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Vura (core)

Clojars Project

Vura is small Clojure/script zero dependency time computation and manipulation library. Library uses numeric representation of time to compute Gregorian calendar years, months and so on. Vura calculates time with current system offset by transforming local timestamp value to UTC value at given time with function time->value that returns plain number of milliseconds. When computation/manipulation is over numeric value of time should be transformed to Date representation by caling value->time. For rest of core functions check API docs.

Usual workflow would be to transform java.util.Date or some other object to numeric value with time->value protocol implementation and afterwards do the computation in numeric domain. vura.core offers at par functions to clj(s)-time only those functions work in numeric domain and on immutable values. This means working with numbers instead of objects to compute values. After computation is over if needed use value->time implementation of TimeValueProtocol to transform numeric values to java.util.Date | js/Date, or leave them in numeric form if that fits you. Vura has nice macro that transforms Date instances to their value representations and afterwards evaluates body -> time-as-value. Use it to reduce boilerplate when possible.


  • Immutability
  • Zero dependency, only clojure.core
  • Simple and familiar algebra in number domain (+,-,/,*,round-number,qout,mod)
  • Powerfull core clojure concepts of sequences and operation on sequences (range, map, for, doseq, iterate) fit very nicely into this concept
  • Multiple calendars (julian, gregorian, hebrew, islamic)
  • Timezone handling through pure clojure data, converted directly from IANA TZ database and stored in vura.timezones.db namespace
  • Both Clojure and Clojurescript library with same 99% of code


Heart of this library is round-number function.

(defn round-number
  "Function returns round whole number that is devidable by target-number.
  Rounding strategy can be specified in round-how? options:

  ([number] (round-number number 1))
  ([number target-number] (round-number number target-number :down))
  ([number target-number round-how?]
   (assert (pos? target-number) "Target number has to be positive.")
   (case target-number
     0 0
     (let [round-how? (keyword round-how?)
           diff (rem number target-number)
           base (if (>= target-number 1)
                  (* target-number (quot number target-number))
                  (- number diff))
           limit (* 0.25 target-number target-number)
           compare-fn (case round-how?
                        :floor (constantly false)
                        :ceil (constantly (not (zero? diff)))
                        :up <=
       ((if (pos? number) + -)
        (if (compare-fn limit (* diff diff)) target-number 0))))))

This is nice (and quick) function that doesn't just to rounding to 1 or 0 but to any target number whatsoever. I.E.

vura.core=> (time (round-number 182.8137172 0.25 :up))
"Elapsed time: 0.062 msecs"

vura.core=> (time (round-number 182.8137172 0.25 :down))
"Elapsed time: 0.123 msecs"

vura.core=> (time (round-number 182.8137172 0.25 :ceil))
"Elapsed time: 0.075 msecs"

vura.core=> (time (round-number 182.8137172 0.25 :floor))
"Elapsed time: 0.062 msecs"

Rounding strategy :floor and :ceil are selfexplanatory. :up and :down are different in that :up will round number up if value is exactly half of target-number and :down will round number down. Otherwise value will be rounded to nearest value. I.E.

vura.core=> (time (round-number 182.625 0.25 :down))
"Elapsed time: 0.072 msecs"

vura.core=> (time (round-number 182.625 0.25 :up))
"Elapsed time: 0.063 msecs"

Calendars and timezones (Credits)

vura.core internals are based on algorithms provided by awesome Astronomy answers

Timezones are contained in vura.timezones.db namespace and are parsed from files downloaded from IANA - Time Zone Database


Values of timestamps are normalized to Greenwich Mean Time.

(def millisecond 1)
(def second (* 1000 millisecond)
(def minute (* 60 second))
(def hour (* 60 minute))
(def day (* 24 hour))
(def week (* 7 day))

Time constructs defined this way can be easly added, subtracted, multiplied, devided, round-numbered.

(defn seconds
  "Function returns value of n seconds as number."
  (* n second))

(defn second?
  "Returns which second in day does input value belongs to. For example
  for date 15.02.2015 it will return number 0"
  (int (mod value 60)))

(defn midnight
  "Function calculates value of midnight for given value. For example
  if some date value is inputed it will round-number to the begining of
  that day."
  (round-number value day :floor))

Yout get the idea...

Time configuration

Usually when working with time context/location is very important. Following dynamic variables are defined in vura.core that affect computation of time->value and value->time functions as well as date function.

  • *timezone* - specify what timezone will vura use to translate value from UTC to ->local timezone
  • *calendar* - when constructing Date object which calendar is used to calculate year/month/day value
  • *weekend-days* - What days are weekend-days?
  • *holiday?* - Convinince function to check if certain day is holiday or not

Vura offers with-time-configuration macro that binds options map to above dynamic variables and afterwards evaluates body. Nice example for this macro is function teleport that transfers value from one timezone to another.

(defn teleport
  "Teleports value to different timezone."
  [value timezone]
  (let [d (value->time value)] ;; first cast value to Date for current *timezone*
    (with-time-configuration   ;; Then specify that following computation is in different timezone
      {:timezone timezone}
      (time->value d))))       ;; At last compute value for given date at that timezone

This function explains alot. Casting value to Date is a way to hold current timezone value and inject that value to different context provided by with-time-configuration macro. For more information go to wiki Date is the gate section. If there are still some questions left try to find them in We all live in England.

Day/Time context

I've used to have alot of problems working with calendar, calculating weekends, working days and holidays, calculating daily wage or spent/unused vacation days. Vura offers functions like day-time-context:

    (date 2018 12 25 0 0 0 0)

{:day 2,
 :hour 0,
 :week 52,
 :weekend? false,
 :first-day-in-month? false,
 :second 0,
 :value 1545696000,
 :month 12,
 :year 2018,
 :millisecond 0,
 :holiday? false,
 :last-day-in-month? false,
 :day-in-month 25,
 :minute 0}

day-time-context functions can be mapped to any sequence of vura time values. So it is possible to (iterate (partial + (days 3.5)) (date->value (date 2018))) to get all dates with interval of 3.5 days till the end of time and afterwards apply map day-context and take 20 days for example.

When used inside of with-time-configuration macro it will return context for specified *calendar*/*timezone*. This results with easy switching of year/month/day/holiday for given value/values from one calendar/timezone to another.

Calendar Frame

day-time-context function solves most of calculation challenges. Still there are some use cases where it is usefull to have function that can return day-context for whole month or year for given input value. Multimethod calendar-frame provides implementations for :year, :month and :week view for given value and can be extended to other frame types. This function might be usefull in frontend for creating different UI components with OM, Reagent, hx or some other Clojure/script frontend library.. Don't forget to use with-time-configuration macro to put context on calendar-frame (to flag holidays and weekend-days, as well as calendar).

Don't forget about round-number

Vura returns Date representations from numeric values and all values can be round-number(ed) so use that. Round values to (days 3.5) or (hours 11) or maybe (period {:week 2 :days 3})

Use clojure.core functions

quot is great way to calculate how long did some period(value) last in time units. For example

(qout (period {:weeks 3 :hours 10 :minutes 11 :seconds 32821}) vura.core/hour) ;; 523

(qout (vura.core/interval (date 2018) (date 2019)) vura.core/minute) ;; 525600000


Copyright © 2018 Robert Gersak

Released under the MIT license.


Time computation library with CRON scheduling capability




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