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Awesome Python Awesome

A curated list of awesome Python frameworks, libraries, software and resources.

Inspired by awesome-php.

Admin Panels

Libraries for administrative interfaces.

  • ajenti - The admin panel your servers deserve.
  • django-grappelli - A jazzy skin for the Django Admin-Interface.
  • django-jet - Modern responsive template for the Django admin interface with improved functionality.
  • django-suit - Alternative Django Admin-Interface (free only for Non-commercial use).
  • django-xadmin - Drop-in replacement of Django admin comes with lots of goodies.
  • jet-bridge - Admin panel framework for any application with nice UI (ex Jet Django)
  • flask-admin - Simple and extensible administrative interface framework for Flask.
  • flower - Real-time monitor and web admin for Celery.
  • wooey - A Django app which creates automatic web UIs for Python scripts.

Algorithms and Design Patterns

Python implementation of algorithms and design patterns.

  • algorithms - Minimal examples of data structures and algorithms in Python.
  • PyPattyrn - A simple yet effective library for implementing common design patterns.
  • python-ds - Clean and simple collection of data structure and algorithms in Python for coding interviews.
  • python-patterns - A collection of design patterns in Python.
  • sortedcontainers - Fast, pure-Python implementation of SortedList, SortedDict, and SortedSet types.
  • transitions - A lightweight, object-oriented finite state machine implementation in Python.

ASGI Servers

ASGI-compatible web servers.

  • uvicorn - Uvicorn is a lightning-fast ASGI server implementation, using uvloop and httptools.

Asynchronous Programming

  • asyncio - (Python standard library) Asynchronous I/O, event loop, coroutines and tasks.
  • uvloop - Ultra fast asyncio event loop.
  • Twisted - An event-driven networking engine.


Libraries for manipulating audio and its metadata.

  • Audio
    • audioread - Cross-library (GStreamer + Core Audio + MAD + FFmpeg) audio decoding.
    • dejavu - Audio fingerprinting and recognition.
    • matchering - A library for automated reference audio mastering.
    • mingus - An advanced music theory and notation package with MIDI file and playback support.
    • pyAudioAnalysis - Audio feature extraction, classification, segmentation and applications.
    • pydub - Manipulate audio with a simple and easy high level interface.
    • TimeSide - Open web audio processing framework.
  • Metadata
    • beets - A music library manager and MusicBrainz tagger.
    • eyeD3 - A tool for working with audio files, specifically MP3 files containing ID3 metadata.
    • mutagen - A Python module to handle audio metadata.
    • tinytag - A library for reading music meta data of MP3, OGG, FLAC and Wave files.


Libraries for implementing authentications schemes.

  • OAuth
    • authlib - JavaScript Object Signing and Encryption draft implementation.
    • django-allauth - Authentication app for Django that "just works."
    • django-oauth-toolkit - OAuth 2 goodies for Django.
    • oauthlib - A generic and thorough implementation of the OAuth request-signing logic.
    • python-oauth2 - A fully tested, abstract interface to creating OAuth clients and servers.
    • python-social-auth - An easy-to-setup social authentication mechanism.
  • JWT
    • pyjwt - JSON Web Token implementation in Python.
    • python-jose - A JOSE implementation in Python.
    • python-jwt - A module for generating and verifying JSON Web Tokens.

Build Tools

Compile software from source code.

  • BitBake - A make-like build tool for embedded Linux.
  • buildout - A build system for creating, assembling and deploying applications from multiple parts.
  • PlatformIO - A console tool to build code with different development platforms.
  • pybuilder - A continuous build tool written in pure Python.
  • SCons - A software construction tool.

Built-in Classes Enhancement

Libraries for enhancing Python built-in classes.

  • dataclasses - (Python standard library) Data classes.
  • attrs - Replacement for __init__, __eq__, __repr__, etc. boilerplate in class definitions.
  • bidict - Efficient, Pythonic bidirectional map data structures and related functionality..
  • Box - Python dictionaries with advanced dot notation access.
  • DottedDict - A library that provides a method of accessing lists and dicts with a dotted path notation.


Content Management Systems.

  • wagtail - A Django content management system.
  • django-cms - An Open source enterprise CMS based on the Django.
  • feincms - One of the most advanced Content Management Systems built on Django.
  • indico - A feature-rich event management system, made @ CERN.
  • Kotti - A high-level, Pythonic web application framework built on Pyramid.
  • mezzanine - A powerful, consistent, and flexible content management platform.
  • plone - A CMS built on top of the open source application server Zope.
  • quokka - Flexible, extensible, small CMS powered by Flask and MongoDB.


Libraries for caching data.

  • beaker - A WSGI middleware for sessions and caching.
  • django-cache-machine - Automatic caching and invalidation for Django models.
  • django-cacheops - A slick ORM cache with automatic granular event-driven invalidation.
  • dogpile.cache - dogpile.cache is next generation replacement for Beaker made by same authors.
  • HermesCache - Python caching library with tag-based invalidation and dogpile effect prevention.
  • pylibmc - A Python wrapper around the libmemcached interface.
  • python-diskcache - SQLite and file backed cache backend with faster lookups than memcached and redis.

ChatOps Tools

Libraries for chatbot development.

  • errbot - The easiest and most popular chatbot to implement ChatOps.

Code Analysis

Tools of static analysis, linters and code quality checkers. Also see awesome-static-analysis.

  • Code Analysis
    • coala - Language independent and easily extendable code analysis application.
    • code2flow - Turn your Python and JavaScript code into DOT flowcharts.
    • prospector - A tool to analyse Python code.
    • pycallgraph - A library that visualises the flow (call graph) of your Python application.
    • vulture - A tool for finding and analysing dead Python code.
  • Code Linters
  • Code Formatters
    • black - The uncompromising Python code formatter.
    • yapf - Yet another Python code formatter from Google.
  • Static Type Checkers, also see awesome-python-typing
    • mypy - Check variable types during compile time.
    • typeshed - Collection of library stubs for Python, with static types.
    • pyre-check - Performant type checking.
  • Static Type Annotations Generators
    • MonkeyType - A system for Python that generates static type annotations by collecting runtime types

Command-line Interface Development

Libraries for building command-line applications.

