DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)
DIVA allows the spatial interpolation of data (analysis) in an optimal way, comparable to optimal interpolation (OI). In comparison to OI, it takes into account coastlines, sub-basins and advection. Calculations are highly optimized and rely on a finite element resolution.
Tools to generate the finite element mesh are provided as well as tools to optimize the parameters of the analysis. Quality control of data can be performed and error fields can be calculated. In addition, detrending of data is possible. Finally 3D and 4D extensions are included with emphasis on direct computations of climatologies from Ocean Data View (ODV) spreadsheet files.
- A fortran compiler: gfortran, ifort, pgf, ...
- The NetCDF library for Fortran for the output writing.
- gnuplot for the creation of graphics (optional).
Download the latest stable release and extract the archive:
tar xvf DIVA-4.7.1.tar.gz
then go in the source directory
and run the compilation script:
Go in the main execution directory (divastripped) and run the tests:
cd ../../divastripped/ divatest divatest0 ...
How does it work?
Diva is a software tool developed for gridding in situ data. It uses a finite-element method to solve a variational principle which takes into account:
- the distance between analysis and data (observation constraint),
- the regularity of the analysis (smoothness constraint),
- physical laws (behaviour constraint).
The advantage of the method over classic interpolation methods is multiple:
- the coastline are taken into account during the analysis, since the variational principle is solved only in the region covered by the sea. This prevents the information from traveling across boundaries (e.g., peninsula, islands, etc) and then produce artificial mixing between water masses.
- the numerical cost is not dependent on the number of data, but on the number of degrees of freedom, itself related to the size of the finite-element mesh.
How to try DIVA without installing?
If you are familiar with Ocean Data View ODV software tool, you can perfom DIVA gridding when plotting vertical or horizontal sections as the other 25000 scientists using ODV.
You can also use basic DIVA features in a web application Diva on Web if you have your data ready in a simple three-column ascii file or ODV ascii spreadsheet format.
- divand.jl(Julia) performs n-dimensional variational analysis of arbitrarily located observations.
- divand.py is the Python interface to the previous code.
- DivaPythonTools is a set of utilies to read, write and plot the content of input or output files used in Diva.
Publications & documents
Check the GHER publications for the most recent updates.
Barth, A., Beckers, J.-M., Troupin, C., Alvera-Azcárate, A., and Vandenbulcke, L.: divand-1.0: n-dimensional variational data analysis for ocean observations, Geosci. Model Dev., 7, 225-241, doi:10.5194/gmd-7-225-2014, 2014.
Troupin, C.; Sirjacobs, D.; Rixen, M.; Brasseur, P.; Brankart, J.-M.; Barth, A.; Alvera-Azcárate, A.; Capet, A.; Ouberdous, M.; Lenartz, F.; Toussaint, M.-E. & Beckers, J.-M. (2012) Generation of analysis and consistent error fields using the Data Interpolating Variational Analysis (Diva). Ocean Modelling, 52-53: 90-101. doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2012.05.002
Beckers, J.-M.; Barth, A.; Troupin, C. & Alvera-Azcárate, A. Some approximate and efficient methods to assess error fields in spatial gridding with DIVA (Data Interpolating Variational Analysis) (2014). Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31: 515-530. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00130.1
Capet, A.; Troupin, C.; Carstensen, J.; Grégoire, M. & Beckers, J.-M. Untangling spatial and temporal trends in the variability of the Black Sea Cold Intermediate Layer and mixed Layer Depth using the DIVA detrending procedure (2014). Ocean Dynamics, 64: 315-324. doi:10.1007/s10236-013-0683-4
Troupin, C.; Machín, F.; Ouberdous, M.; Sirjacobs, D.; Barth, A. & Beckers, J.-M. High-resolution Climatology of the North-East Atlantic using Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis (Diva) (2010). Journal of Geophysical Research, 115: C08005. doi:10.1029/2009JC005512
Most recent version in PDF.
Poster and presentations
Check the complete list of documents hosted through the ULg Orbi catalogue.
The DIVA development has received funding from the European Union Sixth Framework Programme (FP6/2002-2006) under grant agreement n° 026212, SeaDataNet, Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° 283607, SeaDataNet II, SeaDataCloud and EMODNet (MARE/2008/03 - Lot 3 Chemistry - SI2.531432) from the Directorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries.