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/*-
* SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-2-Clause-FreeBSD
*
* Copyright (c) 2004, 2005,
* Bosko Milekic <bmilekic@FreeBSD.org>. All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice unmodified, this list of conditions and the following
* disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
* ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
* FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
* DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
* OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
* HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
* LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
* OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
#include <sys/cdefs.h>
__FBSDID("$FreeBSD$");
#include "opt_param.h"
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/malloc.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>
#include <sys/mbuf.h>
#include <sys/domain.h>
#include <sys/eventhandler.h>
#include <sys/kernel.h>
#include <sys/limits.h>
#include <sys/lock.h>
#include <sys/mutex.h>
#include <sys/protosw.h>
#include <sys/smp.h>
#include <sys/sysctl.h>
#include <vm/vm.h>
#include <vm/vm_extern.h>
#include <vm/vm_kern.h>
#include <vm/vm_page.h>
#include <vm/vm_map.h>
#include <vm/uma.h>
#include <vm/uma_dbg.h>
/*
* In FreeBSD, Mbufs and Mbuf Clusters are allocated from UMA
* Zones.
*
* Mbuf Clusters (2K, contiguous) are allocated from the Cluster
* Zone. The Zone can be capped at kern.ipc.nmbclusters, if the
* administrator so desires.
*
* Mbufs are allocated from a UMA Master Zone called the Mbuf
* Zone.
*
* Additionally, FreeBSD provides a Packet Zone, which it
* configures as a Secondary Zone to the Mbuf Master Zone,
* thus sharing backend Slab kegs with the Mbuf Master Zone.
*
* Thus common-case allocations and locking are simplified:
*
* m_clget() m_getcl()
* | |
* | .------------>[(Packet Cache)] m_get(), m_gethdr()
* | | [ Packet ] |
* [(Cluster Cache)] [ Secondary ] [ (Mbuf Cache) ]
* [ Cluster Zone ] [ Zone ] [ Mbuf Master Zone ]
* | \________ |
* [ Cluster Keg ] \ /
* | [ Mbuf Keg ]
* [ Cluster Slabs ] |
* | [ Mbuf Slabs ]
* \____________(VM)_________________/
*
*
* Whenever an object is allocated with uma_zalloc() out of
* one of the Zones its _ctor_ function is executed. The same
* for any deallocation through uma_zfree() the _dtor_ function
* is executed.
*
* Caches are per-CPU and are filled from the Master Zone.
*
* Whenever an object is allocated from the underlying global
* memory pool it gets pre-initialized with the _zinit_ functions.
* When the Keg's are overfull objects get decommissioned with
* _zfini_ functions and free'd back to the global memory pool.
*
*/
int nmbufs; /* limits number of mbufs */
int nmbclusters; /* limits number of mbuf clusters */
int nmbjumbop; /* limits number of page size jumbo clusters */
int nmbjumbo9; /* limits number of 9k jumbo clusters */
int nmbjumbo16; /* limits number of 16k jumbo clusters */
static quad_t maxmbufmem; /* overall real memory limit for all mbufs */
SYSCTL_QUAD(_kern_ipc, OID_AUTO, maxmbufmem, CTLFLAG_RDTUN | CTLFLAG_NOFETCH, &maxmbufmem, 0,
"Maximum real memory allocatable to various mbuf types");
/*
* tunable_mbinit() has to be run before any mbuf allocations are done.
*/
static void
tunable_mbinit(void *dummy)
{
quad_t realmem;
/*
* The default limit for all mbuf related memory is 1/2 of all
* available kernel memory (physical or kmem).
* At most it can be 3/4 of available kernel memory.
*/
realmem = qmin((quad_t)physmem * PAGE_SIZE, vm_kmem_size);
maxmbufmem = realmem / 2;
TUNABLE_QUAD_FETCH("kern.ipc.maxmbufmem", &maxmbufmem);
if (maxmbufmem > realmem / 4 * 3)
maxmbufmem = realmem / 4 * 3;
TUNABLE_INT_FETCH("kern.ipc.nmbclusters", &nmbclusters);
if (nmbclusters == 0)
nmbclusters = maxmbufmem / MCLBYTES / 4;
TUNABLE_INT_FETCH("kern.ipc.nmbjumbop", &nmbjumbop);
if (nmbjumbop == 0)
nmbjumbop = maxmbufmem / MJUMPAGESIZE / 4;
TUNABLE_INT_FETCH("kern.ipc.nmbjumbo9", &nmbjumbo9);
if (nmbjumbo9 == 0)
nmbjumbo9 = maxmbufmem / MJUM9BYTES / 6;
TUNABLE_INT_FETCH("kern.ipc.nmbjumbo16", &nmbjumbo16);
if (nmbjumbo16 == 0)
nmbjumbo16 = maxmbufmem / MJUM16BYTES / 6;
/*
* We need at least as many mbufs as we have clusters of
* the various types added together.
