the code for each value in the valuecode array
;; now compute the tree
(values (build-huffman-tree
(mapcar #'(lambda (bi) (cons (car bi) (cadr bi))) bitinfo)
valuecode valuewidth 1)
; second value useful for decoding:
(defun build-huffman-tree (minval minmaxes valuecode valuewidth pos)
;; compute a huffman cons tree
;; minmaxes is a list of conses. each cons
;; representing a (min . max) range of values.
(multiple-value-bind (zero one) (split-on-position minval minmaxes
(cons (if* (consp zero)
then (build-huffman-tree minval
zero valuecode valuewidth (1+ pos))
else zero)
(if* (consp one)
then (build-huffman-tree minval one valuecode valuewidth (1+ pos))
else one))))
(defun split-on-position (minval minmaxes valuecode valuewidth pos)
;; compute those values that have a zero in the pos (1 based) position
;; of their code and those that have one in that position.
;; return two values, the zero set and the one set.
;; The position is from the msbit of the huffman code.
;; If the value of the specified pos selects a specific value
;; and no further bits need be read to identify that value then
;; we return that value rather than a list of conses.
(declare (optimize (speed 3) (safety 1)))
(let (zero one)
(dolist (mm minmaxes)
(do ((v (car mm) (1+ v)))
((> v (cdr mm)))
(let ((width (svref valuewidth (- v minval)))
(code (svref valuecode (- v minval))))
(if* (logbitp (- width pos) code)
then ; one bit set
(if* (eql width pos)
then ; last bit
(setq one v)
else ; more bits to check
(let ((firstone (car one)))
(if* (and firstone
(eq (cdr firstone) (1- v)))
then ; increase renge
(setf (cdr firstone) v)
else (push (cons v v) one))))
else ; zero bit set
(if* (eql width pos)
then ; last bit
(setq zero v)
else ; more bits to check
(let ((firstzero (car zero)))
(if* (and firstzero
(eq (cdr firstzero) (1- v)))
then ; increase renge
(setf (cdr firstzero) v)
else (push (cons v v) zero))))))))
(if* (consp zero) then (nreverse zero) else zero) ; order numerically
(if* (consp one) then (nreverse one) else one))))
(defun generate-huffman-tree-from-vector (vector start end)
;; generate huffman tree from items in the vector from start to end-1
;; assume start corresponds to value 0 in the tree
(do ((i start (1+ i))
(val 0 (1+ val))
((>= i end)
(generate-huffman-tree (nreverse res)))
(let ((len (svref vector i)))
(if* (> len 0)
then (push (list val val len) res)))))
;; the huffman tree to use for type 1 blocks
(defparameter *fixed-huffman-tree*
(generate-huffman-tree '((0 143 8) (144 255 9) (256 279 7) (280 287 8))))
;; distance are represented by a trivial huffman code
(defparameter *fixed-huffman-distance-tree*
(generate-huffman-tree '((0 31 5))))
;;;----------- end Huffman support
(defun process-deflate-block (br op buffer end)
;; br is a bit stream, op is the output stream
;; process the next block in the stream
;; return false if this is the last block of data else
;; return the next index into the buffer
(let ((bfinal (read-bits br 1))
(btype (read-bits br 2)))
(setq end
(case btype
(0 (process-non-compressed-block br op buffer end))
(1 (process-fixed-huffman-block br op buffer end))
(2 (process-dynamic-huffman-block br op buffer end))
(3 (error "illegal deflate block value"))))
(if* (eql bfinal 1)
then (flush-buffer op buffer end)
else end)
(defun process-non-compressed-block (br op buffer end)
;; process a block of uncompressed data
(reset-bit-reader br)
(let ((p (bit-reader-stream br)))
(let ((len (read-uword p))
(onecomplen (read-uword p)))
(if* (not (eql len (logxor #xffff onecomplen)))
then (error "bad length value in non compressed block"))
(dotimes (i len)
(setq end (put-byte-in-buffer op (read-byte p) buffer end))))
(defun read-uword (stream)
;; read a little endian value
(+ (read-byte stream) (ash (read-byte stream) 8)))
(defun put-byte-in-buffer (op byte buffer end)
;; store the next output byte in the buffer
(declare (optimize (speed 3) (safety 1))
(type (unsigned-byte 8) byte)
(type (simple-array (unsigned-byte 8) (*)) buffer)
(type (integer 0 #.(1- array-total-size-limit)) end))
(if* (>= end (length buffer))
then (flush-buffer op buffer end)
(setq end 0))
(setf (aref buffer end) byte)
(1+ end))
(defun flush-buffer (op buffer end)
;; send bytes to the output stream. If op isn't a stream
;; then it must be a function to funcall to take the bytes.