  • Command-line Application Development
    • cement - CLI Application Framework for Python.
    • click - A package for creating beautiful command line interfaces in a composable way.
    • cliff - A framework for creating command-line programs with multi-level commands.
    • docopt - Pythonic command line arguments parser.
    • python-fire - A library for creating command line interfaces from absolutely any Python object.
    • python-prompt-toolkit - A library for building powerful interactive command lines.
  • Terminal Rendering
    • asciimatics - A package to create full-screen text UIs (from interactive forms to ASCII animations).
    • bashplotlib - Making basic plots in the terminal.
    • colorama - Cross-platform colored terminal text.
    • rich - Python library for rich text and beautiful formatting in the terminal. Also provides a great RichHandler log handler.
    • tqdm - Fast, extensible progress bar for loops and CLI.

Command-line Tools

Useful CLI-based tools for productivity.

  • Productivity Tools
    • cookiecutter - A command-line utility that creates projects from cookiecutters (project templates).
    • doitlive - A tool for live presentations in the terminal.
    • howdoi - Instant coding answers via the command line.
    • Invoke - A tool for managing shell-oriented subprocesses and organizing executable Python code into CLI-invokable tasks.
    • PathPicker - Select files out of bash output.
    • percol - Adds flavor of interactive selection to the traditional pipe concept on UNIX.
    • thefuck - Correcting your previous console command.
    • tmuxp - A tmux session manager.
    • try - A dead simple CLI to try out python packages - it's never been easier.
  • CLI Enhancements
    • httpie - A command line HTTP client, a user-friendly cURL replacement.
    • kube-shell - An integrated shell for working with the Kubernetes CLI.
    • mycli - MySQL CLI with autocompletion and syntax highlighting.
    • pgcli - PostgreSQL CLI with autocompletion and syntax highlighting.
    • iredis - Redis CLI with autocompletion and syntax highlighting.
    • litecli - SQLite CLI with autocompletion and syntax highlighting.
    • saws - A Supercharged aws-cli.


Libraries for migrating from Python 2 to 3.

  • python-future - The missing compatibility layer between Python 2 and Python 3.
  • python-modernize - Modernizes Python code for eventual Python 3 migration.
  • six - Python 2 and 3 compatibility utilities.

Computer Vision

Libraries for Computer Vision.

  • Kornia - Open Source Differentiable Computer Vision Library for PyTorch.
  • OpenCV - Open Source Computer Vision Library.
  • pytesseract - Another wrapper for Google Tesseract OCR.
  • tesserocr - A simple, Pillow-friendly, wrapper around the tesseract-ocr API for OCR.
  • SimpleCV - An open source framework for building computer vision applications.

Concurrency and Parallelism

Libraries for concurrent and parallel execution. Also see awesome-asyncio.

  • concurrent.futures - (Python standard library) A high-level interface for asynchronously executing callables.
  • multiprocessing - (Python standard library) Process-based parallelism.
  • eventlet - Asynchronous framework with WSGI support.
  • gevent - A coroutine-based Python networking library that uses greenlet.
  • uvloop - Ultra fast implementation of asyncio event loop on top of libuv.
  • scoop - Scalable Concurrent Operations in Python.


Libraries for storing and parsing configuration options.

  • configobj - INI file parser with validation.
  • configparser - (Python standard library) INI file parser.
  • profig - Config from multiple formats with value conversion.
  • python-decouple - Strict separation of settings from code.


  • cryptography - A package designed to expose cryptographic primitives and recipes to Python developers.
  • paramiko - The leading native Python SSHv2 protocol library.
  • passlib - Secure password storage/hashing library, very high level.
  • pynacl - Python binding to the Networking and Cryptography (NaCl) library.

Data Analysis

Libraries for data analyzing.

  • Blaze - NumPy and Pandas interface to Big Data.
  • Open Mining - Business Intelligence (BI) in Pandas interface.
  • Orange - Data mining, data visualization, analysis and machine learning through visual programming or scripts.
  • Pandas - A library providing high-performance, easy-to-use data structures and data analysis tools.
  • Optimus - Agile Data Science Workflows made easy with PySpark.
  • AWS Data Wrangler - Pandas on AWS.

Data Validation

Libraries for validating data. Used for forms in many cases.

  • Cerberus - A lightweight and extensible data validation library.
  • colander - Validating and deserializing data obtained via XML, JSON, an HTML form post.
  • jsonschema - An implementation of JSON Schema for Python.
  • schema - A library for validating Python data structures.
  • Schematics - Data Structure Validation.
  • valideer - Lightweight extensible data validation and adaptation library.
  • voluptuous - A Python data validation library.

Data Visualization

Libraries for visualizing data. Also see awesome-javascript.

  • Altair - Declarative statistical visualization library for Python.
  • Bokeh - Interactive Web Plotting for Python.
  • bqplot - Interactive Plotting Library for the Jupyter Notebook
  • Dash - Built on top of Flask, React and Plotly aimed at analytical web applications.
  • diagrams - Diagram as Code.
  • plotnine - A grammar of graphics for Python based on ggplot2.
  • Matplotlib - A Python 2D plotting library.
  • Pygal - A Python SVG Charts Creator.
  • PyGraphviz - Python interface to Graphviz.
  • PyQtGraph - Interactive and realtime 2D/3D/Image plotting and science/engineering widgets.
  • Seaborn - Statistical data visualization using Matplotlib.
  • VisPy - High-performance scientific visualization based on OpenGL.


