An Elixir implementation of the JSON Web Token (JWT) Standard, RFC 7519
Latest commit a789f1e Jan 10, 2017 @garyf committed on GitHub Merge pull request #14 from mus0u/master
Thank you @mus0u

JSON Web Token travis hex docs

A JSON Web Token (JWT) implementation for Elixir


An Elixir implementation of the JSON Web Token (JWT) standard RFC 7519

Philosophy & design goals

  • Minimal API surface area
  • Clear separation and conformance to underlying standards
    • JSON Web Signature (JWS) Standards Track RFC 7515
    • JSON Web Algorithms (JWA) Standards Track RFC 7518
  • Thorough test coverage
  • Modularity for comprehension and extensibility
  • Fail fast and hard, with maximally strict validation
  • Implement only the REQUIRED elements of the JWT standard (initially)


Add JsonWebToken as a dependency in your mix.exs file:

defp deps do
  [{:json_web_token, "~> 0.2"}]

JsonWebToken.sign(claims, options)

Returns a JSON Web Token string

claims (required) string or map

options (required) map

  • alg (optional, default: "HS256")
  • key (required unless alg is "none")

Include any JWS JOSE header parameters (RFC 7515) in the options map


# sign with default algorithm, HMAC SHA256
jwt = JsonWebToken.sign(%{foo: "bar"}, %{key: "gZH75aKtMN3Yj0iPS4hcgUuTwjAzZr9C"})

# sign with RSA SHA256 algorithm
private_key = JsonWebToken.Algorithm.RsaUtil.private_key("path/to/", "key.pem")
opts = %{
  alg: "RS256",
  key: private_key

jwt = JsonWebToken.sign(%{foo: "bar"}, opts)

# unsecured token (algorithm is "none")
jwt = JsonWebToken.sign(%{foo: "bar"}, %{alg: "none"})

JsonWebToken.verify(jwt, options)

Returns a tuple, either:

  • {:ok, claims}, a JWT claims set map, if the Message Authentication Code (MAC), or signature, is verified
  • {:error, "invalid"}, otherwise

"jwt" (required) is a JSON web token string

options (required) map

  • alg (optional, default: "HS256")
  • key (required unless alg is "none")


secure_jwt_example = "eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLA0KICJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJpc3MiOiJqb2UiLA0KICJleHAiOjEzMDA4MTkzODAsDQogImh0dHA6Ly9leGFt.cGxlLmNvbS9pc19yb290Ijp0cnVlfQ.dBjftJeZ4CVP-mB92K27uhbUJU1p1r_wW1gFWFOEjXk"

# verify with default algorithm, HMAC SHA256
{:ok, claims} = JsonWebToken.verify(secure_jwt_example, %{key: "gZH75aKtMN3Yj0iPS4hcgUuTwjAzZr9C"})

# verify with RSA SHA256 algorithm
opts = %{
  alg: "RS256",
  key: < RSA public key >

{:ok, claims} = JsonWebToken.verify(jwt, opts)

# unsecured token (algorithm is "none")
unsecured_jwt_example = "eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLA0KICJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJpc3MiOiJqb2UiLA0KICJleHAiOjEzMDA4MTkzODAsDQogImh0dHA6Ly9leGFt."

{:ok, claims} = JsonWebToken.verify(unsecured_jwt_example, %{alg: "none"})

Supported encryption algorithms

alg Param Value Digital Signature or MAC Algorithm
HS256 HMAC using SHA-256 per RFC 2104
HS384 HMAC using SHA-384
HS512 HMAC using SHA-512
RS256 RSASSA-PKCS-v1_5 using SHA-256 per RFC3447
RS384 RSASSA-PKCS-v1_5 using SHA-384
RS512 RSASSA-PKCS-v1_5 using SHA-512
ES256 ECDSA using P-256 and SHA-256 per DSS
ES384 ECDSA using P-384 and SHA-384
ES512 ECDSA using P-521 and SHA-512
none No digital signature or MAC performed (unsecured)

Registered claim names

A companion Hex package, JWT Claims, provides support for verifying these optional, registered claim names:

  • "iss" (Issuer)
  • "sub" (Subject)
  • "aud" (Audience)
  • "exp" (Expiration Time)
  • "nbf" (Not Before)
  • "iat" (Issued At)
  • "jti" (JWT ID)

Supported Elixir versions

Elixir 1.2 and up


Future implementation may include these features:

  • representation of a JWT as a JSON Web Encryption (JWE) RFC 7516
  • OPTIONAL nested JWTs