Puppet module to manage SSH
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README.md

puppet-module-ssh

Manage ssh client and server.

The module uses exported resources to manage ssh keys and removes ssh keys that are not managed by puppet. This behavior is managed by the parameters ssh_key_ensure and purge_keys.

This module may be used with a simple include ::ssh

The ssh::config_entry defined type may be used directly and is used to manage Host entries in a personal ~/.ssh/config file.

===

Table of Contents

  1. Compatibility
  2. Parameters
  3. Examples

===

Compatibility

This module has been tested to work on the following systems with the latest Puppet v3, v3 with future parser, v4 and v5. See .travis.yml for the exact matrix of supported Puppet and ruby versions.

  • Debian 7
  • EL 5
  • EL 6
  • EL 7
  • SLES 10
  • SLES 11
  • SLES 12
  • Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
  • Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
  • Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
  • Solaris 9
  • Solaris 10
  • Solaris 11

If you use the Sun Solaris SSH, please keep in mind that not all parameters can be used.

Unsupported parameters for ssh_config: AddressFamily, Tunnel, TunnelDevice, PermitLocalCommand, HashKnownHosts

Unsupported parameters for sshd_config: KerberosOrLocalPasswd, KerberosTicketCleanup, KerberosGetAFSToken, TCPKeepAlive, ShowPatchLevel, MaxSessions, PermitTunnel

===

Parameters

A value of 'USE_DEFAULTS' will use the defaults specified by the module.

hiera_merge

Boolean to merges all found instances of ssh::keys and ssh::config_entries in Hiera. This is useful for specifying SSH keys at different levels of the hierarchy and having them all included in the catalog.

This will default to 'true' in future versions.

  • Default: false

ssh_config_hash_known_hosts

HashKnownHosts in ssh_config. Indicates that ssh should hash host names and addresses when they are added to ~/.ssh/known_hosts. These hashed names may be used normally by ssh and sshd, but they do not reveal identifying information should the file's contents be disclosed. The default is 'no' on Linux.

Note that existing names and addresses in known hosts files will not be converted automatically, but may be manually hashed using ssh-keygen. Use of this option may break facilities such as tab-completion that rely on being able to read unhashed host names from ~/.ssh/known_hosts.

A value of 'unset' will not add this parameter to the configuration file.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

ssh_config_path

Path to ssh_config.

  • Default: '/etc/ssh/ssh_config'

ssh_config_owner

ssh_config's owner.

  • Default: 'root'

ssh_config_group

ssh_config's group.

  • Default: 'root'

ssh_config_mode

ssh_config's mode.

  • Default: '0644'

ssh_config_forward_x11

ForwardX11 option in ssh_config. Not set by default.

  • Default: undef

ssh_config_forward_agent

ForwardAgent option in ssh_config. Not set by default.

  • Default: undef

ssh_config_server_alive_interval

ServerAliveInterval option in ssh_config. Not set by default.

  • Default: undef

ssh_config_sendenv_xmodifiers

Boolean to set 'SendEnv XMODIFIERS' in ssh_config. This option is only valid on Linux.

  • Default: false

ssh_config_template

string The template used to generate ssh_config.

  • Default: 'ssh/ssh_config.erb'

ssh_config_ciphers

Array of ciphers to be used with the Ciphers option in ssh_config.

  • Default: undef

ssh_config_kexalgorithms

Array of key exchange algorithms to be used with the KexAlgorithms option in ssh_config.

  • Default: undef

ssh_config_macs

Array of ciphers to be used with the MACs option in ssh_config.

  • Default: undef

ssh_sendenv

Boolean to enable SendEnv options for specifying environment variables. Default is set to true on Linux.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

ssh_gssapiauthentication

GSSAPIAuthentication: Enables/disables GSS-API user authentication in ssh_config. Valid values are 'yes' and 'no'.

  • Default: 'yes'

ssh_gssapidelegatecredentials

string For GSSAPIDelegateCredentials setting in ssh_config. Valid values are 'yes' and 'no' or to leave undef which will ensure the setting is not present in ssh_config.

  • Default: undef

ssh_hostbasedauthentication

String for HostbasedAuthentication option in ssh_config. Valid values are 'yes' and 'no'.

  • Default: undef

ssh_config_proxy_command

String for ProxyCommand option in ssh_config.

  • Default: undef

ssh_strict_host_key_checking

string For StrictHostKeyChecking setting in ssh_config. Valid values are 'yes', 'no' or 'ask'.