Databases implemented in Python.

  • pickleDB - A simple and lightweight key-value store for Python.
  • tinydb - A tiny, document-oriented database.
  • ZODB - A native object database for Python. A key-value and object graph database.

Database Drivers

Libraries for connecting and operating databases.

  • MySQL - awesome-mysql
  • PostgreSQL - awesome-postgres
    • psycopg2 - The most popular PostgreSQL adapter for Python.
    • queries - A wrapper of the psycopg2 library for interacting with PostgreSQL.
  • Other Relational Databases
    • pymssql - A simple database interface to Microsoft SQL Server.
    • SuperSQLite - A supercharged SQLite library built on top of apsw.
  • NoSQL Databases
    • cassandra-driver - The Python Driver for Apache Cassandra.
    • happybase - A developer-friendly library for Apache HBase.
    • kafka-python - The Python client for Apache Kafka.
    • py2neo - A client library and toolkit for working with Neo4j.
    • pymongo - The official Python client for MongoDB.
    • redis-py - The Python client for Redis.
  • Asynchronous Clients
    • motor - The async Python driver for MongoDB.

Date and Time

Libraries for working with dates and times.

  • Arrow - A Python library that offers a sensible and human-friendly approach to creating, manipulating, formatting and converting dates, times and timestamps.
  • Chronyk - A Python 3 library for parsing human-written times and dates.
  • dateutil - Extensions to the standard Python datetime module.
  • delorean - A library for clearing up the inconvenient truths that arise dealing with datetimes.
  • moment - A Python library for dealing with dates/times. Inspired by Moment.js.
  • Pendulum - Python datetimes made easy.
  • PyTime - An easy-to-use Python module which aims to operate date/time/datetime by string.
  • pytz - World timezone definitions, modern and historical. Brings the tz database into Python.
  • - Providing user-friendly functions to help perform common date and time actions.
  • maya - Datetimes for Humans.

Debugging Tools

Libraries for debugging code.

  • pdb-like Debugger
    • ipdb - IPython-enabled pdb.
    • pdb++ - Another drop-in replacement for pdb.
    • pudb - A full-screen, console-based Python debugger.
    • wdb - An improbable web debugger through WebSockets.
  • Tracing
    • lptrace - strace for Python programs.
    • manhole - Debugging UNIX socket connections and present the stacktraces for all threads and an interactive prompt.
    • pyringe - Debugger capable of attaching to and injecting code into Python processes.
    • python-hunter - A flexible code tracing toolkit.
  • Profiler
    • line_profiler - Line-by-line profiling.
    • memory_profiler - Monitor Memory usage of Python code.
    • profiling - An interactive Python profiler.
    • py-spy - A sampling profiler for Python programs. Written in Rust.
    • pyflame - A ptracing profiler For Python.
    • vprof - Visual Python profiler.
  • Others
    • icecream - Inspect variables, expressions, and program execution with a single, simple function call.
    • django-debug-toolbar - Display various debug information for Django.
    • django-devserver - A drop-in replacement for Django's runserver.
    • flask-debugtoolbar - A port of the django-debug-toolbar to flask.
    • pyelftools - Parsing and analyzing ELF files and DWARF debugging information.

Deep Learning

Frameworks for Neural Networks and Deep Learning. Also see awesome-deep-learning.

  • caffe - A fast open framework for deep learning..
  • keras - A high-level neural networks library and capable of running on top of either TensorFlow or Theano.
  • mxnet - A deep learning framework designed for both efficiency and flexibility.
  • pytorch - Tensors and Dynamic neural networks in Python with strong GPU acceleration.
  • SerpentAI - Game agent framework. Use any video game as a deep learning sandbox.
  • tensorflow - The most popular Deep Learning framework created by Google.
  • Theano - A library for fast numerical computation.

DevOps Tools

Software and libraries for DevOps.

  • ansible - A radically simple IT automation platform.
  • cloudinit - A multi-distribution package that handles early initialization of a cloud instance.
  • cuisine - Chef-like functionality for Fabric.
  • docker-compose - Fast, isolated development environments using Docker.
  • fabric - A simple, Pythonic tool for remote execution and deployment.
  • fabtools - Tools for writing awesome Fabric files.
  • honcho - A Python clone of Foreman, for managing Procfile-based applications.
  • OpenStack - Open source software for building private and public clouds.
  • pexpect - Controlling interactive programs in a pseudo-terminal like GNU expect.
  • psutil - A cross-platform process and system utilities module.
  • saltstack - Infrastructure automation and management system.
  • supervisor - Supervisor process control system for UNIX.

Distributed Computing

Frameworks and libraries for Distributed Computing.

  • Batch Processing
    • PySpark - Apache Spark Python API.
    • dask - A flexible parallel computing library for analytic computing.
    • luigi - A module that helps you build complex pipelines of batch jobs.
    • mrjob - Run MapReduce jobs on Hadoop or Amazon Web Services.
    • Ray - A system for parallel and distributed Python that unifies the machine learning ecosystem.
  • Stream Processing


Libraries to create packaged executables for release distribution.

  • dh-virtualenv - Build and distribute a virtualenv as a Debian package.
  • Nuitka - Compile scripts, modules, packages to an executable or extension module.
  • py2app - Freezes Python scripts (Mac OS X).
  • py2exe - Freezes Python scripts (Windows).
  • PyInstaller - Converts Python programs into stand-alone executables (cross-platform).
  • pynsist - A tool to build Windows installers, installers bundle Python itself.
  • pyarmor - A tool used to obfuscate python scripts, bind obfuscated scripts to fixed machine or expire obfuscated scripts.
  • shiv - A command line utility for building fully self-contained zipapps (PEP 441), but with all their dependencies included.


Libraries for generating project documentation.

