Snakemake workflow for 10X Genomics WGS analysis using TitanCNA
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Snakemake workflow for TITAN analysis of 10X Genomics WGS


This workflow will run the TITAN copy number analysis for set of tumour-normal pairs, starting from the BAM files aligned using Long Ranger software. The analysis includes haplotype-based copy number prediction and post-processing of results. It will also perform model selection at the end of the workflow to choose the optimal ploidy and clonal cluster solutions.
Viswanathan SR*, Ha G*, Hoff A*, et al. Structural Alterations Driving Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Revealed by Linked-Read Genome Sequencing. Cell 174, 433–447.e19 (2018).


Gavin Ha
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
contact: or
Date: August 7, 2018


Software packages or libraries

  • R-3.4
    • TitanCNA (v1.15.0) or higher
      • TitanCNA imports: GenomicRanges, GenomeInfoDb, VariantAnnotation, dplyr, data.table, foreach
    • ichorCNA (v0.1.0)
    • HMMcopy
    • optparse
    • stringr
    • SNPchip
    • doMC
  • Python 3.4
    • snakemake-3.12.0
    • PySAM-
    • PyYAML-3.12
  • bxtools

Files in the workflow

Scripts used by the workflow

The following scripts are used by this snakemake workflow:

Tumour-Normal sample list config/samples.yaml

The list of tumour-normal paired samples should be defined in a YAML file. In particular, the Long Ranger (v2.2.2) analysis directory is listed under samples. See config/samples.yaml for an example. Both fields samples and pairings must to be provided. pairings key must match the tumour sample while the value must match the normal sample.

  tumor_sample_1:  /path/to/tumor/longranger/dir
  normal_sample_1:  /path/to/normal/longranger/dir

  tumor_sample_1:  normal_sample_1


  1. moleculeCoverage.snakefile
  2. getPhasedAlleleCounts.snakefile
  3. TitanCNA.snakefile


See below for details about config/config.yaml

Run the analysis

1. Invoking the full snakemake workflow for TITAN

This will also run both moleculeCoverage.snakefile and getPhasedAlleleCounts.snakefile which generate the necessary inputs for TitanCNA.snakefile.

# show commands and workflow
snakemake -s TitanCNA.snakefile -np
# run the workflow locally using 5 cores
snakemake -s TitanCNA.snakefile --cores 5

Users can launch the snakemake jobs to a cluster.
An implementation that works with Broad UGER (qsub) is provided.
Parameters for memory, runtime, and parallel environment can be specified directly in the snakemake files; default values for each rule has already been set in params within the config.yaml and the command below can be used as-is.
Other cluster parameters can be set directly in
Note: users will need to adjust these for use with their cluster-specific settings

snakemake -s TitanCNA.snakefile --cluster-sync "qsub -l h_vmem={params.mem},h_rt={params.runtime} {}" -j 50 --jobscript config/

2. Invoking individual steps in the workflow

Users can run the snakemake files individually. This can be helpful for testing each step or if you only wish to generate results for a particular step. The snakefiles need to be run in this same order since input files are generated by the previous steps.

a. moleculeCoverage.snakefile

i. Run bxtools to compute counts of unique molecules in each window.
ii. Perform GC-content bias correction for barcode counts.
iii. Perform ichorCNA analysis to generate initial molecule coverage-based copy number. For male samples, chrX results will be used from this step.

snakemake -s moleculeCoverage.snakefile -np
snakemake -s moleculeCoverage.snakefile --cores 5
# OR
snakemake -s moleculeCoverage.snakefile --cluster-sync "qsub -l h_vmem={params.mem},h_rt={params.runtime} {}" -j 50 --jobscript config/

b. getPhasedAlleleCounts.snakefile

i. Read the Long Ranger output file phased_variants.vcf.gz and extract heterozygous SNP sites (that overlap a SNP database, e.g. hapmap_3.3.hg38.vcf.gz). i. Extract the allelic read counts from the Long Ranger tumor bam file phased_possorted_bam.bam for each chromosome.
iii. Cat the allelic read counts from each chromosome file into a single counts file.

snakemake -s getPhasedAlleleCounts.snakefile -np
snakemake -s getPhasedAlleleCounts.snakefile --cores 5
# OR
snakemake -s getPhasedAlleleCounts.snakefile --cluster-sync "qsub -l h_vmem={params.mem},h_rt={params.runtime} {}" -j 50 --jobscript config/

c. TitanCNA.snakefile

i. Run the TitanCNA analysis and generates solutions for different ploidy initializations and each clonal cluster.
ii. Merge results with ichorCNA output generate by moleculeCoverage.snakefile and post-processes copy number results.
iii. Select optimal solution for each samples and copies these to a new folder. The parameters are compiled in a text file.

Configuration and settings

All settings for the workflow are contained in config/config.yaml. The settings are organized by paths to scripts and reference files and then by each step in the workflow.