(if* (> end 0)
then (if* (streamp op)
then (write-sequence buffer op :end end)
else (funcall op buffer end))))
(defun process-fixed-huffman-block (br op buffer end)
;; process a huffman block with the standard huffman tree
(process-huffman-block br op *fixed-huffman-tree* 7 *fixed-huffman-distance-tree* 5
buffer end))
;; non-inline call to mod
(defun process-huffman-block (br op
lengthlit-tree minwidth
distance-tree mindistwidth
buffer end)
;; the common code for blocks of type 1 and 2 that does
;; the decompression given a length/literal huffman tree
;; and a distance huffman tree.
;; If the distance tree is nil then we use the trivial huffman
;; code from the algorithm.
(declare (optimize (speed 3) (safety 1))
(type (simple-array (unsigned-byte 8) (*)) buffer)
(type (integer 0 #.array-total-size-limit) end))
(let* ((bufflen (length buffer))
(declare (type (unsigned-byte 16) distance)
(type (integer 0 258) length))
(let ((value (decode-huffman-tree br lengthlit-tree minwidth)))
(declare (type (integer 0 287) value))
(if* (< value 256)
then ; output and add to buffer
(setq end (put-byte-in-buffer op value buffer end))
elseif (eql value 256)
then (return) ; end of block
else ; we have a length byte
; compute length, distance
(let ((adj-code (- value 257)))
(setq length (+ (the (integer 0 258)
(svref *base-length* adj-code))
(the (unsigned-byte 16)
(read-bits br (svref *length-extra-bits*
(let ((dist-code (if* distance-tree
then (decode-huffman-tree br
else (read-bits br 5))))
(setq distance
(+ (the (unsigned-byte 16) (svref *base-distance* dist-code))
(the (unsigned-byte 16)
(read-bits br (svref *distance-extra-bits*
; copy in bytes
(do ((i (mod (- end distance) bufflen) (1+ i))
(count length (1- count)))
((<= count 0))
(declare (type (integer 0 #.(1- array-total-size-limit)) i)
(type (integer 0 258) count))
(if* (>= i bufflen) then (setf i 0))
(setq end (put-byte-in-buffer op
(aref buffer i)
; return where we left off
(defparameter *code-index*
;; order of elements in the code index values
;; pretty crazy, eh?
(make-array 19
'(16 17 18 0 8 7 9 6 10 5 11 4 12 3 13 2 14 1 15)))
(defun process-dynamic-huffman-block (br op buffer end)
;; process a block that includes a personalized huffman tree
;; just for this block
(let ((hlit (read-bits br 5))
(hdist (read-bits br 5))
(hclen (read-bits br 4))
(minlen 9999)
; read in the huffman code width of each of the numbers
; from 0 18... this will be then used to create a huffman tree
(let ((codevec (make-array 19 :initial-element 0))
(dotimes (i (+ hclen 4))
(setf (svref codevec
(svref *code-index* i))
(setq len (read-bits br 3)))
(if* (> len 0) then (setq minlen (min len minlen))))
(setq code-length-huffman-tree
(generate-huffman-tree-from-vector codevec 0 (length codevec))))
; now we're in position to read the code lengths for the
; huffman table that will allow us to read the data.
; (Is this a nutty algorithm or what??)
(let ((bigvec (make-array (+ hlit 257 hdist 1)
:initial-element 0))
(index 0))
(if* (>= index (length bigvec)) then (return))
(let ((val (decode-huffman-tree br code-length-huffman-tree minlen)))
(if* (<= val 15)
then ; literal value
(setf (svref bigvec index) val)
(incf index)
elseif (eql val 16)
then ; repeat prev
(let ((prev-val (svref bigvec (1- index))))
(dotimes (i (+ 3 (read-bits br 2)))
(setf (svref bigvec index) prev-val)
(incf index)))
elseif (eq val 17)
then ; repeat zero
(dotimes (i (+ 3 (read-bits br 3)))
(setf (svref bigvec index) 0)
(incf index))
elseif (eq val 18)
then ; repeat zero a lot
(dotimes (i (+ 11 (read-bits br 7)))
(setf (svref bigvec index) 0)
(incf index)))))
(let (literal-length-huffman litlen-width
distance-huffman distance-width)
(multiple-value-setq (literal-length-huffman litlen-width)
(generate-huffman-tree-from-vector bigvec 0 (+ hlit 257)))
(multiple-value-setq (distance-huffman distance-width)
(generate-huffman-tree-from-vector bigvec (+ hlit 257)
(length bigvec)))
(process-huffman-block br op literal-length-huffman litlen-width
distance-huffman distance-width
buffer end)
(defun decode-huffman-tree (br tree minbits)
;; find the next huffman encoded value.
