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Detection of COVID-19 from CT scan images: A spiking neural network-based approach

Avishek Garain, Arpan Basu, Fabio Giampaolo, Juan D. Velasquez & Ram Sarkar

Link to article

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00521-021-05910-1

Abstract

The outbreak of a global pandemic called coronavirus has created unprecedented circumstances resulting into a large number of deaths and risk of community spreading throughout the world. Desperate times have called for desperate measures to detect the disease at an early stage via various medically proven methods like chest computed tomography (CT) scan, chest X-Ray, etc., in order to prevent the virus from spreading across the community. Developing deep learning models for analysing these kinds of radiological images is a well-known methodology in the domain of computer based medical image analysis. However, doing the same by mimicking the biological models and leveraging the newly developed neuromorphic computing chips might be more economical. These chips have been shown to be more powerful and are more efficient than conventional central and graphics processing units. Additionally, these chips facilitate the implementation of spiking neural networks (SNNs) in real-world scenarios. To this end, in this work, we have tried to simulate the SNNs using various deep learning libraries. We have applied them for the classification of chest CT scan images into COVID and non-COVID classes. Our approach has achieved very high F1 score of 0.99 for the potential-based model and outperforms many state-of-the-art models.

Link to interactive Notebook

https://hub-binder.mybinder.ovh/user/garain-covid-classify-snn-lib5v07t/tree#notebooks

Cite this work:


@article{garain_detection_2021,
	title = {Detection of {COVID}-19 from {CT} scan images: {A} spiking neural network-based approach},
	issn = {0941-0643, 1433-3058},
	shorttitle = {Detection of {COVID}-19 from {CT} scan images},
	url = {https://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00521-021-05910-1},
	doi = {10.1007/s00521-021-05910-1},
	language = {en},
	urldate = {2021-04-18},
	journal = {Neural Computing and Applications},
	author = {Garain, Avishek and Basu, Arpan and Giampaolo, Fabio and Velasquez, Juan D. and Sarkar, Ram},
	month = apr,
	year = {2021},
}

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