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#!/usr/bin/env python
# Copyright (c) 2009, Giampaolo Rodola'. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
"""Tests for psutil.Process class."""
import collections
import errno
import getpass
import os
import signal
import socket
import subprocess
import sys
import tempfile
import textwrap
import time
import types
import psutil
from psutil import AIX
from psutil import BSD
from psutil import LINUX
from psutil import NETBSD
from psutil import OPENBSD
from psutil import OSX
from psutil import POSIX
from psutil import SUNOS
from psutil import WINDOWS
from psutil._compat import long
from psutil._compat import PY3
from psutil.tests import APPVEYOR
from psutil.tests import call_until
from psutil.tests import copyload_shared_lib
from psutil.tests import create_exe
from psutil.tests import create_proc_children_pair
from psutil.tests import create_zombie_proc
from psutil.tests import enum
from psutil.tests import get_test_subprocess
from psutil.tests import get_winver
from psutil.tests import HAS_CPU_AFFINITY
from psutil.tests import HAS_ENVIRON
from psutil.tests import HAS_IONICE
from psutil.tests import HAS_MEMORY_MAPS
from psutil.tests import HAS_PROC_CPU_NUM
from psutil.tests import HAS_PROC_IO_COUNTERS
from psutil.tests import HAS_RLIMIT
from psutil.tests import HAS_THREADS
from psutil.tests import mock
from psutil.tests import PYPY
from psutil.tests import PYTHON_EXE
from psutil.tests import reap_children
from psutil.tests import retry_before_failing
from psutil.tests import run_test_module_by_name
from psutil.tests import safe_rmpath
from psutil.tests import sh
from psutil.tests import skip_on_access_denied
from psutil.tests import skip_on_not_implemented
from psutil.tests import TESTFILE_PREFIX
from psutil.tests import TESTFN
from psutil.tests import ThreadTask
from psutil.tests import TOX
from psutil.tests import TRAVIS
from psutil.tests import unittest
from psutil.tests import wait_for_pid
from psutil.tests import WIN_VISTA
# ===================================================================
# --- psutil.Process class tests
# ===================================================================
class TestProcess(unittest.TestCase):
"""Tests for psutil.Process class."""
def setUp(self):
safe_rmpath(TESTFN)
def tearDown(self):
reap_children()
def test_pid(self):
p = psutil.Process()
self.assertEqual(p.pid, os.getpid())
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
self.assertEqual(psutil.Process(sproc.pid).pid, sproc.pid)
with self.assertRaises(AttributeError):
p.pid = 33
def test_kill(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
test_pid = sproc.pid
p = psutil.Process(test_pid)
p.kill()
sig = p.wait()
self.assertFalse(psutil.pid_exists(test_pid))
if POSIX:
self.assertEqual(sig, -signal.SIGKILL)
def test_terminate(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
test_pid = sproc.pid
p = psutil.Process(test_pid)
p.terminate()
sig = p.wait()
self.assertFalse(psutil.pid_exists(test_pid))
if POSIX:
self.assertEqual(sig, -signal.SIGTERM)
def test_send_signal(self):
sig = signal.SIGKILL if POSIX else signal.SIGTERM
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
p.send_signal(sig)
exit_sig = p.wait()
self.assertFalse(psutil.pid_exists(p.pid))
if POSIX:
self.assertEqual(exit_sig, -sig)
#
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
p.send_signal(sig)
with mock.patch('psutil.os.kill',
side_effect=OSError(errno.ESRCH, "")):
with self.assertRaises(psutil.NoSuchProcess):
p.send_signal(sig)
#
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
p.send_signal(sig)
with mock.patch('psutil.os.kill',
side_effect=OSError(errno.EPERM, "")):
with self.assertRaises(psutil.AccessDenied):
psutil.Process().send_signal(sig)
# Sending a signal to process with PID 0 is not allowed as
# it would affect every process in the process group of
# the calling process (os.getpid()) instead of PID 0").
if 0 in psutil.pids():
p = psutil.Process(0)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.send_signal, signal.SIGTERM)
def test_wait(self):
# check exit code signal
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
p.kill()
code = p.wait()
if POSIX:
self.assertEqual(code, -signal.SIGKILL)
else:
self.assertEqual(code, signal.SIGTERM)
self.assertFalse(p.is_running())
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
p.terminate()
code = p.wait()
if POSIX:
self.assertEqual(code, -signal.SIGTERM)
else:
self.assertEqual(code, signal.SIGTERM)
self.assertFalse(p.is_running())
# check sys.exit() code
code = "import time, sys; time.sleep(0.01); sys.exit(5);"
sproc = get_test_subprocess([PYTHON_EXE, "-c", code])
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
self.assertEqual(p.wait(), 5)
self.assertFalse(p.is_running())
# Test wait() issued twice.
# It is not supposed to raise NSP when the process is gone.
# On UNIX this should return None, on Windows it should keep
# returning the exit code.
sproc = get_test_subprocess([PYTHON_EXE, "-c", code])
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
self.assertEqual(p.wait(), 5)
self.assertIn(p.wait(), (5, None))
# test timeout
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
p.name()
self.assertRaises(psutil.TimeoutExpired, p.wait, 0.01)
# timeout < 0 not allowed
self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.wait, -1)
def test_wait_non_children(self):
# Test wait() against a process which is not our direct
# child.
p1, p2 = create_proc_children_pair()
self.assertRaises(psutil.TimeoutExpired, p1.wait, 0.01)
self.assertRaises(psutil.TimeoutExpired, p2.wait, 0.01)
# We also terminate the direct child otherwise the
# grandchild will hang until the parent is gone.
p1.terminate()
p2.terminate()
ret1 = p1.wait()
ret2 = p2.wait()
if POSIX:
self.assertEqual(ret1, -signal.SIGTERM)