; the minimum length of a huffman code is minbits so
; grab that many bits right away to speed processing and the
; go bit by bit until the answer is found
(declare (optimize (speed 3) (safety 1))
(type (integer 0 16) minbits))
(let ((startval (read-bits br minbits)))
(declare (type (unsigned-byte 16) startval))
(dotimes (i minbits)
(declare (type (integer 0 16) i))
(if* (logtest 1 startval)
then (setq tree (cdr tree))
else (setq tree (car tree)))
(setq startval (ash startval -1)))
(if* (atom tree)
then (return tree)
else (if* (eql 1 (read-bits br 1))
then (setq tree (cdr tree))
else (setq tree (car tree)))))))
;;; test case...
;; Read file created with gzip and write the uncompressed version
;; to another file.
;; Porting note: the open below works on ACL since it creates
;; a bivalent simple-stream. If you run this on other lispsj
;; you'll want to specify an :element-type of '(unsigned-byte 8)
(defun testit (&optional (filename "foo.n.gz") (output-filename "out"))
(with-open-file (p filename :direction :input)
(skip-gzip-header p)
(with-open-file (op output-filename :direction :output
:if-exists :supersede)
(inflate p op))))
;; inflate-stream
;; external interface
;; open a atream p to a file containing the compressed data.
;; The :compression argument is optional. It can be :gzip,
;; :zlib, :deflate, or a list containing two function-specs.
;; If not given :gzip is assumed. If nil is specified, it is
;; equivalent to the :deflate method.
;; if the :compression argument is one of the allowed symbols,
;; the inflate-stream will automatically attempt to skip over
;; the header and trailer associated with that type.
;; if the :compression argument is a list, then the first function
;; will be called with the inflate-streams input-handle, in order
;; to read past the header. When the final deflate block was been read
;; from the stream, it will then call the second function to read
;; past the trailer.
;; If this file may have a gzip header on it, then
;; (make-instance 'inflate-stream :compression :gzip)
;; will return a stream which can be read to recover the uncompressed data
;; If you wanted to actually see the contents of the header and trailer
;; you could install your own custom readers by
;; (make-instance 'inflate-stream :input-handle p
;; :compression '(my-header-reader my-trailer-reader))
;; and these routines will be called with 'p' at the appropriate times.
;; closing the inflate-stream will close stream p.
;; how the inflate-stream works:
The slots: buffer, buffpos and buffer-ptr are used by the callers of
the stream to read bytes we've already generated. we don't deal
with these slots, the caller of device-read does that.
The decoding process is really a coroutine. It has its own state
and when told to run it will do some decoding and then return.
We can't predict how many bytes will result from one decoding step.
If we get too many bytes back from a decoding step we have to
save those results in the stream object.
Thus when device-read is called on our stream we first check to
see if we have any decoded results left. If we do then we return
those. If not we invoke another decode step and then loop around
and see if at least one byte was decoded.
At any point in time we've got one or more buffers of decoded bytes
plus we have decoded bytes in the buffer we pass to the inflation
routine. When the inflation routine hits the end of its buffer
it issues a callback allowing us to grab bytes out of that buffer
before it starts to reuse the buffer from the beginning
slot cached-buffs contains a list of (buffer start end) meaning
we still have to return bytes start through end-1 from the buffer.
slot inflate-buffer-start contains the index of the next byte to return
from the inflate buffer.
slot inflate-buffer-end contains the index of the next byte to write
into the inflate buffer.
