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/* Set up combined include path chain for the preprocessor.
Copyright (C) 1986, 1987, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998,
1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2012
Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Broken out of cppinit.c and cppfiles.c and rewritten Mar 2003.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any
later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; see the file COPYING3. If not see
<>. */
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "machmode.h"
#include "target.h"
#include "tm.h"
#include "cpplib.h"
#include "prefix.h"
#include "intl.h"
#include "incpath.h"
#include "cppdefault.h"
/* Microsoft Windows does not natively support inodes.
VMS has non-numeric inodes. */
#ifdef VMS
# define INO_T_EQ(A, B) (!memcmp (&(A), &(B), sizeof (A)))
# define INO_T_COPY(DEST, SRC) memcpy(&(DEST), &(SRC), sizeof (SRC))
# define INO_T_EQ(A, B) ((A) == (B))
# define INO_T_COPY(DEST, SRC) (DEST) = (SRC)
#if defined INO_T_EQ
#define DIRS_EQ(A, B) ((A)->dev == (B)->dev \
&& INO_T_EQ((A)->ino, (B)->ino))
#define DIRS_EQ(A, B) (!filename_cmp ((A)->canonical_name, (B)->canonical_name))
static const char dir_separator_str[] = { DIR_SEPARATOR, 0 };
static void add_env_var_paths (const char *, int);
static void add_standard_paths (const char *, const char *, const char *, int);
static void free_path (struct cpp_dir *, int);
static void merge_include_chains (const char *, cpp_reader *, int);
static void add_sysroot_to_chain (const char *, int);
static struct cpp_dir *remove_duplicates (cpp_reader *, struct cpp_dir *,
struct cpp_dir *,
struct cpp_dir *, int);
/* Include chains heads and tails. */
static struct cpp_dir *heads[4];
static struct cpp_dir *tails[4];
static bool quote_ignores_source_dir;
/* Free an element of the include chain, possibly giving a reason. */
static void
free_path (struct cpp_dir *path, int reason)
switch (reason)
fprintf (stderr, _("ignoring duplicate directory \"%s\"\n"), path->name);
if (reason == REASON_DUP_SYS)
fprintf (stderr,
_(" as it is a non-system directory that duplicates a system directory\n"));
fprintf (stderr, _("ignoring nonexistent directory \"%s\"\n"),
free (path->name);
free (path);
/* Read ENV_VAR for a PATH_SEPARATOR-separated list of file names; and
append all the names to the search path CHAIN. */
static void
add_env_var_paths (const char *env_var, int chain)
char *p, *q, *path;
q = getenv (env_var);
if (!q)
for (p = q; *q; p = q + 1)
q = p;
while (*q != 0 && *q != PATH_SEPARATOR)
if (p == q)
path = xstrdup (".");
path = XNEWVEC (char, q - p + 1);
memcpy (path, p, q - p);
path[q - p] = '\0';
add_path (path, chain, chain == SYSTEM, false);
/* Append the standard include chain defined in cppdefault.c. */
static void
add_standard_paths (const char *sysroot, const char *iprefix,
const char *imultilib, int cxx_stdinc)
const struct default_include *p;
int relocated = cpp_relocated();
size_t len;
if (iprefix && (len = cpp_GCC_INCLUDE_DIR_len) != 0)
/* Look for directories that start with the standard prefix.
"Translate" them, i.e. replace /usr/local/lib/gcc... with
IPREFIX and search them first. */
for (p = cpp_include_defaults; p->fname; p++)
if (!p->cplusplus || cxx_stdinc)
/* Should we be translating sysrooted dirs too? Assume
that iprefix and sysroot are mutually exclusive, for
now. */
if (sysroot && p->add_sysroot)
if (!filename_ncmp (p->fname, cpp_GCC_INCLUDE_DIR, len))
char *str = concat (iprefix, p->fname + len, NULL);
if (p->multilib && imultilib)
str = concat (str, dir_separator_str, imultilib, NULL);
add_path (str, SYSTEM, p->cxx_aware, false);
for (p = cpp_include_defaults; p->fname; p++)
if (!p->cplusplus || cxx_stdinc)
char *str;
/* Should this directory start with the sysroot? */
if (sysroot && p->add_sysroot)
char *sysroot_no_trailing_dir_separator = xstrdup (sysroot);
size_t sysroot_len = strlen (sysroot);
if (sysroot_len > 0 && sysroot[sysroot_len - 1] == DIR_SEPARATOR)
sysroot_no_trailing_dir_separator[sysroot_len - 1] = '\0';
str = concat (sysroot_no_trailing_dir_separator, p->fname, NULL);
free (sysroot_no_trailing_dir_separator);
else if (!p->add_sysroot && relocated
&& !filename_ncmp (p->fname, cpp_PREFIX, cpp_PREFIX_len))
static const char *relocated_prefix;
/* If this path starts with the configure-time prefix,
but the compiler has been relocated, replace it
with the run-time prefix. The run-time exec prefix
is GCC_EXEC_PREFIX. Compute the path from there back
to the toplevel prefix. */
if (!relocated_prefix)
char *dummy;
/* Make relative prefix expects the first argument
to be a program, not a directory. */
dummy = concat (gcc_exec_prefix, "dummy", NULL);
= make_relative_prefix (dummy,
str = concat (relocated_prefix,
p->fname + cpp_PREFIX_len,
str = update_path (str, p->component);
str = update_path (p->fname, p->component);
if (p->multilib && imultilib)
str = concat (str, dir_separator_str, imultilib, NULL);
add_path (str, SYSTEM, p->cxx_aware, false);
/* For each duplicate path in chain HEAD, keep just the first one.
