A mercurial to git converter using git-fast-import
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piktur and frej hg 4.7: Replace call to util.email with templatefilters.email
This change is required for Mercurial 4.7 support and fixes #137.
Latest commit 2bb173e Aug 6, 2018


hg-fast-export.(sh|py) - mercurial to git converter using git-fast-import


Most hg-* scripts are licensed under the [MIT license] (http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php) and were written by Rocco Rutte pdmef@gmx.net with hints and help from the git list and #mercurial on freenode. hg-reset.py is licensed under GPLv2 since it copies some code from the mercurial sources.

The current maintainer is Frej Drejhammar frej.drejhammar@gmail.com.


If you have problems with hg-fast-export or have found a bug, please create an issue at the [github issue tracker] (https://github.com/frej/fast-export/issues). Before creating a new issue, check that your problem has not already been addressed in an already closed issue. Do not contact the maintainer directly unless you want to report a security bug. That way the next person having the same problem can benefit from the time spent solving the problem the first time.

System Requirements

This project depends on Python 2.7 and the Mercurial 4.6 package. If Python is not installed, install it before proceeding. The Mercurial package can be installed with pip install mercurial.

If you're on Windows, run the following commands in git bash (Git for Windows).


Using hg-fast-export is quite simple for a mercurial repository :

mkdir repo-git # or whatever
cd repo-git
git init
hg-fast-export.sh -r <local-repo>
git checkout HEAD

Please note that hg-fast-export does not automatically check out the newly imported repository. You probably want to follow up the import with a git checkout-command.

Incremental imports to track hg repos is supported, too.

Using hg-reset it is quite simple within a git repository that is hg-fast-export'ed from mercurial:

hg-reset.sh -R <revision>

will give hints on which branches need adjustment for starting over again.

When a mercurial repository does not use utf-8 for encoding author strings and commit messages the -e <encoding> command line option can be used to force fast-export to convert incoming meta data from to utf-8. This encoding option is also applied to file names.

In some locales Mercurial uses different encodings for commit messages and file names. In that case, you can use --fe <encoding> command line option which overrides the -e option for file names.

As mercurial appears to be much less picky about the syntax of the author information than git, an author mapping file can be given to hg-fast-export to fix up malformed author strings. The file is specified using the -A option. The file should contain lines of the form "<key>"="<value>". Inside the key and value strings, all escape sequences understood by the python string_escape encoding are supported. (Versions of fast-export prior to v171002 had a different syntax, the old syntax can be enabled by the flag --mappings-are-raw.)

The example authors.map below will translate User <garbage<tab><user@example.com> to User <user@example.com>.

-- Start of authors.map --
"User <garbage\t<user@example.com>"="User <user@example.com>"
-- End of authors.map --

Tag and Branch Naming

As Git and Mercurial have differ in what is a valid branch and tag name the -B and -T options allow a mapping file to be specified to rename branches and tags (respectively). The syntax of the mapping file is the same as for the author mapping.

Content filtering

hg-fast-export supports filtering the content of exported files. The filter is supplied to the --filter-contents option. hg-fast-export runs the filter for each exported file, pipes its content to the filter's standard input, and uses the filter's standard output in place of the file's original content. The prototypical use of this feature is to convert line endings in text files from CRLF to git's preferred LF:

-- Start of crlf-filter.sh --
# $1 = pathname of exported file relative to the root of the repo
# $2 = Mercurial's hash of the file
# $3 = "1" if Mercurial reports the file as binary, otherwise "0"

if [ "$3" == "1" ]; then cat; else dos2unix; fi
-- End of crlf-filter.sh --


hg-fast-export supports multiple branches but only named branches with exactly one head each. Otherwise commits to the tip of these heads within the branch will get flattened into merge commits.

As each git-fast-import run creates a new pack file, it may be required to repack the repository quite often for incremental imports (especially when importing a small number of changesets per incremental import).

The way the hg API and remote access protocol is designed it is not possible to use hg-fast-export on remote repositories (http/ssh). First clone the repository, then convert it.


hg-fast-export.py was designed in a way that doesn't require a 2-pass mechanism or any prior repository analysis: if just feeds what it finds into git-fast-import. This also implies that it heavily relies on strictly linear ordering of changesets from hg, i.e. its append-only storage model so that changesets hg-fast-export already saw never get modified.

Submitting Patches

Please use the issue-tracker at github https://github.com/frej/fast-export to report bugs and submit patches.