*/
TUNABLE_INT_FETCH("kern.ipc.nmbufs", &nmbufs);
if (nmbufs < nmbclusters + nmbjumbop + nmbjumbo9 + nmbjumbo16)
nmbufs = lmax(maxmbufmem / MSIZE / 5,
nmbclusters + nmbjumbop + nmbjumbo9 + nmbjumbo16);
}
SYSINIT(tunable_mbinit, SI_SUB_KMEM, SI_ORDER_MIDDLE, tunable_mbinit, NULL);
static int
sysctl_nmbclusters(SYSCTL_HANDLER_ARGS)
{
int error, newnmbclusters;
newnmbclusters = nmbclusters;
error = sysctl_handle_int(oidp, &newnmbclusters, 0, req);
if (error == 0 && req->newptr && newnmbclusters != nmbclusters) {
if (newnmbclusters > nmbclusters &&
nmbufs >= nmbclusters + nmbjumbop + nmbjumbo9 + nmbjumbo16) {
nmbclusters = newnmbclusters;
nmbclusters = uma_zone_set_max(zone_clust, nmbclusters);
EVENTHANDLER_INVOKE(nmbclusters_change);
} else
error = EINVAL;
}
return (error);
}
SYSCTL_PROC(_kern_ipc, OID_AUTO, nmbclusters, CTLTYPE_INT|CTLFLAG_RW,
&nmbclusters, 0, sysctl_nmbclusters, "IU",
"Maximum number of mbuf clusters allowed");
static int
sysctl_nmbjumbop(SYSCTL_HANDLER_ARGS)
{
int error, newnmbjumbop;
newnmbjumbop = nmbjumbop;
error = sysctl_handle_int(oidp, &newnmbjumbop, 0, req);
if (error == 0 && req->newptr && newnmbjumbop != nmbjumbop) {
if (newnmbjumbop > nmbjumbop &&
nmbufs >= nmbclusters + nmbjumbop + nmbjumbo9 + nmbjumbo16) {
nmbjumbop = newnmbjumbop;
nmbjumbop = uma_zone_set_max(zone_jumbop, nmbjumbop);
} else
error = EINVAL;
}
return (error);
}
SYSCTL_PROC(_kern_ipc, OID_AUTO, nmbjumbop, CTLTYPE_INT|CTLFLAG_RW,
&nmbjumbop, 0, sysctl_nmbjumbop, "IU",
"Maximum number of mbuf page size jumbo clusters allowed");
static int
sysctl_nmbjumbo9(SYSCTL_HANDLER_ARGS)
{
int error, newnmbjumbo9;
newnmbjumbo9 = nmbjumbo9;
error = sysctl_handle_int(oidp, &newnmbjumbo9, 0, req);
if (error == 0 && req->newptr && newnmbjumbo9 != nmbjumbo9) {
if (newnmbjumbo9 > nmbjumbo9 &&
nmbufs >= nmbclusters + nmbjumbop + nmbjumbo9 + nmbjumbo16) {
nmbjumbo9 = newnmbjumbo9;
nmbjumbo9 = uma_zone_set_max(zone_jumbo9, nmbjumbo9);
} else
error = EINVAL;
}
return (error);
}
SYSCTL_PROC(_kern_ipc, OID_AUTO, nmbjumbo9, CTLTYPE_INT|CTLFLAG_RW,
&nmbjumbo9, 0, sysctl_nmbjumbo9, "IU",
"Maximum number of mbuf 9k jumbo clusters allowed");
static int
sysctl_nmbjumbo16(SYSCTL_HANDLER_ARGS)
{
int error, newnmbjumbo16;
newnmbjumbo16 = nmbjumbo16;
error = sysctl_handle_int(oidp, &newnmbjumbo16, 0, req);
if (error == 0 && req->newptr && newnmbjumbo16 != nmbjumbo16) {
if (newnmbjumbo16 > nmbjumbo16 &&
nmbufs >= nmbclusters + nmbjumbop + nmbjumbo9 + nmbjumbo16) {
nmbjumbo16 = newnmbjumbo16;
nmbjumbo16 = uma_zone_set_max(zone_jumbo16, nmbjumbo16);
} else
error = EINVAL;
}
return (error);
}
SYSCTL_PROC(_kern_ipc, OID_AUTO, nmbjumbo16, CTLTYPE_INT|CTLFLAG_RW,
&nmbjumbo16, 0, sysctl_nmbjumbo16, "IU",
"Maximum number of mbuf 16k jumbo clusters allowed");
static int
sysctl_nmbufs(SYSCTL_HANDLER_ARGS)
{
int error, newnmbufs;
newnmbufs = nmbufs;
error = sysctl_handle_int(oidp, &newnmbufs, 0, req);
if (error == 0 && req->newptr && newnmbufs != nmbufs) {
if (newnmbufs > nmbufs) {
nmbufs = newnmbufs;
nmbufs = uma_zone_set_max(zone_mbuf, nmbufs);
EVENTHANDLER_INVOKE(nmbufs_change);
} else
error = EINVAL;
}
return (error);
}
SYSCTL_PROC(_kern_ipc, OID_AUTO, nmbufs, CTLTYPE_INT|CTLFLAG_RW,
&nmbufs, 0, sysctl_nmbufs, "IU",
"Maximum number of mbufs allowed");
/*
* Zones from which we allocate.