(def-stream-class inflate-stream (single-channel-simple-stream)
;; read-only stream
;; handle must point to a stream with element type (unsigned-byte 8)
;; pointing to a deflate compressed stream of bytes
((br :accessor inflate-stream-br) ; bit reader to stream
;; passed down to inflate calls
:accessor inflate-stream-buffer)
:initform 0
:accessor inflate-buffer-start)
:initform 0
:accessor inflate-buffer-end)
:initform nil
:accessor cached-buffs)
; counters
;; bytes returned by inflation code
:initform 0
:accessor inflate-inflated-bytes)
;; bytes passed to owner of this inflate stream
:initform 0
:accessor inflate-passed-to-user)
(at-eof :initform nil :accessor inflate-stream-eof) ; true when read no more
(compression :initarg :compression :initform :gzip :accessor inflate-compression-type)
(defmethod device-open ((p inflate-stream) dummy options)
(declare (ignore dummy))
(let ((input-handle (getf options :input-handle))
(compression (or (getf options :compression) :gzip)))
(if* (null input-handle)
then (error ":input-handle value must be specified on stream creation"))
(setf (slot-value p 'excl::input-handle) input-handle)
(setf (slot-value p 'excl::output-handle) nil) ; no writing
p (stream-external-format input-handle) nil)
;; remain silent on the deprecation notice to maintain backward
;; compatibility w/ older versions of the patch in how they
;; interact with aserve compression.
(if* (not (eq (getf options :skip-gzip-header :absent) :absent))
then (warn ":skip-gzip-header has been deprecated. Use :compression to effect handling of headers and trailers."))
(unless (or (member compression '(:gzip :zlib :deflate))
(and (consp compression) (= (length compression) 2))
(null compression))
(error "compression must be :gzip, :zlib, :deflate, nil, or a list containing two function-specs, not ~s" compression))
(setf (stream-external-format p) (stream-external-format input-handle))
(add-stream-instance-flags p :input :simple)
; empty 32k buffer:
(setf (slot-value p 'excl::buffer)
(make-array (* 32 1024) :element-type '(unsigned-byte 8)))
(setf (slot-value p 'excl::buffer-ptr) 0)
(setf (slot-value p 'excl::buffpos) 0)
(setf (slot-value p 'excl::co-state) nil)
(setf (slot-value p 'excl::oc-state) nil)
;; copy over filename.
(setf (getf (slot-value p 'excl::plist) 'excl::filename)
(getf (slot-value input-handle 'excl::plist) 'excl::filename))
;; specific to the inflate stream
(let ((initial-count 0))
(setq initial-count
(case compression
(:gzip (skip-gzip-header input-handle))
(:zlib (skip-zlib-header input-handle))
(:deflate 0)
(t (and (car compression) (funcall (car compression) input-handle)))))
(if* (null initial-count)
then ;; problem reading header. set compression mode to :deflate
;; so we don't try to read a trailer, either.
(setq initial-count 0)
(setf (inflate-compression-type p) :deflate))
(setf (inflate-stream-br p) (new-bit-reader input-handle
(getf options :content-length)
:bytes-read initial-count)))
(setf (inflate-stream-buffer p)
(make-array (* 32 1024) :element-type '(unsigned-byte 8)))
;; [bug17925]: add print-object method
(defmethod print-object ((stream inflate-stream) s)
(print-unreadable-object (stream s :identity *print-escape* :type t)
(format s "inflating ~s" (excl::stream-input-handle stream))
(format s "ef ~s, in: ~s, inflated ~d, used: ~d of "
(excl::ef-name (stream-external-format stream))
(let ((br (inflate-stream-br stream)))
(if* br
then (bit-reader-bytes-read br)))
(inflate-inflated-bytes stream)
(inflate-passed-to-user stream)
(slot-value stream 'excl::input-handle)
(defmethod device-read ((p inflate-stream) buffer start end blocking)
(declare (ignore blocking)) ; we only read from file streams
(if* (null buffer) then (setq buffer (slot-value p 'excl::buffer)))
(if* (null end) then (setq end (length buffer)))
; perhaps wishful thinking, as we haven't copied them yet
; first grab from the cached buffers
(do* ((cbs (cached-buffs p) (cdr cbs))
(cache (car cbs) (car cbs)))
((null cbs))
; copy bytes from cached buffer to result
(let ((fromstart (second cache))
(fromend (third cache)))
(replace buffer (first cache)
:start1 start
:end1 end
:start2 fromstart
:end2 fromend)
(let ((copied (min (- end start) (- fromend fromstart))))
(incf fromstart copied)
(incf (the fixnum (inflate-passed-to-user p)) copied)
(if* (>= fromstart fromend)
