No description, website, or topics provided.
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.


2D and 3D phase unwrapping

This is a Python wrapper for 2D and 3D phase unwrapping code based on:

More information about the code can be found on GERI homepage: 2D, 3D. The general principle and applications are the same as those for a 1D unwrap available in numpy.

Deprecation notice

This algorithm has also been included in scikit-image, derived from this (cython based) wrapper. I recommend using the scikit-image version due to better testing and additional bug fixes.


The package is based on cffi and requires it for installation. For some systems pre-built binary packages are available (see unwrap), for other systems that require building from source a C compiler is necessary.

$ pip install cffi
$ pip install unwrap


The interface consists of a single function:

>>> from unwrap import unwrap
>>> unwrapped_array = unwrap(
...    wrapped_array,
...    wrap_around_axis_0=False,
...    wrap_around_axis_1=False,
...    wrap_around_axis_2=False)

It takes a 2- or 3-dimensional numpy array of floats, wrapped_array, and returns an array with the same shape with the values changed by integer multiples of 2 pi such that the whole array has the least amount of jumps.

wrapped_array can be a masked array, in this case masked entries are ignored during the phase unwrapping process. This is useful if the wrapped phase data has holes or contains invalid entries.

If the optional arguments wrap_around_axis_0 etc. are set to True, then phase unwrapping takes place also across the boundaries of the specified axis, i.e., the first and last pixel along this axis are assumed to be neighbours.

Internally the wrapped array is converted to a C-contiguous array of np.float32, therefor the unwrapped array also has this data type.

Usage examples can be found in test/


The original C code by the authors mentioned above has been slightly modified by Gregor Thalhammer for using it as a library. Bogdan Opanchuk changed the Python wrapper to use cffi instead of Cython and improved packaging.