1. Path to tools

These tools are used by various snakefiles and are required.

samTools:  /path/to/samtools ## need to specify
bxTools:  /path/to/bxtools ## need to specify

2. Path to scripts

These are provided in this repo under code/. The prefix to the name of the setting indicates which snakefile it is used in.

molCov_script:  code/getMoleculeCoverage.R
phaseCounts_hetSites_script:  code/getPhasedHETSitesFromLLRVCF.R
phaseCounts_counts_script:  code/
TitanCNA_rscript: code/titanCNA_v1.15.0_TenX.R
TitanCNA_selectSolutionRscript: code/selectSolution.R
TitanCNA_combineTitanIchorCNA:  code/combineTITAN-ichor.R

3. Path to R package files

Specify the directory in which TitanCNA and ichorCNA are installed.
Set these if the R files in these libraries have been modified or updated but not yet installed or updated in R.

TitanCNA_libdir:  /path/to/TitanCNA/ ## optional
ichorCNA_libdir:  /path/to/ichorCNA/ ## optional

4. Reference files and settings

Global reference files used by many of the snakefiles and scripts.

  • snpVCF you can download the HapMap file (used for filtering heterozygous SNPs) here:
  • genomeStyle specifies the chromosome naming convention to used for output files. Input files can be any convention as long as it is the same genome build. Only use UCSC (e.g. chr1) or NCBI (e.g. 1).
  • sex set to male or female, otherwise None if both females and males are in sample set.
genomeBuild: hg38
genomeStyle:  UCSC
snpVCF:  /path/to/hapmap_3.3.hg38.vcf.gz ## optional
cytobandFile:  data/cytoBand_hg38.txt # only need if hg38
centromere:  data/GRCh38.GCA_000001405.2_centromere_acen.txt
sex:  male   # use None if both females and males are in sample set

5. Long Ranger filenames

Set this to the filenames that are used for the BAM and variant files generated by Long Ranger. The current filenames are ones generated by Long Ranger v2.2.2

bamFileName:  phased_possorted_bam.bam
phaseVariantFileName:  phased_variants.vcf.gz

6. Cluster resource parameter settings

If you are using a cluster, then these are resource settings for memory and runtime limits, and parallel environments.
These are the default settings for all tasks that do not have rule-specific resources.
Note that these settings are used for the Broad's UGER cluster so users will need to modify this for their own clusters.

# invoke using: snakemake -s TitanCNA.snakefile --cluster-sync "qsub -l h_vmem={params.mem},h_rt={params.runtime} {}" -j 200 --jobscript config/
std_mem:  4G # memory limit
std_runtime:  "03:00:00" # runtime limit
std_numCores:  -pe smp 1 -binding linear:1  # use one core 

7. bxtools settings

bx_mapQual:  60  # mapping quality threshold
bx_bedFileRoot:  data/10kb_hg38/10kb_hg38  # bed files to specify intervals for analysis

8. moleculeCoverage.snakefile settings

Settings for the analysis of molecule coverage.

  • molCov_minReadsPerBX specify the minimum number of reads required for a barcode to be counted in the coverage.
  • molCov_chrs specifies the chromosomes to analyze; users do not need to be concerned about chromosome naming convention here as the code will handle it based on the genomeStyle set in the reference settings above.
  • The GC and Map wig files must have bin sizes that match the bx_bedFileRoot bed files. At the moment, only 10kb is supported.
molCov_minReadsPerBX:  2
molCov_chrs:  c(1:22, \"X\")
molCov_gcWig: data/gc_hg38_10kb.wig
molCov_mapWig:  data/map_hg38_10kb.wig
molCov_maxCN:  8

9. getPhasedAlleleCounts.snakefile settings: Heterozygous SNP

Minimum thresholds used when determining heterozygous SNP sites from the Long Ranger phased_variants.vcf.gz file for the matched normal sample.

het_minVCFQuality:  100
het_minDepth:  10
het_minVAF:  0.25

10. getPhasedAlleleCounts.snakefile settings: Tumor allelic counts

Minimum thresholds to use for extracting allelic read counts from the tumor sample.

het_minBaseQuality:  10
het_minMapQuality:  20

11. TitanCNA.snakefile settings

Most settings can be left as default.

  • TitanCNA_maxNumClonalClusters specifies the maximum number of clonal clusters to consider. For example, if set to 5, then 5 solutions are generated, each one considering a different number of cluster(s).
  • TitanCNA_maxPloidy specifies the maximum ploidy to initialize. This be set to either 2 (only considers diploid solutions), 3 (considers diploid and triploid, and usually accounts for tetraploid), or 4 (for diploid, triploid, tetraploid or higher ploidies). Usually, 3 is suitable for most samples unless you know that your samples are tetraploid or even higher. For example, if set to 3, then solutions for diploid and triploid will be generated. code/selectSolution.R will try to select the optimal solution; however, users should inspect to make sure results are accurate.
  • TitanCNA_numCores specifies the number of cores to use on a single machine. TitanCNA_pe should also be set as to be consistent.
TitanCNA_maxNumClonalClusters: 2
TitanCNA_chrs:  c(1:22, \"X\")
TitanCNA_normalInit:  0.5
TitanCNA_maxPloidy:  3
TitanCNA_haplotypeBinSize: 1e5
TitanCNA_estimateNormal:  map
TitanCNA_estimatePloidy:  TRUE
TitanCNA_estimateClonality: TRUE
TitanCNA_alphaK:  10000
TitanCNA_alphaR:  5000
TitanCNA_txnExpLen: 1e15
TitanCNA_plotYlim:  c(-2,4)
TitanCNA_solutionThreshold: 0.05
TitanCNA_numCores:  1