*/
uma_zone_t zone_mbuf;
uma_zone_t zone_clust;
uma_zone_t zone_pack;
uma_zone_t zone_jumbop;
uma_zone_t zone_jumbo9;
uma_zone_t zone_jumbo16;
/*
* Local prototypes.
*/
static int mb_ctor_mbuf(void *, int, void *, int);
static int mb_ctor_clust(void *, int, void *, int);
static int mb_ctor_pack(void *, int, void *, int);
static void mb_dtor_mbuf(void *, int, void *);
static void mb_dtor_pack(void *, int, void *);
static int mb_zinit_pack(void *, int, int);
static void mb_zfini_pack(void *, int);
static void mb_reclaim(uma_zone_t, int);
static void *mbuf_jumbo_alloc(uma_zone_t, vm_size_t, int, uint8_t *, int);
/* Ensure that MSIZE is a power of 2. */
CTASSERT((((MSIZE - 1) ^ MSIZE) + 1) >> 1 == MSIZE);
/*
* Initialize FreeBSD Network buffer allocation.
*/
static void
mbuf_init(void *dummy)
{
/*
* Configure UMA zones for Mbufs, Clusters, and Packets.
*/
zone_mbuf = uma_zcreate(MBUF_MEM_NAME, MSIZE,
mb_ctor_mbuf, mb_dtor_mbuf,
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_init, trash_fini,
#else
NULL, NULL,
#endif
MSIZE - 1, UMA_ZONE_MAXBUCKET);
if (nmbufs > 0)
nmbufs = uma_zone_set_max(zone_mbuf, nmbufs);
uma_zone_set_warning(zone_mbuf, "kern.ipc.nmbufs limit reached");
uma_zone_set_maxaction(zone_mbuf, mb_reclaim);
zone_clust = uma_zcreate(MBUF_CLUSTER_MEM_NAME, MCLBYTES,
mb_ctor_clust,
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_dtor, trash_init, trash_fini,
#else
NULL, NULL, NULL,
#endif
UMA_ALIGN_PTR, 0);
if (nmbclusters > 0)
nmbclusters = uma_zone_set_max(zone_clust, nmbclusters);
uma_zone_set_warning(zone_clust, "kern.ipc.nmbclusters limit reached");
uma_zone_set_maxaction(zone_clust, mb_reclaim);
zone_pack = uma_zsecond_create(MBUF_PACKET_MEM_NAME, mb_ctor_pack,
mb_dtor_pack, mb_zinit_pack, mb_zfini_pack, zone_mbuf);
/* Make jumbo frame zone too. Page size, 9k and 16k. */
zone_jumbop = uma_zcreate(MBUF_JUMBOP_MEM_NAME, MJUMPAGESIZE,
mb_ctor_clust,
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_dtor, trash_init, trash_fini,
#else
NULL, NULL, NULL,
#endif
UMA_ALIGN_PTR, 0);
if (nmbjumbop > 0)
nmbjumbop = uma_zone_set_max(zone_jumbop, nmbjumbop);
uma_zone_set_warning(zone_jumbop, "kern.ipc.nmbjumbop limit reached");
uma_zone_set_maxaction(zone_jumbop, mb_reclaim);
zone_jumbo9 = uma_zcreate(MBUF_JUMBO9_MEM_NAME, MJUM9BYTES,
mb_ctor_clust,
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_dtor, trash_init, trash_fini,
#else
NULL, NULL, NULL,
#endif
UMA_ALIGN_PTR, 0);
uma_zone_set_allocf(zone_jumbo9, mbuf_jumbo_alloc);
if (nmbjumbo9 > 0)
nmbjumbo9 = uma_zone_set_max(zone_jumbo9, nmbjumbo9);
uma_zone_set_warning(zone_jumbo9, "kern.ipc.nmbjumbo9 limit reached");
uma_zone_set_maxaction(zone_jumbo9, mb_reclaim);
zone_jumbo16 = uma_zcreate(MBUF_JUMBO16_MEM_NAME, MJUM16BYTES,
mb_ctor_clust,
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_dtor, trash_init, trash_fini,
#else
NULL, NULL, NULL,
#endif
UMA_ALIGN_PTR, 0);
uma_zone_set_allocf(zone_jumbo16, mbuf_jumbo_alloc);
if (nmbjumbo16 > 0)
nmbjumbo16 = uma_zone_set_max(zone_jumbo16, nmbjumbo16);
uma_zone_set_warning(zone_jumbo16, "kern.ipc.nmbjumbo16 limit reached");
uma_zone_set_maxaction(zone_jumbo16, mb_reclaim);
/*
* Hook event handler for low-memory situation, used to
* drain protocols and push data back to the caches (UMA
* later pushes it back to VM).