  • sphinx - Python Documentation generator.
  • pdoc - Epydoc replacement to auto generate API documentation for Python libraries.
  • pycco - The literate-programming-style documentation generator.


Libraries for downloading.

  • s3cmd - A command line tool for managing Amazon S3 and CloudFront.
  • s4cmd - Super S3 command line tool, good for higher performance.
  • you-get - A YouTube/Youku/Niconico video downloader written in Python 3.
  • youtube-dl - A small command-line program to download videos from YouTube.
  • akshare - A financial data interface library, built for human beings!


Frameworks and libraries for e-commerce and payments.

  • alipay - Unofficial Alipay API for Python.
  • Cartridge - A shopping cart app built using the Mezzanine.
  • django-oscar - An open-source e-commerce framework for Django.
  • django-shop - A Django based shop system.
  • merchant - A Django app to accept payments from various payment processors.
  • money - Money class with optional CLDR-backed locale-aware formatting and an extensible currency exchange.
  • python-currencies - Display money format and its filthy currencies.
  • forex-python - Foreign exchange rates, Bitcoin price index and currency conversion.
  • saleor - An e-commerce storefront for Django.
  • shoop - An open source E-Commerce platform based on Django.

Editor Plugins and IDEs

  • Emacs
    • elpy - Emacs Python Development Environment.
  • Sublime Text
    • anaconda - Anaconda turns your Sublime Text 3 in a full featured Python development IDE.
    • SublimeJEDI - A Sublime Text plugin to the awesome auto-complete library Jedi.
  • Vim
    • jedi-vim - Vim bindings for the Jedi auto-completion library for Python.
    • python-mode - An all in one plugin for turning Vim into a Python IDE.
    • YouCompleteMe - Includes Jedi-based completion engine for Python.
  • Visual Studio
    • PTVS - Python Tools for Visual Studio.
  • Visual Studio Code
    • Python - The official VSCode extension with rich support for Python.
  • IDE
    • PyCharm - Commercial Python IDE by JetBrains. Has free community edition available.
    • spyder - Open Source Python IDE.


Libraries for sending and parsing email.

  • Mail Servers
    • modoboa - A mail hosting and management platform including a modern Web UI.
    • salmon - A Python Mail Server.
  • Clients
    • imbox - Python IMAP for Humans.
    • yagmail - Yet another Gmail/SMTP client.
  • Others
    • flanker - An email address and Mime parsing library.
    • mailer - High-performance extensible mail delivery framework.

Environment Management

Libraries for Python version and virtual environment management.

  • pyenv - Simple Python version management.
  • virtualenv - A tool to create isolated Python environments.


Libraries for file manipulation and MIME type detection.

  • mimetypes - (Python standard library) Map filenames to MIME types.
  • - A module wrapper for os.path.
  • pathlib - (Python standard library) An cross-platform, object-oriented path library.
  • PyFilesystem2 - Python's filesystem abstraction layer.
  • python-magic - A Python interface to the libmagic file type identification library.
  • Unipath - An object-oriented approach to file/directory operations.
  • watchdog - API and shell utilities to monitor file system events.

Foreign Function Interface

Libraries for providing foreign function interface.

  • cffi - Foreign Function Interface for Python calling C code.
  • ctypes - (Python standard library) Foreign Function Interface for Python calling C code.
  • PyCUDA - A Python wrapper for Nvidia's CUDA API.
  • SWIG - Simplified Wrapper and Interface Generator.


Libraries for working with forms.

  • Deform - Python HTML form generation library influenced by the formish form generation library.
  • django-bootstrap3 - Bootstrap 3 integration with Django.
  • django-bootstrap4 - Bootstrap 4 integration with Django.
  • django-crispy-forms - A Django app which lets you create beautiful forms in a very elegant and DRY way.
  • django-remote-forms - A platform independent Django form serializer.
  • WTForms - A flexible forms validation and rendering library.

Functional Programming

Functional Programming with Python.

  • Coconut - A variant of Python built for simple, elegant, Pythonic functional programming.
  • - Functional programming in Python: implementation of missing features to enjoy FP.
  • funcy - A fancy and practical functional tools.
  • more-itertools - More routines for operating on iterables, beyond itertools.
  • returns - A set of type-safe monads, tranformers, and composition utilities.
  • Toolz - A collection of functional utilities for iterators, functions, and dictionaries.
  • CyToolz - Cython implementation of Toolz: High performance functional utilities.

GUI Development

Libraries for working with graphical user interface applications.

  • curses - Built-in wrapper for ncurses used to create terminal GUI applications.
  • Eel - A library for making simple Electron-like offline HTML/JS GUI apps.
  • enaml - Creating beautiful user-interfaces with Declarative Syntax like QML.
  • Flexx - Flexx is a pure Python toolkit for creating GUI's, that uses web technology for its rendering.
  • Gooey - Turn command line programs into a full GUI application with one line.
  • kivy - A library for creating NUI applications, running on Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Android and iOS.
  • pyglet - A cross-platform windowing and multimedia library for Python.
  • PyGObject - Python Bindings for GLib/GObject/GIO/GTK+ (GTK+3).
  • PyQt - Python bindings for the Qt cross-platform application and UI framework.
  • PySimpleGUI - Wrapper for tkinter, Qt, WxPython and Remi.
  • pywebview - A lightweight cross-platform native wrapper around a webview component.
  • Tkinter - Tkinter is Python's de-facto standard GUI package.
  • Toga - A Python native, OS native GUI toolkit.
  • urwid - A library for creating terminal GUI applications with strong support for widgets, events, rich colors, etc.
  • wxPython - A blending of the wxWidgets C++ class library with the Python.


Libraries for working with GraphQL.

  • tartiflette - SDL-first GraphQL engine implementation for Python 3.6+ and asyncio.
  • tartiflette-aiohttp - An aiohttp-based wrapper for Tartiflette to expose GraphQL APIs over HTTP.
  • tartiflette-asgi - ASGI support for the Tartiflette GraphQL engine.