then ; the buffer's all used up
(setf (cached-buffs p) (cdr cbs))
else ; more bytes to read
(setf (second cache) fromstart))
(return-from device-read copied))))
; no cached bytes, see if any in the buffer being processed
; by the decoder
(let ((i-start (inflate-buffer-start p))
(i-end (inflate-buffer-end p))
(inflate-buffer (inflate-stream-buffer p)))
(if* (> i-end i-start)
then ; we have some bytes
(replace buffer inflate-buffer
:start1 start
:end1 end
:start2 i-start
:end2 i-end)
(let ((copied (min (- end start) (- i-end i-start))))
(incf (the fixnum (inflate-passed-to-user p)) copied)
(setf (inflate-buffer-start p) (+ i-start copied))
(return-from device-read copied)))
; no bytes cached, we have to read and decode more stuff
(if* (inflate-stream-eof p)
then ; nothing more to read
(return-from device-read -1))
(let* ((np p) ; close over this version
(end (process-deflate-block
(inflate-stream-br p)
#'(lambda (buffer end)
(incf (inflate-inflated-bytes np) end)
(append-cache-buffer np buffer end))
(if* (null end)
then ; no more data
(excl::record-stream-advance-to-eof p)
(setf (inflate-stream-eof p) t)
(setf (inflate-buffer-end p) 0)
else (setf (inflate-buffer-end p) end))
;and loop around to try again
(defmethod excl::inner-stream ((p inflate-stream))
(slot-value p 'excl::input-handle)))
(defun append-cache-buffer (p buffer end)
;; add data from this buffer to the saved buffer list
;; and set the start back to 0 since this is only called
;; at the end of the buffer or when we're writing out the last block
(let ((size (- end (inflate-buffer-start p))))
(incf (inflate-inflated-bytes p)) ; record that we've captured these
(if* (> size 0)
then (let ((newbuf (make-array size :element-type '(unsigned-byte 8))))
(replace newbuf buffer
:start1 0
:end1 size
:start2 (inflate-buffer-start p)
:end2 end)
(setf (cached-buffs p)
(append (cached-buffs p)
(list (list newbuf 0 size))))))
(setf (inflate-buffer-start p) 0)))
(defmethod excl::record-stream-advance-to-eof ((any t))
(defmethod excl::record-stream-advance-to-eof ((p inflate-stream))
(let ((inner-handle (slot-value p 'excl::input-handle))
(compression (inflate-compression-type p))
;; skip the trailer, if there is one
(setq trailer-bytes
(case compression
(:gzip (skip-gzip-trailer inner-handle))
(:zlib (skip-zlib-trailer inner-handle))
(:deflate 0)
(t (and (second compression) (funcall (second compression) inner-handle)))))
(when trailer-bytes
(incf (bit-reader-bytes-read (inflate-stream-br p)) trailer-bytes))
(excl::record-stream-advance-to-eof inner-handle))))
(defun teststr ()
;; setup test stream on a file
(with-open-file (p "foo.n.gz")
(let ((*dec* (make-instance 'inflate-stream :input-handle p)))
(declare (special *dec*))
(break "foo"))))
(defun test-str-file (filename)
;; this compresses the contents of the given file into
;; a temporary filename and then compares the result
;; of decoding that compressed file using our inflate stream
;; against the actual contents of the file.
(let ((count 0))
(format nil "gzip -c ~a > foo.n.gz" filename))
(with-open-file (p "foo.n.gz")
(let ((comp (make-instance 'inflate-stream :input-handle p)))
(with-open-file (of filename)
(let ((compbyte (read-byte comp nil nil))
(normbyte (read-byte of nil nil)))
(if* compbyte
then (incf count))
(if* (not (eq compbyte normbyte))
then (format t "byte: ~d: comp: ~s, norm: ~s~%"
compbyte normbyte))
(if* (or (null compbyte) (null normbyte))
then (return))))
(format t "~d bytes processed~%" count))))))
(defun test-str-file-2 (filename)
;; this compresses the contents of the given file into
;; a temporary filename and then compares the result
;; of decoding that compressed file using our inflate stream
;; against the actual contents of the file.
;; this differs from test-str-file in that we do the gzip
;; header skipping in the call to make-instance
(let ((count 0))
(format nil "gzip -c ~a > foo.n.gz" filename))
(with-open-file (p "foo.n.gz")
(let ((comp (make-instance 'inflate-stream :input-handle p)))
(with-open-file (of filename)
(let ((compbyte (read-byte comp nil nil))
(normbyte (read-byte of nil nil)))
(if* compbyte
then (incf count))
(if* (not (eq compbyte normbyte))
then (format t "byte: ~d: comp: ~s, norm: ~s~%"
compbyte normbyte))
(if* (or (null compbyte) (null normbyte))
then (return))))
(format t "~d bytes processed~%" count))))))