Remove each path in chain HEAD that also exists in chain SYSTEM.
Set the NEXT pointer of the last path in the resulting chain to
JOIN, unless it duplicates JOIN in which case the last path is
removed. Return the head of the resulting chain. Any of HEAD,
JOIN and SYSTEM can be NULL. */
static struct cpp_dir *
remove_duplicates (cpp_reader *pfile, struct cpp_dir *head,
struct cpp_dir *system, struct cpp_dir *join,
int verbose)
struct cpp_dir **pcur, *tmp, *cur;
struct stat st;
for (pcur = &head; *pcur; )
int reason = REASON_QUIET;
cur = *pcur;
if (stat (cur->name, &st))
/* Dirs that don't exist are silently ignored, unless verbose. */
if (errno != ENOENT)
cpp_errno (pfile, CPP_DL_ERROR, cur->name);
/* If -Wmissing-include-dirs is given, warn. */
cpp_options *opts = cpp_get_options (pfile);
if (opts->warn_missing_include_dirs && cur->user_supplied_p)
cpp_errno (pfile, CPP_DL_WARNING, cur->name);
reason = REASON_NOENT;
else if (!S_ISDIR (st.st_mode))
cpp_error_with_line (pfile, CPP_DL_WARNING, 0, 0,
"%s: not a directory", cur->name);
#if defined (INO_T_COPY)
INO_T_COPY (cur->ino, st.st_ino);
cur->dev = st.st_dev;
/* Remove this one if it is in the system chain. */
reason = REASON_DUP_SYS;
for (tmp = system; tmp; tmp = tmp->next)
if (DIRS_EQ (tmp, cur) && cur->construct == tmp->construct)
if (!tmp)
/* Duplicate of something earlier in the same chain? */
reason = REASON_DUP;
for (tmp = head; tmp != cur; tmp = tmp->next)
if (DIRS_EQ (cur, tmp) && cur->construct == tmp->construct)
if (tmp == cur
/* Last in the chain and duplicate of JOIN? */
&& !(cur->next == NULL && join
&& DIRS_EQ (cur, join)
&& cur->construct == join->construct))
/* Unique, so keep this directory. */
pcur = &cur->next;
/* Remove this entry from the chain. */
*pcur = cur->next;
free_path (cur, verbose ? reason: REASON_QUIET);
*pcur = join;
return head;
/* Add SYSROOT to any user-supplied paths in CHAIN starting with
"=". */
static void
add_sysroot_to_chain (const char *sysroot, int chain)
struct cpp_dir *p;
for (p = heads[chain]; p != NULL; p = p->next)
if (p->name[0] == '=' && p->user_supplied_p)
p->name = concat (sysroot, p->name + 1, NULL);
/* Merge the four include chains together in the order quote, bracket,
system, after. Remove duplicate dirs (determined in
system-specific manner).
