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ASPECT 2.3.0

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We are pleased to announce the release of ASPECT 2.3.0. ASPECT is the Advanced
Solver for Problems in Earth's ConvecTion. It uses modern numerical methods such
as adaptive mesh refinement, multigrid solvers, and a modular software design to
provide a fast, flexible, and extensible mantle convection solver. ASPECT is
available from


and the release is available from


Among others this release includes the following significant changes:

  • New: ASPECT now requires deal.II 9.2.0 or newer.
    (Timo Heister)

  • New: ASPECT has a new, reproducible logo.
    (Rene Gassmoeller, Juliane Dannberg)

  • New: Mesh deformation now also works in combination with particles. Instead
    of the end of the timestep, particles are now advected before solving
    the compositional field advection equations. In iterative advection
    schemes, the particle location is restored before each iteration.
    (Anne Glerum, Rene Gassmoeller, Robert Citron)

  • New: ASPECT now supports the creation of visualization postprocessors that
    only output data on the surface of a model. An example is the "surface
    stress" visualization postprocessor.
    (Wolfgang Bangerth)

  • New: A new class TimeStepping::Manager to control time stepping with a plugin
    architecture has been added. The architecture allows to repeat time steps
    if the time step length changes significantly.
    (Timo Heister)

  • New: A mesh refinement plugin that allows to set regions of minimum and
    maximum refinement level between isosurfaces of solution variables.
    (Menno Fraters and Haoyuan Li)

  • New: There is a new nullspace removal option 'net surface rotation',
    which removes the net rotation of the surface.
    (Rene Gassmoeller)

  • New: Particle advection can now be used in combination with the repetition of
    timesteps. Before each repetition the particles are restored to their previous
    (Anne Glerum)

  • New: There is a new property in the depth average postprocessor that averages
    the mass of a compositional field (rather than its volume).
    (Juliane Dannberg)

  • New: The Drucker Prager rheology module now has an option to include a
    plastic damper, which acts to stabilize the plasticity formulation. At
    sufficient resolutions for a given plastic damper viscosity, the plastic
    shear band characteristics will be resolution independent.
    (John Naliboff and Cedric Thieulot)

  • New: ASPECT can now compute viscosity values depending on the values
    of phase functions for an arbitrary number of phases.
    (Haoyuan Li, 2020/08/06)

  • New: Added calculation for temperature-dependent strain healing in the strain
    dependent rheology module.
    (Erin Heilman)

  • New: Added new rheology module, which computes the
    temperature dependent Frank Kamenetskii viscosity approximation.
    (Erin Heilman)

  • New: ASPECT now includes a CompositeViscoPlastic rheology module. This
    rheology is an isostress composite of diffusion, dislocation and Peierls
    creep rheologies and optionally includes a damped Drucker-Prager plastic
    element. The rheology module for Peierls creep includes a formulation to
    compute the exact Peierls viscosity, using an internal Newton-Raphson
    iterative scheme.
    (Bob Myhill, John Naliboff and Magali Billen)

  • New: There is a new visualization postprocessor 'principal stress',
    which outputs the principal stress values and directions at every point in the
    (Rene Gassmoeller)

  • New: Added the functionality to compute averages in user defined depth layers
    (e.g. lithosphere, asthenosphere, transition zone, lower mantle) to the depth
    average postprocessor and the lateral averaging plugin.
    (Rene Gassmoeller)

  • New: The 'spherical shell' geometry model now supports periodic boundary
    conditions in polar angle direction for a 2D quarter shell (90 degree opening
    (Kiran Chotalia, Timo Heister, Rene Gassmoeller)

  • New: A new particle interpolator based on quadratic least squares has been
    (Mack Gregory, Gerry Puckett)

  • New: There is now a mesh deformation plugin "diffusion" that can be used to
    diffuse surface topography in box geometry models.
    (Anne Glerum)

  • Bug fixes to: Steinberger and Calderwood viscosity profile, particle
    generation, viscous strain weakening, incompressible equation of state,
    pressure sign convention, Neumann heat flow boundaries with the Newton
    solver, viscosity on the adiabat for extended Boussinesq approximation
    models, and many more.
    (many authors)

A complete list of all changes and their contributing authors can be found at

Wolfgang Bangerth, Juliane Dannberg, Menno Fraters, Rene Gassmoeller,
Anne Glerum, Timo Heister, Bob Myhill, John Naliboff,
and many other contributors.