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908534c Jan 13, 2017
@garyburd @IljaN @firstrow
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// Copyright 2012 Gary Burd
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"): you may
// not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
// a copy of the License at
//
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
// WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
// License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
// under the License.
// Package redis is a client for the Redis database.
//
// The Redigo FAQ (https://github.com/garyburd/redigo/wiki/FAQ) contains more
// documentation about this package.
//
// Connections
//
// The Conn interface is the primary interface for working with Redis.
// Applications create connections by calling the Dial, DialWithTimeout or
// NewConn functions. In the future, functions will be added for creating
// sharded and other types of connections.
//
// The application must call the connection Close method when the application
// is done with the connection.
//
// Executing Commands
//
// The Conn interface has a generic method for executing Redis commands:
//
// Do(commandName string, args ...interface{}) (reply interface{}, err error)
//
// The Redis command reference (http://redis.io/commands) lists the available
// commands. An example of using the Redis APPEND command is:
//
// n, err := conn.Do("APPEND", "key", "value")
//
// The Do method converts command arguments to binary strings for transmission
// to the server as follows:
//
// Go Type Conversion
// []byte Sent as is
// string Sent as is
// int, int64 strconv.FormatInt(v)
// float64 strconv.FormatFloat(v, 'g', -1, 64)
// bool true -> "1", false -> "0"
// nil ""
// all other types fmt.Print(v)
//
// Redis command reply types are represented using the following Go types:
//
// Redis type Go type
// error redis.Error
// integer int64
// simple string string
// bulk string []byte or nil if value not present.
// array []interface{} or nil if value not present.
//
// Use type assertions or the reply helper functions to convert from
// interface{} to the specific Go type for the command result.
//
// Pipelining
//
// Connections support pipelining using the Send, Flush and Receive methods.
//
// Send(commandName string, args ...interface{}) error
// Flush() error
// Receive() (reply interface{}, err error)
//
// Send writes the command to the connection's output buffer. Flush flushes the
// connection's output buffer to the server. Receive reads a single reply from
// the server. The following example shows a simple pipeline.
//
// c.Send("SET", "foo", "bar")
// c.Send("GET", "foo")
// c.Flush()
// c.Receive() // reply from SET
// v, err = c.Receive() // reply from GET
//
// The Do method combines the functionality of the Send, Flush and Receive
// methods. The Do method starts by writing the command and flushing the output
// buffer. Next, the Do method receives all pending replies including the reply
// for the command just sent by Do. If any of the received replies is an error,
// then Do returns the error. If there are no errors, then Do returns the last
// reply. If the command argument to the Do method is "", then the Do method
// will flush the output buffer and receive pending replies without sending a
// command.
//
// Use the Send and Do methods to implement pipelined transactions.
//
// c.Send("MULTI")
// c.Send("INCR", "foo")
// c.Send("INCR", "bar")
// r, err := c.Do("EXEC")
// fmt.Println(r) // prints [1, 1]
//
// Concurrency
//
// Connections support one concurrent caller to the Receive method and one
// concurrent caller to the Send and Flush methods. No other concurrency is
// supported including concurrent calls to the Do method.
//
// For full concurrent access to Redis, use the thread-safe Pool to get, use
// and release a connection from within a goroutine. Connections returned from
// a Pool have the concurrency restrictions described in the previous
// paragraph.
//
// Publish and Subscribe
//
// Use the Send, Flush and Receive methods to implement Pub/Sub subscribers.
//
// c.Send("SUBSCRIBE", "example")
// c.Flush()
// for {
// reply, err := c.Receive()
// if err != nil {
// return err
// }
// // process pushed message
// }
//
// The PubSubConn type wraps a Conn with convenience methods for implementing
// subscribers. The Subscribe, PSubscribe, Unsubscribe and PUnsubscribe methods
// send and flush a subscription management command. The receive method
// converts a pushed message to convenient types for use in a type switch.
//
// psc := redis.PubSubConn{Conn: c}
// psc.Subscribe("example")
// for {
// switch v := psc.Receive().(type) {
// case redis.Message:
// fmt.Printf("%s: message: %s\n", v.Channel, v.Data)
// case redis.Subscription:
// fmt.Printf("%s: %s %d\n", v.Channel, v.Kind, v.Count)
// case error:
// return v
// }
// }
//
// Reply Helpers
//
// The Bool, Int, Bytes, String, Strings and Values functions convert a reply
// to a value of a specific type. To allow convenient wrapping of calls to the
// connection Do and Receive methods, the functions take a second argument of
// type error. If the error is non-nil, then the helper function returns the
// error. If the error is nil, the function converts the reply to the specified
// type:
//
// exists, err := redis.Bool(c.Do("EXISTS", "foo"))
// if err != nil {
// // handle error return from c.Do or type conversion error.
// }
//
// The Scan function converts elements of a array reply to Go types:
//
// var value1 int
// var value2 string
// reply, err := redis.Values(c.Do("MGET", "key1", "key2"))
// if err != nil {
// // handle error
// }
// if _, err := redis.Scan(reply, &value1, &value2); err != nil {
// // handle error
// }
//
// Errors
//
// Connection methods return error replies from the server as type redis.Error.
//
// Call the connection Err() method to determine if the connection encountered
// non-recoverable error such as a network error or protocol parsing error. If
// Err() returns a non-nil value, then the connection is not usable and should
// be closed.
package redis // import "github.com/garyburd/redigo/redis"