*/
EVENTHANDLER_REGISTER(vm_lowmem, mb_reclaim, NULL,
EVENTHANDLER_PRI_FIRST);
}
SYSINIT(mbuf, SI_SUB_MBUF, SI_ORDER_FIRST, mbuf_init, NULL);
#ifdef NETDUMP
/*
* netdump makes use of a pre-allocated pool of mbufs and clusters. When
* netdump is configured, we initialize a set of UMA cache zones which return
* items from this pool. At panic-time, the regular UMA zone pointers are
* overwritten with those of the cache zones so that drivers may allocate and
* free mbufs and clusters without attempting to allocate physical memory.
*
* We keep mbufs and clusters in a pair of mbuf queues. In particular, for
* the purpose of caching clusters, we treat them as mbufs.
*/
static struct mbufq nd_mbufq =
{ STAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(nd_mbufq.mq_head), 0, INT_MAX };
static struct mbufq nd_clustq =
{ STAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(nd_clustq.mq_head), 0, INT_MAX };
static int nd_clsize;
static uma_zone_t nd_zone_mbuf;
static uma_zone_t nd_zone_clust;
static uma_zone_t nd_zone_pack;
static int
nd_buf_import(void *arg, void **store, int count, int domain __unused,
int flags)
{
struct mbufq *q;
struct mbuf *m;
int i;
q = arg;
for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
m = mbufq_dequeue(q);
if (m == NULL)
break;
trash_init(m, q == &nd_mbufq ? MSIZE : nd_clsize, flags);
store[i] = m;
}
return (i);
}
static void
nd_buf_release(void *arg, void **store, int count)
{
struct mbufq *q;
struct mbuf *m;
int i;
q = arg;
for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
m = store[i];
(void)mbufq_enqueue(q, m);
}
}
static int
nd_pack_import(void *arg __unused, void **store, int count, int domain __unused,
int flags __unused)
{
struct mbuf *m;
void *clust;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
m = m_get(MT_DATA, M_NOWAIT);
if (m == NULL)
break;
clust = uma_zalloc(nd_zone_clust, M_NOWAIT);
if (clust == NULL) {
m_free(m);
break;
}
mb_ctor_clust(clust, nd_clsize, m, 0);
store[i] = m;
}
return (i);
}
static void
nd_pack_release(void *arg __unused, void **store, int count)
{
struct mbuf *m;
void *clust;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
m = store[i];
clust = m->m_ext.ext_buf;
uma_zfree(nd_zone_clust, clust);
uma_zfree(nd_zone_mbuf, m);
}
}
/*
* Free the pre-allocated mbufs and clusters reserved for netdump, and destroy
* the corresponding UMA cache zones.
*/
void
netdump_mbuf_drain(void)
{
struct mbuf *m;
void *item;
if (nd_zone_mbuf != NULL) {
uma_zdestroy(nd_zone_mbuf);
nd_zone_mbuf = NULL;
}
if (nd_zone_clust != NULL) {
uma_zdestroy(nd_zone_clust);
nd_zone_clust = NULL;
}
if (nd_zone_pack != NULL) {
uma_zdestroy(nd_zone_pack);
nd_zone_pack = NULL;
}
while ((m = mbufq_dequeue(&nd_mbufq)) != NULL)
m_free(m);
while ((item = mbufq_dequeue(&nd_clustq)) != NULL)
uma_zfree(m_getzone(nd_clsize), item);
}
/*
* Callback invoked immediately prior to starting a netdump.
*/
void
netdump_mbuf_dump(void)
{
/*
* All cluster zones return buffers of the size requested by the
* drivers. It's up to the driver to reinitialize the zones if the
* MTU of a netdump-enabled interface changes.
*/
printf("netdump: overwriting mbuf zone pointers\n");
zone_mbuf = nd_zone_mbuf;
zone_clust = nd_zone_clust;
zone_pack = nd_zone_pack;
zone_jumbop = nd_zone_clust;
zone_jumbo9 = nd_zone_clust;
zone_jumbo16 = nd_zone_clust;
}
/*
* Reinitialize the netdump mbuf+cluster pool and cache zones.
