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// Copyright (C) 2002-2017 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
//
// This file is part of GCC.
//
// GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
// any later version.
// GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
// GNU General Public License for more details.
// Under Section 7 of GPL version 3, you are granted additional
// permissions described in the GCC Runtime Library Exception, version
// 3.1, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and
// a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program;
// see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively. If not, see
// <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
// Written by Mark Mitchell, CodeSourcery LLC, <mark@codesourcery.com>
// Thread support written by Jason Merrill, Red Hat Inc. <jason@redhat.com>
#include <bits/c++config.h>
#include <cxxabi.h>
#include <exception>
#include <new>
#include <ext/atomicity.h>
#include <ext/concurrence.h>
#include <bits/atomic_lockfree_defines.h>
#if defined(__GTHREADS) && defined(__GTHREAD_HAS_COND) \
&& (ATOMIC_INT_LOCK_FREE > 1) && defined(_GLIBCXX_HAVE_LINUX_FUTEX)
# include <climits>
# include <syscall.h>
# include <unistd.h>
# define _GLIBCXX_USE_FUTEX
# define _GLIBCXX_FUTEX_WAIT 0
# define _GLIBCXX_FUTEX_WAKE 1
#endif
// The IA64/generic ABI uses the first byte of the guard variable.
// The ARM EABI uses the least significant bit.
// Thread-safe static local initialization support.
#ifdef __GTHREADS
# ifndef _GLIBCXX_USE_FUTEX
namespace
{
// A single mutex controlling all static initializations.
static __gnu_cxx::__recursive_mutex* static_mutex;
typedef char fake_recursive_mutex[sizeof(__gnu_cxx::__recursive_mutex)]
__attribute__ ((aligned(__alignof__(__gnu_cxx::__recursive_mutex))));
fake_recursive_mutex fake_mutex;
static void init()
{ static_mutex = new (&fake_mutex) __gnu_cxx::__recursive_mutex(); }
__gnu_cxx::__recursive_mutex&
get_static_mutex()
{
static __gthread_once_t once = __GTHREAD_ONCE_INIT;
__gthread_once(&once, init);
return *static_mutex;
}
// Simple wrapper for exception safety.
struct mutex_wrapper
{
bool unlock;
mutex_wrapper() : unlock(true)
{ get_static_mutex().lock(); }
~mutex_wrapper()
{
if (unlock)
static_mutex->unlock();
}
};
}
# endif
# if defined(__GTHREAD_HAS_COND) && !defined(_GLIBCXX_USE_FUTEX)
namespace
{
// A single condition variable controlling all static initializations.
static __gnu_cxx::__cond* static_cond;
// using a fake type to avoid initializing a static class.
typedef char fake_cond_t[sizeof(__gnu_cxx::__cond)]
__attribute__ ((aligned(__alignof__(__gnu_cxx::__cond))));
fake_cond_t fake_cond;
static void init_static_cond()
{ static_cond = new (&fake_cond) __gnu_cxx::__cond(); }
__gnu_cxx::__cond&
get_static_cond()
{
static __gthread_once_t once = __GTHREAD_ONCE_INIT;
__gthread_once(&once, init_static_cond);
return *static_cond;
}
}
# endif
# ifndef _GLIBCXX_GUARD_TEST_AND_ACQUIRE
// Test the guard variable with a memory load with
// acquire semantics.
inline bool
__test_and_acquire (__cxxabiv1::__guard *g)
{
unsigned char __c;
unsigned char *__p = reinterpret_cast<unsigned char *>(g);
__atomic_load (__p, &__c, __ATOMIC_ACQUIRE);
(void) __p;
return _GLIBCXX_GUARD_TEST(&__c);
}
# define _GLIBCXX_GUARD_TEST_AND_ACQUIRE(G) __test_and_acquire (G)
# endif
# ifndef _GLIBCXX_GUARD_SET_AND_RELEASE
// Set the guard variable to 1 with memory order release semantics.
inline void
__set_and_release (__cxxabiv1::__guard *g)
{
unsigned char *__p = reinterpret_cast<unsigned char *>(g);
unsigned char val = 1;
__atomic_store (__p, &val, __ATOMIC_RELEASE);
(void) __p;
}
# define _GLIBCXX_GUARD_SET_AND_RELEASE(G) __set_and_release (G)
# endif
#else /* !__GTHREADS */
# undef _GLIBCXX_GUARD_TEST_AND_ACQUIRE
# undef _GLIBCXX_GUARD_SET_AND_RELEASE
# define _GLIBCXX_GUARD_SET_AND_RELEASE(G) _GLIBCXX_GUARD_SET (G)
#endif /* __GTHREADS */
//
// Here are C++ run-time routines for guarded initialization of static
// variables. There are 4 scenarios under which these routines are called:
//
// 1. Threads not supported (__GTHREADS not defined)
// 2. Threads are supported but not enabled at run-time.