# For processes which are not our children we're supposed
# to get None.
self.assertEqual(ret2, None)
else:
self.assertEqual(ret1, signal.SIGTERM)
self.assertEqual(ret1, signal.SIGTERM)
def test_wait_timeout_0(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
self.assertRaises(psutil.TimeoutExpired, p.wait, 0)
p.kill()
stop_at = time.time() + 2
while True:
try:
code = p.wait(0)
except psutil.TimeoutExpired:
if time.time() >= stop_at:
raise
else:
break
if POSIX:
self.assertEqual(code, -signal.SIGKILL)
else:
self.assertEqual(code, signal.SIGTERM)
self.assertFalse(p.is_running())
def test_cpu_percent(self):
p = psutil.Process()
p.cpu_percent(interval=0.001)
p.cpu_percent(interval=0.001)
for x in range(100):
percent = p.cpu_percent(interval=None)
self.assertIsInstance(percent, float)
self.assertGreaterEqual(percent, 0.0)
if not POSIX:
self.assertLessEqual(percent, 100.0)
else:
self.assertGreaterEqual(percent, 0.0)
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
p.cpu_percent(interval=-1)
def test_cpu_percent_numcpus_none(self):
# See: https://github.com/giampaolo/psutil/issues/1087
with mock.patch('psutil.cpu_count', return_value=None) as m:
psutil.Process().cpu_percent()
assert m.called
def test_cpu_times(self):
times = psutil.Process().cpu_times()
assert (times.user > 0.0) or (times.system > 0.0), times
assert (times.children_user >= 0.0), times
assert (times.children_system >= 0.0), times
# make sure returned values can be pretty printed with strftime
for name in times._fields:
time.strftime("%H:%M:%S", time.localtime(getattr(times, name)))
def test_cpu_times_2(self):
user_time, kernel_time = psutil.Process().cpu_times()[:2]
utime, ktime = os.times()[:2]
# Use os.times()[:2] as base values to compare our results
# using a tolerance of +/- 0.1 seconds.
# It will fail if the difference between the values is > 0.1s.
if (max([user_time, utime]) - min([user_time, utime])) > 0.1:
self.fail("expected: %s, found: %s" % (utime, user_time))
if (max([kernel_time, ktime]) - min([kernel_time, ktime])) > 0.1:
self.fail("expected: %s, found: %s" % (ktime, kernel_time))
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_PROC_CPU_NUM, "not supported")
def test_cpu_num(self):
p = psutil.Process()
num = p.cpu_num()
self.assertGreaterEqual(num, 0)
if psutil.cpu_count() == 1:
self.assertEqual(num, 0)
self.assertIn(p.cpu_num(), range(psutil.cpu_count()))
def test_create_time(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
now = time.time()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
create_time = p.create_time()
# Use time.time() as base value to compare our result using a
# tolerance of +/- 1 second.
# It will fail if the difference between the values is > 2s.
difference = abs(create_time - now)
if difference > 2:
self.fail("expected: %s, found: %s, difference: %s"
% (now, create_time, difference))
# make sure returned value can be pretty printed with strftime
time.strftime("%Y %m %d %H:%M:%S", time.localtime(p.create_time()))
@unittest.skipIf(not POSIX, 'POSIX only')
@unittest.skipIf(TRAVIS, 'not reliable on TRAVIS')
def test_terminal(self):
terminal = psutil.Process().terminal()
if sys.stdin.isatty() or sys.stdout.isatty():
tty = os.path.realpath(sh('tty'))
self.assertEqual(terminal, tty)
else:
self.assertIsNone(terminal)
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_PROC_IO_COUNTERS, 'not supported')
@skip_on_not_implemented(only_if=LINUX)
def test_io_counters(self):
p = psutil.Process()
# test reads
io1 = p.io_counters()
with open(PYTHON_EXE, 'rb') as f:
f.read()
io2 = p.io_counters()
if not BSD and not AIX:
self.assertGreater(io2.read_count, io1.read_count)
self.assertEqual(io2.write_count, io1.write_count)
if LINUX:
self.assertGreater(io2.read_chars, io1.read_chars)
self.assertEqual(io2.write_chars, io1.write_chars)
else:
self.assertGreaterEqual(io2.read_bytes, io1.read_bytes)
self.assertGreaterEqual(io2.write_bytes, io1.write_bytes)
# test writes
io1 = p.io_counters()
with tempfile.TemporaryFile(prefix=TESTFILE_PREFIX) as f:
if PY3:
f.write(bytes("x" * 1000000, 'ascii'))
else:
f.write("x" * 1000000)
io2 = p.io_counters()
self.assertGreaterEqual(io2.write_count, io1.write_count)
self.assertGreaterEqual(io2.write_bytes, io1.write_bytes)
self.assertGreaterEqual(io2.read_count, io1.read_count)
self.assertGreaterEqual(io2.read_bytes, io1.read_bytes)
if LINUX:
self.assertGreater(io2.write_chars, io1.write_chars)
self.assertGreaterEqual(io2.read_chars, io1.read_chars)
# sanity check
for i in range(len(io2)):
if BSD and i >= 2:
# On BSD read_bytes and write_bytes are always set to -1.
continue
self.assertGreaterEqual(io2[i], 0)
self.assertGreaterEqual(io2[i], 0)
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_IONICE, "not supported")
@unittest.skipIf(WINDOWS and get_winver() < WIN_VISTA, 'not supported')
def test_ionice(self):
if LINUX:
from psutil import (IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE, IOPRIO_CLASS_RT,
IOPRIO_CLASS_BE, IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE)
self.assertEqual(IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE, 0)
self.assertEqual(IOPRIO_CLASS_RT, 1)
self.assertEqual(IOPRIO_CLASS_BE, 2)
self.assertEqual(IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE, 3)
p = psutil.Process()
try:
p.ionice(2)
ioclass, value = p.ionice()
if enum is not None:
self.assertIsInstance(ioclass, enum.IntEnum)
self.assertEqual(ioclass, 2)
self.assertEqual(value, 4)
#
p.ionice(3)
ioclass, value = p.ionice()
self.assertEqual(ioclass, 3)
self.assertEqual(value, 0)
#
p.ionice(2, 0)
ioclass, value = p.ionice()
self.assertEqual(ioclass, 2)
self.assertEqual(value, 0)
p.ionice(2, 7)
ioclass, value = p.ionice()
self.assertEqual(ioclass, 2)
self.assertEqual(value, 7)
finally:
p.ionice(IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE)
else:
p = psutil.Process()
original = p.ionice()
self.assertIsInstance(original, int)
try:
value = 0 # very low
if original == value:
value = 1 # low
p.ionice(value)
self.assertEqual(p.ionice(), value)
finally:
p.ionice(original)
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_IONICE, "not supported")
@unittest.skipIf(WINDOWS and get_winver() < WIN_VISTA, 'not supported')
def test_ionice_errs(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
if LINUX:
self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.ionice, 2, 10)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.ionice, 2, -1)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.ionice, 4)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, p.ionice, 2, "foo")
self.assertRaisesRegex(
ValueError, "can't specify value with IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE",
p.ionice, psutil.IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE, 1)
self.assertRaisesRegex(
ValueError, "can't specify value with IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE",
p.ionice, psutil.IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE, 1)
self.assertRaisesRegex(
ValueError, "'ioclass' argument must be specified",
p.ionice, value=1)
else:
self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.ionice, 3)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, p.ionice, 2, 1)
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_RLIMIT, "not supported")
def test_rlimit_get(self):
import resource
p = psutil.Process(os.getpid())
names = [x for x in dir(psutil) if x.startswith('RLIMIT')]
assert names, names
for name in names:
value = getattr(psutil, name)
self.assertGreaterEqual(value, 0)
if name in dir(resource):
self.assertEqual(value, getattr(resource, name))