Game Development

Awesome game development libraries.

  • Cocos2d - cocos2d is a framework for building 2D games, demos, and other graphical/interactive applications.
  • Harfang3D - Python framework for 3D, VR and game development.
  • Panda3D - 3D game engine developed by Disney.
  • Pygame - Pygame is a set of Python modules designed for writing games.
  • PyOgre - Python bindings for the Ogre 3D render engine, can be used for games, simulations, anything 3D.
  • PyOpenGL - Python ctypes bindings for OpenGL and it's related APIs.
  • PySDL2 - A ctypes based wrapper for the SDL2 library.
  • RenPy - A Visual Novel engine.


Libraries for geocoding addresses and working with latitudes and longitudes.

  • django-countries - A Django app that provides a country field for models and forms.
  • GeoDjango - A world-class geographic web framework.
  • GeoIP - Python API for MaxMind GeoIP Legacy Database.
  • geojson - Python bindings and utilities for GeoJSON.
  • geopy - Python Geocoding Toolbox.
  • pygeoip - Pure Python GeoIP API.

HTML Manipulation

Libraries for working with HTML and XML.

  • BeautifulSoup - Providing Pythonic idioms for iterating, searching, and modifying HTML or XML.
  • bleach - A whitelist-based HTML sanitization and text linkification library.
  • cssutils - A CSS library for Python.
  • html5lib - A standards-compliant library for parsing and serializing HTML documents and fragments.
  • lxml - A very fast, easy-to-use and versatile library for handling HTML and XML.
  • MarkupSafe - Implements a XML/HTML/XHTML Markup safe string for Python.
  • pyquery - A jQuery-like library for parsing HTML.
  • untangle - Converts XML documents to Python objects for easy access.
  • WeasyPrint - A visual rendering engine for HTML and CSS that can export to PDF.
  • xmldataset - Simple XML Parsing.
  • xmltodict - Working with XML feel like you are working with JSON.

HTTP Clients

Libraries for working with HTTP.

  • grequests - requests + gevent for asynchronous HTTP requests.
  • httplib2 - Comprehensive HTTP client library.
  • httpx - A next generation HTTP client for Python.
  • requests - HTTP Requests for Humans.
  • treq - Python requests like API built on top of Twisted's HTTP client.
  • urllib3 - A HTTP library with thread-safe connection pooling, file post support, sanity friendly.


Libraries for programming with hardware.

  • ino - Command line toolkit for working with Arduino.
  • keyboard - Hook and simulate global keyboard events on Windows and Linux.
  • mouse - Hook and simulate global mouse events on Windows and Linux.
  • Pingo - Pingo provides a uniform API to program devices like the Raspberry Pi, pcDuino, Intel Galileo, etc.
  • PyUserInput - A module for cross-platform control of the mouse and keyboard.
  • scapy - A brilliant packet manipulation library.
  • wifi - A Python library and command line tool for working with WiFi on Linux.

Image Processing

Libraries for manipulating images.

  • hmap - Image histogram remapping.
  • imgSeek - A project for searching a collection of images using visual similarity.
  • - Nudity detection.
  • pagan - Retro identicon (Avatar) generation based on input string and hash.
  • pillow - Pillow is the friendly PIL fork.
  • pyBarcode - Create barcodes in Python without needing PIL.
  • pygram - Instagram-like image filters.
  • python-qrcode - A pure Python QR Code generator.
  • Quads - Computer art based on quadtrees.
  • scikit-image - A Python library for (scientific) image processing.
  • thumbor - A smart imaging service. It enables on-demand crop, re-sizing and flipping of images.
  • wand - Python bindings for MagickWand, C API for ImageMagick.


Implementations of Python.

  • CPython - Default, most widely used implementation of the Python programming language written in C.
  • Cython - Optimizing Static Compiler for Python.
  • CLPython - Implementation of the Python programming language written in Common Lisp.
  • Grumpy - More compiler than interpreter as more powerful CPython2.7 replacement (alpha).
  • IronPython - Implementation of the Python programming language written in C#.
  • Jython - Implementation of Python programming language written in Java for the JVM.
  • MicroPython - A lean and efficient Python programming language implementation.
  • Numba - Python JIT compiler to LLVM aimed at scientific Python.
  • PeachPy - x86-64 assembler embedded in Python.
  • Pyjion - A JIT for Python based upon CoreCLR.
  • PyPy - A very fast and compliant implementation of the Python language.
  • Pyston - A Python implementation using JIT techniques.
  • Stackless Python - An enhanced version of the Python programming language.

Interactive Interpreter

Interactive Python interpreters (REPL).


Libraries for working with i18n.

  • Babel - An internationalization library for Python.
  • PyICU - A wrapper of International Components for Unicode C++ library (ICU).

Job Scheduler

Libraries for scheduling jobs.

  • APScheduler - A light but powerful in-process task scheduler that lets you schedule functions.
  • django-schedule - A calendaring app for Django.
  • doit - A task runner and build tool.
  • gunnery - Multipurpose task execution tool for distributed systems with web-based interface.
  • Joblib - A set of tools to provide lightweight pipelining in Python.
  • Plan - Writing crontab file in Python like a charm.
  • schedule - Python job scheduling for humans.
  • Spiff - A powerful workflow engine implemented in pure Python.
  • TaskFlow - A Python library that helps to make task execution easy, consistent and reliable.
  • Airflow - Airflow is a platform to programmatically author, schedule and monitor workflows.


Libraries for generating and working with logs.

  • Eliot - Logging for complex & distributed systems.
  • logbook - Logging replacement for Python.
  • logging - (Python standard library) Logging facility for Python.
  • raven - Python client for Sentry, a log/error tracking, crash reporting and aggregation platform for web applications.