  • Default: undef

ssh_enable_ssh_keysign

string For EnableSSHKeysign setting in ssh_config. Valid values are 'yes' and 'no' or to leave undef which will ensure the setting is not present in ssh_config.

  • Default: undef

sshd_addressfamily

Specifies the value of the AddressFamily setting in sshd_config. Valid values are 'any', 'inet' (IPv4 only), 'inet6' (IPv6 only) and undef. A value of undef will ensure that AddressFamily is not in the configuration.

  • Default: 'any'

sshd_config_path

Path to sshd_config.

  • Default: '/etc/ssh/sshd_config

sshd_config_owner

sshd_config's owner.

  • Default: 'root'

sshd_config_group

sshd_config's group.

  • Default: 'root'

sshd_config_loglevel

LogLevel option in sshd_config. Acceptable values are QUIET, FATAL, ERROR, INFO, VERBOSE.

DEBUG, DEBUG1, DEBUG2, and DEBUG3 are permitted values for sshd, however setting the logging level to DEBUG or higher violates the privacy of users and should not be done unless manually debugging.

  • Default: 'INFO'

sshd_config_maxauthtries

MaxAuthTries option in sshd_config. Specifies the maximum number of authentication attempts permitted per connection. Once the number of failures reaches half this value, additional failures are logged.

  • Default: '6'

sshd_config_mode

sshd_config's mode. The default is '0600' on Linux and '0644' on Solaris.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

sshd_listen_address

String or Array to specify address(es) for which sshd will bind. Corresponds to ListenAddress in sshd_config.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_permitemptypasswords

PermitEmptyPasswords option in sshd_config. When password authentication is allowed, it specifies whether the server allows login to accounts with empty password strings. Valid values are 'yes' and 'no'.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_permituserenvironment

PermitUserEnvironment option in sshd_config. Specifies whether ~/.ssh/environment and environment= options in ~/.ssh/authorized_keys are processed by sshd(8). The default is “no”. Enabling environment processing may enable users to bypass access restrictions in some configurations using mechanisms such as LD_PRELOAD. Valid values are 'yes' and 'no'.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_compression

Compression option in sshd_config. Specifies whether compression is allowed in an SSH connection prior to authentication. If specified, valid values are 'yes', 'no' and 'delayed'.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_port

String, Integer or Array to specify listen port[s] for sshd. Port option in sshd_config.

  • Default: '22'

sshd_config_syslog_facility

SyslogFacility option in sshd_config.

  • Default: 'AUTH'

sshd_config_template

string The template used to generate sshd_config.

  • Default: 'ssh/sshd_config.erb'

sshd_config_login_grace_time

LoginGraceTime option in sshd_config.

  • Default: '120'

sshd_config_challenge_resp_auth

ChallengeResponseAuthentication option in sshd_config. RedHat defaults to setting this to no for EL 5, 6 and 7, though the module will set it to 'yes'. Suggest setting to 'no' with Hiera on EL systems. This will default to 'no' for those platforms in the next major release.

  • Default: 'yes'

sshd_config_print_motd

PrintMotd option in sshd_config.

  • Default: 'yes'

sshd_config_print_last_log

PrintLastLog option in sshd_config. Verify SSH provides users with feedback on when account accesses last occurred. If specified, valid values are 'yes' and 'no'.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_use_dns

UseDNS option in sshd_config. The default is 'yes' on Linux.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

sshd_config_authkey_location

Specify location of authorized_keys file. Default is to not specify.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_hostkey

Specify an array of server side HostKey files to use. Default is to use only /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key

  • Default: /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key

sshd_config_strictmodes

Specifies whether sshd should check file modes and ownership of the user's files and home directory before accepting login. Valid values are yes and no.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_serverkeybits

Defines the number of bits in the ephemeral protocol version 1 server key. The minimum value is 512, and the default is 1024 except for Solaris default value is 768.

  • Default: '1024' except for Solaris which is '768'

sshd_config_banner

Banner option in sshd_config.

  • Default: 'none'

sshd_banner_content

content parameter for file specified in sshd_config_banner

  • Default: undef

sshd_banner_owner

owner parameter for file specified in sshd_config_banner

  • Default: 'root'

sshd_banner_group

group parameter for file specified in sshd_config_banner

  • Default: 'root'

sshd_banner_mode

mode parameter for file specified in sshd_config_banner

  • Default: '0644'

sshd_config_xauth_location

XAuthLocation option in sshd_config.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

sshd_config_subsystem_sftp

Path to sftp file transfer subsystem in sshd_config.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

sshd_password_authentication

PasswordAuthentication in sshd_config. Specifies whether password authentication is allowed.

  • Default: 'yes'

sshd_allow_tcp_forwarding

AllowTcpForwarding in sshd_config. Specifies whether TCP forwarding is permitted.

  • Default: 'yes'

sshd_authorized_keys_command

Fully qualified path to command for AuthorizedKeysCommand in sshd_config.

  • Default: undef

sshd_authorized_keys_command_user

String of user for AuthorizedKeysCommandUser in sshd_config.

  • Default: undef

sshd_x11_forwarding

X11Forwarding in sshd_config. Specifies whether X11 forwarding is permitted.

  • Default: 'yes'

sshd_x11_use_localhost

X11UseLocalhost in sshd_config. Specifies if sshd should bind the X11 forwarding server to the loopback address or to the wildcard address.

  • Default: 'yes'

sshd_use_pam

UsePam in sshd_config. Enables the Pluggable Authentication Module interface. If set to 'yes' this will enable PAM authentication using ChallengeResponseAuthentication and PasswordAuthentication in addition to PAM account and session module processing for all authentication types. This module sets this option to 'yes' on Linux and undef on Solaris.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

ssh_config_use_roaming

String to enable or disable UseRoaming in client configuration ssh_config. Valid values are 'yes', 'no' and 'unset'. Using 'unset' will not use (print) this configuration parameter at all. Default is set to 'no' on Linux and 'unset' on Solaris. If you have OpenSSH >= version 5.4, this should be set to 'no' to mitigate CVE-2016-0777 and CVE-2016-0778.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

sshd_client_alive_interval

ClientAliveInterval in sshd_config. Sets a timeout interval in seconds after which if no data has been received from the client, sshd(8) will send a message through the encrypted channel to request a response from the client. The default is 0, indicating that these messages will not be sent to the client. This option applies to protocol version 2 only.

  • Default: '0'

sshd_client_alive_count_max

ClientAliveCountMax in sshd_config. Sets the number of client alive messages (see below) which may be sent without sshd(8) receiving any messages back from the client. If this threshold is reached while client alive messages are being sent, sshd will disconnect the client, terminating the session. It is important to note that the use of client alive messages is very different from TCPKeepAlive (below). The client alive messages are sent through the encrypted channel and therefore will not be spoofable. The TCP keepalive option enabled by TCPKeepAlive is spoofable. The client alive mechanism is valuable when the client or server depend on knowing when a connection has become inactive. The default value is 3. If ClientAliveInterval (see below) is set to 15, and ClientAliveCountMax is left at the default, unresponsive SSH clients will be disconnected after approximately 45 seconds. This option applies to protocol version 2 only.

  • Default: '3'

sshd_config_tcp_keepalive

TCPKeepAlive in sshd_config. Specifies whether the system should send TCP keepalive messages to the other side. If they are sent, death of the connection or crash of one of the machines will be properly noticed. However, this means that connections will die if the route is down temporarily, and some people find it annoying. On the other hand, if TCP keepalives are not sent, sessions may hang indefinitely on the server, leaving ``ghost'' users and consuming server resources. A value of 'unset' will not add this parameter to the configuration file.

On Linux the default is set to ``yes'' (to send TCP keepalive messages), and the server will notice if the network goes down or the client host crashes. This avoids infinitely hanging sessions. On Solaris the default is to not add this parameter to the configuration file.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_use_privilege_separation

UsePrivilegeSeparation in sshd_config. Causes the SSH process to drop root privileges when not needed. If specified, valid values are 'yes', 'no' and 'sandbox'.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_permittunnel

PermitTunnel in sshd_config. Specifies whether tun(4) device forwarding is allowed. The argument must be 'yes', 'point-to-point' (layer 3), 'ethernet' (layer 2), 'no', or 'unset' (parameter not used). Specifying 'yes' permits both 'point-to-point' and 'ethernet'. Independent of this setting, the permissions of the selected tun(4) device must allow access to the user. A value of 'unset' will not add this parameter to the configuration file.

On Linux the default is set to ``no''. On Solaris the default is to not add this parameter to the configuration file.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_ciphers

Array of ciphers for the Ciphers setting in sshd_config.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_kexalgorithms

Array of key exchange algorithms for the KexAlgorithms setting in sshd_config.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_macs

Array of macs for the MACs setting in sshd_config.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_denyusers

Array of users for the DenyUsers setting in sshd_config.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_denygroups

Array of groups for the DenyGroups setting in sshd_config.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_allowgroups

Array of users for the AllowGroups setting in sshd_config.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_allowusers

Array of users for the AllowUsers setting in sshd_config.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_maxstartups (string)

Specifies the maximum number of concurrent unauthenticated connections to the SSH daemon. Must be a stringified integer or a string with three integers separated by colons, such as '10:30:100'.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_maxsessions

Specifies the maximum number of open sessions permitted per network connection. A value of 'unset' or undef will not add this parameter to the configuration file.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_chrootdirectory

String with absolute path for the ChrootDirectory directive for the SSH daemon.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_forcecommand

String with command for the ForceCommand directive for the SSH daemon.

  • Default: undef

sshd_config_match

Hash for matches with nested arrays for options for the Match directive for the SSH daemon. Match directive is supported on SSH >= 5.x.

  • Default: undef

  • Hiera example:

ssh::sshd_config_match:
  'User JohnDoe':
    - 'AllowTcpForwarding yes'
  'Address 2.4.2.0':
    - 'X11Forwarding yes'
    - 'PasswordAuthentication no'

sshd_config_hostcertificate

An Absolute Path or Array of Absolute Paths to the Host CA Public Key. Each entry MUST be tied 1:1 to a Host CA Private Key (see sshd_config_hostkey)

  • Default: undefined

sshd_config_trustedusercakeys

Absolute path to the OpenSSH User CA Certificate (TrustedUserCAKeys) for use with SSH CA Validation for Users or the string 'none'.

  • Default: undefined

sshd_config_key_revocation_list

Absolute path to a key revocation list (RevokedKeys) for use with SSH CA Validation for Users or the string 'none'.

  • Default: undefined

sshd_config_authorized_principals_file

String path (relative or absolute) to the authorized_principals file. Sets the AuthorizedPrincipalsFile setting in sshd_config

See sshd_config(5) for more details

  • Default: undefined

sshd_config_allowagentforwarding

AllowAgentForwarding option in sshd_config. Specifies if ssh-agent(1) forwarding is permitted. Valid values are 'yes' and 'no'.

  • Default: undef

config_entries

Hash of config entries for a specific user's ~/.ssh/config. Please check the docs for ssd::config_entry for a list and details of the parameters usable here. Setting hiera_merge to true will activate merging entries through all levels of hiera.

  • Hiera example:
ssh::config_entries:
  'root':
    owner: 'root'
    group: 'root'
    path:  '/root/.ssh/config'
    host:  'host.example.local'
  • Default: {}

keys

Hash of keys for user's ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

  • Default: undefined

packages

Array of package names used for installation.

  • Default: Based on OS

permit_root_login

Allow root login. Valid values are 'yes', 'without-password', 'forced-commands-only', and 'no'.

  • Default: yes

ssh_config_forward_x11_trusted

ForwardX11Trusted. Determine remote X11 client access to the original X11 display. The option is set to 'yes' on Linux. Valid values are 'yes', 'no', and undef.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS' (Not valid on Solaris.)

ssh_package_source

Source to SSH packages.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

ssh_package_adminfile

Path to admin file for SSH packages.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

sshd_gssapiauthentication

GSSAPIAuthentication: Enables/disables GSS-API user authentication. Valid values are 'yes' and 'no'.

  • Default: 'yes'

sshd_gssapikeyexchange

GSSAPIKeyExchange: Enables/disables GSS-API-authenticated key exchanges. Valid values are 'yes', 'no', and undef.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

sshd_pamauthenticationviakbdint

PAMAuthenticationViaKBDInt: Use PAM via keyboard interactive method for authentication. Valid values are 'yes', 'no', and undef.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

sshd_gssapicleanupcredentials

GSSAPICleanupCredentials: Specifies whether to automatically destroy the user's credentials on logout. Default is 'yes' on Linux. Valid values are 'yes', 'no', and undef.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

sshd_acceptenv

Boolean to enable AcceptEnv options for specifying environment variables. Default is set to true on Linux.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

sshd_hostbasedauthentication

String for HostbasedAuthentication option in sshd_config. Valid values are 'yes' and 'no'. Specifies whether rhosts or /etc/hosts.equiv authentication together with successful public key client host authentication is allowed (host-based authentication). This option is similar to RhostsRSAAuthentication and applies to protocol version 2 only.

  • Default: 'no'

sshd_pubkeyacceptedkeytypes

Array of public key types to be used with the PubkeyAcceptedKeyTypes option in sshd_config.