# XXX - On PyPy RLIMIT_INFINITY returned by
# resource.getrlimit() is reported as a very big long
# number instead of -1. It looks like a bug with PyPy.
if PYPY:
continue
self.assertEqual(p.rlimit(value), resource.getrlimit(value))
else:
ret = p.rlimit(value)
self.assertEqual(len(ret), 2)
self.assertGreaterEqual(ret[0], -1)
self.assertGreaterEqual(ret[1], -1)
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_RLIMIT, "not supported")
def test_rlimit_set(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_NOFILE, (5, 5))
self.assertEqual(p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_NOFILE), (5, 5))
# If pid is 0 prlimit() applies to the calling process and
# we don't want that.
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
psutil._psplatform.Process(0).rlimit(0)
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_NOFILE, (5, 5, 5))
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_RLIMIT, "not supported")
def test_rlimit(self):
p = psutil.Process()
soft, hard = p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_FSIZE)
try:
p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_FSIZE, (1024, hard))
with open(TESTFN, "wb") as f:
f.write(b"X" * 1024)
# write() or flush() doesn't always cause the exception
# but close() will.
with self.assertRaises(IOError) as exc:
with open(TESTFN, "wb") as f:
f.write(b"X" * 1025)
self.assertEqual(exc.exception.errno if PY3 else exc.exception[0],
errno.EFBIG)
finally:
p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_FSIZE, (soft, hard))
self.assertEqual(p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_FSIZE), (soft, hard))
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_RLIMIT, "not supported")
def test_rlimit_infinity(self):
# First set a limit, then re-set it by specifying INFINITY
# and assume we overridden the previous limit.
p = psutil.Process()
soft, hard = p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_FSIZE)
try:
p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_FSIZE, (1024, hard))
p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_FSIZE, (psutil.RLIM_INFINITY, hard))
with open(TESTFN, "wb") as f:
f.write(b"X" * 2048)
finally:
p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_FSIZE, (soft, hard))
self.assertEqual(p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_FSIZE), (soft, hard))
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_RLIMIT, "not supported")
def test_rlimit_infinity_value(self):
# RLIMIT_FSIZE should be RLIM_INFINITY, which will be a really
# big number on a platform with large file support. On these
# platforms we need to test that the get/setrlimit functions
# properly convert the number to a C long long and that the
# conversion doesn't raise an error.
p = psutil.Process()
soft, hard = p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_FSIZE)
self.assertEqual(psutil.RLIM_INFINITY, hard)
p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_FSIZE, (soft, hard))
def test_num_threads(self):
# on certain platforms such as Linux we might test for exact
# thread number, since we always have with 1 thread per process,
# but this does not apply across all platforms (OSX, Windows)
p = psutil.Process()
if OPENBSD:
try:
step1 = p.num_threads()
except psutil.AccessDenied:
raise unittest.SkipTest("on OpenBSD this requires root access")
else:
step1 = p.num_threads()
with ThreadTask():
step2 = p.num_threads()
self.assertEqual(step2, step1 + 1)
@unittest.skipIf(not WINDOWS, 'WINDOWS only')
def test_num_handles(self):
# a better test is done later into test/_windows.py
p = psutil.Process()
self.assertGreater(p.num_handles(), 0)
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_THREADS, 'not supported')
def test_threads(self):
p = psutil.Process()
if OPENBSD:
try:
step1 = p.threads()
except psutil.AccessDenied:
raise unittest.SkipTest("on OpenBSD this requires root access")
else:
step1 = p.threads()
with ThreadTask():
step2 = p.threads()
self.assertEqual(len(step2), len(step1) + 1)
# on Linux, first thread id is supposed to be this process
if LINUX:
self.assertEqual(step2[0].id, os.getpid())
athread = step2[0]
# test named tuple
self.assertEqual(athread.id, athread[0])
self.assertEqual(athread.user_time, athread[1])
self.assertEqual(athread.system_time, athread[2])
@retry_before_failing()
@skip_on_access_denied(only_if=OSX)
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_THREADS, 'not supported')
def test_threads_2(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
if OPENBSD:
try:
p.threads()
except psutil.AccessDenied:
raise unittest.SkipTest(
"on OpenBSD this requires root access")
self.assertAlmostEqual(
p.cpu_times().user,
sum([x.user_time for x in p.threads()]), delta=0.1)
self.assertAlmostEqual(
p.cpu_times().system,
sum([x.system_time for x in p.threads()]), delta=0.1)
def test_memory_info(self):
p = psutil.Process()
# step 1 - get a base value to compare our results
rss1, vms1 = p.memory_info()[:2]
percent1 = p.memory_percent()
self.assertGreater(rss1, 0)
self.assertGreater(vms1, 0)
# step 2 - allocate some memory
memarr = [None] * 1500000
rss2, vms2 = p.memory_info()[:2]
percent2 = p.memory_percent()
# step 3 - make sure that the memory usage bumped up
self.assertGreater(rss2, rss1)
self.assertGreaterEqual(vms2, vms1) # vms might be equal
self.assertGreater(percent2, percent1)
del memarr
if WINDOWS:
mem = p.memory_info()
self.assertEqual(mem.rss, mem.wset)
self.assertEqual(mem.vms, mem.pagefile)
mem = p.memory_info()
for name in mem._fields:
self.assertGreaterEqual(getattr(mem, name), 0)
def test_memory_full_info(self):
total = psutil.virtual_memory().total
mem = psutil.Process().memory_full_info()
for name in mem._fields:
value = getattr(mem, name)
self.assertGreaterEqual(value, 0, msg=(name, value))
self.assertLessEqual(value, total, msg=(name, value, total))
if LINUX or WINDOWS or OSX:
self.assertGreaterEqual(mem.uss, 0)
if LINUX:
self.assertGreaterEqual(mem.pss, 0)
self.assertGreaterEqual(mem.swap, 0)
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_MEMORY_MAPS, "not supported")
def test_memory_maps(self):
p = psutil.Process()
maps = p.memory_maps()
paths = [x for x in maps]
self.assertEqual(len(paths), len(set(paths)))
ext_maps = p.memory_maps(grouped=False)
for nt in maps:
if not nt.path.startswith('['):
assert os.path.isabs(nt.path), nt.path
if POSIX:
try:
assert os.path.exists(nt.path) or \
os.path.islink(nt.path), nt.path
except AssertionError:
if not LINUX:
raise
else:
# https://github.com/giampaolo/psutil/issues/759
with open('/proc/self/smaps') as f:
data = f.read()
if "%s (deleted)" % nt.path not in data:
raise
else:
# XXX - On Windows we have this strange behavior with
# 64 bit dlls: they are visible via explorer but cannot
# be accessed via os.stat() (wtf?).
if '64' not in os.path.basename(nt.path):
assert os.path.exists(nt.path), nt.path
for nt in ext_maps:
for fname in nt._fields:
value = getattr(nt, fname)
if fname == 'path':
continue
elif fname in ('addr', 'perms'):
assert value, value
else:
self.assertIsInstance(value, (int, long))
assert value >= 0, value
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_MEMORY_MAPS, "not supported")
def test_memory_maps_lists_lib(self):
# Make sure a newly loaded shared lib is listed.
with copyload_shared_lib() as path:
def normpath(p):
return os.path.realpath(os.path.normcase(p))
libpaths = [normpath(x.path)
for x in psutil.Process().memory_maps()]
self.assertIn(normpath(path), libpaths)
def test_memory_percent(self):
p = psutil.Process()
ret = p.memory_percent()
assert 0 <= ret <= 100, ret
ret = p.memory_percent(memtype='vms')
assert 0 <= ret <= 100, ret
assert 0 <= ret <= 100, ret
self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.memory_percent, memtype="?!?")
if LINUX or OSX or WINDOWS:
ret = p.memory_percent(memtype='uss')
assert 0 <= ret <= 100, ret
assert 0 <= ret <= 100, ret
def test_is_running(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
assert p.is_running()
assert p.is_running()
p.kill()
p.wait()
assert not p.is_running()
assert not p.is_running()
def test_exe(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
exe = psutil.Process(sproc.pid).exe()
try:
self.assertEqual(exe, PYTHON_EXE)
except AssertionError:
if WINDOWS and len(exe) == len(PYTHON_EXE):
# on Windows we don't care about case sensitivity
normcase = os.path.normcase
self.assertEqual(normcase(exe), normcase(PYTHON_EXE))
else:
# certain platforms such as BSD are more accurate returning:
# "/usr/local/bin/python2.7"
# ...instead of:
# "/usr/local/bin/python"
# We do not want to consider this difference in accuracy
# an error.
ver = "%s.%s" % (sys.version_info[0], sys.version_info[1])
try:
self.assertEqual(exe.replace(ver, ''),
PYTHON_EXE.replace(ver, ''))
except AssertionError:
# Tipically OSX. Really not sure what to do here.
pass
out = sh([exe, "-c", "import os; print('hey')"])
self.assertEqual(out, 'hey')
def test_cmdline(self):
cmdline = [PYTHON_EXE, "-c", "import time; time.sleep(60)"]
sproc = get_test_subprocess(cmdline)
try:
self.assertEqual(' '.join(psutil.Process(sproc.pid).cmdline()),
' '.join(cmdline))
except AssertionError:
# XXX - most of the times the underlying sysctl() call on Net
# and Open BSD returns a truncated string.
# Also /proc/pid/cmdline behaves the same so it looks
# like this is a kernel bug.
# XXX - AIX truncates long arguments in /proc/pid/cmdline
if NETBSD or OPENBSD or AIX:
self.assertEqual(
psutil.Process(sproc.pid).cmdline()[0], PYTHON_EXE)
else:
raise
def test_name(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess(PYTHON_EXE)
name = psutil.Process(sproc.pid).name().lower()
pyexe = os.path.basename(os.path.realpath(sys.executable)).lower()
assert pyexe.startswith(name), (pyexe, name)
# XXX
@unittest.skipIf(SUNOS, "broken on SUNOS")
@unittest.skipIf(AIX, "broken on AIX")
def test_prog_w_funky_name(self):
# Test that name(), exe() and cmdline() correctly handle programs
# with funky chars such as spaces and ")", see:
# https://github.com/giampaolo/psutil/issues/628
def rm():
# Try to limit occasional failures on Appveyor:
# https://ci.appveyor.com/project/giampaolo/psutil/build/1350/
# job/lbo3bkju55le850n
try:
safe_rmpath(funky_path)
except OSError:
pass
funky_path = TESTFN + 'foo bar )'
create_exe(funky_path)
self.addCleanup(rm)
cmdline = [funky_path, "-c",
"import time; [time.sleep(0.01) for x in range(3000)];"
"arg1", "arg2", "", "arg3", ""]
sproc = get_test_subprocess(cmdline)
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
# ...in order to try to prevent occasional failures on travis
if TRAVIS:
wait_for_pid(p.pid)
self.assertEqual(p.cmdline(), cmdline)
self.assertEqual(p.name(), os.path.basename(funky_path))
self.assertEqual(os.path.normcase(p.exe()),
os.path.normcase(funky_path))
@unittest.skipIf(not POSIX, 'POSIX only')
def test_uids(self):
p = psutil.Process()
real, effective, saved = p.uids()
# os.getuid() refers to "real" uid
self.assertEqual(real, os.getuid())
# os.geteuid() refers to "effective" uid
self.assertEqual(effective, os.geteuid())