Machine Learning

Libraries for Machine Learning. Also see awesome-machine-learning.

  • H2O - Open Source Fast Scalable Machine Learning Platform.
  • Metrics - Machine learning evaluation metrics.
  • NuPIC - Numenta Platform for Intelligent Computing.
  • scikit-learn - The most popular Python library for Machine Learning.
  • Spark ML - Apache Spark's scalable Machine Learning library.
  • vowpal_porpoise - A lightweight Python wrapper for Vowpal Wabbit.
  • xgboost - A scalable, portable, and distributed gradient boosting library.

Microsoft Windows

Python programming on Microsoft Windows.

  • Python(x,y) - Scientific-applications-oriented Python Distribution based on Qt and Spyder.
  • pythonlibs - Unofficial Windows binaries for Python extension packages.
  • PythonNet - Python Integration with the .NET Common Language Runtime (CLR).
  • PyWin32 - Python Extensions for Windows.
  • WinPython - Portable development environment for Windows 7/8.


Useful libraries or tools that don't fit in the categories above.

  • blinker - A fast Python in-process signal/event dispatching system.
  • boltons - A set of pure-Python utilities.
  • itsdangerous - Various helpers to pass trusted data to untrusted environments.
  • pluginbase - A simple but flexible plugin system for Python.
  • tryton - A general purpose business framework.

Natural Language Processing

Libraries for working with human languages.

  • General
    • gensim - Topic Modeling for Humans.
    • - Stand-alone language identification system.
    • nltk - A leading platform for building Python programs to work with human language data.
    • pattern - A web mining module.
    • polyglot - Natural language pipeline supporting hundreds of languages.
    • pytext - A natural language modeling framework based on PyTorch.
    • PyTorch-NLP - A toolkit enabling rapid deep learning NLP prototyping for research.
    • spacy - A library for industrial-strength natural language processing in Python and Cython.
    • Stanza - The Stanford NLP Group's official Python library, supporting 60+ languages.
  • Chinese
    • jieba - The most popular Chinese text segmentation library.
    • pkuseg-python - A toolkit for Chinese word segmentation in various domains.
    • snownlp - A library for processing Chinese text.
    • funNLP - A collection of tools and datasets for Chinese NLP.

Network Virtualization

Tools and libraries for Virtual Networking and SDN (Software Defined Networking).

  • mininet - A popular network emulator and API written in Python.
  • napalm - Cross-vendor API to manipulate network devices.
  • pox - A Python-based SDN control applications, such as OpenFlow SDN controllers.

News Feed

Libraries for building user's activities.


Libraries that implement Object-Relational Mapping or data mapping techniques.

  • Relational Databases
    • Django Models - The Django ORM.
    • SQLAlchemy - The Python SQL Toolkit and Object Relational Mapper.
    • dataset - Store Python dicts in a database - works with SQLite, MySQL, and PostgreSQL.
    • orator - The Orator ORM provides a simple yet beautiful ActiveRecord implementation.
    • orm - An async ORM.
    • peewee - A small, expressive ORM.
    • pony - ORM that provides a generator-oriented interface to SQL.
    • pydal - A pure Python Database Abstraction Layer.
  • NoSQL Databases
    • hot-redis - Rich Python data types for Redis.
    • mongoengine - A Python Object-Document-Mapper for working with MongoDB.
    • PynamoDB - A Pythonic interface for Amazon DynamoDB.
    • redisco - A Python Library for Simple Models and Containers Persisted in Redis.

Package Management

Libraries for package and dependency management.

  • pip - The package installer for Python.
    • PyPI
    • pip-tools - A set of tools to keep your pinned Python dependencies fresh.
  • poetry - Python dependency management and packaging made easy.
  • conda - Cross-platform, Python-agnostic binary package manager.

Package Repositories

Local PyPI repository server and proxies.

  • warehouse - Next generation Python Package Repository (PyPI).
  • bandersnatch - PyPI mirroring tool provided by Python Packaging Authority (PyPA).
  • devpi - PyPI server and packaging/testing/release tool.
  • localshop - Local PyPI server (custom packages and auto-mirroring of pypi).


Libraries that allow or deny users access to data or functionality.

  • django-guardian - Implementation of per object permissions for Django 1.2+
  • django-rules - A tiny but powerful app providing object-level permissions to Django, without requiring a database.


Libraries for starting and communicating with OS processes.

Recommender Systems

Libraries for building recommender systems.

  • annoy - Approximate Nearest Neighbors in C++/Python optimized for memory usage.
  • fastFM - A library for Factorization Machines.
  • implicit - A fast Python implementation of collaborative filtering for implicit datasets.
  • libffm - A library for Field-aware Factorization Machine (FFM).
  • lightfm - A Python implementation of a number of popular recommendation algorithms.
  • spotlight - Deep recommender models using PyTorch.
  • Surprise - A scikit for building and analyzing recommender systems.
  • tensorrec - A Recommendation Engine Framework in TensorFlow.


Refactoring tools and libraries for Python

  • Bicycle Repair Man - Bicycle Repair Man, a refactoring tool for Python.
  • Bowler - Safe code refactoring for modern Python.
  • Rope - Rope is a python refactoring library.


Libraries for building RESTful APIs.

  • Django
  • Flask
    • eve - REST API framework powered by Flask, MongoDB and good intentions.
    • flask-api - Browsable Web APIs for Flask.
    • flask-restful - Quickly building REST APIs for Flask.
  • Pyramid
    • cornice - A RESTful framework for Pyramid.
  • Framework agnostic
    • apistar - A smart Web API framework, designed for Python 3.
    • falcon - A high-performance framework for building cloud APIs and web app backends.
    • fastapi - A modern, fast, web framework for building APIs with Python 3.6+ based on standard Python type hints.
    • hug - A Python 3 framework for cleanly exposing APIs.
    • sandman2 - Automated REST APIs for existing database-driven systems.
    • sanic - A Python 3.6+ web server and web framework that's written to go fast.
    • vibora - Fast, efficient and asynchronous Web framework inspired by Flask.


