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/* pp_pack.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000,
* 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 by Larry Wall and others
*
* You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
* License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
*
*/
/*
* He still hopefully carried some of his gear in his pack: a small tinder-box,
* two small shallow pans, the smaller fitting into the larger; inside them a
* wooden spoon, a short two-pronged fork and some skewers were stowed; and
* hidden at the bottom of the pack in a flat wooden box a dwindling treasure,
* some salt.
*
* [p.653 of _The Lord of the Rings_, IV/iv: "Of Herbs and Stewed Rabbit"]
*/
/* This file contains pp ("push/pop") functions that
* execute the opcodes that make up a perl program. A typical pp function
* expects to find its arguments on the stack, and usually pushes its
* results onto the stack, hence the 'pp' terminology. Each OP structure
* contains a pointer to the relevant pp_foo() function.
*
* This particular file just contains pp_pack() and pp_unpack(). See the
* other pp*.c files for the rest of the pp_ functions.
*/
#include "EXTERN.h"
#define PERL_IN_PP_PACK_C
#include "perl.h"
/* Types used by pack/unpack */
typedef enum {
e_no_len, /* no length */
e_number, /* number, [] */
e_star /* asterisk */
} howlen_t;
typedef struct tempsym {
const char* patptr; /* current template char */
const char* patend; /* one after last char */
const char* grpbeg; /* 1st char of ()-group */
const char* grpend; /* end of ()-group */
I32 code; /* template code (!<>) */
I32 length; /* length/repeat count */
howlen_t howlen; /* how length is given */
int level; /* () nesting level */
U32 flags; /* /=4, comma=2, pack=1 */
/* and group modifiers */
STRLEN strbeg; /* offset of group start */
struct tempsym *previous; /* previous group */
} tempsym_t;
#define TEMPSYM_INIT(symptr, p, e, f) \
STMT_START { \
(symptr)->patptr = (p); \
(symptr)->patend = (e); \
(symptr)->grpbeg = NULL; \
(symptr)->grpend = NULL; \
(symptr)->grpend = NULL; \
(symptr)->code = 0; \
(symptr)->length = 0; \
(symptr)->howlen = e_no_len; \
(symptr)->level = 0; \
(symptr)->flags = (f); \
(symptr)->strbeg = 0; \
(symptr)->previous = NULL; \
} STMT_END
typedef union {
NV nv;
U8 bytes[sizeof(NV)];
} NV_bytes;
#if defined(HAS_LONG_DOUBLE) && defined(USE_LONG_DOUBLE)
typedef union {
long double ld;
U8 bytes[sizeof(long double)];
} ld_bytes;
#endif
#if PERL_VERSION >= 9
# define PERL_PACK_CAN_BYTEORDER
# define PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
#endif
#ifndef CHAR_BIT
# define CHAR_BIT 8
#endif
/* Maximum number of bytes to which a byte can grow due to upgrade */
#define UTF8_EXPAND 2
/*
* Offset for integer pack/unpack.
*
* On architectures where I16 and I32 aren't really 16 and 32 bits,
* which for now are all Crays, pack and unpack have to play games.
*/
/*
* These values are required for portability of pack() output.
* If they're not right on your machine, then pack() and unpack()
* wouldn't work right anyway; you'll need to apply the Cray hack.
* (I'd like to check them with #if, but you can't use sizeof() in
* the preprocessor.) --???
*/
/*
The appropriate SHORTSIZE, INTSIZE, LONGSIZE, and LONGLONGSIZE
defines are now in config.h. --Andy Dougherty April 1998
*/
#define SIZE16 2
#define SIZE32 4
/* CROSSCOMPILE and MULTIARCH are going to affect pp_pack() and pp_unpack().
--jhi Feb 1999 */
#if U16SIZE > SIZE16 || U32SIZE > SIZE32
# if BYTEORDER == 0x1234 || BYTEORDER == 0x12345678 /* little-endian */
# define OFF16(p) ((char*)(p))
# define OFF32(p) ((char*)(p))
# else
# if BYTEORDER == 0x4321 || BYTEORDER == 0x87654321 /* big-endian */
# define OFF16(p) ((char*)(p) + (sizeof(U16) - SIZE16))
# define OFF32(p) ((char*)(p) + (sizeof(U32) - SIZE32))
# else
++++ bad cray byte order
# endif
# endif
#else
# define OFF16(p) ((char *) (p))
# define OFF32(p) ((char *) (p))
#endif
/* Only to be used inside a loop (see the break) */
#define SHIFT16(utf8, s, strend, p, datumtype) STMT_START { \
if (utf8) { \
if (!uni_to_bytes(aTHX_ &(s), strend, OFF16(p), SIZE16, datumtype)) break; \
} else { \
Copy(s, OFF16(p), SIZE16, char); \
(s) += SIZE16; \
} \
} STMT_END
/* Only to be used inside a loop (see the break) */
#define SHIFT32(utf8, s, strend, p, datumtype) STMT_START { \
if (utf8) { \
if (!uni_to_bytes(aTHX_ &(s), strend, OFF32(p), SIZE32, datumtype)) break; \
} else { \
Copy(s, OFF32(p), SIZE32, char); \
(s) += SIZE32; \
} \
} STMT_END
#define PUSH16(utf8, cur, p) PUSH_BYTES(utf8, cur, OFF16(p), SIZE16)
#define PUSH32(utf8, cur, p) PUSH_BYTES(utf8, cur, OFF32(p), SIZE32)
/* Only to be used inside a loop (see the break) */
#define SHIFT_BYTES(utf8, s, strend, buf, len, datumtype) \
STMT_START { \
if (utf8) { \
if (!uni_to_bytes(aTHX_ &s, strend, \
(char *) (buf), len, datumtype)) break; \
} else { \
Copy(s, (char *) (buf), len, char); \
s += len; \
} \
} STMT_END
#define SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, var, datumtype) \
SHIFT_BYTES(utf8, s, strend, &(var), sizeof(var), datumtype)
#define PUSH_VAR(utf8, aptr, var) \
PUSH_BYTES(utf8, aptr, &(var), sizeof(var))
/* Avoid stack overflow due to pathological templates. 100 should be plenty. */
#define MAX_SUB_TEMPLATE_LEVEL 100
/* flags (note that type modifiers can also be used as flags!) */
#define FLAG_WAS_UTF8 0x40
#define FLAG_PARSE_UTF8 0x20 /* Parse as utf8 */
#define FLAG_UNPACK_ONLY_ONE 0x10
#define FLAG_DO_UTF8 0x08 /* The underlying string is utf8 */
#define FLAG_SLASH 0x04
#define FLAG_COMMA 0x02
#define FLAG_PACK 0x01
STATIC SV *
S_mul128(pTHX_ SV *sv, U8 m)
{
STRLEN len;
char *s = SvPV(sv, len);
char *t;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MUL128;
if (!strnEQ(s, "0000", 4)) { /* need to grow sv */
SV * const tmpNew = newSVpvs("0000000000");
sv_catsv(tmpNew, sv);
SvREFCNT_dec(sv); /* free old sv */
sv = tmpNew;
s = SvPV(sv, len);
}
t = s + len - 1;
while (!*t) /* trailing '\0'? */
t--;
while (t > s) {
const U32 i = ((*t - '0') << 7) + m;
*(t--) = '0' + (char)(i % 10);
m = (char)(i / 10);
}
return (sv);
}
/* Explosives and implosives. */
#if 'I' == 73 && 'J' == 74
/* On an ASCII/ISO kind of system */
#define ISUUCHAR(ch) ((ch) >= ' ' && (ch) < 'a')
#else
/*
Some other sort of character set - use memchr() so we don't match
the null byte.
*/
#define ISUUCHAR(ch) (memchr(PL_uuemap, (ch), sizeof(PL_uuemap)-1) || (ch) == ' ')
#endif
/* type modifiers */
#define TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING 0x100
#define TYPE_IS_BIG_ENDIAN 0x200
#define TYPE_IS_LITTLE_ENDIAN 0x400
#define TYPE_IS_PACK 0x800
#define TYPE_ENDIANNESS_MASK (TYPE_IS_BIG_ENDIAN|TYPE_IS_LITTLE_ENDIAN)
#define TYPE_MODIFIERS(t) ((t) & ~0xFF)
#define TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(t) ((t) & 0xFF)
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
# define SHRIEKING_ALLOWED_TYPES "sSiIlLxXnNvV@."
#else
# define SHRIEKING_ALLOWED_TYPES "sSiIlLxX"
#endif
#ifndef PERL_PACK_CAN_BYTEORDER
/* Put "can't" first because it is shorter */
# define TYPE_ENDIANNESS(t) 0
# define TYPE_NO_ENDIANNESS(t) (t)
# define ENDIANNESS_ALLOWED_TYPES ""
# define DO_BO_UNPACK(var, type)
# define DO_BO_PACK(var, type)
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_PTR(var, type, pre_cast, post_cast)
# define DO_BO_PACK_PTR(var, type, pre_cast, post_cast)
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_N(var, type)
# define DO_BO_PACK_N(var, type)
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_P(var)
# define DO_BO_PACK_P(var)
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_PC(var)
# define DO_BO_PACK_PC(var)
#else /* PERL_PACK_CAN_BYTEORDER */
# define TYPE_ENDIANNESS(t) ((t) & TYPE_ENDIANNESS_MASK)
# define TYPE_NO_ENDIANNESS(t) ((t) & ~TYPE_ENDIANNESS_MASK)
# define ENDIANNESS_ALLOWED_TYPES "sSiIlLqQjJfFdDpP("
# define DO_BO_UNPACK(var, type) \
STMT_START { \
switch (TYPE_ENDIANNESS(datumtype)) { \
case TYPE_IS_BIG_ENDIAN: var = my_betoh ## type (var); break; \
case TYPE_IS_LITTLE_ENDIAN: var = my_letoh ## type (var); break; \
default: break; \
} \
} STMT_END
# define DO_BO_PACK(var, type) \
STMT_START { \
switch (TYPE_ENDIANNESS(datumtype)) { \
case TYPE_IS_BIG_ENDIAN: var = my_htobe ## type (var); break; \
case TYPE_IS_LITTLE_ENDIAN: var = my_htole ## type (var); break; \
default: break; \
} \
} STMT_END
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_PTR(var, type, pre_cast, post_cast) \
STMT_START { \
switch (TYPE_ENDIANNESS(datumtype)) { \
case TYPE_IS_BIG_ENDIAN: \
var = (post_cast*) my_betoh ## type ((pre_cast) var); \
break; \
case TYPE_IS_LITTLE_ENDIAN: \
var = (post_cast *) my_letoh ## type ((pre_cast) var); \
break; \
default: \
break; \
} \
} STMT_END
# define DO_BO_PACK_PTR(var, type, pre_cast, post_cast) \
STMT_START { \
switch (TYPE_ENDIANNESS(datumtype)) { \
case TYPE_IS_BIG_ENDIAN: \
var = (post_cast *) my_htobe ## type ((pre_cast) var); \
break; \
case TYPE_IS_LITTLE_ENDIAN: \
var = (post_cast *) my_htole ## type ((pre_cast) var); \
break; \
default: \
break; \
} \
} STMT_END
# define BO_CANT_DOIT(action, type) \
STMT_START { \
switch (TYPE_ENDIANNESS(datumtype)) { \
case TYPE_IS_BIG_ENDIAN: \
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Can't %s big-endian %ss on this " \
"platform", #action, #type); \
break; \
case TYPE_IS_LITTLE_ENDIAN: \
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Can't %s little-endian %ss on this " \
"platform", #action, #type); \
break; \
default: \
break; \
} \
} STMT_END
# if PTRSIZE == INTSIZE
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_P(var) DO_BO_UNPACK_PTR(var, i, int, void)
# define DO_BO_PACK_P(var) DO_BO_PACK_PTR(var, i, int, void)
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_PC(var) DO_BO_UNPACK_PTR(var, i, int, char)
# define DO_BO_PACK_PC(var) DO_BO_PACK_PTR(var, i, int, char)
# elif PTRSIZE == LONGSIZE
# if LONGSIZE < IVSIZE && IVSIZE == 8
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_P(var) DO_BO_UNPACK_PTR(var, 64, IV, void)
# define DO_BO_PACK_P(var) DO_BO_PACK_PTR(var, 64, IV, void)
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_PC(var) DO_BO_UNPACK_PTR(var, 64, IV, char)
# define DO_BO_PACK_PC(var) DO_BO_PACK_PTR(var, 64, IV, char)
# else
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_P(var) DO_BO_UNPACK_PTR(var, l, IV, void)
# define DO_BO_PACK_P(var) DO_BO_PACK_PTR(var, l, IV, void)
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_PC(var) DO_BO_UNPACK_PTR(var, l, IV, char)
# define DO_BO_PACK_PC(var) DO_BO_PACK_PTR(var, l, IV, char)
# endif
# elif PTRSIZE == IVSIZE
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_P(var) DO_BO_UNPACK_PTR(var, l, IV, void)
# define DO_BO_PACK_P(var) DO_BO_PACK_PTR(var, l, IV, void)
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_PC(var) DO_BO_UNPACK_PTR(var, l, IV, char)
# define DO_BO_PACK_PC(var) DO_BO_PACK_PTR(var, l, IV, char)
# else
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_P(var) BO_CANT_DOIT(unpack, pointer)
# define DO_BO_PACK_P(var) BO_CANT_DOIT(pack, pointer)
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_PC(var) BO_CANT_DOIT(unpack, pointer)
# define DO_BO_PACK_PC(var) BO_CANT_DOIT(pack, pointer)
# endif
# if defined(my_htolen) && defined(my_letohn) && \
defined(my_htoben) && defined(my_betohn)