# No such thing as os.getsuid() ("saved" uid), but starting
# from python 2.7 we have os.getresuid() which returns all
# of them.
if hasattr(os, "getresuid"):
self.assertEqual(os.getresuid(), p.uids())
@unittest.skipIf(not POSIX, 'POSIX only')
def test_gids(self):
p = psutil.Process()
real, effective, saved = p.gids()
# os.getuid() refers to "real" uid
self.assertEqual(real, os.getgid())
# os.geteuid() refers to "effective" uid
self.assertEqual(effective, os.getegid())
# No such thing as os.getsgid() ("saved" gid), but starting
# from python 2.7 we have os.getresgid() which returns all
# of them.
if hasattr(os, "getresuid"):
self.assertEqual(os.getresgid(), p.gids())
def test_nice(self):
p = psutil.Process()
self.assertRaises(TypeError, p.nice, "str")
if WINDOWS:
try:
init = p.nice()
if sys.version_info > (3, 4):
self.assertIsInstance(init, enum.IntEnum)
else:
self.assertIsInstance(init, int)
self.assertEqual(init, psutil.NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS)
p.nice(psutil.HIGH_PRIORITY_CLASS)
self.assertEqual(p.nice(), psutil.HIGH_PRIORITY_CLASS)
p.nice(psutil.NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS)
self.assertEqual(p.nice(), psutil.NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS)
finally:
p.nice(psutil.NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS)
else:
first_nice = p.nice()
try:
if hasattr(os, "getpriority"):
self.assertEqual(
os.getpriority(os.PRIO_PROCESS, os.getpid()), p.nice())
p.nice(1)
self.assertEqual(p.nice(), 1)
if hasattr(os, "getpriority"):
self.assertEqual(
os.getpriority(os.PRIO_PROCESS, os.getpid()), p.nice())
# XXX - going back to previous nice value raises
# AccessDenied on OSX
if not OSX:
p.nice(0)
self.assertEqual(p.nice(), 0)
except psutil.AccessDenied:
pass
finally:
try:
p.nice(first_nice)
except psutil.AccessDenied:
pass
def test_status(self):
p = psutil.Process()
self.assertEqual(p.status(), psutil.STATUS_RUNNING)
def test_username(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
username = p.username()
if WINDOWS:
domain, username = username.split('\\')
self.assertEqual(username, getpass.getuser())
if 'USERDOMAIN' in os.environ:
self.assertEqual(domain, os.environ['USERDOMAIN'])
else:
self.assertEqual(username, getpass.getuser())
def test_cwd(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
self.assertEqual(p.cwd(), os.getcwd())
def test_cwd_2(self):
cmd = [PYTHON_EXE, "-c",
"import os, time; os.chdir('..'); time.sleep(60)"]
sproc = get_test_subprocess(cmd)
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
call_until(p.cwd, "ret == os.path.dirname(os.getcwd())")
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_CPU_AFFINITY, 'not supported')
def test_cpu_affinity(self):
p = psutil.Process()
initial = p.cpu_affinity()
assert initial, initial
self.addCleanup(p.cpu_affinity, initial)
if hasattr(os, "sched_getaffinity"):
self.assertEqual(initial, list(os.sched_getaffinity(p.pid)))
self.assertEqual(len(initial), len(set(initial)))
all_cpus = list(range(len(psutil.cpu_percent(percpu=True))))
# Work around travis failure:
# https://travis-ci.org/giampaolo/psutil/builds/284173194
for n in all_cpus if not TRAVIS else initial:
p.cpu_affinity([n])
self.assertEqual(p.cpu_affinity(), [n])
if hasattr(os, "sched_getaffinity"):
self.assertEqual(p.cpu_affinity(),
list(os.sched_getaffinity(p.pid)))
# also test num_cpu()
if hasattr(p, "num_cpu"):
self.assertEqual(p.cpu_affinity()[0], p.num_cpu())
# [] is an alias for "all eligible CPUs"; on Linux this may
# not be equal to all available CPUs, see:
# https://github.com/giampaolo/psutil/issues/956
p.cpu_affinity([])
if LINUX:
self.assertEqual(p.cpu_affinity(), p._proc._get_eligible_cpus())
else:
self.assertEqual(p.cpu_affinity(), all_cpus)
if hasattr(os, "sched_getaffinity"):
self.assertEqual(p.cpu_affinity(),
list(os.sched_getaffinity(p.pid)))
#
self.assertRaises(TypeError, p.cpu_affinity, 1)
p.cpu_affinity(initial)
# it should work with all iterables, not only lists
p.cpu_affinity(set(all_cpus))
p.cpu_affinity(tuple(all_cpus))
# TODO: temporary, see: https://github.com/MacPython/psutil/issues/1
@unittest.skipIf(LINUX, "temporary")
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_CPU_AFFINITY, 'not supported')
def test_cpu_affinity_errs(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
invalid_cpu = [len(psutil.cpu_times(percpu=True)) + 10]
self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.cpu_affinity, invalid_cpu)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.cpu_affinity, range(10000, 11000))
self.assertRaises(TypeError, p.cpu_affinity, [0, "1"])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, p.cpu_affinity, [0, -1])
# TODO: #595
@unittest.skipIf(BSD, "broken on BSD")
# can't find any process file on Appveyor
@unittest.skipIf(APPVEYOR, "unreliable on APPVEYOR")
def test_open_files(self):
# current process
p = psutil.Process()
files = p.open_files()
self.assertFalse(TESTFN in files)
with open(TESTFN, 'wb') as f:
f.write(b'x' * 1024)
f.flush()
# give the kernel some time to see the new file
files = call_until(p.open_files, "len(ret) != %i" % len(files))
for file in files:
if file.path == TESTFN:
if LINUX:
self.assertEqual(file.position, 1024)
break
else:
self.fail("no file found; files=%s" % repr(files))
for file in files:
assert os.path.isfile(file.path), file
# another process
cmdline = "import time; f = open(r'%s', 'r'); time.sleep(60);" % TESTFN
sproc = get_test_subprocess([PYTHON_EXE, "-c", cmdline])
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
for x in range(100):
filenames = [x.path for x in p.open_files()]
if TESTFN in filenames:
break
time.sleep(.01)
else:
self.assertIn(TESTFN, filenames)
for file in filenames:
assert os.path.isfile(file), file
# TODO: #595
@unittest.skipIf(BSD, "broken on BSD")
# can't find any process file on Appveyor
@unittest.skipIf(APPVEYOR, "unreliable on APPVEYOR")
def test_open_files_2(self):
# test fd and path fields
with open(TESTFN, 'w') as fileobj:
p = psutil.Process()
for file in p.open_files():
if file.path == fileobj.name or file.fd == fileobj.fileno():
break
else:
self.fail("no file found; files=%s" % repr(p.open_files()))
self.assertEqual(file.path, fileobj.name)
if WINDOWS:
self.assertEqual(file.fd, -1)
else:
self.assertEqual(file.fd, fileobj.fileno())
# test positions
ntuple = p.open_files()[0]
self.assertEqual(ntuple[0], ntuple.path)
self.assertEqual(ntuple[1], ntuple.fd)
# test file is gone
self.assertNotIn(fileobj.name, p.open_files())
@unittest.skipIf(not POSIX, 'POSIX only')
def test_num_fds(self):
p = psutil.Process()
start = p.num_fds()
file = open(TESTFN, 'w')
self.addCleanup(file.close)
self.assertEqual(p.num_fds(), start + 1)
sock = socket.socket()
self.addCleanup(sock.close)
self.assertEqual(p.num_fds(), start + 2)
file.close()
sock.close()
self.assertEqual(p.num_fds(), start)
@skip_on_not_implemented(only_if=LINUX)
@unittest.skipIf(OPENBSD or NETBSD, "not reliable on OPENBSD & NETBSD")
def test_num_ctx_switches(self):
p = psutil.Process()
before = sum(p.num_ctx_switches())
for x in range(500000):
after = sum(p.num_ctx_switches())
if after > before:
return
self.fail("num ctx switches still the same after 50.000 iterations")
def test_ppid(self):
if hasattr(os, 'getppid'):
self.assertEqual(psutil.Process().ppid(), os.getppid())
this_parent = os.getpid()
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
self.assertEqual(p.ppid(), this_parent)
# no other process is supposed to have us as parent
reap_children(recursive=True)
if APPVEYOR:
# Occasional failures, see:
# https://ci.appveyor.com/project/giampaolo/psutil/build/
# job/0hs623nenj7w4m33
return
for p in psutil.process_iter():
if p.pid == sproc.pid:
continue
# XXX: sometimes this fails on Windows; not sure why.
self.assertNotEqual(p.ppid(), this_parent, msg=p)
def test_parent(self):
this_parent = os.getpid()
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
self.assertEqual(p.parent().pid, this_parent)
def test_parent_disappeared(self):
# Emulate a case where the parent process disappeared.
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
with mock.patch("psutil.Process",
side_effect=psutil.NoSuchProcess(0, 'foo')):
self.assertIsNone(p.parent())
def test_children(self):
p = psutil.Process()
self.assertEqual(p.children(), [])
self.assertEqual(p.children(recursive=True), [])
# On Windows we set the flag to 0 in order to cancel out the
# CREATE_NO_WINDOW flag (enabled by default) which creates
# an extra "conhost.exe" child.
sproc = get_test_subprocess(creationflags=0)
children1 = p.children()
children2 = p.children(recursive=True)
for children in (children1, children2):
self.assertEqual(len(children), 1)
self.assertEqual(children[0].pid, sproc.pid)
self.assertEqual(children[0].ppid(), os.getpid())
def test_children_recursive(self):
# Test children() against two sub processes, p1 and p2, where
# p1 (our child) spawned p2 (our grandchild).
p1, p2 = create_proc_children_pair()
p = psutil.Process()
self.assertEqual(p.children(), [p1])
self.assertEqual(p.children(recursive=True), [p1, p2])
# If the intermediate process is gone there's no way for
# children() to recursively find it.
p1.terminate()
p1.wait()
self.assertEqual(p.children(recursive=True), [])
def test_children_duplicates(self):
# find the process which has the highest number of children
table = collections.defaultdict(int)
for p in psutil.process_iter():
try:
table[p.ppid()] += 1
except psutil.Error:
pass
# this is the one, now let's make sure there are no duplicates
pid = sorted(table.items(), key=lambda x: x[1])[-1][0]
p = psutil.Process(pid)
try:
c = p.children(recursive=True)
except psutil.AccessDenied: # windows
pass
else:
self.assertEqual(len(c), len(set(c)))
def test_suspend_resume(self):
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
p.suspend()
for x in range(100):
if p.status() == psutil.STATUS_STOPPED:
break
time.sleep(0.01)
p.resume()
self.assertNotEqual(p.status(), psutil.STATUS_STOPPED)
def test_invalid_pid(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, psutil.Process, "1")
self.assertRaises(ValueError, psutil.Process, -1)
def test_as_dict(self):
p = psutil.Process()
d = p.as_dict(attrs=['exe', 'name'])
self.assertEqual(sorted(d.keys()), ['exe', 'name'])
p = psutil.Process(min(psutil.pids()))
d = p.as_dict(attrs=['connections'], ad_value='foo')
if not isinstance(d['connections'], list):
self.assertEqual(d['connections'], 'foo')
# Test ad_value is set on AccessDenied.
with mock.patch('psutil.Process.nice', create=True,
side_effect=psutil.AccessDenied):
self.assertEqual(
p.as_dict(attrs=["nice"], ad_value=1), {"nice": 1})
# Test that NoSuchProcess bubbles up.
with mock.patch('psutil.Process.nice', create=True,
side_effect=psutil.NoSuchProcess(p.pid, "name")):
self.assertRaises(
psutil.NoSuchProcess, p.as_dict, attrs=["nice"])
# Test that ZombieProcess is swallowed.
with mock.patch('psutil.Process.nice', create=True,
side_effect=psutil.ZombieProcess(p.pid, "name")):
self.assertEqual(
p.as_dict(attrs=["nice"], ad_value="foo"), {"nice": "foo"})
# By default APIs raising NotImplementedError are
# supposed to be skipped.
with mock.patch('psutil.Process.nice', create=True,
side_effect=NotImplementedError):
d = p.as_dict()
self.assertNotIn('nice', list(d.keys()))
# ...unless the user explicitly asked for some attr.
with self.assertRaises(NotImplementedError):
p.as_dict(attrs=["nice"])
# errors
with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
p.as_dict('name')
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
p.as_dict(['foo'])
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
p.as_dict(['foo', 'bar'])
def test_oneshot(self):
with mock.patch("psutil._psplatform.Process.cpu_times") as m:
p = psutil.Process()
with p.oneshot():
p.cpu_times()
p.cpu_times()
self.assertEqual(m.call_count, 1)
with mock.patch("psutil._psplatform.Process.cpu_times") as m:
p.cpu_times()
p.cpu_times()
self.assertEqual(m.call_count, 2)
def test_oneshot_twice(self):
