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Cliqz Autoconsent

This is a library of rules for navigating through common consent popups on the web. These rules can be run in a Firefox webextension, or in a puppeteer orchestrated headless browser. Using these rules, opt-in and opt-out options can be selected automatically, without requiring user-input.

This library is primarily used by the cliqz browser in order to automate user-consent, and make a cleaner browsing experience. There is also a standalone addon that can be installed in Firefox.

Install Standalone

The standalone addon can be built with the following steps:

# Download dependencies
npm ci
# Build JS bundles
npm run bundle
# Build consent ruleset
npm run build-rules

The standalone addon can be found in the addon directory and can be run with npm start. Alternatively, you can use web-ext build -s addon/ to generate a packaged addon that can be installed in an existing Firefox profile.

Rules

The library's functionality is implemented as a set of rules that define how to manage consent on a subset of sites. These generally correspond to specific Consent Management Providers (CMPs) that are installed on multiple sites. Each CMP ruleset defines:

  • If the site is using that CMP
  • If a popup is displayed
  • Steps to specify an 'opt-in' or 'opt-out' consent for the CMP.
  • Optionally, a test if the consent was correctly applied.

There are currently three ways of implementing a CMP:

  1. As a JSON ruleset, intepreted by the AutoConsent class.
  2. As a class implementing the AutoCMP interface. This enables more complex logic than the linear AutoConsent rulesets allow.
  3. As a Consent-O-Matic rule. The ConsentOMaticCMP class implements compability with rules written for the Consent-O-Matic extension.

Rule Syntax

An autoconsent CMP rule can be written as either:

  • a class implementing the AutoCMP interface, or
  • a JSON file adhering to the AutoConsentCMPRule type.

In most cases the JSON syntax should be sufficient, unless non-linear logic is required, in which case a class is required.

Both JSON and class implementations require 5 main components:

  • name - to identify this CMP.
  • detectCMP - which determines if this CMP is included on the page.
  • detectPopup - which determines if a popup is being shown by the CMP.
  • optOut - executes actions to do an 'opt-out' from the popup screen. i.e. denying all consents possible.
  • optIn - execut actions for an 'opt-in' from the popup screen.

Except for name this are defined as a set of checks or actions on the page. In the JSON syntax this is a list of AutoConsentRuleStep objects. For detect checks, we return true for the check if all steps return true. For opt in and out, we execute actions in order, exiting if one fails. The following checks/actions are supported:

Element exists

{
  "exists": "selector"
}

Returns true if document.querySelect(selector) returns elements.

Element visible

{
  "visible": "selector",
  "check": "any" | "all" | "none"
}

Returns true if an element returned from document.querySelect(selector) is current visible on the page. If check is all, every element must be visible. If check is none, no element should be visible.

Eval

{
  "eval": "code"
}

Evaluates code in the context of the page and returns the truthiness of the result.

Wait for element

{
  "waitFor": "selector",
  "timeout": 1000
}

Waits until selector exists in the page. After timeout ms the step fails.

Click and element

{
  "click": "selector",
  "all": true | false,
}

Click on an element returned by selector. If all is true, all matching elements are clicked.

Wait for then click

{
  "waitForThenClick": "selector",
  "timeout": 1000
}

Combines waitFor and click.

Wait

{
  "wait": 1000,
}

Wait for the specified number of milliseconds.

Go to URL

{
  "goto": "url"
}

Navigate the page to the given URL.

Hide rule

{
  "hide": ["selector", ...]
}

Set the elements matched by the selectors to display: none.

Frames

In some cases, rules have to interact with iframes in the page. The CMP rule defintion can optionally include a frame component that should be the prefix of the expected frame URL. Checks and actions can then add "frame": true to indicate that the check or action should be done on the iframe's document (rather than main frame).

Optional actions

Any rule can include the "optional": true to ignore failure.

License

MPLv2.

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