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_N(var, type) \
STMT_START { \
switch (TYPE_ENDIANNESS(datumtype)) { \
case TYPE_IS_BIG_ENDIAN: my_betohn(&var, sizeof(type)); break;\
case TYPE_IS_LITTLE_ENDIAN: my_letohn(&var, sizeof(type)); break;\
default: break; \
} \
} STMT_END
# define DO_BO_PACK_N(var, type) \
STMT_START { \
switch (TYPE_ENDIANNESS(datumtype)) { \
case TYPE_IS_BIG_ENDIAN: my_htoben(&var, sizeof(type)); break;\
case TYPE_IS_LITTLE_ENDIAN: my_htolen(&var, sizeof(type)); break;\
default: break; \
} \
} STMT_END
# else
# define DO_BO_UNPACK_N(var, type) BO_CANT_DOIT(unpack, type)
# define DO_BO_PACK_N(var, type) BO_CANT_DOIT(pack, type)
# endif
#endif /* PERL_PACK_CAN_BYTEORDER */
#define PACK_SIZE_CANNOT_CSUM 0x80
#define PACK_SIZE_UNPREDICTABLE 0x40 /* Not a fixed size element */
#define PACK_SIZE_MASK 0x3F
/* These tables are regenerated by genpacksizetables.pl (and then hand pasted
in). You're unlikely ever to need to regenerate them. */
#if TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING != 0x100
++++shriek offset should be 256
#endif
typedef U8 packprops_t;
#if 'J'-'I' == 1
/* ASCII */
STATIC const packprops_t packprops[512] = {
/* normal */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0,
/* C */ sizeof(unsigned char),
#if defined(HAS_LONG_DOUBLE) && defined(USE_LONG_DOUBLE)
/* D */ LONG_DOUBLESIZE,
#else
0,
#endif
0,
/* F */ NVSIZE,
0, 0,
/* I */ sizeof(unsigned int),
/* J */ UVSIZE,
0,
/* L */ SIZE32,
0,
/* N */ SIZE32,
0, 0,
#if defined(HAS_QUAD)
/* Q */ sizeof(Uquad_t),
#else
0,
#endif
0,
/* S */ SIZE16,
0,
/* U */ sizeof(char) | PACK_SIZE_UNPREDICTABLE,
/* V */ SIZE32,
/* W */ sizeof(unsigned char) | PACK_SIZE_UNPREDICTABLE,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* c */ sizeof(char),
/* d */ sizeof(double),
0,
/* f */ sizeof(float),
0, 0,
/* i */ sizeof(int),
/* j */ IVSIZE,
0,
/* l */ SIZE32,
0,
/* n */ SIZE16,
0,
/* p */ sizeof(char *) | PACK_SIZE_CANNOT_CSUM,
#if defined(HAS_QUAD)
/* q */ sizeof(Quad_t),
#else
0,
#endif
0,
/* s */ SIZE16,
0, 0,
/* v */ SIZE16,
/* w */ sizeof(char) | PACK_SIZE_UNPREDICTABLE | PACK_SIZE_CANNOT_CSUM,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* shrieking */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* I */ sizeof(unsigned int),
0, 0,
/* L */ sizeof(unsigned long),
0,
#if defined(PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN)
/* N */ SIZE32,
#else
0,
#endif
0, 0, 0, 0,
/* S */ sizeof(unsigned short),
0, 0,
#if defined(PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN)
/* V */ SIZE32,
#else
0,
#endif
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0,
/* i */ sizeof(int),
0, 0,
/* l */ sizeof(long),
0,
#if defined(PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN)
/* n */ SIZE16,
#else
0,
#endif
0, 0, 0, 0,
/* s */ sizeof(short),
0, 0,
#if defined(PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN)
/* v */ SIZE16,
#else
0,
#endif
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
};
#else
/* EBCDIC (or bust) */
STATIC const packprops_t packprops[512] = {
/* normal */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0,
/* c */ sizeof(char),
/* d */ sizeof(double),
0,
/* f */ sizeof(float),
0, 0,
/* i */ sizeof(int),
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* j */ IVSIZE,
0,
/* l */ SIZE32,
0,
/* n */ SIZE16,
0,
/* p */ sizeof(char *) | PACK_SIZE_CANNOT_CSUM,
#if defined(HAS_QUAD)
/* q */ sizeof(Quad_t),
#else
0,
#endif
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* s */ SIZE16,
0, 0,
/* v */ SIZE16,
/* w */ sizeof(char) | PACK_SIZE_UNPREDICTABLE | PACK_SIZE_CANNOT_CSUM,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* C */ sizeof(unsigned char),
#if defined(HAS_LONG_DOUBLE) && defined(USE_LONG_DOUBLE)
/* D */ LONG_DOUBLESIZE,
#else
0,
#endif
0,
/* F */ NVSIZE,
0, 0,
/* I */ sizeof(unsigned int),
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* J */ UVSIZE,
0,
/* L */ SIZE32,
0,
/* N */ SIZE32,
0, 0,
#if defined(HAS_QUAD)
/* Q */ sizeof(Uquad_t),
#else
0,
#endif
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* S */ SIZE16,
0,
/* U */ sizeof(char) | PACK_SIZE_UNPREDICTABLE,
/* V */ SIZE32,
/* W */ sizeof(unsigned char) | PACK_SIZE_UNPREDICTABLE,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* shrieking */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* i */ sizeof(int),
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* l */ sizeof(long),
0,
#if defined(PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN)
/* n */ SIZE16,
#else
0,
#endif
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* s */ sizeof(short),
0, 0,
#if defined(PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN)
/* v */ SIZE16,
#else
0,
#endif
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0,
/* I */ sizeof(unsigned int),
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* L */ sizeof(unsigned long),
0,
#if defined(PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN)
/* N */ SIZE32,
#else
0,
#endif
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
/* S */ sizeof(unsigned short),
0, 0,
#if defined(PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN)
/* V */ SIZE32,
#else
0,
#endif
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
};
#endif
STATIC U8
uni_to_byte(pTHX_ const char **s, const char *end, I32 datumtype)
{
STRLEN retlen;
UV val = utf8n_to_uvchr((U8 *) *s, end-*s, &retlen,
ckWARN(WARN_UTF8) ? 0 : UTF8_ALLOW_ANY);
/* We try to process malformed UTF-8 as much as possible (preferrably with
warnings), but these two mean we make no progress in the string and
might enter an infinite loop */
if (retlen == (STRLEN) -1 || retlen == 0)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Malformed UTF-8 string in '%c' format in unpack",
(int) TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(datumtype));
if (val >= 0x100) {
Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_UNPACK),
"Character in '%c' format wrapped in unpack",
(int) TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(datumtype));
val &= 0xff;
}
*s += retlen;
return (U8)val;
}
#define SHIFT_BYTE(utf8, s, strend, datumtype) ((utf8) ? \
uni_to_byte(aTHX_ &(s), (strend), (datumtype)) : \
*(U8 *)(s)++)
STATIC bool
uni_to_bytes(pTHX_ const char **s, const char *end, const char *buf, int buf_len, I32 datumtype)
{
UV val;
STRLEN retlen;
const char *from = *s;
int bad = 0;
const U32 flags = ckWARN(WARN_UTF8) ?
UTF8_CHECK_ONLY : (UTF8_CHECK_ONLY | UTF8_ALLOW_ANY);
for (;buf_len > 0; buf_len--) {
if (from >= end) return FALSE;
val = utf8n_to_uvchr((U8 *) from, end-from, &retlen, flags);
if (retlen == (STRLEN) -1 || retlen == 0) {
from += UTF8SKIP(from);
bad |= 1;
} else from += retlen;
if (val >= 0x100) {
bad |= 2;
val &= 0xff;
}
*(U8 *)buf++ = (U8)val;
}
/* We have enough characters for the buffer. Did we have problems ? */
if (bad) {
if (bad & 1) {
/* Rewalk the string fragment while warning */
const char *ptr;
const int flags = ckWARN(WARN_UTF8) ? 0 : UTF8_ALLOW_ANY;
for (ptr = *s; ptr < from; ptr += UTF8SKIP(ptr)) {
if (ptr >= end) break;
utf8n_to_uvuni((U8 *) ptr, end-ptr, &retlen, flags);
}
if (from > end) from = end;
}
if ((bad & 2))
Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(datumtype & TYPE_IS_PACK ?
WARN_PACK : WARN_UNPACK),
"Character(s) in '%c' format wrapped in %s",
(int) TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(datumtype),
datumtype & TYPE_IS_PACK ? "pack" : "unpack");
}
*s = from;
return TRUE;
}
STATIC bool
next_uni_uu(pTHX_ const char **s, const char *end, I32 *out)
{
dVAR;
STRLEN retlen;
const UV val = utf8n_to_uvchr((U8 *) *s, end-*s, &retlen, UTF8_CHECK_ONLY);
if (val >= 0x100 || !ISUUCHAR(val) ||
retlen == (STRLEN) -1 || retlen == 0) {
*out = 0;
return FALSE;
}
*out = PL_uudmap[val] & 077;
*s += retlen;
return TRUE;
}
STATIC char *
S_bytes_to_uni(const U8 *start, STRLEN len, char *dest) {
const U8 * const end = start + len;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_BYTES_TO_UNI;
while (start < end) {
const UV uv = NATIVE_TO_ASCII(*start);
if (UNI_IS_INVARIANT(uv))
*dest++ = (char)(U8)UTF_TO_NATIVE(uv);
else {
*dest++ = (char)(U8)UTF8_EIGHT_BIT_HI(uv);
*dest++ = (char)(U8)UTF8_EIGHT_BIT_LO(uv);
}
start++;
}
return dest;
}
#define PUSH_BYTES(utf8, cur, buf, len) \
STMT_START { \
if (utf8) \
(cur) = bytes_to_uni((U8 *) buf, len, (cur)); \
else { \
Copy(buf, cur, len, char); \
(cur) += (len); \
} \
} STMT_END
#define GROWING(utf8, cat, start, cur, in_len) \
STMT_START { \
STRLEN glen = (in_len); \
if (utf8) glen *= UTF8_EXPAND; \
if ((cur) + glen >= (start) + SvLEN(cat)) { \
(start) = sv_exp_grow(cat, glen); \
(cur) = (start) + SvCUR(cat); \
} \
} STMT_END
#define PUSH_GROWING_BYTES(utf8, cat, start, cur, buf, in_len) \
STMT_START { \
const STRLEN glen = (in_len); \
STRLEN gl = glen; \
if (utf8) gl *= UTF8_EXPAND; \
if ((cur) + gl >= (start) + SvLEN(cat)) { \
*cur = '\0'; \
SvCUR_set((cat), (cur) - (start)); \
(start) = sv_exp_grow(cat, gl); \
(cur) = (start) + SvCUR(cat); \
} \
PUSH_BYTES(utf8, cur, buf, glen); \
} STMT_END
#define PUSH_BYTE(utf8, s, byte) \
STMT_START { \
if (utf8) { \
const U8 au8 = (byte); \
(s) = bytes_to_uni(&au8, 1, (s)); \
} else *(U8 *)(s)++ = (byte); \
} STMT_END
/* Only to be used inside a loop (see the break) */
#define NEXT_UNI_VAL(val, cur, str, end, utf8_flags) \
STMT_START { \
STRLEN retlen; \
if (str >= end) break; \
val = utf8n_to_uvchr((U8 *) str, end-str, &retlen, utf8_flags); \
if (retlen == (STRLEN) -1 || retlen == 0) { \
*cur = '\0'; \
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Malformed UTF-8 string in pack"); \
} \
str += retlen; \
} STMT_END
static const char *_action( const tempsym_t* symptr )
{
return (const char *)(( symptr->flags & FLAG_PACK ) ? "pack" : "unpack");
}
/* Returns the sizeof() struct described by pat */
STATIC I32
S_measure_struct(pTHX_ tempsym_t* symptr)
{
I32 total = 0;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MEASURE_STRUCT;
while (next_symbol(symptr)) {
I32 len;
int size;
switch (symptr->howlen) {
case e_star:
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Within []-length '*' not allowed in %s",
_action( symptr ) );
break;
default:
/* e_no_len and e_number */
len = symptr->length;
break;
}
size = packprops[TYPE_NO_ENDIANNESS(symptr->code)] & PACK_SIZE_MASK;
if (!size) {
int star;
/* endianness doesn't influence the size of a type */
switch(TYPE_NO_ENDIANNESS(symptr->code)) {
default:
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Invalid type '%c' in %s",
(int)TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(symptr->code),
_action( symptr ) );
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
case '.' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
case '@' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#endif
case '@':
case '.':
case '/':
case 'U': /* XXXX Is it correct? */
case 'w':
case 'u':
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Within []-length '%c' not allowed in %s",
(int) TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(symptr->code),
_action( symptr ) );
case '%':
size = 0;
break;
case '(':
{
tempsym_t savsym = *symptr;
symptr->patptr = savsym.grpbeg;
symptr->patend = savsym.grpend;
/* XXXX Theoretically, we need to measure many times at
different positions, since the subexpression may contain
alignment commands, but be not of aligned length.