*/
void
netdump_mbuf_reinit(int nmbuf, int nclust, int clsize)
{
struct mbuf *m;
void *item;
netdump_mbuf_drain();
nd_clsize = clsize;
nd_zone_mbuf = uma_zcache_create("netdump_" MBUF_MEM_NAME,
MSIZE, mb_ctor_mbuf, mb_dtor_mbuf,
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_init, trash_fini,
#else
NULL, NULL,
#endif
nd_buf_import, nd_buf_release,
&nd_mbufq, UMA_ZONE_NOBUCKET);
nd_zone_clust = uma_zcache_create("netdump_" MBUF_CLUSTER_MEM_NAME,
clsize, mb_ctor_clust,
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_dtor, trash_init, trash_fini,
#else
NULL, NULL, NULL,
#endif
nd_buf_import, nd_buf_release,
&nd_clustq, UMA_ZONE_NOBUCKET);
nd_zone_pack = uma_zcache_create("netdump_" MBUF_PACKET_MEM_NAME,
MCLBYTES, mb_ctor_pack, mb_dtor_pack, NULL, NULL,
nd_pack_import, nd_pack_release,
NULL, UMA_ZONE_NOBUCKET);
while (nmbuf-- > 0) {
m = m_get(MT_DATA, M_WAITOK);
uma_zfree(nd_zone_mbuf, m);
}
while (nclust-- > 0) {
item = uma_zalloc(m_getzone(nd_clsize), M_WAITOK);
uma_zfree(nd_zone_clust, item);
}
}
#endif /* NETDUMP */
/*
* UMA backend page allocator for the jumbo frame zones.
*
* Allocates kernel virtual memory that is backed by contiguous physical
* pages.
*/
static void *
mbuf_jumbo_alloc(uma_zone_t zone, vm_size_t bytes, int domain, uint8_t *flags,
int wait)
{
/* Inform UMA that this allocator uses kernel_map/object. */
*flags = UMA_SLAB_KERNEL;
return ((void *)kmem_alloc_contig_domain(domain, bytes, wait,
(vm_paddr_t)0, ~(vm_paddr_t)0, 1, 0, VM_MEMATTR_DEFAULT));
}
/*
* Constructor for Mbuf master zone.
*
* The 'arg' pointer points to a mb_args structure which
* contains call-specific information required to support the
* mbuf allocation API. See mbuf.h.
*/
static int
mb_ctor_mbuf(void *mem, int size, void *arg, int how)
{
struct mbuf *m;
struct mb_args *args;
int error;
int flags;
short type;
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_ctor(mem, size, arg, how);
#endif
args = (struct mb_args *)arg;
type = args->type;
/*
* The mbuf is initialized later. The caller has the
* responsibility to set up any MAC labels too.
*/
if (type == MT_NOINIT)
return (0);
m = (struct mbuf *)mem;
flags = args->flags;
MPASS((flags & M_NOFREE) == 0);
error = m_init(m, how, type, flags);
return (error);
}
/*
* The Mbuf master zone destructor.
*/
static void
mb_dtor_mbuf(void *mem, int size, void *arg)
{
struct mbuf *m;
unsigned long flags;
m = (struct mbuf *)mem;
flags = (unsigned long)arg;
KASSERT((m->m_flags & M_NOFREE) == 0, ("%s: M_NOFREE set", __func__));
if (!(flags & MB_DTOR_SKIP) && (m->m_flags & M_PKTHDR) && !SLIST_EMPTY(&m->m_pkthdr.tags))
m_tag_delete_chain(m, NULL);
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_dtor(mem, size, arg);
#endif
}
/*
* The Mbuf Packet zone destructor.
*/
static void
mb_dtor_pack(void *mem, int size, void *arg)
{
struct mbuf *m;
m = (struct mbuf *)mem;
if ((m->m_flags & M_PKTHDR) != 0)
m_tag_delete_chain(m, NULL);
/* Make sure we've got a clean cluster back. */
KASSERT((m->m_flags & M_EXT) == M_EXT, ("%s: M_EXT not set", __func__));
KASSERT(m->m_ext.ext_buf != NULL, ("%s: ext_buf == NULL", __func__));
KASSERT(m->m_ext.ext_free == NULL, ("%s: ext_free != NULL", __func__));
KASSERT(m->m_ext.ext_arg1 == NULL, ("%s: ext_arg1 != NULL", __func__));
KASSERT(m->m_ext.ext_arg2 == NULL, ("%s: ext_arg2 != NULL", __func__));
KASSERT(m->m_ext.ext_size == MCLBYTES, ("%s: ext_size != MCLBYTES", __func__));
KASSERT(m->m_ext.ext_type == EXT_PACKET, ("%s: ext_type != EXT_PACKET", __func__));
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_dtor(m->m_ext.ext_buf, MCLBYTES, arg);
#endif
/*
* If there are processes blocked on zone_clust, waiting for pages
* to be freed up, * cause them to be woken up by draining the
* packet zone. We are exposed to a race here * (in the check for
* the UMA_ZFLAG_FULL) where we might miss the flag set, but that
* is deliberate. We don't want to acquire the zone lock for every
* mbuf free.
*/
if (uma_zone_exhausted_nolock(zone_clust))
zone_drain(zone_pack);
}
/*
* The Cluster and Jumbo[PAGESIZE|9|16] zone constructor.
*
* Here the 'arg' pointer points to the Mbuf which we
* are configuring cluster storage for. If 'arg' is
* empty we allocate just the cluster without setting
* the mbuf to it. See mbuf.h.
*/
static int
mb_ctor_clust(void *mem, int size, void *arg, int how)
{
struct mbuf *m;
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_ctor(mem, size, arg, how);
#endif
m = (struct mbuf *)arg;
if (m != NULL) {
m->m_ext.ext_buf = (char *)mem;
m->m_data = m->m_ext.ext_buf;
m->m_flags |= M_EXT;
m->m_ext.ext_free = NULL;
m->m_ext.ext_arg1 = NULL;
m->m_ext.ext_arg2 = NULL;
m->m_ext.ext_size = size;
m->m_ext.ext_type = m_gettype(size);
m->m_ext.ext_flags = EXT_FLAG_EMBREF;
m->m_ext.ext_count = 1;
}
return (0);
}
/*
* The Packet secondary zone's init routine, executed on the
* object's transition from mbuf keg slab to zone cache.
*/
static int
mb_zinit_pack(void *mem, int size, int how)
{
struct mbuf *m;
m = (struct mbuf *)mem; /* m is virgin. */
if (uma_zalloc_arg(zone_clust, m, how) == NULL ||
m->m_ext.ext_buf == NULL)
return (ENOMEM);
m->m_ext.ext_type = EXT_PACKET; /* Override. */
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_init(m->m_ext.ext_buf, MCLBYTES, how);
#endif
return (0);
}
/*
* The Packet secondary zone's fini routine, executed on the
* object's transition from zone cache to keg slab.
*/
static void
mb_zfini_pack(void *mem, int size)
{
struct mbuf *m;
m = (struct mbuf *)mem;
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_fini(m->m_ext.ext_buf, MCLBYTES);
#endif
uma_zfree_arg(zone_clust, m->m_ext.ext_buf, NULL);
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_dtor(mem, size, NULL);
#endif
}
/*
* The "packet" keg constructor.
*/
static int
mb_ctor_pack(void *mem, int size, void *arg, int how)
{
struct mbuf *m;
struct mb_args *args;
int error, flags;
short type;
m = (struct mbuf *)mem;
args = (struct mb_args *)arg;
flags = args->flags;
type = args->type;
MPASS((flags & M_NOFREE) == 0);
#ifdef INVARIANTS
trash_ctor(m->m_ext.ext_buf, MCLBYTES, arg, how);
#endif
error = m_init(m, how, type, flags);
/* m_ext is already initialized. */
m->m_data = m->m_ext.ext_buf;
m->m_flags = (flags | M_EXT);
return (error);
}
/*
* This is the protocol drain routine. Called by UMA whenever any of the
* mbuf zones is closed to its limit.
*
* No locks should be held when this is called. The drain routines have to
* presently acquire some locks which raises the possibility of lock order
* reversal.
*/
static void
mb_reclaim(uma_zone_t zone __unused, int pending __unused)
{
struct domain *dp;
struct protosw *pr;
WITNESS_WARN(WARN_GIANTOK | WARN_SLEEPOK | WARN_PANIC, NULL, __func__);
for (dp = domains; dp != NULL; dp = dp->dom_next)
for (pr = dp->dom_protosw; pr < dp->dom_protoswNPROTOSW; pr++)
if (pr->pr_drain != NULL)
(*pr->pr_drain)();
}
/*
* Clean up after mbufs with M_EXT storage attached to them if the
* reference count hits 1.
*/
void
mb_free_ext(struct mbuf *m)
{
volatile u_int *refcnt;
struct mbuf *mref;
int freembuf;
KASSERT(m->m_flags & M_EXT, ("%s: M_EXT not set on %p", __func__, m));
/* See if this is the mbuf that holds the embedded refcount. */
if (m->m_ext.ext_flags & EXT_FLAG_EMBREF) {
refcnt = &m->m_ext.ext_count;
mref = m;
} else {
KASSERT(m->m_ext.ext_cnt != NULL,
("%s: no refcounting pointer on %p", __func__, m));
refcnt = m->m_ext.ext_cnt;
mref = __containerof(refcnt, struct mbuf, m_ext.ext_count);
}
/*
* Check if the header is embedded in the cluster. It is
* important that we can't touch any of the mbuf fields
* after we have freed the external storage, since mbuf
* could have been embedded in it. For now, the mbufs
* embedded into the cluster are always of type EXT_EXTREF,
* and for this type we won't free the mref.