Libraries for robotics.

  • PythonRobotics - This is a compilation of various robotics algorithms with visualizations.
  • rospy - This is a library for ROS (Robot Operating System).

RPC Servers

RPC-compatible servers.

  • zeroRPC - zerorpc is a flexible RPC implementation based on ZeroMQ and MessagePack.
  • RPyC (Remote Python Call) - A transparent and symmetric RPC library for Python


Libraries for scientific computing. Also see Python-for-Scientists

  • astropy - A community Python library for Astronomy.
  • bcbio-nextgen - Providing best-practice pipelines for fully automated high throughput sequencing analysis.
  • bccb - Collection of useful code related to biological analysis.
  • Biopython - Biopython is a set of freely available tools for biological computation.
  • cclib - A library for parsing and interpreting the results of computational chemistry packages.
  • Colour - Implementing a comprehensive number of colour theory transformations and algorithms.
  • Karate Club - Unsupervised machine learning toolbox for graph structured data.
  • NetworkX - A high-productivity software for complex networks.
  • NIPY - A collection of neuroimaging toolkits.
  • NumPy - A fundamental package for scientific computing with Python.
  • Open Babel - A chemical toolbox designed to speak the many languages of chemical data.
  • ObsPy - A Python toolbox for seismology.
  • PyDy - Short for Python Dynamics, used to assist with workflow in the modeling of dynamic motion.
  • PyMC - Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling toolkit.
  • QuTiP - Quantum Toolbox in Python.
  • RDKit - Cheminformatics and Machine Learning Software.
  • SciPy - A Python-based ecosystem of open-source software for mathematics, science, and engineering.
  • statsmodels - Statistical modeling and econometrics in Python.
  • SymPy - A Python library for symbolic mathematics.
  • Zipline - A Pythonic algorithmic trading library.
  • SimPy - A process-based discrete-event simulation framework.


Libraries and software for indexing and performing search queries on data.


Libraries for serializing complex data types

Serverless Frameworks

Frameworks for developing serverless Python code.

  • python-lambda - A toolkit for developing and deploying Python code in AWS Lambda.
  • Zappa - A tool for deploying WSGI applications on AWS Lambda and API Gateway.

Specific Formats Processing

Libraries for parsing and manipulating specific text formats.

  • General
    • tablib - A module for Tabular Datasets in XLS, CSV, JSON, YAML.
  • Office
    • openpyxl - A library for reading and writing Excel 2010 xlsx/xlsm/xltx/xltm files.
    • pyexcel - Providing one API for reading, manipulating and writing csv, ods, xls, xlsx and xlsm files.
    • python-docx - Reads, queries and modifies Microsoft Word 2007/2008 docx files.
    • python-pptx - Python library for creating and updating PowerPoint (.pptx) files.
    • unoconv - Convert between any document format supported by LibreOffice/OpenOffice.
    • XlsxWriter - A Python module for creating Excel .xlsx files.
    • xlwings - A BSD-licensed library that makes it easy to call Python from Excel and vice versa.
    • xlwt / xlrd - Writing and reading data and formatting information from Excel files.
  • PDF
    • PDFMiner - A tool for extracting information from PDF documents.
    • PyPDF2 - A library capable of splitting, merging and transforming PDF pages.
    • ReportLab - Allowing Rapid creation of rich PDF documents.
  • Markdown
    • Mistune - Fastest and full featured pure Python parsers of Markdown.
    • Python-Markdown - A Python implementation of John Gruber’s Markdown.
  • YAML
    • PyYAML - YAML implementations for Python.
  • CSV
    • csvkit - Utilities for converting to and working with CSV.
  • Archive
    • unp - A command line tool that can unpack archives easily.

Static Site Generator

Static site generator is a software that takes some text + templates as input and produces HTML files on the output.

  • mkdocs - Markdown friendly documentation generator.
  • pelican - Static site generator that supports Markdown and reST syntax.
  • lektor - An easy to use static CMS and blog engine.
  • nikola - A static website and blog generator.


Libraries for tagging items.

Task Queues

Libraries for working with task queues.

  • celery - An asynchronous task queue/job queue based on distributed message passing.
  • huey - Little multi-threaded task queue.
  • mrq - A distributed worker task queue in Python using Redis & gevent.
  • rq - Simple job queues for Python.

Template Engine

Libraries and tools for templating and lexing.

  • Jinja2 - A modern and designer friendly templating language.
  • Genshi - Python templating toolkit for generation of web-aware output.
  • Mako - Hyperfast and lightweight templating for the Python platform.


Libraries for testing codebases and generating test data.

  • Testing Frameworks
    • pytest - A mature full-featured Python testing tool.
    • hypothesis - Hypothesis is an advanced Quickcheck style property based testing library.
    • nose2 - The successor to nose, based on `unittest2.
    • Robot Framework - A generic test automation framework.
    • unittest - (Python standard library) Unit testing framework.
  • Test Runners
    • green - A clean, colorful test runner.
    • mamba - The definitive testing tool for Python. Born under the banner of BDD.
    • tox - Auto builds and tests distributions in multiple Python versions
  • GUI / Web Testing
    • locust - Scalable user load testing tool written in Python.
    • PyAutoGUI - PyAutoGUI is a cross-platform GUI automation Python module for human beings.
    • Selenium - Python bindings for Selenium WebDriver.
    • sixpack - A language-agnostic A/B Testing framework.
    • splinter - Open source tool for testing web applications.
  • Mock
    • mock - (Python standard library) A mocking and patching library.
    • doublex - Powerful test doubles framework for Python.
    • freezegun - Travel through time by mocking the datetime module.
    • httmock - A mocking library for requests for Python 2.6+ and 3.2+.
    • httpretty - HTTP request mock tool for Python.
    • mocket - A socket mock framework with gevent/asyncio/SSL support.
    • responses - A utility library for mocking out the requests Python library.
    • - Record and replay HTTP interactions on your tests.
  • Object Factories
    • factory_boy - A test fixtures replacement for Python.
    • mixer - Another fixtures replacement. Supported Django, Flask, SQLAlchemy, Peewee and etc.
    • model_mommy - Creating random fixtures for testing in Django.
  • Code Coverage
  • Fake Data
    • mimesis - is a Python library that help you generate fake data.
    • fake2db - Fake database generator.
    • faker - A Python package that generates fake data.
    • radar - Generate random datetime / time.