Need to detect this and croak(). */
size = measure_struct(symptr);
*symptr = savsym;
break;
}
case 'X' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
/* XXXX Is this useful? Then need to treat MEASURE_BACKWARDS.
*/
if (!len) /* Avoid division by 0 */
len = 1;
len = total % len; /* Assumed: the start is aligned. */
/* FALL THROUGH */
case 'X':
size = -1;
if (total < len)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'X' outside of string in %s", _action( symptr ) );
break;
case 'x' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
if (!len) /* Avoid division by 0 */
len = 1;
star = total % len; /* Assumed: the start is aligned. */
if (star) /* Other portable ways? */
len = len - star;
else
len = 0;
/* FALL THROUGH */
case 'x':
case 'A':
case 'Z':
case 'a':
size = 1;
break;
case 'B':
case 'b':
len = (len + 7)/8;
size = 1;
break;
case 'H':
case 'h':
len = (len + 1)/2;
size = 1;
break;
case 'P':
len = 1;
size = sizeof(char*);
break;
}
}
total += len * size;
}
return total;
}
/* locate matching closing parenthesis or bracket
* returns char pointer to char after match, or NULL
*/
STATIC const char *
S_group_end(pTHX_ register const char *patptr, register const char *patend, char ender)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_GROUP_END;
while (patptr < patend) {
const char c = *patptr++;
if (isSPACE(c))
continue;
else if (c == ender)
return patptr-1;
else if (c == '#') {
while (patptr < patend && *patptr != '\n')
patptr++;
continue;
} else if (c == '(')
patptr = group_end(patptr, patend, ')') + 1;
else if (c == '[')
patptr = group_end(patptr, patend, ']') + 1;
}
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "No group ending character '%c' found in template",
ender);
return 0;
}
/* Convert unsigned decimal number to binary.
* Expects a pointer to the first digit and address of length variable
* Advances char pointer to 1st non-digit char and returns number
*/
STATIC const char *
S_get_num(pTHX_ register const char *patptr, I32 *lenptr )
{
I32 len = *patptr++ - '0';
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_GET_NUM;
while (isDIGIT(*patptr)) {
if (len >= 0x7FFFFFFF/10)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "pack/unpack repeat count overflow");
len = (len * 10) + (*patptr++ - '0');
}
*lenptr = len;
return patptr;
}
/* The marvellous template parsing routine: Using state stored in *symptr,
* locates next template code and count
*/
STATIC bool
S_next_symbol(pTHX_ tempsym_t* symptr )
{
const char* patptr = symptr->patptr;
const char* const patend = symptr->patend;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_NEXT_SYMBOL;
symptr->flags &= ~FLAG_SLASH;
while (patptr < patend) {
if (isSPACE(*patptr))
patptr++;
else if (*patptr == '#') {
patptr++;
while (patptr < patend && *patptr != '\n')
patptr++;
if (patptr < patend)
patptr++;
} else {
/* We should have found a template code */
I32 code = *patptr++ & 0xFF;
U32 inherited_modifiers = 0;
if (code == ','){ /* grandfather in commas but with a warning */
if (((symptr->flags & FLAG_COMMA) == 0) && ckWARN(WARN_UNPACK)){
symptr->flags |= FLAG_COMMA;
Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_UNPACK),
"Invalid type ',' in %s", _action( symptr ) );
}
continue;
}
/* for '(', skip to ')' */
if (code == '(') {
if( isDIGIT(*patptr) || *patptr == '*' || *patptr == '[' )
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "()-group starts with a count in %s",
_action( symptr ) );
symptr->grpbeg = patptr;
patptr = 1 + ( symptr->grpend = group_end(patptr, patend, ')') );
if( symptr->level >= MAX_SUB_TEMPLATE_LEVEL )
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Too deeply nested ()-groups in %s",
_action( symptr ) );
}
/* look for group modifiers to inherit */
if (TYPE_ENDIANNESS(symptr->flags)) {
if (strchr(ENDIANNESS_ALLOWED_TYPES, TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(code)))
inherited_modifiers |= TYPE_ENDIANNESS(symptr->flags);
}
/* look for modifiers */
while (patptr < patend) {
const char *allowed;
I32 modifier;
switch (*patptr) {
case '!':
modifier = TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING;
allowed = SHRIEKING_ALLOWED_TYPES;
break;
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_BYTEORDER
case '>':
modifier = TYPE_IS_BIG_ENDIAN;
allowed = ENDIANNESS_ALLOWED_TYPES;
break;
case '<':
modifier = TYPE_IS_LITTLE_ENDIAN;
allowed = ENDIANNESS_ALLOWED_TYPES;
break;
#endif /* PERL_PACK_CAN_BYTEORDER */
default:
allowed = "";
modifier = 0;
break;
}
if (modifier == 0)
break;
if (!strchr(allowed, TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(code)))
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'%c' allowed only after types %s in %s", *patptr,
allowed, _action( symptr ) );
if (TYPE_ENDIANNESS(code | modifier) == TYPE_ENDIANNESS_MASK)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Can't use both '<' and '>' after type '%c' in %s",
(int) TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(code), _action( symptr ) );
else if (TYPE_ENDIANNESS(code | modifier | inherited_modifiers) ==
TYPE_ENDIANNESS_MASK)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Can't use '%c' in a group with different byte-order in %s",
*patptr, _action( symptr ) );
if ((code & modifier)) {
Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_UNPACK),
"Duplicate modifier '%c' after '%c' in %s",
*patptr, (int) TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(code),
_action( symptr ) );
}
code |= modifier;
patptr++;
}
/* inherit modifiers */
code |= inherited_modifiers;
/* look for count and/or / */
if (patptr < patend) {
if (isDIGIT(*patptr)) {
patptr = get_num( patptr, &symptr->length );
symptr->howlen = e_number;
} else if (*patptr == '*') {
patptr++;
symptr->howlen = e_star;
} else if (*patptr == '[') {
const char* lenptr = ++patptr;
symptr->howlen = e_number;
patptr = group_end( patptr, patend, ']' ) + 1;
/* what kind of [] is it? */
if (isDIGIT(*lenptr)) {
lenptr = get_num( lenptr, &symptr->length );
if( *lenptr != ']' )
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Malformed integer in [] in %s",
_action( symptr ) );
} else {
tempsym_t savsym = *symptr;
symptr->patend = patptr-1;
symptr->patptr = lenptr;
savsym.length = measure_struct(symptr);
*symptr = savsym;
}
} else {
symptr->howlen = e_no_len;
symptr->length = 1;
}
/* try to find / */
while (patptr < patend) {
if (isSPACE(*patptr))
patptr++;
else if (*patptr == '#') {
patptr++;
while (patptr < patend && *patptr != '\n')
patptr++;
if (patptr < patend)
patptr++;
} else {
if (*patptr == '/') {
symptr->flags |= FLAG_SLASH;
patptr++;
if (patptr < patend &&
(isDIGIT(*patptr) || *patptr == '*' || *patptr == '['))
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'/' does not take a repeat count in %s",
_action( symptr ) );
}
break;
}
}
} else {
/* at end - no count, no / */
symptr->howlen = e_no_len;
symptr->length = 1;
}
symptr->code = code;
symptr->patptr = patptr;
return TRUE;
}
}
symptr->patptr = patptr;
return FALSE;
}
/*
There is no way to cleanly handle the case where we should process the
string per byte in its upgraded form while it's really in downgraded form
(e.g. estimates like strend-s as an upper bound for the number of
characters left wouldn't work). So if we foresee the need of this
(pattern starts with U or contains U0), we want to work on the encoded
version of the string. Users are advised to upgrade their pack string
themselves if they need to do a lot of unpacks like this on it
*/
STATIC bool
need_utf8(const char *pat, const char *patend)
{
bool first = TRUE;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_NEED_UTF8;
while (pat < patend) {
if (pat[0] == '#') {
pat++;
pat = (const char *) memchr(pat, '\n', patend-pat);
if (!pat) return FALSE;
} else if (pat[0] == 'U') {
if (first || pat[1] == '0') return TRUE;
} else first = FALSE;
pat++;
}
return FALSE;
}
STATIC char
first_symbol(const char *pat, const char *patend) {
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_FIRST_SYMBOL;
while (pat < patend) {
if (pat[0] != '#') return pat[0];
pat++;
pat = (const char *) memchr(pat, '\n', patend-pat);
if (!pat) return 0;
pat++;
}
return 0;
}
/*
=for apidoc unpackstring
The engine implementing unpack() Perl function. C<unpackstring> puts the
extracted list items on the stack and returns the number of elements.
Issue C<PUTBACK> before and C<SPAGAIN> after the call to this function.
=cut */
I32
Perl_unpackstring(pTHX_ const char *pat, const char *patend, const char *s, const char *strend, U32 flags)
{
tempsym_t sym;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_UNPACKSTRING;
if (flags & FLAG_DO_UTF8) flags |= FLAG_WAS_UTF8;
else if (need_utf8(pat, patend)) {
/* We probably should try to avoid this in case a scalar context call
wouldn't get to the "U0" */
STRLEN len = strend - s;
s = (char *) bytes_to_utf8((U8 *) s, &len);
SAVEFREEPV(s);
strend = s + len;
flags |= FLAG_DO_UTF8;
}
if (first_symbol(pat, patend) != 'U' && (flags & FLAG_DO_UTF8))
flags |= FLAG_PARSE_UTF8;
TEMPSYM_INIT(&sym, pat, patend, flags);
return unpack_rec(&sym, s, s, strend, NULL );
}
STATIC I32
S_unpack_rec(pTHX_ tempsym_t* symptr, const char *s, const char *strbeg, const char *strend, const char **new_s )
{
dVAR; dSP;
SV *sv = NULL;
const I32 start_sp_offset = SP - PL_stack_base;
howlen_t howlen;
I32 checksum = 0;
UV cuv = 0;
NV cdouble = 0.0;
const int bits_in_uv = CHAR_BIT * sizeof(cuv);
bool beyond = FALSE;
bool explicit_length;
const bool unpack_only_one = (symptr->flags & FLAG_UNPACK_ONLY_ONE) != 0;
bool utf8 = (symptr->flags & FLAG_PARSE_UTF8) ? 1 : 0;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_UNPACK_REC;
symptr->strbeg = s - strbeg;
while (next_symbol(symptr)) {
packprops_t props;
I32 len;
I32 datumtype = symptr->code;
/* do first one only unless in list context
/ is implemented by unpacking the count, then popping it from the
stack, so must check that we're not in the middle of a / */
if ( unpack_only_one
&& (SP - PL_stack_base == start_sp_offset + 1)
&& (datumtype != '/') ) /* XXX can this be omitted */
break;
switch (howlen = symptr->howlen) {
case e_star:
len = strend - strbeg; /* long enough */
break;
default:
/* e_no_len and e_number */
len = symptr->length;
break;
}
explicit_length = TRUE;
redo_switch:
beyond = s >= strend;
props = packprops[TYPE_NO_ENDIANNESS(datumtype)];
if (props) {
/* props nonzero means we can process this letter. */
const long size = props & PACK_SIZE_MASK;
const long howmany = (strend - s) / size;
if (len > howmany)
len = howmany;
if (!checksum || (props & PACK_SIZE_CANNOT_CSUM)) {
if (len && unpack_only_one) len = 1;
EXTEND(SP, len);
EXTEND_MORTAL(len);
}
}
switch(TYPE_NO_ENDIANNESS(datumtype)) {
default:
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Invalid type '%c' in unpack", (int)TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(datumtype) );
case '%':
if (howlen == e_no_len)
len = 16; /* len is not specified */
checksum = len;
cuv = 0;
cdouble = 0;
continue;
break;
case '(':
{
tempsym_t savsym = *symptr;
const U32 group_modifiers = TYPE_MODIFIERS(datumtype & ~symptr->flags);
symptr->flags |= group_modifiers;
symptr->patend = savsym.grpend;
symptr->previous = &savsym;
symptr->level++;
PUTBACK;
if (len && unpack_only_one) len = 1;
while (len--) {
symptr->patptr = savsym.grpbeg;
if (utf8) symptr->flags |= FLAG_PARSE_UTF8;
else symptr->flags &= ~FLAG_PARSE_UTF8;
unpack_rec(symptr, s, strbeg, strend, &s);
if (s == strend && savsym.howlen == e_star)
break; /* No way to continue */
}
SPAGAIN;
savsym.flags = symptr->flags & ~group_modifiers;
*symptr = savsym;
break;
}
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
case '.' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#endif
case '.': {
const char *from;
SV *sv;
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
const bool u8 = utf8 && !(datumtype & TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING);
#else /* PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN */
const bool u8 = utf8;
#endif
if (howlen == e_star) from = strbeg;
else if (len <= 0) from = s;
else {
tempsym_t *group = symptr;
while (--len && group) group = group->previous;
from = group ? strbeg + group->strbeg : strbeg;
}
sv = from <= s ?
