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Transition Example

This example shows a variety of page transitions during navigation using the Transition behaviour.


The MainPage is used for the navigation in the top, left, bottom, and right directions. Each one has a matching transition, such as:

<Transition To="Left">
	<Move X="1" RelativeTo="ParentSize" Duration="0.4" Easing="CubicInOut"/>

The To="Left" limits this transition to being used when going to the "Left" page. Note that this transition will also be used if we are going back from the "Left" page. This additional matching on the backward direction allows us to write only the one direction and have a useful result.

The Left page itself adds a default transition:

	<Move X="-1" RelativeTo="ParentSize" Duration="0.4" Easing="CubicInOut"/>

When the page first appears no other Transition matches so this one will be used. It's good to always have a final default Transition. If you don't have one and no other Transition matches, the default one from the Navigator will be used.


The MainPage has a simple rotation transition to the BottomRight. The different animations to and from this page are simply different Easing and EasingBack properties. For example the BottomRight itself has this Transition:

	<Rotate Degrees="90" DurationBack="1.4" EasingBack="BounceIn"
		Duration="0.4" Easing="CubicOut"/>


The TopLeft has distinct transitions to and from the page. This creates the effect of rotating only in one direction.

For MainPage this is specified as:

<Transition To="TopLeft" Direction="ToInactive">
	<Change this.ExplicitTransformOrigin="0%,0%"/>
	<Rotate Degrees="90" Duration="0.4" Easing="CubicOut"/>
<Transition To="TopLeft" Direction="ToActive">
	<Change this.ExplicitTransformOrigin="0%,0%"/>
	<Rotate Degrees="-90" Duration="0.4" Easing="CubicIn"/>

Direction="ToInactive" limits the transition to being used only when the main page is becoming inactive (and also going to the TopLeft in this case). The ToInactive direction limit means this transition will only ever play forward, never backward. Similarily, the second transition with Direction="ToActive" will never be played forward, only backward. Transition always specifies the change to the inactive state; the direction it plays thus depends on whether a page is becoming active or inactive.


The PopupBottom leaves the main navigation visible. To make this work we need to adjust the default release behavior of the page.

<Transition To="PopupBottom" AutoRelease="false">

Normally a Transition will release the page when it reaches completion (the 100% progress). The AutoRelease="false" here turns off this behaviour when transitioning to the PopupBottom page.

What happens to released pages depends on the Navigator settings. Ours has Remove="Released" that means released pages will be removed as children. This keeps the number of rooted pages quite low to improve performance.


The PopupBottom in turn uses AutoRelease="false" when transitioning to the PopupTop page:

<Transition To="PopupTop" AutoRelease="false"/>

Note that this Transition doesn't define any animators, it will leave the page exactly as is. The PopupTop pages will occupy the space at the top of the app, and the PopupBottom remains functional. Be aware this is an advanced layout: getting the layering, Z-ordering, and hit testing working correctly can be complex.

The PopupTop page uses a combination of three transitions. When a new one is created it slides from the right. It is pushed left when going forward. When popped off the top of the history it expands and disappears.

The key to this behaviour are these two transitions:

<Transition Direction="FromFront">
	<Move X="1" RelativeTo="ParentSize" Duration="0.4" Easing="SinusoidalInOut"/>
<Transition Direction="ToFront">
	<Scale Factor="2" Duration="0.4"/>
	<Change PopupTop.Opacity="0" Duration="0.4"/>

The Direction="FromFront" transition will only match when the page is coming from in front of the current page. This direction only ever plays backward. The ToFront trigger in contrast only plays when moving in front of the current page, which happens with router.goBack().

Sliding to the left is done as a fallback transition:

<Transition AutoRelease="false">
	<Move X="-0.25" RelativeTo="ParentSize" Duration="0.4" Easing="SinusoidalInOut"/>

Note the use of AutoRelease="false" again. Since these pages should remain visible when inactive we need to prevent them from being released.

Despite having many pages on-screen, only one is ever actually the active page. The title bar uses a {Page Title} binding to show the title of the active page.


The SlideTop page doesn't have a fallback Transition specified. It only specifies what happens when it comes from the Main,Left, Right,Top,Bottom pages.

<Transition From="Main,Left,Right,Top,Bottom">
	<Move Y="-1" Duration="0.3" RelativeTo="ParentSize" Easing="SinusoidalInOut"/>

The Next SlideTop button creates a new SlideTop pages coming from the current one. This doesn't match the above trigger. In such a case the default Navigator.Transition will be used.