Text Processing

Libraries for parsing and manipulating plain texts.

  • General
    • chardet - Python 2/3 compatible character encoding detector.
    • difflib - (Python standard library) Helpers for computing deltas.
    • ftfy - Makes Unicode text less broken and more consistent automagically.
    • fuzzywuzzy - Fuzzy String Matching.
    • Levenshtein - Fast computation of Levenshtein distance and string similarity.
    • - Paranoid text spacing.
    • pyfiglet - An implementation of figlet written in Python.
    • pypinyin - Convert Chinese hanzi (漢字) to pinyin (拼音).
    • textdistance - Compute distance between sequences with 30+ algorithms.
    • unidecode - ASCII transliterations of Unicode text.
  • Slugify
    • awesome-slugify - A Python slugify library that can preserve unicode.
    • python-slugify - A Python slugify library that translates unicode to ASCII.
    • unicode-slugify - A slugifier that generates unicode slugs with Django as a dependency.
  • Unique identifiers
    • hashids - Implementation of hashids in Python.
    • shortuuid - A generator library for concise, unambiguous and URL-safe UUIDs.
  • Parser
    • ply - Implementation of lex and yacc parsing tools for Python.
    • pygments - A generic syntax highlighter.
    • pyparsing - A general purpose framework for generating parsers.
    • python-nameparser - Parsing human names into their individual components.
    • python-phonenumbers - Parsing, formatting, storing and validating international phone numbers.
    • python-user-agents - Browser user agent parser.
    • sqlparse - A non-validating SQL parser.

Third-party APIs

Libraries for accessing third party services APIs. Also see List of Python API Wrappers and Libraries.

URL Manipulation

Libraries for parsing URLs.

  • furl - A small Python library that makes parsing and manipulating URLs easy.
  • purl - A simple, immutable URL class with a clean API for interrogation and manipulation.
  • pyshorteners - A pure Python URL shortening lib.
  • webargs - A friendly library for parsing HTTP request arguments with built-in support for popular web frameworks.


Libraries for manipulating video and GIFs.

  • vidgear - Most Powerful multi-threaded Video Processing framework.
  • moviepy - A module for script-based movie editing with many formats, including animated GIFs.
  • scikit-video - Video processing routines for SciPy.

Web Asset Management

Tools for managing, compressing and minifying website assets.

  • django-compressor - Compresses linked and inline JavaScript or CSS into a single cached file.
  • django-pipeline - An asset packaging library for Django.
  • django-storages - A collection of custom storage back ends for Django.
  • fanstatic - Packages, optimizes, and serves static file dependencies as Python packages.
  • fileconveyor - A daemon to detect and sync files to CDNs, S3 and FTP.
  • flask-assets - Helps you integrate webassets into your Flask app.
  • webassets - Bundles, optimizes, and manages unique cache-busting URLs for static resources.

Web Content Extracting

Libraries for extracting web contents.

  • html2text - Convert HTML to Markdown-formatted text.
  • lassie - Web Content Retrieval for Humans.
  • micawber - A small library for extracting rich content from URLs.
  • newspaper - News extraction, article extraction and content curation in Python.
  • python-readability - Fast Python port of arc90's readability tool.
  • requests-html - Pythonic HTML Parsing for Humans.
  • sumy - A module for automatic summarization of text documents and HTML pages.
  • textract - Extract text from any document, Word, PowerPoint, PDFs, etc.
  • toapi - Every web site provides APIs.

Web Crawling

Libraries to automate web scraping.

  • cola - A distributed crawling framework.
  • feedparser - Universal feed parser.
  • grab - Site scraping framework.
  • MechanicalSoup - A Python library for automating interaction with websites.
  • pyspider - A powerful spider system.
  • robobrowser - A simple, Pythonic library for browsing the web without a standalone web browser.
  • scrapy - A fast high-level screen scraping and web crawling framework.
  • portia - Visual scraping for Scrapy.

Web Frameworks

Traditional full stack web frameworks. Also see RESTful API


Libraries for working with WebSocket.

  • autobahn-python - WebSocket & WAMP for Python on Twisted and asyncio.
  • channels - Developer-friendly asynchrony for Django.
  • websockets - A library for building WebSocket servers and clients with a focus on correctness and simplicity.

WSGI Servers

WSGI-compatible web servers.

  • bjoern - Asynchronous, very fast and written in C.
  • gunicorn - Pre-forked, partly written in C.
  • uWSGI - A project aims at developing a full stack for building hosting services, written in C.
  • waitress - Multi-threaded, powers Pyramid.
  • werkzeug - A WSGI utility library for Python that powers Flask and can easily be embedded into your own projects.


Where to discover new Python libraries.






Your contributions are always welcome! Please take a look at the contribution guidelines first.

I will keep some pull requests open if I'm not sure whether those libraries are awesome, you could vote for them by adding 👍 to them. Pull requests will be merged when their votes reach 20.

If you have any question about this opinionated list, do not hesitate to contact me @vinta on Twitter or open an issue on GitHub.


A curated list of awesome Python frameworks, libraries, software and resources







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