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disambiguate: Neural Word Sense Disambiguation Toolkit

This repository contains a set of easy-to-use tools for training, evaluating and using neural WSD models.

This is the implementation used in the article Sense Vocabulary Compression through the Semantic Knowledge of WordNet for Neural Word Sense Disambiguation, written by Loïc Vial, Benjamin Lecouteux and Didier Schwab.

Table of Contents

Dependencies

To install Python, Java and Maven, you can use the package manager of your distribution (apt-get, pacman...).

To install PyTorch, please follow the instructions on this page.

To install AllenNLP (necessary if using ELMo), please follow the instructions on this page.

To install HuggingFace's pytorch-pretrained-BERT (necessary if using BERT), please follow the instructions on this page.

🤘 New 🤘 To install HuggingFace's transformers (necessary if using any other language model supported by the transformer library, but also includes BERT)), please follow the instructions on this page.

To install UFSAC, simply:

  • download the content of the UFSAC repository
  • go into the java folder
  • run mvn install

Compilation

Once the dependencies are installed, please run ./java/compile.sh to compile the Java code.

Sense mappings

We provide the two sense mappings used in our paper as standalone files in the directory sense_mappings.

The files consist of 117659 lines (one line by synset): the left-hand ID is the original synset ID, and the right-hand is the ID of the associated group of synsets.

The file hypernyms_mapping.txt results from the sense compression method through hypernyms. The exact algorithm that was used is located in the method getSenseCompressionThroughHypernymsClusters() of the file java/src/main/java/getalp/wsd/utils/WordnetUtils.java.

The file all_relations_mapping.txt results from the method through all relationships. The exact algorithm that was used is located in the method getSenseCompressionThroughAllRelationsClusters() of the file java/src/main/java/getalp/wsd/utils/WordnetUtils.java.

Using pre-trained models

We are currently providing our best models trained on the SemCor and the WordNet Gloss Corpus, using BERT embeddings, with the vocabulary compression through the hypernymy/hyponymy relationships applied, as described in our article.

Model URL
SemCor + WNGC, hypernyms, single https://zenodo.org/record/3759385
SemCor + WNGC, hypernyms, ensemble https://zenodo.org/record/3759301

Once the data are downloaded and extracted, you can use the following commands (replace $DATADIR with the path of the appropriate folder):

Disambiguating raw text

  • ./decode.sh --data_path $DATADIR --weights $DATADIR/model_weights_wsd*

    This script allows to disambiguate raw text from the standard input to the standard output

Evaluating a model

  • ./evaluate.sh --data_path $DATADIR --weights $DATADIR/model_weights_wsd* --corpus [UFSAC corpus]...

    This script evaluates a WSD model by computing its coverage, precision, recall and F1 scores on sense annotated corpora in the UFSAC format, with and without first sense backoff.

Description of the arguments:

  • --data_path [DIR] is the path to the directory containing the files needed for describing the model architecture (files config.json, input_vocabularyX and output_vocabularyX)
  • --weights [FILE]... is a list of model weights: if multiple weights are given, an ensemble of these weights is used in decode.sh, and both the evaluation of the ensemble of weights and the evaluation of each individual weight is performed in evaluate.sh
  • --corpus [FILE]... (evaluate.sh only) is the list of UFSAC corpora used for evaluating the WSD model

Optional arguments:

  • --lowercase [true|false] (default false) if you want to enable/disable lowercasing of input
  • --batch_size [n] (default 1) is the batch size.
  • --sense_compression_hypernyms [true|false] (default true) must be true if the model was trained using the sense vocabulary compression through the hypernym/hyponym relationships, or false otherwise.
  • --sense_compression_file [FILE] must indicate the path of the sense mapping file used for training the model if any, and if different from the hypernyms mapping.

UFSAC corpora are available in the UFSAC repository. If you want to reproduce our results, please download UFSAC 2.1 and you will find the SemCor (file semcor.xml, the WordNet Gloss Tagged (file wngt.xml) and all the SemEval/SensEval evaluation corpora that we used (files raganato_*.xml).