*/
if (m->m_flags & M_NOFREE) {
freembuf = 0;
KASSERT(m->m_ext.ext_type == EXT_EXTREF,
("%s: no-free mbuf %p has wrong type", __func__, m));
} else
freembuf = 1;
/* Free attached storage if this mbuf is the only reference to it. */
if (*refcnt == 1 || atomic_fetchadd_int(refcnt, -1) == 1) {
switch (m->m_ext.ext_type) {
case EXT_PACKET:
/* The packet zone is special. */
if (*refcnt == 0)
*refcnt = 1;
uma_zfree(zone_pack, mref);
break;
case EXT_CLUSTER:
uma_zfree(zone_clust, m->m_ext.ext_buf);
uma_zfree(zone_mbuf, mref);
break;
case EXT_JUMBOP:
uma_zfree(zone_jumbop, m->m_ext.ext_buf);
uma_zfree(zone_mbuf, mref);
break;
case EXT_JUMBO9:
uma_zfree(zone_jumbo9, m->m_ext.ext_buf);
uma_zfree(zone_mbuf, mref);
break;
case EXT_JUMBO16:
uma_zfree(zone_jumbo16, m->m_ext.ext_buf);
uma_zfree(zone_mbuf, mref);
break;
case EXT_SFBUF:
case EXT_NET_DRV:
case EXT_MOD_TYPE:
case EXT_DISPOSABLE:
KASSERT(mref->m_ext.ext_free != NULL,
("%s: ext_free not set", __func__));
mref->m_ext.ext_free(mref);
uma_zfree(zone_mbuf, mref);
break;
case EXT_EXTREF:
KASSERT(m->m_ext.ext_free != NULL,
("%s: ext_free not set", __func__));
m->m_ext.ext_free(m);
break;
default:
KASSERT(m->m_ext.ext_type == 0,
("%s: unknown ext_type", __func__));
}
}
if (freembuf && m != mref)
uma_zfree(zone_mbuf, m);
}
/*
* Official mbuf(9) allocation KPI for stack and drivers:
*
* m_get() - a single mbuf without any attachments, sys/mbuf.h.
* m_gethdr() - a single mbuf initialized as M_PKTHDR, sys/mbuf.h.
* m_getcl() - an mbuf + 2k cluster, sys/mbuf.h.
* m_clget() - attach cluster to already allocated mbuf.
* m_cljget() - attach jumbo cluster to already allocated mbuf.
* m_get2() - allocate minimum mbuf that would fit size argument.
* m_getm2() - allocate a chain of mbufs/clusters.
* m_extadd() - attach external cluster to mbuf.
*
* m_free() - free single mbuf with its tags and ext, sys/mbuf.h.
* m_freem() - free chain of mbufs.
*/
int
m_clget(struct mbuf *m, int how)
{
KASSERT((m->m_flags & M_EXT) == 0, ("%s: mbuf %p has M_EXT",
__func__, m));
m->m_ext.ext_buf = (char *)NULL;
uma_zalloc_arg(zone_clust, m, how);
/*
* On a cluster allocation failure, drain the packet zone and retry,
* we might be able to loosen a few clusters up on the drain.
*/
if ((how & M_NOWAIT) && (m->m_ext.ext_buf == NULL)) {
zone_drain(zone_pack);
uma_zalloc_arg(zone_clust, m, how);
}
MBUF_PROBE2(m__clget, m, how);
return (m->m_flags & M_EXT);
}
/*
* m_cljget() is different from m_clget() as it can allocate clusters without
* attaching them to an mbuf. In that case the return value is the pointer
* to the cluster of the requested size. If an mbuf was specified, it gets
* the cluster attached to it and the return value can be safely ignored.
* For size it takes MCLBYTES, MJUMPAGESIZE, MJUM9BYTES, MJUM16BYTES.
*/
void *
m_cljget(struct mbuf *m, int how, int size)
{
uma_zone_t zone;
void *retval;
if (m != NULL) {
KASSERT((m->m_flags & M_EXT) == 0, ("%s: mbuf %p has M_EXT",
__func__, m));
m->m_ext.ext_buf = NULL;
}
zone = m_getzone(size);
retval = uma_zalloc_arg(zone, m, how);
MBUF_PROBE4(m__cljget, m, how, size, retval);
return (retval);
}
/*
* m_get2() allocates minimum mbuf that would fit "size" argument.
*/
struct mbuf *
m_get2(int size, int how, short type, int flags)
{
struct mb_args args;
struct mbuf *m, *n;
args.flags = flags;
args.type = type;
if (size <= MHLEN || (size <= MLEN && (flags & M_PKTHDR) == 0))
return (uma_zalloc_arg(zone_mbuf, &args, how));
if (size <= MCLBYTES)
return (uma_zalloc_arg(zone_pack, &args, how));
if (size > MJUMPAGESIZE)
return (NULL);
m = uma_zalloc_arg(zone_mbuf, &args, how);
if (m == NULL)
return (NULL);
n = uma_zalloc_arg(zone_jumbop, m, how);
if (n == NULL) {
uma_zfree(zone_mbuf, m);
return (NULL);
}
return (m);
}
/*
* m_getjcl() returns an mbuf with a cluster of the specified size attached.
* For size it takes MCLBYTES, MJUMPAGESIZE, MJUM9BYTES, MJUM16BYTES.
*/
struct mbuf *
m_getjcl(int how, short type, int flags, int size)
{
struct mb_args args;
struct mbuf *m, *n;
uma_zone_t zone;
if (size == MCLBYTES)
return m_getcl(how, type, flags);
args.flags = flags;
args.type = type;
m = uma_zalloc_arg(zone_mbuf, &args, how);
if (m == NULL)
return (NULL);
zone = m_getzone(size);
n = uma_zalloc_arg(zone, m, how);
if (n == NULL) {
uma_zfree(zone_mbuf, m);
return (NULL);
}
return (m);
}
/*
* Allocate a given length worth of mbufs and/or clusters (whatever fits
* best) and return a pointer to the top of the allocated chain. If an
* existing mbuf chain is provided, then we will append the new chain
* to the existing one but still return the top of the newly allocated
* chain.
*/
struct mbuf *
m_getm2(struct mbuf *m, int len, int how, short type, int flags)
{
struct mbuf *mb, *nm = NULL, *mtail = NULL;
KASSERT(len >= 0, ("%s: len is < 0", __func__));
/* Validate flags. */
flags &= (M_PKTHDR | M_EOR);
/* Packet header mbuf must be first in chain. */
if ((flags & M_PKTHDR) && m != NULL)
flags &= ~M_PKTHDR;
/* Loop and append maximum sized mbufs to the chain tail. */
while (len > 0) {
if (len > MCLBYTES)
mb = m_getjcl(how, type, (flags & M_PKTHDR),
MJUMPAGESIZE);
else if (len >= MINCLSIZE)
mb = m_getcl(how, type, (flags & M_PKTHDR));
else if (flags & M_PKTHDR)
mb = m_gethdr(how, type);
else
mb = m_get(how, type);
/* Fail the whole operation if one mbuf can't be allocated. */
if (mb == NULL) {
if (nm != NULL)
m_freem(nm);
return (NULL);
}
/* Book keeping. */
len -= M_SIZE(mb);
if (mtail != NULL)
mtail->m_next = mb;
else
nm = mb;
mtail = mb;
flags &= ~M_PKTHDR; /* Only valid on the first mbuf. */
}
if (flags & M_EOR)
mtail->m_flags |= M_EOR; /* Only valid on the last mbuf. */
/* If mbuf was supplied, append new chain to the end of it. */
if (m != NULL) {
for (mtail = m; mtail->m_next != NULL; mtail = mtail->m_next)
;
mtail->m_next = nm;
mtail->m_flags &= ~M_EOR;
} else
m = nm;
return (m);
}
/*-
* Configure a provided mbuf to refer to the provided external storage
* buffer and setup a reference count for said buffer.
*
* Arguments:
* mb The existing mbuf to which to attach the provided buffer.
* buf The address of the provided external storage buffer.
* size The size of the provided buffer.
* freef A pointer to a routine that is responsible for freeing the
* provided external storage buffer.
* args A pointer to an argument structure (of any type) to be passed
* to the provided freef routine (may be NULL).
* flags Any other flags to be passed to the provided mbuf.
* type The type that the external storage buffer should be
* labeled with.
*
* Returns:
* Nothing.
*/
void
m_extadd(struct mbuf *mb, char *buf, u_int size, m_ext_free_t freef,
void *arg1, void *arg2, int flags, int type)
{
KASSERT(type != EXT_CLUSTER, ("%s: EXT_CLUSTER not allowed", __func__));
mb->m_flags |= (M_EXT | flags);
mb->m_ext.ext_buf = buf;
mb->m_data = mb->m_ext.ext_buf;
mb->m_ext.ext_size = size;
mb->m_ext.ext_free = freef;
mb->m_ext.ext_arg1 = arg1;
mb->m_ext.ext_arg2 = arg2;
mb->m_ext.ext_type = type;
if (type != EXT_EXTREF) {
mb->m_ext.ext_count = 1;
mb->m_ext.ext_flags = EXT_FLAG_EMBREF;
} else
mb->m_ext.ext_flags = 0;
}
/*
* Free an entire chain of mbufs and associated external buffers, if
* applicable.
*/
void
m_freem(struct mbuf *mb)
{
MBUF_PROBE1(m__freem, mb);
while (mb != NULL)
mb = m_free(mb);
}