// 3. Threads enabled at run-time but __gthreads_* are not fully POSIX.
// 4. Threads enabled at run-time and __gthreads_* support all POSIX threads
// primitives we need here.
//
// The old code supported scenarios 1-3 but was broken since it used a global
// mutex for all threads and had the mutex locked during the whole duration of
// initialization of a guarded static variable. The following created a
// dead-lock with the old code.
//
// Thread 1 acquires the global mutex.
// Thread 1 starts initializing static variable.
// Thread 1 creates thread 2 during initialization.
// Thread 2 attempts to acquire mutex to initialize another variable.
// Thread 2 blocks since thread 1 is locking the mutex.
// Thread 1 waits for result from thread 2 and also blocks. A deadlock.
//
// The new code here can handle this situation and thus is more robust. However,
// we need to use the POSIX thread condition variable, which is not supported
// in all platforms, notably older versions of Microsoft Windows. The gthr*.h
// headers define a symbol __GTHREAD_HAS_COND for platforms that support POSIX
// like condition variables. For platforms that do not support condition
// variables, we need to fall back to the old code.
// If _GLIBCXX_USE_FUTEX, no global mutex or condition variable is used,
// only atomic operations are used together with futex syscall.
// Valid values of the first integer in guard are:
// 0 No thread encountered the guarded init
// yet or it has been aborted.
// _GLIBCXX_GUARD_BIT The guarded static var has been successfully
// initialized.
// _GLIBCXX_GUARD_PENDING_BIT The guarded static var is being initialized
// and no other thread is waiting for its
// initialization.
// (_GLIBCXX_GUARD_PENDING_BIT The guarded static var is being initialized
// | _GLIBCXX_GUARD_WAITING_BIT) and some other threads are waiting until
// it is initialized.
namespace __cxxabiv1
{
#ifdef _GLIBCXX_USE_FUTEX
namespace
{
static inline int __guard_test_bit (const int __byte, const int __val)
{
union { int __i; char __c[sizeof (int)]; } __u = { 0 };
__u.__c[__byte] = __val;
return __u.__i;
}
}
#endif
static inline int
init_in_progress_flag(__guard* g)
{ return ((char *)g)[1]; }
static inline void
set_init_in_progress_flag(__guard* g, int v)
{ ((char *)g)[1] = v; }
static inline void
throw_recursive_init_exception()
{
#if __cpp_exceptions
throw __gnu_cxx::recursive_init_error();
#else
// Use __builtin_trap so we don't require abort().
__builtin_trap();
#endif
}
// acquire() is a helper function used to acquire guard if thread support is
// not compiled in or is compiled in but not enabled at run-time.
static int
acquire(__guard *g)
{
// Quit if the object is already initialized.
if (_GLIBCXX_GUARD_TEST(g))
return 0;
if (init_in_progress_flag(g))
throw_recursive_init_exception();
set_init_in_progress_flag(g, 1);
return 1;
}
extern "C"
int __cxa_guard_acquire (__guard *g)
{
#ifdef __GTHREADS
// If the target can reorder loads, we need to insert a read memory
// barrier so that accesses to the guarded variable happen after the
// guard test.
if (_GLIBCXX_GUARD_TEST_AND_ACQUIRE (g))
return 0;
# ifdef _GLIBCXX_USE_FUTEX
// If __atomic_* and futex syscall are supported, don't use any global
// mutex.
if (__gthread_active_p ())
{
int *gi = (int *) (void *) g;
const int guard_bit = _GLIBCXX_GUARD_BIT;
const int pending_bit = _GLIBCXX_GUARD_PENDING_BIT;
const int waiting_bit = _GLIBCXX_GUARD_WAITING_BIT;
while (1)
{
int expected(0);
if (__atomic_compare_exchange_n(gi, &expected, pending_bit, false,
__ATOMIC_ACQ_REL,
__ATOMIC_ACQUIRE))
{
// This thread should do the initialization.