newSVuv( u8 ? (UV) utf8_length((const U8*)from, (const U8*)s) : (UV) (s-from)) :
newSViv(-(u8 ? (IV) utf8_length((const U8*)s, (const U8*)from) : (IV) (from-s)));
mXPUSHs(sv);
break;
}
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
case '@' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#endif
case '@':
s = strbeg + symptr->strbeg;
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
if (utf8 && !(datumtype & TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING))
#else /* PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN */
if (utf8)
#endif
{
while (len > 0) {
if (s >= strend)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'@' outside of string in unpack");
s += UTF8SKIP(s);
len--;
}
if (s > strend)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'@' outside of string with malformed UTF-8 in unpack");
} else {
if (strend-s < len)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'@' outside of string in unpack");
s += len;
}
break;
case 'X' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
if (!len) /* Avoid division by 0 */
len = 1;
if (utf8) {
const char *hop, *last;
I32 l = len;
hop = last = strbeg;
while (hop < s) {
hop += UTF8SKIP(hop);
if (--l == 0) {
last = hop;
l = len;
}
}
if (last > s)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Malformed UTF-8 string in unpack");
s = last;
break;
}
len = (s - strbeg) % len;
/* FALL THROUGH */
case 'X':
if (utf8) {
while (len > 0) {
if (s <= strbeg)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'X' outside of string in unpack");
while (--s, UTF8_IS_CONTINUATION(*s)) {
if (s <= strbeg)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'X' outside of string in unpack");
}
len--;
}
} else {
if (len > s - strbeg)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'X' outside of string in unpack" );
s -= len;
}
break;
case 'x' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING: {
I32 ai32;
if (!len) /* Avoid division by 0 */
len = 1;
if (utf8) ai32 = utf8_length((U8 *) strbeg, (U8 *) s) % len;
else ai32 = (s - strbeg) % len;
if (ai32 == 0) break;
len -= ai32;
}
/* FALL THROUGH */
case 'x':
if (utf8) {
while (len>0) {
if (s >= strend)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'x' outside of string in unpack");
s += UTF8SKIP(s);
len--;
}
} else {
if (len > strend - s)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'x' outside of string in unpack");
s += len;
}
break;
case '/':
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'/' must follow a numeric type in unpack");
break;
case 'A':
case 'Z':
case 'a':
if (checksum) {
/* Preliminary length estimate is assumed done in 'W' */
if (len > strend - s) len = strend - s;
goto W_checksum;
}
if (utf8) {
I32 l;
const char *hop;
for (l=len, hop=s; l>0; l--, hop += UTF8SKIP(hop)) {
if (hop >= strend) {
if (hop > strend)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Malformed UTF-8 string in unpack");
break;
}
}
if (hop > strend)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Malformed UTF-8 string in unpack");
len = hop - s;
} else if (len > strend - s)
len = strend - s;
if (datumtype == 'Z') {
/* 'Z' strips stuff after first null */
const char *ptr, *end;
end = s + len;
for (ptr = s; ptr < end; ptr++) if (*ptr == 0) break;
sv = newSVpvn(s, ptr-s);
if (howlen == e_star) /* exact for 'Z*' */
len = ptr-s + (ptr != strend ? 1 : 0);
} else if (datumtype == 'A') {
/* 'A' strips both nulls and spaces */
const char *ptr;
if (utf8 && (symptr->flags & FLAG_WAS_UTF8)) {
for (ptr = s+len-1; ptr >= s; ptr--)
if (*ptr != 0 && !UTF8_IS_CONTINUATION(*ptr) &&
!is_utf8_space((U8 *) ptr)) break;
if (ptr >= s) ptr += UTF8SKIP(ptr);
else ptr++;
if (ptr > s+len)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Malformed UTF-8 string in unpack");
} else {
for (ptr = s+len-1; ptr >= s; ptr--)
if (*ptr != 0 && !isSPACE(*ptr)) break;
ptr++;
}
sv = newSVpvn(s, ptr-s);
} else sv = newSVpvn(s, len);
if (utf8) {
SvUTF8_on(sv);
/* Undo any upgrade done due to need_utf8() */
if (!(symptr->flags & FLAG_WAS_UTF8))
sv_utf8_downgrade(sv, 0);
}
mXPUSHs(sv);
s += len;
break;
case 'B':
case 'b': {
char *str;
if (howlen == e_star || len > (strend - s) * 8)
len = (strend - s) * 8;
if (checksum) {
if (utf8)
while (len >= 8 && s < strend) {
cuv += PL_bitcount[uni_to_byte(aTHX_ &s, strend, datumtype)];
len -= 8;
}
else
while (len >= 8) {
cuv += PL_bitcount[*(U8 *)s++];
len -= 8;
}
if (len && s < strend) {
U8 bits;
bits = SHIFT_BYTE(utf8, s, strend, datumtype);
if (datumtype == 'b')
while (len-- > 0) {
if (bits & 1) cuv++;
bits >>= 1;
}
else
while (len-- > 0) {
if (bits & 0x80) cuv++;
bits <<= 1;
}
}
break;
}
sv = sv_2mortal(newSV(len ? len : 1));
SvPOK_on(sv);
str = SvPVX(sv);
if (datumtype == 'b') {
U8 bits = 0;
const I32 ai32 = len;
for (len = 0; len < ai32; len++) {
if (len & 7) bits >>= 1;
else if (utf8) {
if (s >= strend) break;
bits = uni_to_byte(aTHX_ &s, strend, datumtype);
} else bits = *(U8 *) s++;
*str++ = bits & 1 ? '1' : '0';
}
} else {
U8 bits = 0;
const I32 ai32 = len;
for (len = 0; len < ai32; len++) {
if (len & 7) bits <<= 1;
else if (utf8) {
if (s >= strend) break;
bits = uni_to_byte(aTHX_ &s, strend, datumtype);
} else bits = *(U8 *) s++;
*str++ = bits & 0x80 ? '1' : '0';
}
}
*str = '\0';
SvCUR_set(sv, str - SvPVX_const(sv));
XPUSHs(sv);
break;
}
case 'H':
case 'h': {
char *str = NULL;
/* Preliminary length estimate, acceptable for utf8 too */
if (howlen == e_star || len > (strend - s) * 2)
len = (strend - s) * 2;
if (!checksum) {
sv = sv_2mortal(newSV(len ? len : 1));
SvPOK_on(sv);
str = SvPVX(sv);
}
if (datumtype == 'h') {
U8 bits = 0;
I32 ai32 = len;
for (len = 0; len < ai32; len++) {
if (len & 1) bits >>= 4;
else if (utf8) {
if (s >= strend) break;
bits = uni_to_byte(aTHX_ &s, strend, datumtype);
} else bits = * (U8 *) s++;
if (!checksum)
*str++ = PL_hexdigit[bits & 15];
}
} else {
U8 bits = 0;
const I32 ai32 = len;
for (len = 0; len < ai32; len++) {
if (len & 1) bits <<= 4;
else if (utf8) {
if (s >= strend) break;
bits = uni_to_byte(aTHX_ &s, strend, datumtype);
} else bits = *(U8 *) s++;
if (!checksum)
*str++ = PL_hexdigit[(bits >> 4) & 15];
}
}
if (!checksum) {
*str = '\0';
SvCUR_set(sv, str - SvPVX_const(sv));
XPUSHs(sv);
}
break;
}
case 'C':
if (len == 0) {
if (explicit_length)
/* Switch to "character" mode */
utf8 = (symptr->flags & FLAG_DO_UTF8) ? 1 : 0;
break;
}
/* FALL THROUGH */
case 'c':
while (len-- > 0 && s < strend) {
int aint;
if (utf8)
{
STRLEN retlen;
aint = utf8n_to_uvchr((U8 *) s, strend-s, &retlen,
ckWARN(WARN_UTF8) ? 0 : UTF8_ALLOW_ANY);
if (retlen == (STRLEN) -1 || retlen == 0)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Malformed UTF-8 string in unpack");
s += retlen;
}
else
aint = *(U8 *)(s)++;
if (aint >= 128 && datumtype != 'C') /* fake up signed chars */
aint -= 256;
if (!checksum)
mPUSHi(aint);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)aint;
else
cuv += aint;
}
break;
case 'W':
W_checksum:
if (utf8) {
while (len-- > 0 && s < strend) {
STRLEN retlen;
const UV val = utf8n_to_uvchr((U8 *) s, strend-s, &retlen,
ckWARN(WARN_UTF8) ? 0 : UTF8_ALLOW_ANY);
if (retlen == (STRLEN) -1 || retlen == 0)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Malformed UTF-8 string in unpack");
s += retlen;
if (!checksum)
mPUSHu(val);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV) val;
else
cuv += val;
}
} else if (!checksum)
while (len-- > 0) {
const U8 ch = *(U8 *) s++;
mPUSHu(ch);
}
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
while (len-- > 0) cdouble += (NV) *(U8 *) s++;
else
while (len-- > 0) cuv += *(U8 *) s++;
break;
case 'U':
if (len == 0) {
if (explicit_length) {
/* Switch to "bytes in UTF-8" mode */
if (symptr->flags & FLAG_DO_UTF8) utf8 = 0;
else
/* Should be impossible due to the need_utf8() test */
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "U0 mode on a byte string");
}
break;
}
if (len > strend - s) len = strend - s;
if (!checksum) {
if (len && unpack_only_one) len = 1;
EXTEND(SP, len);
EXTEND_MORTAL(len);
}
while (len-- > 0 && s < strend) {
STRLEN retlen;
UV auv;
if (utf8) {
U8 result[UTF8_MAXLEN];
const char *ptr = s;
STRLEN len;
/* Bug: warns about bad utf8 even if we are short on bytes
and will break out of the loop */
if (!uni_to_bytes(aTHX_ &ptr, strend, (char *) result, 1,
'U'))
break;
len = UTF8SKIP(result);
if (!uni_to_bytes(aTHX_ &ptr, strend,
(char *) &result[1], len-1, 'U')) break;
auv = utf8n_to_uvuni(result, len, &retlen, ckWARN(WARN_UTF8) ? 0 : UTF8_ALLOW_ANYUV);
s = ptr;
} else {
auv = utf8n_to_uvuni((U8*)s, strend - s, &retlen, ckWARN(WARN_UTF8) ? 0 : UTF8_ALLOW_ANYUV);
if (retlen == (STRLEN) -1 || retlen == 0)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Malformed UTF-8 string in unpack");
s += retlen;
}
if (!checksum)
mPUSHu(auv);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV) auv;
else
cuv += auv;
}
break;
case 's' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#if SHORTSIZE != SIZE16
while (len-- > 0) {
short ashort;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, ashort, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK(ashort, s);
if (!checksum)
mPUSHi(ashort);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)ashort;
else
cuv += ashort;
}
break;
#else
/* Fallthrough! */
#endif
case 's':
while (len-- > 0) {
I16 ai16;
#if U16SIZE > SIZE16
ai16 = 0;
#endif
SHIFT16(utf8, s, strend, &ai16, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK(ai16, 16);
#if U16SIZE > SIZE16
if (ai16 > 32767)
ai16 -= 65536;
#endif
if (!checksum)
mPUSHi(ai16);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)ai16;
else
cuv += ai16;
}
break;
case 'S' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#if SHORTSIZE != SIZE16
while (len-- > 0) {
unsigned short aushort;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, aushort, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK(aushort, s);
if (!checksum)
mPUSHu(aushort);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)aushort;
else
cuv += aushort;
}
break;
#else
/* Fallhrough! */
#endif
case 'v':
case 'n':
case 'S':
while (len-- > 0) {
U16 au16;
#if U16SIZE > SIZE16
au16 = 0;
#endif
SHIFT16(utf8, s, strend, &au16, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK(au16, 16);
#ifdef HAS_NTOHS
if (datumtype == 'n')
au16 = PerlSock_ntohs(au16);
#endif
#ifdef HAS_VTOHS
if (datumtype == 'v')
au16 = vtohs(au16);
#endif
if (!checksum)
mPUSHu(au16);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV) au16;
else
cuv += au16;
}
break;
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
case 'v' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
case 'n' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
while (len-- > 0) {
I16 ai16;
# if U16SIZE > SIZE16
ai16 = 0;
# endif
SHIFT16(utf8, s, strend, &ai16, datumtype);
# ifdef HAS_NTOHS
if (datumtype == ('n' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING))
ai16 = (I16) PerlSock_ntohs((U16) ai16);
# endif /* HAS_NTOHS */
# ifdef HAS_VTOHS
if (datumtype == ('v' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING))
ai16 = (I16) vtohs((U16) ai16);
# endif /* HAS_VTOHS */
if (!checksum)
mPUSHi(ai16);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV) ai16;
else
cuv += ai16;
}
break;
#endif /* PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN */
case 'i':
case 'i' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
while (len-- > 0) {
int aint;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, aint, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK(aint, i);
if (!checksum)
mPUSHi(aint);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)aint;
else
cuv += aint;
}
break;
case 'I':
case 'I' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
while (len-- > 0) {
unsigned int auint;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, auint, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK(auint, i);
if (!checksum)
mPUSHu(auint);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)auint;
else
cuv += auint;
}
break;
case 'j':