  • Default: undef

sshd_pubkeyauthentication

String for PubkeyAuthentication option in sshd_config. Valid values are 'yes' and 'no'.

  • Default: 'yes'

sshd_ignoreuserknownhosts

String for IgnoreUserKnownHosts option in sshd_config. Valid values are 'yes' and 'no'. Specifies whether sshd(8) should ignore the user's ~/.ssh/known_hosts during RhostsRSAAuthentication or HostbasedAuthentication.

  • Default: 'no'

sshd_config_authenticationmethods

Array of AuthenticationMethods in sshd_config.

  • Default: undef

sshd_ignorerhosts

String for IgnoreRhosts option in sshd_config. Valid values are 'yes' and 'no'. Specifies that .rhosts and .shosts files will not be used in RhostsRSAAuthentication or HostbasedAuthentication though /etc/hosts.equiv and /etc/ssh/shosts.equiv are still used.

  • Default: 'yes'

purge_keys

Remove keys not managed by puppet.

  • Default: 'true'

manage_firewall

Open firewall for SSH service. Not used on Solaris.

  • Default: false

service_ensure

Ensure SSH service is running. Valid values are 'stopped' and 'running'.

  • Default: 'running'

service_name

Name of the SSH service.

  • Default: Based on OS

service_enable

Start SSH at boot. Valid values are 'true', 'false' and 'manual'.

  • Default: 'true'

service_hasrestart

Specify that the init script has a restart command. Valid values are 'true' and 'false'.

  • Default: 'true'

service_hasstatus

Boolean to declare whether the service's init script has a functional status command.

  • Default: 'USE_DEFAULTS'

ssh_key_ensure

Export node SSH key. Valid values are 'present' and 'absent'.

  • Default: 'present'

ssh_key_import

Import all exported node SSH keys. Valid values are 'true' and 'false'.

  • Default: 'true'

ssh_key_type

Encryption type for SSH key. Valid values are 'ecdsa-sha2-nistp256', 'rsa', 'dsa', 'ssh-dss' and 'ssh-rsa'

  • Default: 'ssh-rsa'

ssh_config_global_known_hosts_file

File of the global known_hosts file

  • Default: '/etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts'

ssh_config_global_known_hosts_list

Array of additional known_hosts files to be added to GlobalKnownHostsFile option together with ssh_config_global_known_hosts_file.

  • Default: undef

ssh_config_global_known_hosts_owner

Owner of the global known_hosts file

  • Default: 'root'

ssh_config_global_known_hosts_group

Group of the global known_hosts file

  • Default: 'root'

ssh_config_global_known_hosts_mode

File mode of the global known_hosts file

  • Default: '0644'

ssh_config_user_known_hosts_file

Array of user's known_hosts files used in the ssh config option UserKnownHostsFile.

  • Default: undef

manage_root_ssh_config

Manage SSH config of root. Valid values are 'true' and 'false'.

  • Default: 'false'

root_ssh_config_content

Content of root's ~/.ssh/config.

  • Default: "# This file is being maintained by Puppet.\n# DO NOT EDIT\n"

manage_service

Manage the sshd service through this module or not. Valid values are 'true' and 'false'.

  • Default: 'true'

===

Manage user's ssh_authorized_keys

This works by passing the ssh::keys hash to the ssh_authorized_keys type with create_resources(). Because of this, you may specify any valid parameter for ssh_authorized_key. See the Type Reference for a complete list.

Sample usage:

Push authorized key "root_for_userX" and remove key "root_for_userY" through Hiera.

ssh::keys:
  root_for_userX:
    ensure: present
    user: root
    type: dsa
    key: AAAA...==
  apachehup:
    ensure: present
    user: apachehup
    type: rsa
    key: 'AAAA...=='
    options: 'command="/sbin/service httpd restart"'
  root_for_userY:
    ensure: absent
    user: root

Manage config entries in a personal ssh/config file.

Ssh::Config_entry {
  ensure => present,
  path   => '/home/jenkins/.ssh/config',
  owner  => 'jenkins',
  group  => 'jenkins',
}


ssh::config_entry { 'jenkins *':
  host  => '*',
  lines => [
    '  ForwardX11 no',
    '  StrictHostKeyChecking no',
  ],
  order => '10',
}

ssh::config_entry { 'jenkins github.com':
  host  => 'github.com',
  lines => ["  IdentityFile /home/jenkins/.ssh/jenkins-gihub.key"],
  order => '20',
}