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Ansible Role - Kubernetes
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Ansible Role: Kubernetes

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An Ansible Role that installs Kubernetes on Linux.

Requirements

Requires Docker; recommended role for Docker installation: geerlingguy.docker.

Role Variables

Available variables are listed below, along with default values (see defaults/main.yml):

kubernetes_packages:
  - name: kubelet
    state: present
  - name: kubectl
    state: present
  - name: kubeadm
    state: present
  - name: kubernetes-cni
    state: present

Kubernetes packages to be installed on the server. You can either provide a list of package names, or set name and state to have more control over whether the package is present, absent, latest, etc.

kubernetes_version: '1.16'
kubernetes_version_rhel_package: '1.16.4'

The minor version of Kubernetes to install. The plain kubernetes_version is used to pin an apt package version on Debian, and as the Kubernetes version passed into the kubeadm init command (see kubernetes_version_kubeadm). The kubernetes_version_rhel_package variable must be a specific Kubernetes release, and is used to pin the version on Red Hat / CentOS servers.

kubernetes_role: master

Whether the particular server will serve as a Kubernetes master (default) or node. The master will have kubeadm init run on it to intialize the entire K8s control plane, while nodes will have kubeadm join run on them to join them to the master.

kubernetes_kubelet_extra_args: ""
kubernetes_kubelet_extra_args_config_file: /etc/default/kubelet

Extra args to pass to kubelet during startup. E.g. to allow kubelet to start up even if there is swap is enabled on your server, set this to: "--fail-swap-on=false". Or to specify the node-ip advertised by kubelet, set this to "--node-ip={{ ansible_host }}".

kubernetes_kubeadm_init_extra_opts: ""

Extra args to pass to kubeadm init during K8s control plane initialization. E.g. to specify extra Subject Alternative Names for API server certificate, set this to: "--apiserver-cert-extra-sans my-custom.host"

kubernetes_join_command_extra_opts: ""

Extra args to pass to the generated kubeadm join command during K8s node initialization. E.g. to ignore certain preflight errors like swap being enabled, set this to: --ignore-preflight-errors=Swap

kubernetes_allow_pods_on_master: true

Whether to remove the taint that denies pods from being deployed to the Kubernetes master. If you have a single-node cluster, this should definitely be True. Otherwise, set to False if you want a dedicated Kubernetes master which doesn't run any other pods.

kubernetes_enable_web_ui: false
kubernetes_web_ui_manifest_file: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubernetes/dashboard/master/src/deploy/recommended/kubernetes-dashboard.yaml

Whether to enable the Kubernetes web dashboard UI (only accessible on the master itself, or proxied), and the file containing the web dashboard UI manifest.

kubernetes_pod_network:
  # Flannel CNI.
  cni: 'flannel'
  cidr: '10.244.0.0/16'
  # Calico CNI.
  # cni: 'calico'
  # cidr: '192.168.0.0/16'

This role currently supports flannel (default) or calico for cluster pod networking. Choose one or the other for your cluster; converting between the two is not done automatically and could result in broken networking, and should be done outside of this role.

kubernetes_apiserver_advertise_address: ''
kubernetes_version_kubeadm: 'stable-{{ kubernetes_version }}'
kubernetes_ignore_preflight_errors: 'all'

Options passed to kubeadm init when initializing the Kubernetes master. The kubernetes_apiserver_advertise_address defaults to ansible_default_ipv4.address if it's left empty.

kubernetes_apt_release_channel: main
kubernetes_apt_repository: "deb http://apt.kubernetes.io/ kubernetes-xenial {{ kubernetes_apt_release_channel }}"
kubernetes_apt_ignore_key_error: false

Apt repository options for Kubernetes installation.

kubernetes_yum_arch: x86_64

Yum repository options for Kubernetes installation.

kubernetes_flannel_manifest_file_rbac: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/master/Documentation/k8s-manifests/kube-flannel-rbac.yml
kubernetes_flannel_manifest_file: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/master/Documentation/kube-flannel.yml

Flannel manifest files to apply to the Kubernetes cluster to enable networking. You can copy your own files to your server and apply them instead, if you need to customize the Flannel networking configuration.

Dependencies

None.

Example Playbooks

Single node (master-only) cluster

- hosts: all

  vars:
    kubernetes_allow_pods_on_master: true

  roles:
    - geerlingguy.docker
    - geerlingguy.kubernetes

Two or more nodes (single master) cluster

Master inventory vars:

kubernetes_role: "master"

Node(s) inventory vars:

kubernetes_role: "node"

Playbook:

- hosts: all

  vars:
    kubernetes_allow_pods_on_master: true

  roles:
    - geerlingguy.docker
    - geerlingguy.kubernetes

Then, log into the Kubernetes master, and run kubectl get nodes as root, and you should see a list of all the servers.

License

MIT / BSD

Author Information

This role was created in 2018 by Jeff Geerling, author of Ansible for DevOps.

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