We can't just merge the lists and then uniquify them because then
we may lose directories from the <> search path that should be
there; consider -iquote foo -iquote bar -Ifoo -Iquux. It is
however safe to treat -iquote bar -iquote foo -Ifoo -Iquux as if
written -iquote bar -Ifoo -Iquux. */
static void
merge_include_chains (const char *sysroot, cpp_reader *pfile, int verbose)
/* Add the sysroot to user-supplied paths starting with "=". */
if (sysroot)
add_sysroot_to_chain (sysroot, QUOTE);
add_sysroot_to_chain (sysroot, BRACKET);
add_sysroot_to_chain (sysroot, SYSTEM);
add_sysroot_to_chain (sysroot, AFTER);
/* Join the SYSTEM and AFTER chains. Remove duplicates in the
resulting SYSTEM chain. */
if (heads[SYSTEM])
tails[SYSTEM]->next = heads[AFTER];
heads[SYSTEM] = heads[AFTER];
heads[SYSTEM] = remove_duplicates (pfile, heads[SYSTEM], 0, 0, verbose);
/* Remove duplicates from BRACKET that are in itself or SYSTEM, and
join it to SYSTEM. */
heads[BRACKET] = remove_duplicates (pfile, heads[BRACKET], heads[SYSTEM],
heads[SYSTEM], verbose);
/* Remove duplicates from QUOTE that are in itself or SYSTEM, and
join it to BRACKET. */
heads[QUOTE] = remove_duplicates (pfile, heads[QUOTE], heads[SYSTEM],
heads[BRACKET], verbose);
/* If verbose, print the list of dirs to search. */
if (verbose)
struct cpp_dir *p;
fprintf (stderr, _("#include \"...\" search starts here:\n"));
for (p = heads[QUOTE];; p = p->next)
if (p == heads[BRACKET])
fprintf (stderr, _("#include <...> search starts here:\n"));
if (!p)
fprintf (stderr, " %s\n", p->name);
fprintf (stderr, _("End of search list.\n"));
/* Use given -I paths for #include "..." but not #include <...>, and
don't search the directory of the present file for #include "...".
(Note that -I. -I- is not the same as the default setup; -I. uses
the compiler's working dir.) */
split_quote_chain (void)
if (heads[QUOTE])
free_path (heads[QUOTE], REASON_QUIET);
if (tails[QUOTE])
free_path (tails[QUOTE], REASON_QUIET);
heads[QUOTE] = heads[BRACKET];
tails[QUOTE] = tails[BRACKET];
heads[BRACKET] = NULL;
tails[BRACKET] = NULL;
/* This is NOT redundant. */
quote_ignores_source_dir = true;
/* Add P to the chain specified by CHAIN. */
add_cpp_dir_path (cpp_dir *p, int chain)
if (tails[chain])
tails[chain]->next = p;
heads[chain] = p;
tails[chain] = p;
/* Add PATH to the include chain CHAIN. PATH must be malloc-ed and
NUL-terminated. */
add_path (char *path, int chain, int cxx_aware, bool user_supplied_p)
cpp_dir *p;
/* Remove unnecessary trailing slashes. On some versions of MS
Windows, trailing _forward_ slashes cause no problems for stat().
On newer versions, stat() does not recognize a directory that ends
in a '\\' or '/', unless it is a drive root dir, such as "c:/",
where it is obligatory. */
int pathlen = strlen (path);
char* end = path + pathlen - 1;
/* Preserve the lead '/' or lead "c:/". */
char* start = path + (pathlen > 2 && path[1] == ':' ? 3 : 1);
for (; end > start && IS_DIR_SEPARATOR (*end); end--)
*end = 0;
p = XNEW (cpp_dir);
p->next = NULL;
p->name = path;
#ifndef INO_T_EQ
p->canonical_name = lrealpath (path);
if (chain == SYSTEM || chain == AFTER)
p->sysp = 1 + !cxx_aware;
p->sysp = 0;
p->construct = 0;
p->user_supplied_p = user_supplied_p;
add_cpp_dir_path (p, chain);
/* Exported function to handle include chain merging, duplicate
removal, and registration with cpplib. */
register_include_chains (cpp_reader *pfile, const char *sysroot,
const char *iprefix, const char *imultilib,
int stdinc, int cxx_stdinc, int verbose)
static const char *const lang_env_vars[] =
cpp_options *cpp_opts = cpp_get_options (pfile);
size_t idx = (cpp_opts->objc ? 2: 0);
if (cpp_opts->cplusplus)
cxx_stdinc = false;
/* CPATH and language-dependent environment variables may add to the
include chain. */
add_env_var_paths ("CPATH", BRACKET);
add_env_var_paths (lang_env_vars[idx], SYSTEM);
target_c_incpath.extra_pre_includes (sysroot, iprefix, stdinc);
/* Finally chain on the standard directories. */
if (stdinc)
add_standard_paths (sysroot, iprefix, imultilib, cxx_stdinc);
target_c_incpath.extra_includes (sysroot, iprefix, stdinc);
merge_include_chains (sysroot, pfile, verbose);
cpp_set_include_chains (pfile, heads[QUOTE], heads[BRACKET],
/* Return the current chain of cpp dirs. */
struct cpp_dir *
get_added_cpp_dirs (int chain)
return heads[chain];
static void hook_void_charptr_charptr_int (const char *sysroot ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
const char *iprefix ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
#define TARGET_EXTRA_INCLUDES hook_void_charptr_charptr_int
#define TARGET_EXTRA_PRE_INCLUDES hook_void_charptr_charptr_int
struct target_c_incpath_s target_c_incpath = { TARGET_EXTRA_PRE_INCLUDES, TARGET_EXTRA_INCLUDES };
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