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Query of Queries

jamiejackson edited this page Sep 23, 2014 · 8 revisions

Introduction

Query of queries (QoQ) is a technique for re-querying an existing query without another trip to the database.

Usage

<!--- query a database in the normal manner --->
<cfquery name="sourceQry" datasource="mydsn">
  SELECT
    *
  FROM
    my_db_table
</cfquery>

<!--- query the above query *object*. (this doesn't make a call to the database.) --->
<cfquery name="newQry" dbtype="query"><!--- the dbtype="query" attribute/value enables QoQ -->
  SELECT
    *
  FROM
    sourceQry <!--- instead of a real database table name, use the variable name of the source query object --->
</cfquery>

The above example isn't very useful, because newQry is a straight copy of the source query, but it demonstrates the two requirements of QoQ:

  • The dbtype="query" attribute
  • A source query object name (e.g., sourceQry) instead of table name in the FROM clause.

Example: Filtering

Let's say you have the following database query, myQuery:

<cfquery name="myQuery" datasource="mydsn">
  SELECT
    Name, Age, Location
  FROM
    People
</cfquery>

You would now have a list of names, ages and locations for all the people in a query called myQuery.

Say you want to filter out people under 18 and over 90, but you don't want to hit the database again:

<cfquery name="filteredQuery" dbtype="query">
  SELECT
    Name, Age, Location
  FROM
    myQuery
  WHERE
    Age >= 18 
    AND Age <= 90
</cfquery>

filteredQry contains the desired records.

Internals

Railo uses its own SQL implementation for QoQ; when that fails, HSQLDB is tried.

Railo's SQL implementation is a basic subset of ANSI92, but it is relatively fast. HSQLDB is a more complete SQL implementation, but it is slow, as compared to Railo's implementation.

Supported Constructs

Even though under the hood, Railo handles the fallback to HSQLDB automatically, it still can be useful to know what's possible with the fast Railo SQL implementation versus the slower, fallback HSQLDB SQL implementation.

Railo's SQL Implementation

Keywords and Operators

At the time of this writing (Railo 4.2), the following were supported by Railo's SQL implementation:

  • <=
  • <>
  • =
  • =>
  • =

  • !=
  • ALL
  • AND
  • AS
  • BETWEEN x AND y
  • DESC/ASC
  • DISTINCT
  • FROM
  • GROUP BY
  • HAVING
  • IN ()
  • IS
  • IS NOT NULL
  • IS NULL
  • LIKE
  • NOT
  • NOT IN ()
  • NOT LIKE
  • OR
  • ORDER BY
  • SELECT
  • TOP
  • UNION
  • WHERE
  • XOR

Functions

TODO: Flesh this out.

HSQLDB SQL Implementation

This is the fallback for when Railo's SQL implementation can't handle the QoQ syntax. See the HSQLDB documentation for details.

Footnotes

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