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unit test fails on i386 #89

josch opened this Issue Feb 1, 2019 · 4 comments


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josch commented Feb 1, 2019

You can reproduce this issue by compiling fuzzylite inside a i386 chroot and then trying to run the tests. Here is a full error log (scroll all the way to the bottom to see the problem):

According to this overview

The problem only shows on i386 and not on other 32bit architectures like armel or mipsel.


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josch commented Feb 2, 2019

I tracked down the issue to the following 2-liner in C:

double convert(double a, double b) { return a/b; }
int main() { printf("%.15f\n", 35e9 - convert(35, 1.0e-9)); }

On i386, it prints:


On all other architectures (including other 32 bit architectures) we get:


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josch commented Feb 2, 2019

The culprit might be the 80bit x87 register on i386 platforms. There are several ways forward that fix the problem:

  • compile with -ffloat-store which might make fuzzylite very slow (I didn't benchmark)
  • compile with -mfpmath=sse -msse2 which would require SSE and thus make fuzzylite incompatible with many i386 platforms
  • in fuzzylite/src/fuzzylite.cpp, increase fuzzylite::_macheps from 1e-6 to 1e-5 for i386 only.
  • in fuzzylite/test/BenchmarkTest.cpp, call Op::isEq with an additional argument setting the epsilon to 1e-5 for the 35e9 check on i386 only

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josch commented Feb 3, 2019

In Debian I now solved the problem with this patch:

--- fuzzylite-6.0+dfsg.orig/fuzzylite/test/BenchmarkTest.cpp
+++ fuzzylite-6.0+dfsg/fuzzylite/test/BenchmarkTest.cpp
@@ -96,7 +96,17 @@ namespace fl {
         CHECK(Op::isEq(1.0, Benchmark::convert(1000.0, Benchmark::MilliSeconds, Benchmark::Seconds)));
         FL_LOG(Benchmark::convert(1000.0, Benchmark::MilliSeconds, Benchmark::Seconds));
-        CHECK(Op::isEq(35e9, Benchmark::convert(35, Benchmark::Seconds, Benchmark::NanoSeconds)));
+        scalar eps =
+#ifndef __i386__
+            fuzzylite::macheps();
+            // on i386, due to the 80bit x87 register, double floating point
+            // numbers are handled differently and thus the difference between
+            // 35e9 and the result of Benchmark::convert() will be 2.179e-6,
+            // which is greater than the default epsilon of 1e-6.
+            1e-5;
+        CHECK(Op::isEq(35e9, Benchmark::convert(35, Benchmark::Seconds, Benchmark::NanoSeconds), eps));
         CHECK(Op::isEq(35, Benchmark::convert(35e9, Benchmark::NanoSeconds, Benchmark::Seconds)));

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jcrada commented Feb 6, 2019

Hi josch. Many thanks for your help. I think it is better to just change the default value to 1e-5.

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