while (len-- > 0) {
IV aiv;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, aiv, datumtype);
#if IVSIZE == INTSIZE
DO_BO_UNPACK(aiv, i);
#elif IVSIZE == LONGSIZE
DO_BO_UNPACK(aiv, l);
#elif defined(HAS_QUAD) && IVSIZE == U64SIZE
DO_BO_UNPACK(aiv, 64);
#else
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'j' not supported on this platform");
#endif
if (!checksum)
mPUSHi(aiv);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)aiv;
else
cuv += aiv;
}
break;
case 'J':
while (len-- > 0) {
UV auv;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, auv, datumtype);
#if IVSIZE == INTSIZE
DO_BO_UNPACK(auv, i);
#elif IVSIZE == LONGSIZE
DO_BO_UNPACK(auv, l);
#elif defined(HAS_QUAD) && IVSIZE == U64SIZE
DO_BO_UNPACK(auv, 64);
#else
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'J' not supported on this platform");
#endif
if (!checksum)
mPUSHu(auv);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)auv;
else
cuv += auv;
}
break;
case 'l' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#if LONGSIZE != SIZE32
while (len-- > 0) {
long along;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, along, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK(along, l);
if (!checksum)
mPUSHi(along);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)along;
else
cuv += along;
}
break;
#else
/* Fallthrough! */
#endif
case 'l':
while (len-- > 0) {
I32 ai32;
#if U32SIZE > SIZE32
ai32 = 0;
#endif
SHIFT32(utf8, s, strend, &ai32, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK(ai32, 32);
#if U32SIZE > SIZE32
if (ai32 > 2147483647) ai32 -= 4294967296;
#endif
if (!checksum)
mPUSHi(ai32);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)ai32;
else
cuv += ai32;
}
break;
case 'L' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#if LONGSIZE != SIZE32
while (len-- > 0) {
unsigned long aulong;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, aulong, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK(aulong, l);
if (!checksum)
mPUSHu(aulong);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)aulong;
else
cuv += aulong;
}
break;
#else
/* Fall through! */
#endif
case 'V':
case 'N':
case 'L':
while (len-- > 0) {
U32 au32;
#if U32SIZE > SIZE32
au32 = 0;
#endif
SHIFT32(utf8, s, strend, &au32, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK(au32, 32);
#ifdef HAS_NTOHL
if (datumtype == 'N')
au32 = PerlSock_ntohl(au32);
#endif
#ifdef HAS_VTOHL
if (datumtype == 'V')
au32 = vtohl(au32);
#endif
if (!checksum)
mPUSHu(au32);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)au32;
else
cuv += au32;
}
break;
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
case 'V' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
case 'N' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
while (len-- > 0) {
I32 ai32;
# if U32SIZE > SIZE32
ai32 = 0;
# endif
SHIFT32(utf8, s, strend, &ai32, datumtype);
# ifdef HAS_NTOHL
if (datumtype == ('N' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING))
ai32 = (I32)PerlSock_ntohl((U32)ai32);
# endif
# ifdef HAS_VTOHL
if (datumtype == ('V' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING))
ai32 = (I32)vtohl((U32)ai32);
# endif
if (!checksum)
mPUSHi(ai32);
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)ai32;
else
cuv += ai32;
}
break;
#endif /* PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN */
case 'p':
while (len-- > 0) {
const char *aptr;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, aptr, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK_PC(aptr);
/* newSVpv generates undef if aptr is NULL */
mPUSHs(newSVpv(aptr, 0));
}
break;
case 'w':
{
UV auv = 0;
U32 bytes = 0;
while (len > 0 && s < strend) {
U8 ch;
ch = SHIFT_BYTE(utf8, s, strend, datumtype);
auv = (auv << 7) | (ch & 0x7f);
/* UTF8_IS_XXXXX not right here - using constant 0x80 */
if (ch < 0x80) {
bytes = 0;
mPUSHu(auv);
len--;
auv = 0;
continue;
}
if (++bytes >= sizeof(UV)) { /* promote to string */
const char *t;
sv = Perl_newSVpvf(aTHX_ "%.*"UVuf, (int)TYPE_DIGITS(UV), auv);
while (s < strend) {
ch = SHIFT_BYTE(utf8, s, strend, datumtype);
sv = mul128(sv, (U8)(ch & 0x7f));
if (!(ch & 0x80)) {
bytes = 0;
break;
}
}
t = SvPV_nolen_const(sv);
while (*t == '0')
t++;
sv_chop(sv, t);
mPUSHs(sv);
len--;
auv = 0;
}
}
if ((s >= strend) && bytes)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Unterminated compressed integer in unpack");
}
break;
case 'P':
if (symptr->howlen == e_star)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'P' must have an explicit size in unpack");
EXTEND(SP, 1);
if (s + sizeof(char*) <= strend) {
char *aptr;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, aptr, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK_PC(aptr);
/* newSVpvn generates undef if aptr is NULL */
PUSHs(newSVpvn_flags(aptr, len, SVs_TEMP));
}
break;
#ifdef HAS_QUAD
case 'q':
while (len-- > 0) {
Quad_t aquad;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, aquad, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK(aquad, 64);
if (!checksum)
mPUSHs(aquad >= IV_MIN && aquad <= IV_MAX ?
newSViv((IV)aquad) : newSVnv((NV)aquad));
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)aquad;
else
cuv += aquad;
}
break;
case 'Q':
while (len-- > 0) {
Uquad_t auquad;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, auquad, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK(auquad, 64);
if (!checksum)
mPUSHs(auquad <= UV_MAX ?
newSVuv((UV)auquad) : newSVnv((NV)auquad));
else if (checksum > bits_in_uv)
cdouble += (NV)auquad;
else
cuv += auquad;
}
break;
#endif /* HAS_QUAD */
/* float and double added gnb@melba.bby.oz.au 22/11/89 */
case 'f':
while (len-- > 0) {
float afloat;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, afloat, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK_N(afloat, float);
if (!checksum)
mPUSHn(afloat);
else
cdouble += afloat;
}
break;
case 'd':
while (len-- > 0) {
double adouble;
SHIFT_VAR(utf8, s, strend, adouble, datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK_N(adouble, double);
if (!checksum)
mPUSHn(adouble);
else
cdouble += adouble;
}
break;
case 'F':
while (len-- > 0) {
NV_bytes anv;
SHIFT_BYTES(utf8, s, strend, anv.bytes, sizeof(anv.bytes), datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK_N(anv.nv, NV);
if (!checksum)
mPUSHn(anv.nv);
else
cdouble += anv.nv;
}
break;
#if defined(HAS_LONG_DOUBLE) && defined(USE_LONG_DOUBLE)
case 'D':
while (len-- > 0) {
ld_bytes aldouble;
SHIFT_BYTES(utf8, s, strend, aldouble.bytes, sizeof(aldouble.bytes), datumtype);
DO_BO_UNPACK_N(aldouble.ld, long double);
if (!checksum)
mPUSHn(aldouble.ld);
else
cdouble += aldouble.ld;
}
break;
#endif
case 'u':
if (!checksum) {
const STRLEN l = (STRLEN) (strend - s) * 3 / 4;
sv = sv_2mortal(newSV(l));
if (l) SvPOK_on(sv);
}
if (utf8) {
while (next_uni_uu(aTHX_ &s, strend, &len)) {
I32 a, b, c, d;
char hunk[3];
while (len > 0) {
next_uni_uu(aTHX_ &s, strend, &a);
next_uni_uu(aTHX_ &s, strend, &b);
next_uni_uu(aTHX_ &s, strend, &c);
next_uni_uu(aTHX_ &s, strend, &d);
hunk[0] = (char)((a << 2) | (b >> 4));
hunk[1] = (char)((b << 4) | (c >> 2));
hunk[2] = (char)((c << 6) | d);
if (!checksum)
sv_catpvn(sv, hunk, (len > 3) ? 3 : len);
len -= 3;
}
if (s < strend) {
if (*s == '\n') {
s++;
}
else {
/* possible checksum byte */
const char *skip = s+UTF8SKIP(s);
if (skip < strend && *skip == '\n')
s = skip+1;
}
}
}
} else {
while (s < strend && *s > ' ' && ISUUCHAR(*s)) {
I32 a, b, c, d;
char hunk[3];
len = PL_uudmap[*(U8*)s++] & 077;
while (len > 0) {
if (s < strend && ISUUCHAR(*s))
a = PL_uudmap[*(U8*)s++] & 077;
else
a = 0;
if (s < strend && ISUUCHAR(*s))
b = PL_uudmap[*(U8*)s++] & 077;
else
b = 0;
if (s < strend && ISUUCHAR(*s))
c = PL_uudmap[*(U8*)s++] & 077;
else
c = 0;
if (s < strend && ISUUCHAR(*s))
d = PL_uudmap[*(U8*)s++] & 077;
else
d = 0;
hunk[0] = (char)((a << 2) | (b >> 4));
hunk[1] = (char)((b << 4) | (c >> 2));
hunk[2] = (char)((c << 6) | d);
if (!checksum)
sv_catpvn(sv, hunk, (len > 3) ? 3 : len);
len -= 3;
}
if (*s == '\n')
s++;
else /* possible checksum byte */
if (s + 1 < strend && s[1] == '\n')
s += 2;
}
}
if (!checksum)
XPUSHs(sv);
break;
}
if (checksum) {
if (strchr("fFdD", TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(datumtype)) ||
(checksum > bits_in_uv &&
strchr("cCsSiIlLnNUWvVqQjJ", TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(datumtype))) ) {
NV trouble, anv;
anv = (NV) (1 << (checksum & 15));
while (checksum >= 16) {
checksum -= 16;
anv *= 65536.0;
}
while (cdouble < 0.0)
cdouble += anv;
cdouble = Perl_modf(cdouble / anv, &trouble) * anv;
sv = newSVnv(cdouble);
}
else {
if (checksum < bits_in_uv) {
UV mask = ((UV)1 << checksum) - 1;
cuv &= mask;
}
sv = newSVuv(cuv);
}
mXPUSHs(sv);
checksum = 0;
}
if (symptr->flags & FLAG_SLASH){
if (SP - PL_stack_base - start_sp_offset <= 0)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'/' must follow a numeric type in unpack");
if( next_symbol(symptr) ){
if( symptr->howlen == e_number )
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Count after length/code in unpack" );
if( beyond ){
/* ...end of char buffer then no decent length available */
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "length/code after end of string in unpack" );
} else {
/* take top of stack (hope it's numeric) */
len = POPi;
if( len < 0 )
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Negative '/' count in unpack" );
}
} else {
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Code missing after '/' in unpack" );
}
datumtype = symptr->code;
explicit_length = FALSE;
goto redo_switch;
}
}
if (new_s)
*new_s = s;
PUTBACK;
return SP - PL_stack_base - start_sp_offset;
}
PP(pp_unpack)
{
dVAR;
dSP;
dPOPPOPssrl;
I32 gimme = GIMME_V;
STRLEN llen;
STRLEN rlen;
const char *pat = SvPV_const(left, llen);
const char *s = SvPV_const(right, rlen);
const char *strend = s + rlen;
const char *patend = pat + llen;
I32 cnt;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(pparg);
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(ppflags);
PUTBACK;
cnt = unpackstring(pat, patend, s, strend,
((gimme == G_SCALAR) ? FLAG_UNPACK_ONLY_ONE : 0)
| (DO_UTF8(right) ? FLAG_DO_UTF8 : 0));
SPAGAIN;
if ( !cnt && gimme == G_SCALAR )
PUSHs(&PL_sv_undef);
RETURN;
}
STATIC U8 *
doencodes(U8 *h, const char *s, I32 len)
{
*h++ = PL_uuemap[len];
while (len > 2) {
*h++ = PL_uuemap[(077 & (s[0] >> 2))];
*h++ = PL_uuemap[(077 & (((s[0] << 4) & 060) | ((s[1] >> 4) & 017)))];
*h++ = PL_uuemap[(077 & (((s[1] << 2) & 074) | ((s[2] >> 6) & 03)))];
*h++ = PL_uuemap[(077 & (s[2] & 077))];
s += 3;
len -= 3;
}
if (len > 0) {
const char r = (len > 1 ? s[1] : '\0');
*h++ = PL_uuemap[(077 & (s[0] >> 2))];
*h++ = PL_uuemap[(077 & (((s[0] << 4) & 060) | ((r >> 4) & 017)))];
*h++ = PL_uuemap[(077 & ((r << 2) & 074))];
*h++ = PL_uuemap[0];
}
*h++ = '\n';
return h;
}
STATIC SV *
S_is_an_int(pTHX_ const char *s, STRLEN l)
{
SV *result = newSVpvn(s, l);
char *const result_c = SvPV_nolen(result); /* convenience */
char *out = result_c;
bool skip = 1;
bool ignore = 0;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_IS_AN_INT;
while (*s) {
switch (*s) {
case ' ':
break;
case '+':
if (!skip) {
SvREFCNT_dec(result);
return (NULL);
}
break;
case '0':
case '1':
case '2':
case '3':
case '4':
case '5':
case '6':
case '7':
case '8':
case '9':
skip = 0;
if (!ignore) {
*(out++) = *s;
}
break;
case '.':
ignore = 1;
break;
default:
SvREFCNT_dec(result);
return (NULL);
}
s++;
}
*(out++) = '\0';
SvCUR_set(result, out - result_c);
return (result);
}
/* pnum must be '\0' terminated */
STATIC int
S_div128(pTHX_ SV *pnum, bool *done)
{
STRLEN len;
char * const s = SvPV(pnum, len);
char *t = s;
int m = 0;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_DIV128;
*done = 1;
while (*t) {
const int i = m * 10 + (*t - '0');
const int r = (i >> 7); /* r < 10 */
m = i & 0x7F;
if (r) {
*done = 0;
}
*(t++) = '0' + r;
}
*(t++) = '\0';
SvCUR_set(pnum, (STRLEN) (t - s));
return (m);
}
/*
=for apidoc packlist
The engine implementing pack() Perl function.
=cut
*/
void
Perl_packlist(pTHX_ SV *cat, const char *pat, const char *patend, register SV **beglist, SV **endlist )
{
dVAR;
tempsym_t sym;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_PACKLIST;
TEMPSYM_INIT(&sym, pat, patend, FLAG_PACK);
/* We're going to do changes through SvPVX(cat). Make sure it's valid.
Also make sure any UTF8 flag is loaded */
SvPV_force_nolen(cat);
if (DO_UTF8(cat))
sym.flags |= FLAG_PARSE_UTF8 | FLAG_DO_UTF8;
(void)pack_rec( cat, &sym, beglist, endlist );
}
/* like sv_utf8_upgrade, but also repoint the group start markers */
STATIC void
marked_upgrade(pTHX_ SV *sv, tempsym_t *sym_ptr) {
STRLEN len;
tempsym_t *group;
const char *from_ptr, *from_start, *from_end, **marks, **m;
char *to_start, *to_ptr;
if (SvUTF8(sv)) return;
from_start = SvPVX_const(sv);
from_end = from_start + SvCUR(sv);
for (from_ptr = from_start; from_ptr < from_end; from_ptr++)
if (!NATIVE_IS_INVARIANT(*from_ptr)) break;
if (from_ptr == from_end) {
/* Simple case: no character needs to be changed */
SvUTF8_on(sv);
return;
}
len = (from_end-from_ptr)*UTF8_EXPAND+(from_ptr-from_start)+1;
Newx(to_start, len, char);
Copy(from_start, to_start, from_ptr-from_start, char);
to_ptr = to_start + (from_ptr-from_start);
Newx(marks, sym_ptr->level+2, const char *);
for (group=sym_ptr; group; group = group->previous)
marks[group->level] = from_start + group->strbeg;
marks[sym_ptr->level+1] = from_end+1;
for (m = marks; *m < from_ptr; m++)
*m = to_start + (*m-from_start);
for (;from_ptr < from_end; from_ptr++) {
while (*m == from_ptr) *m++ = to_ptr;
to_ptr = (char *) uvchr_to_utf8((U8 *) to_ptr, *(U8 *) from_ptr);
}
*to_ptr = 0;
while (*m == from_ptr) *m++ = to_ptr;
if (m != marks + sym_ptr->level+1) {
Safefree(marks);
Safefree(to_start);
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "panic: marks beyond string end");
}
for (group=sym_ptr; group; group = group->previous)
group->strbeg = marks[group->level] - to_start;
Safefree(marks);
if (SvOOK(sv)) {
if (SvIVX(sv)) {
SvLEN_set(sv, SvLEN(sv) + SvIVX(sv));
from_start -= SvIVX(sv);
SvIV_set(sv, 0);
}
SvFLAGS(sv) &= ~SVf_OOK;
}
if (SvLEN(sv) != 0)
Safefree(from_start);
SvPV_set(sv, to_start);
SvCUR_set(sv, to_ptr - to_start);
SvLEN_set(sv, len);
SvUTF8_on(sv);
}
/* Exponential string grower. Makes string extension effectively O(n)
needed says how many extra bytes we need (not counting the final '\0')
Only grows the string if there is an actual lack of space
*/
STATIC char *
S_sv_exp_grow(pTHX_ SV *sv, STRLEN needed) {
const STRLEN cur = SvCUR(sv);
const STRLEN len = SvLEN(sv);
STRLEN extend;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_SV_EXP_GROW;
if (len - cur > needed) return SvPVX(sv);
extend = needed > len ? needed : len;
return SvGROW(sv, len+extend+1);
}
STATIC
SV **
S_pack_rec(pTHX_ SV *cat, tempsym_t* symptr, SV **beglist, SV **endlist )
{
dVAR;
tempsym_t lookahead;
I32 items = endlist - beglist;
bool found = next_symbol(symptr);
bool utf8 = (symptr->flags & FLAG_PARSE_UTF8) ? 1 : 0;
bool warn_utf8 = ckWARN(WARN_UTF8);
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_PACK_REC;
if (symptr->level == 0 && found && symptr->code == 'U') {
marked_upgrade(aTHX_ cat, symptr);
symptr->flags |= FLAG_DO_UTF8;
utf8 = 0;
}
symptr->strbeg = SvCUR(cat);
while (found) {
SV *fromstr;
STRLEN fromlen;
I32 len;
SV *lengthcode = NULL;
I32 datumtype = symptr->code;
howlen_t howlen = symptr->howlen;
char *start = SvPVX(cat);
char *cur = start + SvCUR(cat);
#define NEXTFROM (lengthcode ? lengthcode : items-- > 0 ? *beglist++ : &PL_sv_no)
switch (howlen) {
case e_star:
len = strchr("@Xxu", TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(datumtype)) ?
0 : items;
break;
default:
/* e_no_len and e_number */
len = symptr->length;
break;
}
if (len) {
packprops_t props = packprops[TYPE_NO_ENDIANNESS(datumtype)];
if (props && !(props & PACK_SIZE_UNPREDICTABLE)) {
/* We can process this letter. */
STRLEN size = props & PACK_SIZE_MASK;
GROWING(utf8, cat, start, cur, (STRLEN) len * size);
}
}
/* Look ahead for next symbol. Do we have code/code? */
lookahead = *symptr;
found = next_symbol(&lookahead);
if (symptr->flags & FLAG_SLASH) {
IV count;
if (!found) Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Code missing after '/' in pack");
if (strchr("aAZ", lookahead.code)) {
if (lookahead.howlen == e_number) count = lookahead.length;
else {
if (items > 0) {
if (SvGAMAGIC(*beglist)) {
/* Avoid reading the active data more than once
by copying it to a temporary. */
STRLEN len;
const char *const pv = SvPV_const(*beglist, len);
SV *const temp
= newSVpvn_flags(pv, len,
SVs_TEMP | SvUTF8(*beglist));
*beglist = temp;
}
count = DO_UTF8(*beglist) ?
sv_len_utf8(*beglist) : sv_len(*beglist);
}
else count = 0;
if (lookahead.code == 'Z') count++;
}
} else {
if (lookahead.howlen == e_number && lookahead.length < items)
count = lookahead.length;
else count = items;
}
lookahead.howlen = e_number;
lookahead.length = count;
lengthcode = sv_2mortal(newSViv(count));
}
/* Code inside the switch must take care to properly update
cat (CUR length and '\0' termination) if it updated *cur and
doesn't simply leave using break */
switch(TYPE_NO_ENDIANNESS(datumtype)) {
default:
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Invalid type '%c' in pack",
(int) TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(datumtype));
case '%':
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'%%' may not be used in pack");
{
char *from;
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
case '.' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#endif
case '.':
if (howlen == e_star) from = start;
else if (len == 0) from = cur;
else {
tempsym_t *group = symptr;
while (--len && group) group = group->previous;
from = group ? start + group->strbeg : start;
}
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
len = SvIV(fromstr);
goto resize;
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
case '@' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#endif
case '@':
from = start + symptr->strbeg;
resize:
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
if (utf8 && !(datumtype & TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING))
#else /* PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN */
if (utf8)
#endif
if (len >= 0) {
while (len && from < cur) {
from += UTF8SKIP(from);
len--;
}
if (from > cur)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Malformed UTF-8 string in pack");
if (len) {
/* Here we know from == cur */
grow:
GROWING(0, cat, start, cur, len);
Zero(cur, len, char);
cur += len;
} else if (from < cur) {
len = cur - from;
goto shrink;
} else goto no_change;
} else {
cur = from;
len = -len;
goto utf8_shrink;
}
else {
len -= cur - from;
if (len > 0) goto grow;
if (len == 0) goto no_change;
len = -len;
goto shrink;
}
break;
}
case '(': {
tempsym_t savsym = *symptr;
U32 group_modifiers = TYPE_MODIFIERS(datumtype & ~symptr->flags);
symptr->flags |= group_modifiers;
symptr->patend = savsym.grpend;
symptr->level++;
symptr->previous = &lookahead;
while (len--) {
U32 was_utf8;
if (utf8) symptr->flags |= FLAG_PARSE_UTF8;
else symptr->flags &= ~FLAG_PARSE_UTF8;
was_utf8 = SvUTF8(cat);
symptr->patptr = savsym.grpbeg;
beglist = pack_rec(cat, symptr, beglist, endlist);
if (SvUTF8(cat) != was_utf8)
/* This had better be an upgrade while in utf8==0 mode */
utf8 = 1;
if (savsym.howlen == e_star && beglist == endlist)
break; /* No way to continue */
}
items = endlist - beglist;
lookahead.flags = symptr->flags & ~group_modifiers;
goto no_change;
}
case 'X' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
if (!len) /* Avoid division by 0 */
len = 1;
if (utf8) {
char *hop, *last;
I32 l = len;
hop = last = start;
while (hop < cur) {
hop += UTF8SKIP(hop);
if (--l == 0) {
last = hop;
l = len;
}
}
if (last > cur)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Malformed UTF-8 string in pack");
cur = last;
break;
}
len = (cur-start) % len;
/* FALL THROUGH */
case 'X':
if (utf8) {
if (len < 1) goto no_change;
utf8_shrink:
while (len > 0) {
if (cur <= start)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'%c' outside of string in pack",
(int) TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(datumtype));
while (--cur, UTF8_IS_CONTINUATION(*cur)) {
if (cur <= start)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'%c' outside of string in pack",
(int) TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(datumtype));
}
len--;
}
} else {
shrink:
if (cur - start < len)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'%c' outside of string in pack",
(int) TYPE_NO_MODIFIERS(datumtype));
cur -= len;
}
if (cur < start+symptr->strbeg) {
/* Make sure group starts don't point into the void */
tempsym_t *group;
const STRLEN length = cur-start;
for (group = symptr;
group && length < group->strbeg;
group = group->previous) group->strbeg = length;
lookahead.strbeg = length;
}
break;
case 'x' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING: {
I32 ai32;
if (!len) /* Avoid division by 0 */
len = 1;
if (utf8) ai32 = utf8_length((U8 *) start, (U8 *) cur) % len;
else ai32 = (cur - start) % len;
if (ai32 == 0) goto no_change;
len -= ai32;
}
/* FALL THROUGH */
case 'x':
goto grow;
case 'A':
case 'Z':
case 'a': {
const char *aptr;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
aptr = SvPV_const(fromstr, fromlen);
if (DO_UTF8(fromstr)) {
const char *end, *s;
if (!utf8 && !SvUTF8(cat)) {
marked_upgrade(aTHX_ cat, symptr);
lookahead.flags |= FLAG_DO_UTF8;
lookahead.strbeg = symptr->strbeg;
utf8 = 1;
start = SvPVX(cat);
cur = start + SvCUR(cat);
}
if (howlen == e_star) {
if (utf8) goto string_copy;
len = fromlen+1;
}
s = aptr;
end = aptr + fromlen;
fromlen = datumtype == 'Z' ? len-1 : len;
while ((I32) fromlen > 0 && s < end) {
s += UTF8SKIP(s);
fromlen--;
}
if (s > end)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Malformed UTF-8 string in pack");
if (utf8) {
len = fromlen;
if (datumtype == 'Z') len++;
fromlen = s-aptr;
len += fromlen;
goto string_copy;
}
fromlen = len - fromlen;
if (datumtype == 'Z') fromlen--;
if (howlen == e_star) {
len = fromlen;
if (datumtype == 'Z') len++;
}
GROWING(0, cat, start, cur, len);
if (!uni_to_bytes(aTHX_ &aptr, end, cur, fromlen,
datumtype | TYPE_IS_PACK))
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "panic: predicted utf8 length not available");
cur += fromlen;
len -= fromlen;
} else if (utf8) {
if (howlen == e_star) {
len = fromlen;
if (datumtype == 'Z') len++;
}
if (len <= (I32) fromlen) {
fromlen = len;
if (datumtype == 'Z' && fromlen > 0) fromlen--;
}
/* assumes a byte expands to at most UTF8_EXPAND bytes on
upgrade, so:
expected_length <= from_len*UTF8_EXPAND + (len-from_len) */
GROWING(0, cat, start, cur, fromlen*(UTF8_EXPAND-1)+len);
len -= fromlen;
while (fromlen > 0) {
cur = (char *) uvchr_to_utf8((U8 *) cur, * (U8 *) aptr);
aptr++;
fromlen--;
}
} else {
string_copy:
if (howlen == e_star) {
len = fromlen;
if (datumtype == 'Z') len++;
}
if (len <= (I32) fromlen) {
fromlen = len;
if (datumtype == 'Z' && fromlen > 0) fromlen--;
}
GROWING(0, cat, start, cur, len);
Copy(aptr, cur, fromlen, char);
cur += fromlen;
len -= fromlen;
}
memset(cur, datumtype == 'A' ? ' ' : '\0', len);
cur += len;
SvTAINT(cat);
break;
}
case 'B':
case 'b': {
const char *str, *end;
I32 l, field_len;
U8 bits;
bool utf8_source;
U32 utf8_flags;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
str = SvPV_const(fromstr, fromlen);
end = str + fromlen;
if (DO_UTF8(fromstr)) {
utf8_source = TRUE;
utf8_flags = warn_utf8 ? 0 : UTF8_ALLOW_ANY;
} else {
utf8_source = FALSE;
utf8_flags = 0; /* Unused, but keep compilers happy */
}
if (howlen == e_star) len = fromlen;
field_len = (len+7)/8;
GROWING(utf8, cat, start, cur, field_len);
if (len > (I32)fromlen) len = fromlen;
bits = 0;
l = 0;
if (datumtype == 'B')
while (l++ < len) {
if (utf8_source) {
UV val = 0;
NEXT_UNI_VAL(val, cur, str, end, utf8_flags);
bits |= val & 1;
} else bits |= *str++ & 1;
if (l & 7) bits <<= 1;
else {
PUSH_BYTE(utf8, cur, bits);
bits = 0;
}
}
else
/* datumtype == 'b' */
while (l++ < len) {
if (utf8_source) {
UV val = 0;
NEXT_UNI_VAL(val, cur, str, end, utf8_flags);
if (val & 1) bits |= 0x80;
} else if (*str++ & 1)
bits |= 0x80;
if (l & 7) bits >>= 1;
else {
PUSH_BYTE(utf8, cur, bits);
bits = 0;
}
}
l--;
if (l & 7) {
if (datumtype == 'B')
bits <<= 7 - (l & 7);
else
bits >>= 7 - (l & 7);
PUSH_BYTE(utf8, cur, bits);
l += 7;
}
/* Determine how many chars are left in the requested field */
l /= 8;
if (howlen == e_star) field_len = 0;
else field_len -= l;
Zero(cur, field_len, char);
cur += field_len;
break;
}
case 'H':
case 'h': {
const char *str, *end;
I32 l, field_len;
U8 bits;
bool utf8_source;
U32 utf8_flags;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
str = SvPV_const(fromstr, fromlen);
end = str + fromlen;
if (DO_UTF8(fromstr)) {
utf8_source = TRUE;
utf8_flags = warn_utf8 ? 0 : UTF8_ALLOW_ANY;
} else {
utf8_source = FALSE;
utf8_flags = 0; /* Unused, but keep compilers happy */
}
if (howlen == e_star) len = fromlen;
field_len = (len+1)/2;
GROWING(utf8, cat, start, cur, field_len);
if (!utf8 && len > (I32)fromlen) len = fromlen;
bits = 0;
l = 0;
if (datumtype == 'H')
while (l++ < len) {
if (utf8_source) {
UV val = 0;
NEXT_UNI_VAL(val, cur, str, end, utf8_flags);
if (val < 256 && isALPHA(val))
bits |= (val + 9) & 0xf;
else
bits |= val & 0xf;
} else if (isALPHA(*str))
bits |= (*str++ + 9) & 0xf;
else
bits |= *str++ & 0xf;
if (l & 1) bits <<= 4;
else {
PUSH_BYTE(utf8, cur, bits);
bits = 0;
}
}
else
while (l++ < len) {
if (utf8_source) {
UV val = 0;
NEXT_UNI_VAL(val, cur, str, end, utf8_flags);
if (val < 256 && isALPHA(val))
bits |= ((val + 9) & 0xf) << 4;
else
bits |= (val & 0xf) << 4;
} else if (isALPHA(*str))
bits |= ((*str++ + 9) & 0xf) << 4;
else
bits |= (*str++ & 0xf) << 4;
if (l & 1) bits >>= 4;
else {
PUSH_BYTE(utf8, cur, bits);
bits = 0;
}
}
l--;
if (l & 1) {
PUSH_BYTE(utf8, cur, bits);
l++;
}
/* Determine how many chars are left in the requested field */
l /= 2;
if (howlen == e_star) field_len = 0;
else field_len -= l;
Zero(cur, field_len, char);
cur += field_len;
break;
}
case 'c':
while (len-- > 0) {
IV aiv;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
aiv = SvIV(fromstr);
if ((-128 > aiv || aiv > 127))
Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_PACK),
"Character in 'c' format wrapped in pack");
PUSH_BYTE(utf8, cur, (U8)(aiv & 0xff));
}
break;
case 'C':
if (len == 0) {
utf8 = (symptr->flags & FLAG_DO_UTF8) ? 1 : 0;
break;
}
while (len-- > 0) {
IV aiv;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
aiv = SvIV(fromstr);
if ((0 > aiv || aiv > 0xff))
Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_PACK),
"Character in 'C' format wrapped in pack");
PUSH_BYTE(utf8, cur, (U8)(aiv & 0xff));
}
break;
case 'W': {
char *end;
U8 in_bytes = (U8)IN_BYTES;
end = start+SvLEN(cat)-1;
if (utf8) end -= UTF8_MAXLEN-1;
while (len-- > 0) {
UV auv;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
auv = SvUV(fromstr);
if (in_bytes) auv = auv % 0x100;
if (utf8) {
W_utf8:
if (cur > end) {
*cur = '\0';
SvCUR_set(cat, cur - start);
GROWING(0, cat, start, cur, len+UTF8_MAXLEN);
end = start+SvLEN(cat)-UTF8_MAXLEN;
}
cur = (char *) uvuni_to_utf8_flags((U8 *) cur,
NATIVE_TO_UNI(auv),
warn_utf8 ?
0 : UNICODE_ALLOW_ANY);
} else {
if (auv >= 0x100) {
if (!SvUTF8(cat)) {
*cur = '\0';
SvCUR_set(cat, cur - start);
marked_upgrade(aTHX_ cat, symptr);
lookahead.flags |= FLAG_DO_UTF8;
lookahead.strbeg = symptr->strbeg;
utf8 = 1;
start = SvPVX(cat);
cur = start + SvCUR(cat);
end = start+SvLEN(cat)-UTF8_MAXLEN;
goto W_utf8;
}
Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_PACK),
"Character in 'W' format wrapped in pack");
auv &= 0xff;
}
if (cur >= end) {
*cur = '\0';
SvCUR_set(cat, cur - start);
GROWING(0, cat, start, cur, len+1);
end = start+SvLEN(cat)-1;
}
*(U8 *) cur++ = (U8)auv;
}
}
break;
}
case 'U': {
char *end;
if (len == 0) {
if (!(symptr->flags & FLAG_DO_UTF8)) {
marked_upgrade(aTHX_ cat, symptr);
lookahead.flags |= FLAG_DO_UTF8;
lookahead.strbeg = symptr->strbeg;
}
utf8 = 0;
goto no_change;
}
end = start+SvLEN(cat);
if (!utf8) end -= UTF8_MAXLEN;
while (len-- > 0) {
UV auv;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
auv = SvUV(fromstr);
if (utf8) {
U8 buffer[UTF8_MAXLEN], *endb;
endb = uvuni_to_utf8_flags(buffer, auv,
warn_utf8 ?
0 : UNICODE_ALLOW_ANY);
if (cur+(endb-buffer)*UTF8_EXPAND >= end) {
*cur = '\0';
SvCUR_set(cat, cur - start);
GROWING(0, cat, start, cur,
len+(endb-buffer)*UTF8_EXPAND);
end = start+SvLEN(cat);
}
cur = bytes_to_uni(buffer, endb-buffer, cur);
} else {
if (cur >= end) {
*cur = '\0';
SvCUR_set(cat, cur - start);
GROWING(0, cat, start, cur, len+UTF8_MAXLEN);
end = start+SvLEN(cat)-UTF8_MAXLEN;
}
cur = (char *) uvuni_to_utf8_flags((U8 *) cur, auv,
warn_utf8 ?
0 : UNICODE_ALLOW_ANY);
}
}
break;
}
/* Float and double added by gnb@melba.bby.oz.au 22/11/89 */
case 'f':
while (len-- > 0) {
float afloat;
NV anv;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
anv = SvNV(fromstr);
#ifdef __VOS__
/* VOS does not automatically map a floating-point overflow
during conversion from double to float into infinity, so we
do it by hand. This code should either be generalized for
any OS that needs it, or removed if and when VOS implements
posix-976 (suggestion to support mapping to infinity).
Paul.Green@stratus.com 02-04-02. */
{
extern const float _float_constants[];
if (anv > FLT_MAX)
afloat = _float_constants[0]; /* single prec. inf. */
else if (anv < -FLT_MAX)
afloat = _float_constants[0]; /* single prec. inf. */
else afloat = (float) anv;
}
#else /* __VOS__ */
# if defined(VMS) && !defined(__IEEE_FP)
/* IEEE fp overflow shenanigans are unavailable on VAX and optional
* on Alpha; fake it if we don't have them.
*/
if (anv > FLT_MAX)
afloat = FLT_MAX;
else if (anv < -FLT_MAX)
afloat = -FLT_MAX;
else afloat = (float)anv;
# else
afloat = (float)anv;
# endif
#endif /* __VOS__ */
DO_BO_PACK_N(afloat, float);
PUSH_VAR(utf8, cur, afloat);
}
break;
case 'd':
while (len-- > 0) {
double adouble;
NV anv;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
anv = SvNV(fromstr);
#ifdef __VOS__
/* VOS does not automatically map a floating-point overflow
during conversion from long double to double into infinity,
so we do it by hand. This code should either be generalized
for any OS that needs it, or removed if and when VOS
implements posix-976 (suggestion to support mapping to
infinity). Paul.Green@stratus.com 02-04-02. */
{
extern const double _double_constants[];
if (anv > DBL_MAX)
adouble = _double_constants[0]; /* double prec. inf. */
else if (anv < -DBL_MAX)
adouble = _double_constants[0]; /* double prec. inf. */
else adouble = (double) anv;
}
#else /* __VOS__ */
# if defined(VMS) && !defined(__IEEE_FP)
/* IEEE fp overflow shenanigans are unavailable on VAX and optional
* on Alpha; fake it if we don't have them.