# Test the case where the ctx manager is __enter__ed twice.
# The second __enter__ is supposed to resut in a NOOP.
with mock.patch("psutil._psplatform.Process.cpu_times") as m1:
with mock.patch("psutil._psplatform.Process.oneshot_enter") as m2:
p = psutil.Process()
with p.oneshot():
p.cpu_times()
p.cpu_times()
with p.oneshot():
p.cpu_times()
p.cpu_times()
self.assertEqual(m1.call_count, 1)
self.assertEqual(m2.call_count, 1)
with mock.patch("psutil._psplatform.Process.cpu_times") as m:
p.cpu_times()
p.cpu_times()
self.assertEqual(m.call_count, 2)
def test_halfway_terminated_process(self):
# Test that NoSuchProcess exception gets raised in case the
# process dies after we create the Process object.
# Example:
# >>> proc = Process(1234)
# >>> time.sleep(2) # time-consuming task, process dies in meantime
# >>> proc.name()
# Refers to Issue #15
sproc = get_test_subprocess()
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
p.terminate()
p.wait()
if WINDOWS:
call_until(psutil.pids, "%s not in ret" % p.pid)
self.assertFalse(p.is_running())
# self.assertFalse(p.pid in psutil.pids(), msg="retcode = %s" %
# retcode)
excluded_names = ['pid', 'is_running', 'wait', 'create_time',
'oneshot', 'memory_info_ex']
if LINUX and not HAS_RLIMIT:
excluded_names.append('rlimit')
for name in dir(p):
if (name.startswith('_') or
name in excluded_names):
continue
try:
meth = getattr(p, name)
# get/set methods
if name == 'nice':
if POSIX:
ret = meth(1)
else:
ret = meth(psutil.NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS)
elif name == 'ionice':
ret = meth()
ret = meth(2)
elif name == 'rlimit':
ret = meth(psutil.RLIMIT_NOFILE)
ret = meth(psutil.RLIMIT_NOFILE, (5, 5))
elif name == 'cpu_affinity':
ret = meth()
ret = meth([0])
elif name == 'send_signal':
ret = meth(signal.SIGTERM)
else:
ret = meth()
except psutil.ZombieProcess:
self.fail("ZombieProcess for %r was not supposed to happen" %
name)
except psutil.NoSuchProcess:
pass
except psutil.AccessDenied:
if OPENBSD and name in ('threads', 'num_threads'):
pass
else:
raise
except NotImplementedError:
pass
else:
self.fail(
"NoSuchProcess exception not raised for %r, retval=%s" % (
name, ret))
@unittest.skipIf(not POSIX, 'POSIX only')
def test_zombie_process(self):
def succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(fun, *args, **kwargs):
try:
return fun(*args, **kwargs)
except (psutil.ZombieProcess, psutil.AccessDenied):
pass
zpid = create_zombie_proc()
self.addCleanup(reap_children, recursive=True)
# A zombie process should always be instantiable
zproc = psutil.Process(zpid)
# ...and at least its status always be querable
self.assertEqual(zproc.status(), psutil.STATUS_ZOMBIE)
# ...and it should be considered 'running'
self.assertTrue(zproc.is_running())
# ...and as_dict() shouldn't crash
zproc.as_dict()
# if cmdline succeeds it should be an empty list
ret = succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(zproc.suspend)
if ret is not None:
self.assertEqual(ret, [])
if hasattr(zproc, "rlimit"):
succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(zproc.rlimit, psutil.RLIMIT_NOFILE)
succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(zproc.rlimit, psutil.RLIMIT_NOFILE,
(5, 5))
# set methods
succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(zproc.parent)
if hasattr(zproc, 'cpu_affinity'):
try:
succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(zproc.cpu_affinity, [0])
except ValueError as err:
if TRAVIS and LINUX and "not eligible" in str(err):
# https://travis-ci.org/giampaolo/psutil/jobs/279890461
pass
else:
raise
succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(zproc.nice, 0)
if hasattr(zproc, 'ionice'):
if LINUX:
succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(zproc.ionice, 2, 0)
else:
succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(zproc.ionice, 0) # Windows
if hasattr(zproc, 'rlimit'):
succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(zproc.rlimit,
psutil.RLIMIT_NOFILE, (5, 5))
succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(zproc.suspend)
succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(zproc.resume)
succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(zproc.terminate)
succeed_or_zombie_p_exc(zproc.kill)
# ...its parent should 'see' it
# edit: not true on BSD and OSX
# descendants = [x.pid for x in psutil.Process().children(
# recursive=True)]
# self.assertIn(zpid, descendants)
# XXX should we also assume ppid be usable? Note: this
# would be an important use case as the only way to get
# rid of a zombie is to kill its parent.
# self.assertEqual(zpid.ppid(), os.getpid())
# ...and all other APIs should be able to deal with it
self.assertTrue(psutil.pid_exists(zpid))
self.assertIn(zpid, psutil.pids())
self.assertIn(zpid, [x.pid for x in psutil.process_iter()])
psutil._pmap = {}
self.assertIn(zpid, [x.pid for x in psutil.process_iter()])
@unittest.skipIf(not POSIX, 'POSIX only')
def test_zombie_process_is_running_w_exc(self):
# Emulate a case where internally is_running() raises
# ZombieProcess.
p = psutil.Process()
with mock.patch("psutil.Process",
side_effect=psutil.ZombieProcess(0)) as m:
assert p.is_running()
assert m.called
@unittest.skipIf(not POSIX, 'POSIX only')
def test_zombie_process_status_w_exc(self):
# Emulate a case where internally status() raises
# ZombieProcess.
p = psutil.Process()
with mock.patch("psutil._psplatform.Process.status",
side_effect=psutil.ZombieProcess(0)) as m:
self.assertEqual(p.status(), psutil.STATUS_ZOMBIE)
assert m.called
def test_pid_0(self):
# Process(0) is supposed to work on all platforms except Linux
if 0 not in psutil.pids():
self.assertRaises(psutil.NoSuchProcess, psutil.Process, 0)
return
# test all methods
p = psutil.Process(0)
for name in psutil._as_dict_attrnames:
if name == 'pid':
continue
meth = getattr(p, name)
try:
ret = meth()
except psutil.AccessDenied:
pass
else:
if name in ("uids", "gids"):
self.assertEqual(ret.real, 0)
elif name == "username":
if POSIX:
self.assertEqual(p.username(), 'root')
elif WINDOWS:
self.assertEqual(p.username(), 'NT AUTHORITY\\SYSTEM')
elif name == "name":
assert name, name
if hasattr(p, 'rlimit'):
try:
p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_FSIZE)
except psutil.AccessDenied:
pass
p.as_dict()
if not OPENBSD:
self.assertIn(0, psutil.pids())
self.assertTrue(psutil.pid_exists(0))
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_ENVIRON, "not supported")
def test_environ(self):
self.maxDiff = None
p = psutil.Process()
d = p.environ()
d2 = os.environ.copy()
removes = []
if 'PSUTIL_TESTING' in os.environ:
removes.append('PSUTIL_TESTING')
if OSX:
removes.extend([
"__CF_USER_TEXT_ENCODING",
"VERSIONER_PYTHON_PREFER_32_BIT",
"VERSIONER_PYTHON_VERSION"])
if LINUX or OSX:
removes.extend(['PLAT'])
if TOX:
removes.extend(['HOME'])
for key in removes:
d.pop(key, None)
d2.pop(key, None)
self.assertEqual(d, d2)
@unittest.skipIf(not HAS_ENVIRON, "not supported")
@unittest.skipIf(not POSIX, "POSIX only")
def test_weird_environ(self):
# environment variables can contain values without an equals sign
code = textwrap.dedent("""
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
char * const argv[] = {"cat", 0};
char * const envp[] = {"A=1", "X", "C=3", 0};
int main(void) {
/* Close stderr on exec so parent can wait for the execve to
* finish. */
if (fcntl(2, F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC) != 0)
return 0;
return execve("/bin/cat", argv, envp);
}
""")
path = TESTFN
create_exe(path, c_code=code)
self.addCleanup(safe_rmpath, path)
sproc = get_test_subprocess([path],
stdin=subprocess.PIPE,
stderr=subprocess.PIPE)
p = psutil.Process(sproc.pid)
wait_for_pid(p.pid)
self.assertTrue(p.is_running())
# Wait for process to exec or exit.
self.assertEqual(sproc.stderr.read(), b"")
self.assertEqual(p.environ(), {"A": "1", "C": "3"})
sproc.communicate()
self.assertEqual(sproc.returncode, 0)
# ===================================================================
# --- Limited user tests
# ===================================================================
if POSIX and os.getuid() == 0:
class LimitedUserTestCase(TestProcess):
"""Repeat the previous tests by using a limited user.
Executed only on UNIX and only if the user who run the test script
is root.
"""
# the uid/gid the test suite runs under
if hasattr(os, 'getuid'):
PROCESS_UID = os.getuid()
PROCESS_GID = os.getgid()
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
TestProcess.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs)
# re-define all existent test methods in order to
# ignore AccessDenied exceptions
for attr in [x for x in dir(self) if x.startswith('test')]:
meth = getattr(self, attr)
def test_(self):
try:
meth()
except psutil.AccessDenied:
pass
setattr(self, attr, types.MethodType(test_, self))
def setUp(self):
safe_rmpath(TESTFN)
TestProcess.setUp(self)
os.setegid(1000)
os.seteuid(1000)
def tearDown(self):
os.setegid(self.PROCESS_UID)
os.seteuid(self.PROCESS_GID)
TestProcess.tearDown(self)
def test_nice(self):
try:
psutil.Process().nice(-1)
except psutil.AccessDenied:
pass
else:
self.fail("exception not raised")
def test_zombie_process(self):
# causes problems if test test suite is run as root
pass
# ===================================================================
# --- psutil.Popen tests
# ===================================================================
class TestPopen(unittest.TestCase):
"""Tests for psutil.Popen class."""
def tearDown(self):
reap_children()
def test_misc(self):
# XXX this test causes a ResourceWarning on Python 3 because
# psutil.__subproc instance doesn't get propertly freed.
# Not sure what to do though.
cmd = [PYTHON_EXE, "-c", "import time; time.sleep(60);"]
with psutil.Popen(cmd, stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
stderr=subprocess.PIPE) as proc:
proc.name()
proc.cpu_times()
proc.stdin
self.assertTrue(dir(proc))
self.assertRaises(AttributeError, getattr, proc, 'foo')
proc.terminate()
def test_ctx_manager(self):
with psutil.Popen([PYTHON_EXE, "-V"],
stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
stderr=subprocess.PIPE,
stdin=subprocess.PIPE) as proc:
proc.communicate()
assert proc.stdout.closed
assert proc.stderr.closed
assert proc.stdin.closed
self.assertEqual(proc.returncode, 0)
def test_kill_terminate(self):
# subprocess.Popen()'s terminate(), kill() and send_signal() do
# not raise exception after the process is gone. psutil.Popen
# diverges from that.
cmd = [PYTHON_EXE, "-c", "import time; time.sleep(60);"]
with psutil.Popen(cmd, stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
stderr=subprocess.PIPE) as proc:
proc.terminate()
proc.wait()
self.assertRaises(psutil.NoSuchProcess, proc.terminate)
self.assertRaises(psutil.NoSuchProcess, proc.kill)
self.assertRaises(psutil.NoSuchProcess, proc.send_signal,
signal.SIGTERM)
if WINDOWS and sys.version_info >= (2, 7):
self.assertRaises(psutil.NoSuchProcess, proc.send_signal,
signal.CTRL_C_EVENT)
self.assertRaises(psutil.NoSuchProcess, proc.send_signal,
signal.CTRL_BREAK_EVENT)
if __name__ == '__main__':
run_test_module_by_name(__file__)