return 1;
}
if (expected == guard_bit)
{
// Already initialized.
return 0;
}
if (expected == pending_bit)
{
// Use acquire here.
int newv = expected | waiting_bit;
if (!__atomic_compare_exchange_n(gi, &expected, newv, false,
__ATOMIC_ACQ_REL,
__ATOMIC_ACQUIRE))
{
if (expected == guard_bit)
{
// Make a thread that failed to set the
// waiting bit exit the function earlier,
// if it detects that another thread has
// successfully finished initialising.
return 0;
}
if (expected == 0)
continue;
}
expected = newv;
}
syscall (SYS_futex, gi, _GLIBCXX_FUTEX_WAIT, expected, 0);
}
}
# else
if (__gthread_active_p ())
{
mutex_wrapper mw;
while (1) // When this loop is executing, mutex is locked.
{
# ifdef __GTHREAD_HAS_COND
// The static is already initialized.
if (_GLIBCXX_GUARD_TEST(g))
return 0; // The mutex will be unlocked via wrapper
if (init_in_progress_flag(g))
{
// The guarded static is currently being initialized by
// another thread, so we release mutex and wait for the
// condition variable. We will lock the mutex again after
// this.
get_static_cond().wait_recursive(&get_static_mutex());
}
else
{
set_init_in_progress_flag(g, 1);
return 1; // The mutex will be unlocked via wrapper.
}
# else
// This provides compatibility with older systems not supporting
// POSIX like condition variables.
if (acquire(g))
{
mw.unlock = false;
return 1; // The mutex still locked.
}
return 0; // The mutex will be unlocked via wrapper.
# endif
}
}
# endif
#endif
return acquire (g);
}
extern "C"
void __cxa_guard_abort (__guard *g) throw ()
{
#ifdef _GLIBCXX_USE_FUTEX
// If __atomic_* and futex syscall are supported, don't use any global
// mutex.
if (__gthread_active_p ())
{
int *gi = (int *) (void *) g;
const int waiting_bit = _GLIBCXX_GUARD_WAITING_BIT;
int old = __atomic_exchange_n (gi, 0, __ATOMIC_ACQ_REL);
if ((old & waiting_bit) != 0)
syscall (SYS_futex, gi, _GLIBCXX_FUTEX_WAKE, INT_MAX);
return;
}
#elif defined(__GTHREAD_HAS_COND)
if (__gthread_active_p())
{
mutex_wrapper mw;
set_init_in_progress_flag(g, 0);
// If we abort, we still need to wake up all other threads waiting for
// the condition variable.
get_static_cond().broadcast();
return;
}
#endif
set_init_in_progress_flag(g, 0);
#if defined(__GTHREADS) && !defined(__GTHREAD_HAS_COND)
// This provides compatibility with older systems not supporting POSIX like
// condition variables.
if (__gthread_active_p ())
static_mutex->unlock();
#endif
}
extern "C"
void __cxa_guard_release (__guard *g) throw ()
{
#ifdef _GLIBCXX_USE_FUTEX
// If __atomic_* and futex syscall are supported, don't use any global
// mutex.
if (__gthread_active_p ())
{
int *gi = (int *) (void *) g;
const int guard_bit = _GLIBCXX_GUARD_BIT;
const int waiting_bit = _GLIBCXX_GUARD_WAITING_BIT;
int old = __atomic_exchange_n (gi, guard_bit, __ATOMIC_ACQ_REL);
if ((old & waiting_bit) != 0)
syscall (SYS_futex, gi, _GLIBCXX_FUTEX_WAKE, INT_MAX);
return;
}
#elif defined(__GTHREAD_HAS_COND)
if (__gthread_active_p())
{
mutex_wrapper mw;
set_init_in_progress_flag(g, 0);
_GLIBCXX_GUARD_SET_AND_RELEASE(g);
get_static_cond().broadcast();
return;
}
#endif
set_init_in_progress_flag(g, 0);
_GLIBCXX_GUARD_SET_AND_RELEASE (g);
#if defined(__GTHREADS) && !defined(__GTHREAD_HAS_COND)
// This provides compatibility with older systems not supporting POSIX like
// condition variables.
if (__gthread_active_p())
static_mutex->unlock();
#endif
}
}