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Ansible Tower/AWX operator for Kubernetes built with Ansible and the Operator SDK.
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Ansible Tower/AWX Operator

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An Ansible Tower operator for Kubernetes built with Operator SDK and Ansible.

Also configurable to run the open source AWX instead of Tower (helpful for certain use cases where a license requirement is not warranted, like CI environments).


There are already official OpenShift/Kubernetes installers available for both AWX and Ansible Tower:

This operator is meant to provide a more Kubernetes-native installation method for Ansible Tower or AWX via a Tower Custom Resource Definition (CRD).

Note that the operator is not supported by Red Hat, and is in alpha status. Long-term, it will hopefully become a supported installation method, and be listed on But for now, use it at your own risk!


This Kubernetes Operator is meant to be deployed in your Kubernetes cluster(s) and can manage one or more Tower or AWX instances in any namespace.

First you need to deploy Tower Operator into your cluster:

kubectl apply -f

Then you can create instances of Tower, for example:

  1. Make sure the namespace you're deploying into already exists (e.g. kubectl create namespace ansible-tower).

  2. Create a file named my-tower.yml with the following contents:

    kind: Tower
      name: tower
      namespace: ansible-tower
      tower_secret_key: aabbcc
      tower_admin_user: test
      tower_admin_password: changeme
  3. Use kubectl to create the mcrouter instance in your cluster:

    kubectl apply -f my-tower.yml

After a few minutes, your new Tower instance will be accessible at (assuming your cluster has an Ingress controller configured). Log in using the tower_admin_ credentials configured in the spec, and supply a valid license to begin using Tower.

Deploy AWX instead of Tower

If you would like to deploy AWX (the open source upstream of Tower) into your cluster instead of Tower, override the default variables in the Tower spec for the tower_task_image and tower_web_image, so the AWX container images are used instead:

  tower_task_image: ansible/awx_task:9.0.1
  tower_web_image: ansible/awx_web:9.0.1

Persistent storage for Postgres

If you need to use a specific storage class for Postgres' storage, specify tower_postgres_storage_class in your Tower spec:

  tower_postgres_storage_class: fast-ssd

If it's not specified, Postgres will store it's data on a volume using the default storage class for your cluster.



This Operator includes a Molecule-based test environment, which can be executed standalone in Docker (e.g. in CI or in a single Docker container anywhere), or inside any kind of Kubernetes cluster (e.g. Minikube).

You need to make sure you have Molecule installed before running the following commands. You can install Molecule with:

pip install 'molecule[docker]'

Running molecule test sets up a clean environment, builds the operator, runs all configured tests on an example operator instance, then tears down the environment (at least in the case of Docker).

If you want to actively develop the operator, use molecule converge, which does everything but tear down the environment at the end.

Testing in Docker (standalone)

molecule test -s test-local

This environment is meant for headless testing (e.g. in a CI environment, or when making smaller changes which don't need to be verified through a web interface). It is difficult to test things like Tower's web UI or to connect other applications on your local machine to the services running inside the cluster, since it is inside a Docker container with no static IP address.

Testing in Minikube

minikube start --memory 6g --cpus 4
minikube addons enable ingress
molecule test -s test-minikube

Minikube is a more full-featured test environment running inside a full VM on your computer, with an assigned IP address. This makes it easier to test things like NodePort services and Ingress from outside the Kubernetes cluster (e.g. in a browser on your computer).

Once the operator is deployed, you can visit the Tower UI in your browser by following these steps:

  1. Make sure you have an entry like IP_ADDRESS example-tower.test in your /etc/hosts file. (Get the IP address with minikube ip.)
  2. Visit http://example-tower.test/ in your browser.

Release Process

There are a few moving parts to this project:

  1. The Docker image which powers Tower Operator.
  2. The tower-operator.yaml Kubernetes manifest file which initially deploys the Operator into a cluster.

Each of these must be appropriately built in preparation for a new tag:

Build a new release of the Operator for Docker Hub

Run the following command inside this directory:

operator-sdk build geerlingguy/tower-operator:0.2.0

Then push the generated image to Docker Hub:

docker push geerlingguy/tower-operator:0.2.0

Build a new version of the tower-operator.yaml file

Update the tower-operator version in two places:

  1. deploy/tower-operator.yaml: in the ansible and operator container definitions in the tower-operator Deployment.
  2. build/chain-operator-files.yml: the operator_image variable.

Once the versions are updated, run the playbook in the build/ directory:

ansible-playbook chain-operator-files.yml

After it is built, test it on a local cluster:

minikube start --memory 6g --cpus 4
kubectl apply -f deploy/tower-operator.yaml
kubectl create namespace example-tower
kubectl apply -f deploy/crds/tower_v1alpha1_tower_cr_awx.yaml
<test everything>
minikube delete

If everything works, commit the updated version, then tag a new repository release with the same tag as the Docker image pushed earlier.


This operator was built in 2019 by Jeff Geerling, author of Ansible for DevOps and Ansible for Kubernetes.

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