*/
if (anv > DBL_MAX)
adouble = DBL_MAX;
else if (anv < -DBL_MAX)
adouble = -DBL_MAX;
else adouble = (double)anv;
# else
adouble = (double)anv;
# endif
#endif /* __VOS__ */
DO_BO_PACK_N(adouble, double);
PUSH_VAR(utf8, cur, adouble);
}
break;
case 'F': {
NV_bytes anv;
Zero(&anv, 1, NV); /* can be long double with unused bits */
while (len-- > 0) {
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
anv.nv = SvNV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK_N(anv, NV);
PUSH_BYTES(utf8, cur, anv.bytes, sizeof(anv.bytes));
}
break;
}
#if defined(HAS_LONG_DOUBLE) && defined(USE_LONG_DOUBLE)
case 'D': {
ld_bytes aldouble;
/* long doubles can have unused bits, which may be nonzero */
Zero(&aldouble, 1, long double);
while (len-- > 0) {
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
aldouble.ld = (long double)SvNV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK_N(aldouble, long double);
PUSH_BYTES(utf8, cur, aldouble.bytes, sizeof(aldouble.bytes));
}
break;
}
#endif
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
case 'n' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#endif
case 'n':
while (len-- > 0) {
I16 ai16;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
ai16 = (I16)SvIV(fromstr);
#ifdef HAS_HTONS
ai16 = PerlSock_htons(ai16);
#endif
PUSH16(utf8, cur, &ai16);
}
break;
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
case 'v' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#endif
case 'v':
while (len-- > 0) {
I16 ai16;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
ai16 = (I16)SvIV(fromstr);
#ifdef HAS_HTOVS
ai16 = htovs(ai16);
#endif
PUSH16(utf8, cur, &ai16);
}
break;
case 'S' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#if SHORTSIZE != SIZE16
while (len-- > 0) {
unsigned short aushort;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
aushort = SvUV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK(aushort, s);
PUSH_VAR(utf8, cur, aushort);
}
break;
#else
/* Fall through! */
#endif
case 'S':
while (len-- > 0) {
U16 au16;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
au16 = (U16)SvUV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK(au16, 16);
PUSH16(utf8, cur, &au16);
}
break;
case 's' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#if SHORTSIZE != SIZE16
while (len-- > 0) {
short ashort;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
ashort = SvIV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK(ashort, s);
PUSH_VAR(utf8, cur, ashort);
}
break;
#else
/* Fall through! */
#endif
case 's':
while (len-- > 0) {
I16 ai16;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
ai16 = (I16)SvIV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK(ai16, 16);
PUSH16(utf8, cur, &ai16);
}
break;
case 'I':
case 'I' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
while (len-- > 0) {
unsigned int auint;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
auint = SvUV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK(auint, i);
PUSH_VAR(utf8, cur, auint);
}
break;
case 'j':
while (len-- > 0) {
IV aiv;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
aiv = SvIV(fromstr);
#if IVSIZE == INTSIZE
DO_BO_PACK(aiv, i);
#elif IVSIZE == LONGSIZE
DO_BO_PACK(aiv, l);
#elif defined(HAS_QUAD) && IVSIZE == U64SIZE
DO_BO_PACK(aiv, 64);
#else
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'j' not supported on this platform");
#endif
PUSH_VAR(utf8, cur, aiv);
}
break;
case 'J':
while (len-- > 0) {
UV auv;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
auv = SvUV(fromstr);
#if UVSIZE == INTSIZE
DO_BO_PACK(auv, i);
#elif UVSIZE == LONGSIZE
DO_BO_PACK(auv, l);
#elif defined(HAS_QUAD) && UVSIZE == U64SIZE
DO_BO_PACK(auv, 64);
#else
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "'J' not supported on this platform");
#endif
PUSH_VAR(utf8, cur, auv);
}
break;
case 'w':
while (len-- > 0) {
NV anv;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
anv = SvNV(fromstr);
if (anv < 0) {
*cur = '\0';
SvCUR_set(cat, cur - start);
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Cannot compress negative numbers in pack");
}
/* 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF may cast to 18446744073709551616.0,
which is == UV_MAX_P1. IOK is fine (instead of UV_only), as
any negative IVs will have already been got by the croak()
above. IOK is untrue for fractions, so we test them
against UV_MAX_P1. */
if (SvIOK(fromstr) || anv < UV_MAX_P1) {
char buf[(sizeof(UV)*CHAR_BIT)/7+1];
char *in = buf + sizeof(buf);
UV auv = SvUV(fromstr);
do {
*--in = (char)((auv & 0x7f) | 0x80);
auv >>= 7;
} while (auv);
buf[sizeof(buf) - 1] &= 0x7f; /* clear continue bit */
PUSH_GROWING_BYTES(utf8, cat, start, cur,
in, (buf + sizeof(buf)) - in);
} else if (SvPOKp(fromstr))
goto w_string;
else if (SvNOKp(fromstr)) {
/* 10**NV_MAX_10_EXP is the largest power of 10
so 10**(NV_MAX_10_EXP+1) is definately unrepresentable
given 10**(NV_MAX_10_EXP+1) == 128 ** x solve for x:
x = (NV_MAX_10_EXP+1) * log (10) / log (128)
And with that many bytes only Inf can overflow.
Some C compilers are strict about integral constant
expressions so we conservatively divide by a slightly
smaller integer instead of multiplying by the exact
floating-point value.
*/
#ifdef NV_MAX_10_EXP
/* char buf[1 + (int)((NV_MAX_10_EXP + 1) * 0.47456)]; -- invalid C */
char buf[1 + (int)((NV_MAX_10_EXP + 1) / 2)]; /* valid C */
#else
/* char buf[1 + (int)((308 + 1) * 0.47456)]; -- invalid C */
char buf[1 + (int)((308 + 1) / 2)]; /* valid C */
#endif
char *in = buf + sizeof(buf);
anv = Perl_floor(anv);
do {
const NV next = Perl_floor(anv / 128);
if (in <= buf) /* this cannot happen ;-) */
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Cannot compress integer in pack");
*--in = (unsigned char)(anv - (next * 128)) | 0x80;
anv = next;
} while (anv > 0);
buf[sizeof(buf) - 1] &= 0x7f; /* clear continue bit */
PUSH_GROWING_BYTES(utf8, cat, start, cur,
in, (buf + sizeof(buf)) - in);
} else {
const char *from;
char *result, *in;
SV *norm;
STRLEN len;
bool done;
w_string:
/* Copy string and check for compliance */
from = SvPV_const(fromstr, len);
if ((norm = is_an_int(from, len)) == NULL)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Can only compress unsigned integers in pack");
Newx(result, len, char);
in = result + len;
done = FALSE;
while (!done) *--in = div128(norm, &done) | 0x80;
result[len - 1] &= 0x7F; /* clear continue bit */
PUSH_GROWING_BYTES(utf8, cat, start, cur,
in, (result + len) - in);
Safefree(result);
SvREFCNT_dec(norm); /* free norm */
}
}
break;
case 'i':
case 'i' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
while (len-- > 0) {
int aint;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
aint = SvIV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK(aint, i);
PUSH_VAR(utf8, cur, aint);
}
break;
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
case 'N' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#endif
case 'N':
while (len-- > 0) {
U32 au32;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
au32 = SvUV(fromstr);
#ifdef HAS_HTONL
au32 = PerlSock_htonl(au32);
#endif
PUSH32(utf8, cur, &au32);
}
break;
#ifdef PERL_PACK_CAN_SHRIEKSIGN
case 'V' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#endif
case 'V':
while (len-- > 0) {
U32 au32;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
au32 = SvUV(fromstr);
#ifdef HAS_HTOVL
au32 = htovl(au32);
#endif
PUSH32(utf8, cur, &au32);
}
break;
case 'L' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#if LONGSIZE != SIZE32
while (len-- > 0) {
unsigned long aulong;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
aulong = SvUV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK(aulong, l);
PUSH_VAR(utf8, cur, aulong);
}
break;
#else
/* Fall though! */
#endif
case 'L':
while (len-- > 0) {
U32 au32;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
au32 = SvUV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK(au32, 32);
PUSH32(utf8, cur, &au32);
}
break;
case 'l' | TYPE_IS_SHRIEKING:
#if LONGSIZE != SIZE32
while (len-- > 0) {
long along;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
along = SvIV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK(along, l);
PUSH_VAR(utf8, cur, along);
}
break;
#else
/* Fall though! */
#endif
case 'l':
while (len-- > 0) {
I32 ai32;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
ai32 = SvIV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK(ai32, 32);
PUSH32(utf8, cur, &ai32);
}
break;
#ifdef HAS_QUAD
case 'Q':
while (len-- > 0) {
Uquad_t auquad;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
auquad = (Uquad_t) SvUV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK(auquad, 64);
PUSH_VAR(utf8, cur, auquad);
}
break;
case 'q':
while (len-- > 0) {
Quad_t aquad;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
aquad = (Quad_t)SvIV(fromstr);
DO_BO_PACK(aquad, 64);
PUSH_VAR(utf8, cur, aquad);
}
break;
#endif /* HAS_QUAD */
case 'P':
len = 1; /* assume SV is correct length */
GROWING(utf8, cat, start, cur, sizeof(char *));
/* Fall through! */
case 'p':
while (len-- > 0) {
const char *aptr;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
SvGETMAGIC(fromstr);
if (!SvOK(fromstr)) aptr = NULL;
else {
/* XXX better yet, could spirit away the string to
* a safe spot and hang on to it until the result
* of pack() (and all copies of the result) are
* gone.
*/
if ((SvTEMP(fromstr) || (SvPADTMP(fromstr) &&
!SvREADONLY(fromstr)))) {
Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_PACK),
"Attempt to pack pointer to temporary value");
}
if (SvPOK(fromstr) || SvNIOK(fromstr))
aptr = SvPV_nomg_const_nolen(fromstr);
else
aptr = SvPV_force_flags_nolen(fromstr, 0);
}
DO_BO_PACK_PC(aptr);
PUSH_VAR(utf8, cur, aptr);
}
break;
case 'u': {
const char *aptr, *aend;
bool from_utf8;
fromstr = NEXTFROM;
if (len <= 2) len = 45;
else len = len / 3 * 3;
if (len >= 64) {
Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_PACK),
"Field too wide in 'u' format in pack");
len = 63;
}
aptr = SvPV_const(fromstr, fromlen);
from_utf8 = DO_UTF8(fromstr);
if (from_utf8) {
aend = aptr + fromlen;
fromlen = sv_len_utf8(fromstr);
} else aend = NULL; /* Unused, but keep compilers happy */
GROWING(utf8, cat, start, cur, (fromlen+2) / 3 * 4 + (fromlen+len-1)/len * 2);
while (fromlen > 0) {
U8 *end;
I32 todo;
U8 hunk[1+63/3*4+1];
if ((I32)fromlen > len)
todo = len;
else
todo = fromlen;
if (from_utf8) {
char buffer[64];
if (!uni_to_bytes(aTHX_ &aptr, aend, buffer, todo,
'u' | TYPE_IS_PACK)) {
*cur = '\0';
SvCUR_set(cat, cur - start);
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "panic: string is shorter than advertised");
}
end = doencodes(hunk, buffer, todo);
} else {
end = doencodes(hunk, aptr, todo);
aptr += todo;
}
PUSH_BYTES(utf8, cur, hunk, end-hunk);
fromlen -= todo;
}
break;
}
}
*cur = '\0';
SvCUR_set(cat, cur - start);
no_change:
*symptr = lookahead;
}
return beglist;
}
#undef NEXTFROM
PP(pp_pack)
{
dVAR; dSP; dMARK; dORIGMARK; dTARGET;
register SV *cat = TARG;
STRLEN fromlen;
SV *pat_sv = *++MARK;
register const char *pat = SvPV_const(pat_sv, fromlen);
register const char *patend = pat + fromlen;
MARK++;
sv_setpvs(cat, "");
SvUTF8_off(cat);
packlist(cat, pat, patend, MARK, SP + 1);
SvSETMAGIC(cat);
SP = ORIGMARK;
PUSHs(cat);
RETURN;
}
/*
* Local variables:
* c-indentation-style: bsd
* c-basic-offset: 4
* indent-tabs-mode: t
* End:
*
* ex: set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4 noet:
*/
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