srvyr focuses on calculating summary statistics from survey data, such
as the mean, total or quantile. It allows for the use of many dplyr
verbs, such as
mutate, the convenience of
pipe-able functions, rlang’s style of non-standard evaluation and more
consistent return types than the survey package.
You can try it out:
install.packages("srvyr") # or for development version # remotes::install_github("gergness/srvyr")
First, describe the variables that define the survey’s structure with
as_survey()with the bare column names of the names that
you would use in functions from the survey package like
library(srvyr, warn.conflicts = FALSE) data(api, package = "survey") dstrata <- apistrat %>% as_survey_design(strata = stype, weights = pw)
Now many of the dplyr verbs are available.
mutate()adds or modifies a variable.
dstrata <- dstrata %>% mutate(api_diff = api00 - api99)
summarise()calculates summary statistics such as mean, total, quantile or ratio.
dstrata %>% summarise(api_diff = survey_mean(api_diff, vartype = "ci")) #> # A tibble: 1 × 3 #> api_diff api_diff_low api_diff_upp #> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> #> 1 32.9 28.8 37.0
summarise()creates summaries by groups.
dstrata %>% group_by(stype) %>% summarise(api_diff = survey_mean(api_diff, vartype = "ci")) #> # A tibble: 3 × 4 #> stype api_diff api_diff_low api_diff_upp #> <fct> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> #> 1 E 38.6 33.1 44.0 #> 2 H 8.46 1.74 15.2 #> 3 M 26.4 20.4 32.4
- Functions from the survey package are still available:
my_model <- survey::svyglm(api99 ~ stype, dstrata) summary(my_model) #> #> Call: #> svyglm(formula = api99 ~ stype, design = dstrata) #> #> Survey design: #> Called via srvyr #> #> Coefficients: #> Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|) #> (Intercept) 635.87 13.34 47.669 <2e-16 *** #> stypeH -18.51 20.68 -0.895 0.372 #> stypeM -25.67 21.42 -1.198 0.232 #> --- #> Signif. codes: 0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1 #> #> (Dispersion parameter for gaussian family taken to be 16409.56) #> #> Number of Fisher Scoring iterations: 2
Here are some free resources put together by the community about srvyr:
- “How-to”s & examples of using srvyr
- srvyr’s included vignette “srvyr vs survey” and the rest of the pkgdown website
- Stephanie Zimmer & Rebecca Powell’s 2021 AAPOR Workshop “Tidy Survey Analysis in R using the srvyr Package”
- “The Epidemiologist R Handbook”, by Neale Batra et al. has a chapter on survey analysis with srvyr and survey package examples
- Kieran Healy’s book “Data Visualization: A Practical Introduction” has a section on using srvyr to visualize the ESS.
- The IPUMS PMA team’s blog had a series showing examples of using the PMA COVID survey panel with weights
- “Open Case Studies: Vaping Behaviors in American Youth” by Carrie Wright, Michael Ontiveros, Leah Jager, Margaret Taub, and Stephanie Hicks is a detailed case study that includes using srvyr to analyze the National Youth Tobacco Survey.
- “How to plot Likert scales with a weighted survey in a dplyr friendly way” by Francisco Suárez Salas
- The tidycensus package vignette “Working with Census microdata” includes information about using the weights from the ACS retrieved from the census API.
- “The Joy of Calculating the Direct Standard Error for PUMS Estimates” by GitHub user @ldaly
- About survey statistics
- Thomas Lumley’s book “Complex Surveys: a guide to analysis using R”
- Chris Skinner. Jon Wakefield. “Introduction to the Design and Analysis of Complex Survey Data.” Statist. Sci. 32 (2) 165 - 175, May 2017. 10.1214/17-STS614
- Sharon Lohr’s textbook “Sampling: Design and Analysis”. Second or Third Editions
- “Survey weighting is a mess” is the opening to Andrew Gelman’s “Struggles with Survey Weighting and Regression Modeling”
- Anthony Damico’s website “Analyze Survey Data for Free” has the weight specifications for a wide variety of public use survey datasets.
- Working programmatically and/or on multiple columns at once (eg
rlang’s “curly curly”
- Non-English resources
- Em português: “Análise de Dados Amostrais Complexos” by Djalma Pessoa and Pedro Nascimento Silva
- En español: “Usando R para jugar con los microdatos del INEGI” by Claudio Daniel Pacheco Castro
- Tiếng Việt: “Dịch tễ học ứng dụng và y tế công cộng với R”
- Other cool stuff that uses srvyr
- A (free) graphical interface allowing exploratory data analysis of survey data without writing code: iNZight (and survey data instructions)
- “serosurvey: Serological Survey Analysis For Prevalence Estimation Under Misclassification” by Andree Valle Campos
- Several packages on CRAN depend on srvyr, you can see them by looking at the reverse Imports/Suggestions on CRAN.
Still need help?
I think the best way to get help is to form a specific question and ask it in some place like rstudio’s community website (known for it’s friendly community) or stackoverflow.com (maybe not known for being quite as friendly, but probably has more people). If you think you’ve found a bug in srvyr’s code, please file an issue on GitHub, but note that I’m not a great resource for helping specific issue, both because I have limited capacity but also because I do not consider myself an expert in the statistical methods behind survey analysis.
Have something to add?
These resources were mostly found via vanity searches on twitter & github. If you know of anything I missed, or have written something yourself, please let me know in this GitHub issue!
What people are saying about srvyr
minimal changes to my #r #dplyr script to incorporate survey weights, thanks to the amazing #srvyr and #survey packages. Thanks to @gregfreedman & @tslumley. Integrates soooo nicely into tidyverse
–Brian Guay (@BrianMGuay on Jun 16, 2021)
Spending my afternoon using
srvyrfor tidy analysis of weighted survey data in #rstats and it’s so elegant. Vignette here: https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=srvyr/vignettes/srvyr-vs-survey.html
–Chris Skovron (@cskovron on Nov 20, 2018)
–Thomas Lumley, in the Biased and Inefficient blog
I do appreciate bug reports, suggestions and pull requests! I started this as a way to learn about R package development, and am still learning, so you’ll have to bear with me. Please review the Contributor Code of Conduct, as all participants are required to abide by its terms.