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#!/usr/bin/env python
# Copyright (c) 2009, Giampaolo Rodola'. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
"""
A clone of iotop (http://guichaz.free.fr/iotop/) showing real time
disk I/O statistics.
It works on Linux only (FreeBSD and macOS are missing support for IO
counters).
It doesn't work on Windows as curses module is required.
Example output:
$ python scripts/iotop.py
Total DISK READ: 0.00 B/s | Total DISK WRITE: 472.00 K/s
PID USER DISK READ DISK WRITE COMMAND
13155 giampao 0.00 B/s 428.00 K/s /usr/bin/google-chrome-beta
3260 giampao 0.00 B/s 0.00 B/s bash
3779 giampao 0.00 B/s 0.00 B/s gnome-session --session=ubuntu
3830 giampao 0.00 B/s 0.00 B/s /usr/bin/dbus-launch
3831 giampao 0.00 B/s 0.00 B/s //bin/dbus-daemon --fork --print-pid 5
3841 giampao 0.00 B/s 0.00 B/s /usr/lib/at-spi-bus-launcher
3845 giampao 0.00 B/s 0.00 B/s /bin/dbus-daemon
3848 giampao 0.00 B/s 0.00 B/s /usr/lib/at-spi2-core/at-spi2-registryd
3862 giampao 0.00 B/s 0.00 B/s /usr/lib/gnome-settings-daemon
Author: Giampaolo Rodola' <g.rodola@gmail.com>
"""
import atexit
import time
import sys
try:
import curses
except ImportError:
sys.exit('platform not supported')
import psutil
# --- curses stuff
def tear_down():
win.keypad(0)
curses.nocbreak()
curses.echo()
curses.endwin()
win = curses.initscr()
atexit.register(tear_down)
curses.endwin()
lineno = 0
def print_line(line, highlight=False):
"""A thin wrapper around curses's addstr()."""
global lineno
try:
if highlight:
line += " " * (win.getmaxyx()[1] - len(line))
win.addstr(lineno, 0, line, curses.A_REVERSE)
else:
win.addstr(lineno, 0, line, 0)
except curses.error:
lineno = 0
win.refresh()
raise
else:
lineno += 1
# --- /curses stuff
def bytes2human(n):
"""
>>> bytes2human(10000)
'9.8 K/s'
>>> bytes2human(100001221)
'95.4 M/s'
"""
symbols = ('K', 'M', 'G', 'T', 'P', 'E', 'Z', 'Y')
prefix = {}
for i, s in enumerate(symbols):
prefix[s] = 1 << (i + 1) * 10
for s in reversed(symbols):
if n >= prefix[s]:
value = float(n) / prefix[s]
return '%.2f %s/s' % (value, s)
return '%.2f B/s' % (n)
def poll(interval):
"""Calculate IO usage by comparing IO statics before and
after the interval.
Return a tuple including all currently running processes
sorted by IO activity and total disks I/O activity.
"""
# first get a list of all processes and disk io counters
procs = [p for p in psutil.process_iter()]
for p in procs[:]:
try:
p._before = p.io_counters()
except psutil.Error:
procs.remove(p)
continue
disks_before = psutil.disk_io_counters()
# sleep some time
time.sleep(interval)
# then retrieve the same info again
for p in procs[:]:
with p.oneshot():
try:
p._after = p.io_counters()
p._cmdline = ' '.join(p.cmdline())
if not p._cmdline:
p._cmdline = p.name()
p._username = p.username()
except (psutil.NoSuchProcess, psutil.ZombieProcess):
procs.remove(p)
disks_after = psutil.disk_io_counters()
# finally calculate results by comparing data before and
# after the interval
for p in procs:
p._read_per_sec = p._after.read_bytes - p._before.read_bytes
p._write_per_sec = p._after.write_bytes - p._before.write_bytes
p._total = p._read_per_sec + p._write_per_sec
disks_read_per_sec = disks_after.read_bytes - disks_before.read_bytes
disks_write_per_sec = disks_after.write_bytes - disks_before.write_bytes
# sort processes by total disk IO so that the more intensive
# ones get listed first
processes = sorted(procs, key=lambda p: p._total, reverse=True)
return (processes, disks_read_per_sec, disks_write_per_sec)
def refresh_window(procs, disks_read, disks_write):
"""Print results on screen by using curses."""
curses.endwin()
templ = "%-5s %-7s %11s %11s %s"
win.erase()
disks_tot = "Total DISK READ: %s | Total DISK WRITE: %s" \
% (bytes2human(disks_read), bytes2human(disks_write))
print_line(disks_tot)
header = templ % ("PID", "USER", "DISK READ", "DISK WRITE", "COMMAND")
print_line(header, highlight=True)
for p in procs:
line = templ % (
p.pid,
p._username[:7],
bytes2human(p._read_per_sec),
bytes2human(p._write_per_sec),
p._cmdline)
try:
print_line(line)
except curses.error:
break
win.refresh()
def main():
try:
interval = 0
while True:
args = poll(interval)
refresh_window(*args)
interval = 1
except (KeyboardInterrupt, SystemExit):
pass
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()