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wagtail-generic-chooser

wagtail-generic-chooser provides base classes for building chooser popups and form widgets for the Wagtail admin, matching the look and feel of Wagtail's built-in choosers for pages, documents, snippets and images.

It differs from existing model chooser add-ons (Naeka/wagtailmodelchooser, neon-jungle/wagtailmodelchooser, springload/wagtailmodelchoosers) in that it is designed to be fully configurable through subclassing - in particular, it can be used on data sources other than Django models, such as REST API endpoints.

It is intended that wagtail-generic-chooser will be expanded to cover all the functionality of Wagtail's built-in choosers, such as inline object creation forms, and will then be incorporated into Wagtail as the new base implementation of those built-in choosers - this will reduce code duplication and greatly simplify the process of building new admin apps.

Requirements

Wagtail 2.4 or higher

Installation

Run: pip install wagtail-generic-chooser

Then add generic_chooser to your project's INSTALLED_APPS.

Usage

wagtail-generic-chooser's functionality is split into two distinct components: chooser views (the URL endpoints that implement the modal interface for choosing an item) and chooser widgets (form elements that display the currently selected item, with a button that opens up the modal interface to choose a new one). Chooser views can be used independently of chooser widgets; they are used by rich text editors, for example.

Chooser views (model-based)

The generic_chooser.views module provides a viewset class ModelChooserViewSet, which can be used to build a modal interface for choosing a Django model instance. Viewsets are Wagtail's way of grouping several related views into a single unit along with their URL configuration; this makes it possible to configure the overall behaviour of a workflow within Wagtail without having to know how that workflow breaks down into individual views.

At minimum, a chooser can be implemented by subclassing ModelChooserViewSet and setting a model attribute. Other attributes can be specified to customise the look and feel of the chooser, such as the heading icon and number of items per page. For example, to implement a chooser for bakerydemo's People model:

# myapp/views.py

from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _

from generic_chooser.views import ModelChooserViewSet

from bakerydemo.base.models import People


class PersonChooserViewSet(ModelChooserViewSet):
    icon = 'user'
    model = People
    page_title = _("Choose a person")
    per_page = 10
    order_by = 'first_name'
    fields = ['first_name', 'last_name', 'job_title']

The viewset can then be registered through Wagtail's register_admin_viewset hook:

# myapp/wagtail_hooks.py

from wagtail.core import hooks

from myapp.views import PersonChooserViewSet


@hooks.register('register_admin_viewset')
def register_person_chooser_viewset():
    return PersonChooserViewSet('person_chooser', url_prefix='person-chooser')

Chooser views (Django REST Framework-based)

The generic_chooser.views module also provides a viewset class DRFChooserViewSet for building choosers based on Django REST Framework API endpoints. Subclasses need to specify an api_base_url attribute. For example, an API-based chooser for Wagtail's Page model can be implemented as follows:

from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _

from generic_chooser.views import DRFChooserViewSet

class APIPageChooserViewSet(DRFChooserViewSet):
    icon = 'page'
    page_title = _("Choose a page")
    api_base_url = 'http://localhost:8000/api/v2/pages/'
    edit_item_url_name = 'wagtailadmin_pages:edit'
    is_searchable = True
    per_page = 5
    title_field_name = 'title'

This viewset can be registered through Wagtail's register_admin_viewset hook as above.

Creating objects within the chooser

Setting a form_class attribute on the viewset will add a 'Create' tab containing that form, allowing users to create new objects within the chooser.

For a model-based chooser, this form class should be a ModelForm, and the form will be shown for all users with 'create' permission on the corresponding model. As a shortcut, a fields list can be specified in place of form_class.

class PersonChooserViewSet(ModelChooserViewSet):
    # ...
    fields = ['first_name', 'last_name', 'job_title']

For a Django REST Framework-based chooser, form_class must be defined explicitly (i.e. the fields shortcut is not available) and the object will be created by sending a POST request to the API endpoint consisting of the form's cleaned_data in JSON format. An API-based equivalent of PersonChooserViewSet would be:

from django import forms
from django.contrib.admin.utils import quote
from django import forms
from django.urls import reverse
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _

from generic_chooser.views import DRFChooserMixin, DRFChooserViewSet


class PersonChooserMixin(DRFChooserMixin):
    def get_edit_item_url(self, item):
        return reverse('wagtailsnippets:edit', args=('base', 'people', quote(item['id'])))

    def get_object_string(self, item):
        return "%s %s" % (item['first_name'], item['last_name'])


class PersonForm(forms.Form):
    first_name = forms.CharField(required=True)
    last_name = forms.CharField(required=True)
    job_title = forms.CharField(required=True)


class PersonChooserViewSet(DRFChooserViewSet):
    icon = 'user'
    api_base_url = 'http://localhost:8000/people-api/'
    page_title = _("Choose a person")
    per_page = 10
    form_class = PersonForm

    chooser_mixin_class = PersonChooserMixin
    prefix = 'person-chooser'

This example requires the API to be configured with write access enabled, which can be done with a setting such as the following:

REST_FRAMEWORK = {
    # Allow unauthenticated write access to the API. You probably don't want to this in production!
    'DEFAULT_PERMISSION_CLASSES': [
        'rest_framework.permissions.AllowAny'
    ],

    'DEFAULT_PAGINATION_CLASS': 'wagtail.api.v2.pagination.WagtailPagination',
    'PAGE_SIZE': 100,
}

Customising chooser views

If the configuration options on ModelChooserViewSet and DRFChooserViewSet are not sufficient, it's possible to fully customise the chooser behaviour by overriding methods. To do this you'll need to work with the individual class-based views and mixins that make up the viewsets - this is best done by referring to the base implementations in generic_chooser/views.py. The classes are:

  • ChooserMixin - an abstract class providing helper methods shared by all views. These deal with data retrieval, and providing string and ID representations and URLs corresponding to the objects being chosen. To implement a chooser for a different data source besides Django models and Django REST Framework, you'll need to subclass this.
  • ModelChooserMixin - implementation of ChooserMixin using a Django model as the data source.
  • DRFChooserMixin - implementation of ChooserMixin using a Django REST Framework endpoint as the data source.
  • ChooserListingTabMixin - handles the behaviour and rendering of the results listing tab, including pagination and searching.
  • ChooserCreateTabMixin - handles the behaviour and rendering of the 'create' form tab
  • ModelChooserCreateTabMixin - version of ChooserCreateTabMixin for model forms
  • DRFChooserCreateTabMixin - version of ChooserCreateTabMixin for Django REST Framework
  • BaseChooseView - abstract class-based view handling the main chooser UI. Subclasses should extend this and include the mixins ChooserMixin, ChooserListingTabMixin and ChooserCreateTabMixin (or suitable subclasses of them).
  • ModelChooseView, DRFChooseView - model-based and DRF-based subclasses of BaseChooseView
  • BaseChosenView - class-based view that returns the chosen object as a JSON response
  • ModelChosenView, DRFChosenView - model-based and DRF-based subclasses of BaseChosenView
  • ChooserViewSet - common base implementation of ModelChooserViewSet and DRFChooserViewSet

For example, we may want to extend the PersonChooserViewSet above to return an 'edit this person' URL as part of its JSON response, pointing to the 'wagtailsnippets:edit' view. Including an 'edit' URL in the response would normally be achieved by setting the edit_item_url_name attribute on the viewset to a suitable URL route name, but 'wagtailsnippets:edit' won't work here; this is because edit_item_url_name expects it to take a single URL parameter, the ID, whereas the snippet edit view also needs to be passed the model's app name and model name. Instead, we can do this by overriding the get_edit_item_url method on ModelChooserMixin:

from django.contrib.admin.utils import quote
from django.urls import reverse
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _

from generic_chooser.views import ModelChooserMixin, ModelChooserViewSet

from bakerydemo.base.models import People


class PersonChooserMixin(ModelChooserMixin):
    def get_edit_item_url(self, item):
        return reverse('wagtailsnippets:edit', args=('base', 'people', quote(item.pk)))


class PersonChooserViewSet(ModelChooserViewSet):
    icon = 'user'
    model = People
    page_title = _("Choose a person")
    per_page = 10
    order_by = 'first_name'

    chooser_mixin_class = PersonChooserMixin

Chooser widgets (model-based)

The generic_chooser.widgets module provides an AdminChooser widget to be subclassed. For example, a widget for the People model, using the chooser views defined above, can be implemented as follows:

from django.contrib.admin.utils import quote
from django.urls import reverse
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _

from generic_chooser.widgets import AdminChooser

from bakerydemo.base.models import People


class PersonChooser(AdminChooser):
    choose_one_text = _('Choose a person')
    choose_another_text = _('Choose another person')
    link_to_chosen_text = _('Edit this person')
    model = People
    choose_modal_url_name = 'person_chooser:choose'

    def get_edit_item_url(self, item):
        return reverse('wagtailsnippets:edit', args=('base', 'people', quote(item.pk)))

This widget can now be used in a form:

from myapp.widgets import PersonChooser

class BlogPage(Page):
    author = models.ForeignKey(
        'base.People', related_name='blog_posts',
        null=True, blank=True, on_delete=models.SET_NULL
    )

    content_panels = [
        FieldPanel('author', widget=PersonChooser),
    ]

Chooser widgets (Django Rest Framework-based)

generic_chooser.widgets also provides a DRFChooser base class for chooser widgets backed by Django Rest Framework API endpoints:

from generic_chooser.widgets import DRFChooser

class PageAPIChooser(DRFChooser):
    choose_one_text = _('Choose a page')
    choose_another_text = _('Choose another page')
    link_to_chosen_text = _('Edit this page')
    choose_modal_url_name = 'page_chooser:choose'
    edit_item_url_name = 'wagtailadmin_pages:edit'
    api_base_url = 'http://localhost:8000/api/v2/pages/'

    def get_title(self, instance):
        return instance['title']

Chooser widgets (other data sources)

See the base class implementations in generic_chooser/widgets.py.

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A toolkit for custom chooser popups in Wagtail

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