Training new WSD models

Preparing data

Call the ./prepare_data.sh script with the following main arguments:

  • --data_path [DIR] is the path to the directory that will contain the description of the model (files config.json, input_vocabularyX and output_vocabularyX) and the processed training data (files train and dev)
  • --train [FILE]... is the list of corpora in UFSAC format used for the training set
  • --dev [FILE]... (optional) is the list of corpora in UFSAC format used for the development set
  • --dev_from_train [N] (default 0) randomly extracts N sentences from the training corpus and use it as development corpus
  • --input_features [FEATURE]... (default surface_form) is the list of input features used, as UFSAC attributes. Possible values are, but not limited to, surface_form, lemma, pos, wn30_key...
  • --input_embeddings [FILE]... (default null) is the list of pre-trained embeddings to use for each input feature. Must be the same number of arguments as input_features, use special value null if you want to train embeddings as part of the model
  • --input_clear_text [true|false]... (default false) is a list of true/false values (one value for each input feature) indicating if the feature must be used as clear text (e.g. with ELMo/BERT) or as integer values (with classic embeddings). Must be the same number of arguments as input_features
  • --output_features [FEATURE]... (default wn30_key) is the list of output features to predict by the model, as UFSAC attributes. Possible values are the same as input features
  • --lowercase [true|false] (default true) if you want to enable/disable lowercasing of input
  • --sense_compression_hypernyms [true|false] (default true) if you want to enable/disable the sense vocabulary compression through the hypernym/hyponym relationships.
  • --sense_compression_file [FILE] if you want to use another sense vocabulary compression mapping.
  • --add_monosemics [true|false] (default false) if you want to consider all monosemic words annotated with their unique sense tag (even if they are not initially annotated)
  • --remove_monosemics [true|false] (default false) if you want to remove the tag of all monosemic words
  • --remove_duplicates [true|false] (default true) if you want to remove duplicate sentences from the training set (output features are merged)

Training a model (or an ensemble of models)

Call the ./train.sh script with the following main arguments:

  • --data_path [DIR] is the path to the directory generated by prepare_data.sh (must contains the files describing the model and the processed training data)
  • --model_path [DIR] is the path where the trained model weights and the training info will be saved
  • --batch_size [N] (default 100) is the batch size
  • --ensemble_count [N] (default 8) is the number of different model to train
  • --epoch_count [N] (default 100) is the number of epoch
  • --eval_frequency [N] (default 4000) is the number of batch to process before evaluating the model on the development set. The count resets every epoch, and an eveluation is also performed at the end of every epoch
  • --update_frequency [N] (default 1) is the number of batch to accumulate before backpropagating (if you want to accumulate the gradient of several batches)
  • --lr [N] (default 0.0001) is the initial learning rate of the optimizer (Adam)
  • --input_embeddings_size [N] (default 300) is the size of input embeddings (if not using pre-trained embeddings, BERT nor ELMo)
  • --input_elmo_model [MODEL] is the name of the ELMo model to use (one of small, medium or original), it will be downloaded automatically.
  • --input_bert_model [MODEL] is the name of the BERT model to use (of the form bert-{base,large}-(multilingual-)(un)cased), it will be downloaded automatically.
  • --input_auto_path [NAME_OR_PATH] is the name of any language model supported by the transformer library, or the path to a local model supported by the library
  • --input_auto_model [MODEL] is optionally used jointly with --input_auto_path if there is an ambiguity in automatically resolving the auto model's type. MODEL must be one of camembert, flaubert or xlm.
  • --encoder_type [ENCODER] (default lstm) is one of lstm or transformer.
  • --encoder_lstm_hidden_size [N] (default 1000)
  • --encoder_lstm_layers [N] (default 1)
  • --encoder_lstm_dropout [N] (default 0.5)
  • --encoder_transformer_hidden_size [N] (default 512)
  • --encoder_transformer_layers [N] (default 6)
  • --encoder_transformer_heads [N] (default 8)
  • --encoder_transformer_positional_encoding [true|false] (default true)
  • --encoder_transformer_dropout [N] (default 0.1)
  • --reset [true|false] (default false) if you do not want to resume a previous training. Be careful as it will effectively resets the training state and the model weights saved in the --model_path

Citation

If you want to reference our paper, please use the following BibTeX snippet:

@InProceedings{vial-etal-2019-sense,
  author      = {Vial, Lo{\"i}c and Lecouteux, Benjamin and Schwab, Didier},
  title       = {{Sense Vocabulary Compression through the Semantic Knowledge of WordNet for Neural Word Sense Disambiguation}},
  booktitle   = {{Proceedings of the 10th Global Wordnet Conference}},
  year        = {2019},
  address     = {Wroclaw, Poland},
}

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Disambiguate is a tool for training and using state of the art neural WSD models

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