A project-local library installer for Common Lisp
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README.markdown

Qlot

Build Status

Qlot (pronounced kyü-'lät, like culotte) is a project-local library installer using Quicklisp facility. This aims to be like Bundler of Ruby or Carton of Perl.

Warning: This software is still BETA quality. The APIs will be likely to change.

Usage

# "qlfile" of "myapp"
git clack https://github.com/fukamachi/clack.git
github datafly fukamachi/datafly :branch v0.7.x
ql log4cl 2014-03-17
$ cd /path/to/myapp

# Installing libraries project-locally.
$ qlot install

# Updating depending libraries of a project.
$ qlot update

# Updating specific libraries
$ qlot update --project mito

# Execute a command with a project-local Quicklisp
$ qlot exec ros -S . run
$ qlot exec clackup app.lisp

What Qlot is trying to solve

We have Quicklisp, the central library registry. It made installation of libraries damn easy.

However, what only you can specify is the month of distribution. Which means you have to use all libraries of the same moment and you cannot use a newer/older version of a library for your project.

"local-projects/" or ASDF configurations may be a solution to this problem, but there are a couple of problems.

  1. They are not project-local. If you have multiple projects that use the different version of the same library, it would be a problem.

  2. They are difficult to fix the version or to update them. If your project need to work on other than your machine, for instance on other people's machine or on servers, the version of depending libraries should be the same.

This is what Qlot is trying to solve.

Installation

via Roswell

It also can be installed with Roswell.

$ ros install qlot

# Install the latest version from GitHub
$ ros install fukamachi/qlot

It's almost the same as using Quicklisp, except it also introduces a shell command "qlot".

$ which qlot
/Users/nitro_idiot/.roswell/bin/qlot
$ qlot
Usage: qlot COMMAND [ARGS..]

COMMANDS:
    install
        Installs libraries to './quicklisp'.

    update
        Makes './quicklisp' up-to-date and update 'qlfile.lock'.
        Possible to update specific projects with --project option.
        ex) qlot update --project mito

    bundle
        Dumps all libraries to './bundle-libs' to allow to load them without Qlot and Quicklisp.

    run
        Starts REPL with the project local Quicklisp dists (Same as 'qlot exec ros run').

    exec [shell-args..]
        Invokes the following shell-command with the project local Quicklisp.

Tutorial

Adding "qlfile"

Put a file "qlfile" at the root of your project directory.

See qlfile syntax section to know how to write it.

Installation of libraries

You can install libraries into the project directory via:

$ qlot install

It creates quicklisp/ directory in the project directory and a file qlfile.lock.

qlfile.lock is similar to qlfile except the library versions are qualified. This will ensure that other developers or your deployment environment use exactly the same versions of libraries you just installed.

Make sure you add qlfile and qlfile.lock to your version controlled repository and make the quicklisp/ directory ignored.

$ echo quicklisp/ >> .gitignore
$ git add qlfile qlfile.lock
$ git commit -m 'Start using Qlot.'

Updating the project-local quicklisp

You can update the content of quicklisp/ directory via:

$ qlot update

It will also overwrite qlfile.lock.

Bundling libraries

You can bundle all depending libraries into bundle-libs/ via:

$ qlot bundle
$ git add bundle-libs/
$ git commit -m 'Bundle dependencies.'

Commands

install

qlot install will install Quicklisp and libraries that declared in qlfile project-locally. qlfile.lock will be used with precedence if it exists.

$ qlot install
$ qlot install /path/to/myapp/qlfile

update

qlot update will update the project-local quicklisp/ directory using qlfile.

$ qlot update

bundle

qlot bundle will bundle dependencies into bundle-libs/ by using ql:bundle-systems.

$ qlot bundle

exec

qlot exec does following:

  • configures CL_SOURCE_REGISTRY environment variable by adding a current directory;
  • adds Roswell's bin directory to the PATH environment variable;
  • executes given command with arguments.

Here are few usefull commands:

  • qlot exec ros emacs - starts Emacs for development. Inferior lisp will use only systems, installed by qlot install. If you want to use systems from directories other than current and ./quicklisp/, then set CL_SOURCE_REGISTRY variable before starting qlot. This can be useful in case, if you have development versions of some systems, for example, in ~/common-lisp/ directory and want to use them during project development:

    CL_SOURCE_REGISTRY=~/common-lisp// qlot exec ros emacs
    

    Read more about CL_SOURCE_REGISTRY in asdf's documentation.

  • qlot exec ros build some-app.ros - another command, useful, to build a binary from systems, fixed in qlfile and qlfile.lock. This way you can be sure that your builds are stable.

qlfile syntax

"qlfile" is a collection of Quicklisp dist declarations. Each line of that represents a dist.

<source> <project name> [arg1, arg2..]

Currently, <source> must be one of ql, http, git or github.

ql

ql <project name> <version>
ql <project name> :latest
ql :all <version>

ql source will download libraries from Quicklisp official dist, but you can specify the version.

If you want to use Clack in Quicklisp dist of January 13, 2014, qlfile would be like this.

ql clack 2014-01-13

ql source also allows :all as <dist name> and :latest as the version.

ql :all 2014-01-13
ql clack :latest

http

http <project name> <url> [<file md5>]

http source will download a tarball.

http yason http://netzhansa.com/yason.tar.gz

git

git <project name> <repos url>
git <project name> <repos url> :ref <commit ref>
git <project name> <repos url> :branch <branch name>
git <project name> <repos url> :tag <tag name>

git source will download libraries from a public git repository.

git clack https://github.com/fukamachi/clack.git

You can also specify :ref, :branch or :tag.

git clack https://github.com/fukamachi/clack.git :branch develop
git datafly https://github.com/fukamachi/datafly.git :tag v0.7.4
git cl-dbi https://github.com/fukamachi/cl-dbi.git :ref 54928984e5756e92ba298aae51de8b95a6b0cf4b

Retrieving from private repository

Qlot doesn't authenticate itself, but retrieving from private repository can be done via git's SSH key authentication. Which means, if the current user can git clone, Qlot also would be possible to do it.

git myapp git@github.com:somewrite-adtech/myapp

github

github <project name> <repos>
github <project name> <repos> :ref <commit ref>
github <project name> <repos> :branch <branch name>
github <project name> <repos> :tag <tag name>

github source is similar to git, but it is specifically for GitHub. As it uses GitHub API and tarballs GitHub serves, it doesn't require "git" command.

github datafly fukamachi/datafly
github datafly fukamachi/datafly :branch develop

Priorities of distributions

If multiple distributions provide the same library, lower one would take priority over higher ones.

Working with SLIME

SLIME is the most popular development environment in Common Lisp. However, its REPL always loads the global Quicklisp, not the project-local one.

Here's quick steps to start project-local REPL with SLIME:

  1. Add the following function to init.el.
(defun slime-qlot-exec (directory)
  (interactive (list (read-directory-name "Project directory: ")))
  (slime-start :program "qlot"
               :program-args '("exec" "ros" "-S" "." "run")
               :directory directory
               :name 'qlot
               :env (list (concat "PATH=" (mapconcat 'identity exec-path ":")))))
  1. Relaunch the Emacs.
  2. Invoke M-x slime-qlot-exec RET /path/to/project/.

Author

Copyright

Copyright (c) 2014 Eitaro Fukamachi (e.arrows@gmail.com)

License

Licensed under the MIT License.