Fed up with the complexity of distributed filesystems?
minikeyvalue is a ~1000 line distributed key value store, with support for replication, multiple machines, and multiple drives per machine. Optimized for values between 1MB and 1GB. Inspired by SeaweedFS, but simple. Should scale to billions of files and petabytes of data. Used in production at comma.ai.
A key part of minikeyvalue's simplicity is using stock nginx as the volume server.
Even if this code is crap, the on disk format is super simple! We rely on a filesystem for blob storage and a LevelDB for indexing. The index can be reconstructed with rebuild. Volumes can be added or removed with rebalance.
- GET /key
- 302 redirect to nginx volume server.
- PUT /key
- Blocks. 201 = written, anything else = probably not written.
- DELETE /key
- Blocks. 204 = deleted, anything else = probably not deleted.
Start Volume Servers (default port 3001)
# this is just nginx under the hood PORT=3001 ./volume /tmp/volume1/ &; PORT=3002 ./volume /tmp/volume2/ &; PORT=3003 ./volume /tmp/volume3/ &;
Start Master Server (default port 3000)
./mkv -volumes localhost:3001,localhost:3002,localhost:3003 -db /tmp/indexdb/ server
# put "bigswag" in key "wehave" curl -v -L -X PUT -d bigswag localhost:3000/wehave # get key "wehave" (should be "bigswag") curl -v -L localhost:3000/wehave # delete key "wehave" curl -v -L -X DELETE localhost:3000/wehave # unlink key "wehave", this is a virtual delete curl -v -L -X UNLINK localhost:3000/wehave # list keys starting with "we" curl -v -L localhost:3000/we?list # list unlinked keys ripe for DELETE curl -v -L localhost:3000/?unlinked # put file in key "file.txt" curl -v -L -X PUT -T /path/to/local/file.txt localhost:3000/file.txt # get file in key "file.txt" curl -v -L -o /path/to/local/file.txt localhost:3000/file.txt
Usage: ./mkv <server, rebuild, rebalance> -db string Path to leveldb -fallback string Fallback server for missing keys -port int Port for the server to listen on (default 3000) -protect Force UNLINK before DELETE -replicas int Amount of replicas to make of the data (default 3) -subvolumes int Amount of subvolumes, disks per machine (default 10) -volumes string Volumes to use for storage, comma separated
Rebalancing (to change the amount of volume servers)
# must shut down master first, since LevelDB can only be accessed by one process ./mkv -volumes localhost:3001,localhost:3002,localhost:3003 -db /tmp/indexdb/ rebalance
Rebuilding (to regenerate the LevelDB)
./mkv -volumes localhost:3001,localhost:3002,localhost:3003 -db /tmp/indexdbalt/ rebuild
# Fetching non-existent key: 116338 req/sec wrk -t2 -c100 -d10s http://localhost:3000/key # go run thrasher.go starting thrasher 10000 write/read/delete in 2.620922675s thats 3815.40/sec