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{-# LANGUAGE Trustworthy #-}
{-# LANGUAGE NoImplicitPrelude #-}
-- |
-- Module : GHC.Magic
-- Copyright : (c) The University of Glasgow 2009
-- License : see libraries/ghc-prim/LICENSE
-- Maintainer :
-- Stability : internal
-- Portability : non-portable (GHC Extensions)
-- GHC magic.
-- Use GHC.Exts from the base package instead of importing this
-- module directly.
module GHC.Magic ( inline, lazy ) where
-- | The call '(inline f)' arranges that 'f' is inlined, regardless of
-- its size. More precisely, the call '(inline f)' rewrites to the
-- right-hand side of 'f'\'s definition. This allows the programmer to
-- control inlining from a particular call site rather than the
-- definition site of the function (c.f. 'INLINE' pragmas).
-- This inlining occurs regardless of the argument to the call or the
-- size of 'f'\'s definition; it is unconditional. The main caveat is
-- that 'f'\'s definition must be visible to the compiler; it is
-- therefore recommended to mark the function with an 'INLINABLE'
-- pragma at its definition so that GHC guarantees to record its
-- unfolding regardless of size.
-- If no inlining takes place, the 'inline' function expands to the
-- identity function in Phase zero, so its use imposes no overhead.
{-# NOINLINE[0] inline #-}
inline :: a -> a
inline x = x
-- | The 'lazy' function restrains strictness analysis a little. The
-- call '(lazy e)' means the same as 'e', but 'lazy' has a magical
-- property so far as strictness analysis is concerned: it is lazy in
-- its first argument, even though its semantics is strict. After
-- strictness analysis has run, calls to 'lazy' are inlined to be the
-- identity function.
-- This behaviour is occasionally useful when controlling evaluation
-- order. Notably, 'lazy' is used in the library definition of
-- 'Control.Parallel.par':
-- > par :: a -> b -> b
-- > par x y = case (par# x) of _ -> lazy y
-- If 'lazy' were not lazy, 'par' would look strict in 'y' which
-- would defeat the whole purpose of 'par'.
-- Like 'seq', the argument of 'lazy' can have an unboxed type.
lazy :: a -> a
lazy x = x
-- Implementation note: its strictness and unfolding are over-ridden
-- by the definition in MkId.lhs; in both cases to nothing at all.
-- That way, 'lazy' does not get inlined, and the strictness analyser
-- sees it as lazy. Then the worker/wrapper phase inlines it.
-- Result: happiness