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Tools of managing tiles in the cloud
Python
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bin
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tilecloud
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README.md
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README.md

TileCloud

One tile to rule them all

Introduction

TileCloud is a powerful utility for generating, managing, transforming, visualising and map tiles in multiple formats. It can create, read update, delete tiles in multiple back ends, called TileStores. Existing TileStores include:

  • HTTP/REST in any layout

  • WMTS

  • Amazon S3

  • MBTiles

  • TileJSON

  • Local file system

  • Log files in any format

TileCloud is not limited to image tiles, it can also handle other tile data such as UTFGrid, or elevation data in JSON format.

TileCloud uses Python's generators and iterators to efficiently stream tens of millions of tiles, and can handle multiple tiles in parallel using Python's multiprocessing library.

Example tasks that TileCloud makes easy include:

  • Visualize tiles stored in any TileStore with OpenLayers, Google Maps, Leaflet, Polymaps, Modest Maps, and OpenWebGlobe.

  • Convert sixty million PNG tiles stored in S3 to JPEG format with different quality settings at different zoom levels.

  • Transform image formats and perform arbitrary image transformations on the fly, including PNG optimization.

  • Generate semi-transparent tiles with embedded tile coordinates for debugging.

  • Pack multiple tile layers into a single tile on the server.

  • Efficiently calculate bounding boxes and detect missing tiles in existing tile datasets.

  • Simulate fast and slow tile servers.

  • Efficiently delete millions of tiles in S3.

  • Read JSON tiles from a tarball, compress them, and upload them.

Getting started

TileCloud depends on Bottle, pyproj and Pycairo. It's easiest to install them with pip in a virtualenv:

$ virtualenv .
$ . bin/activate
$ pip install bottle pyproj

Unfortunately, Pycairo does not install with pip, so use your system's package manager to install the system package (on Ubuntu it's python-cairo).

For a quick demo, run

$ ./tc-viewer --root=3/4/2 'http://gsp2.apple.com/tile?api=1&style=slideshow&layers=default&lang=en_GB&z=%(z)d&x=%(x)d&y=%(y)d&v=9'

and point your browser at http://localhost:8080/. Type Ctrl-C to terminate tc-viewer.

Next, download an example MBTiles file from MapBox, such as Geography Class. We can quickly find out more about this tile set with the tc-info command:

$ ./tc-info -t count geography-class.mbtiles
87381

$ ./tc-info -t bounding-pyramid -r geography-class.mbtiles
0/0/0:+1/+1
1/0/0:+2/+2
2/0/0:+4/+4
3/0/0:+8/+8
4/0/0:+16/+16
5/0/0:+32/+32
6/0/0:+64/+64
7/0/0:+128/+128
8/0/0:+256/+256

Now, display this MBTiles tile set on top of the OpenStreetMap tiles and a debug tile layer:

$ ./tc-viewer tiles.openstreetmap_org mapbox.haiti-terrain-grey.mbtiles tiles.debug.black

You'll need to point your browser at http://localhost:8080/ and choose your favourite library.

tc-info and tc-viewer are utility programs. Normally you use TileCloud by writing short Python programs that connect the TileCloud's modules to perform the action that you want.

As a first example, run the following:

    $ PYTHONPATH=. examples/download.py

This will download a few tiles from OpenStreetMap and save them in a local MBTiles file called local.mbtiles. Look at the source code to examples/download.py to see how it works. If there are problems with the download, just interrupt it with Ctrl-C and re-run it: the program will automatically resume where it left off.

Once you have downloaded a few tiles, you can view them directly with tc-viewer:

$ ./tc-viewer --root=4/8/5 local.mbtiles tiles.debug.black

Point your browser at http://localhost:8080 as usual. The --root option to tc-viewer instructs the viewer to start at a defined tile, rather than at 0/0/0, so you don't have to zoom in to find the tiles that you downloaded.

License

Copyright (c) 2012, Tom Payne twpayne@gmail.com All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

  • Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

  • Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

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