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archive: handle commits with an empty tree

git-archive relies on get_pathspec to convert its argv into
a list of pathspecs. When get_pathspec is given an empty
argv list, it returns a single pathspec, the empty string,
to indicate that everything matches. When we feed this to
our path_exists function, we typically see that the pathspec
turns up at least one item in the tree, and we are happy.

But when our tree is empty, we erroneously think it is
because the pathspec is too limited, when in fact it is
simply that there is nothing to be found in the tree. This
is a weird corner case, but the correct behavior is almost
certainly to produce an empty archive, not to exit with an
error.

This patch teaches git-archive to create empty archives when
there is no pathspec given (we continue to complain if a
pathspec is given, since it obviously is not matched). It
also confirms that the tar and zip writers produce sane
output in this instance.

Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
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commit bd54cf17a4acfb9555b8a83b7e74fb0274c38bb4 1 parent f838ce5
@peff peff authored gitster committed
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2  archive.c
@@ -234,7 +234,7 @@ static void parse_pathspec_arg(const char **pathspec,
ar_args->pathspec = pathspec = get_pathspec("", pathspec);
if (pathspec) {
while (*pathspec) {
- if (!path_exists(ar_args->tree, *pathspec))
+ if (**pathspec && !path_exists(ar_args->tree, *pathspec))
die("path not found: %s", *pathspec);
pathspec++;
}
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102 t/t5004-archive-corner-cases.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,102 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+
+test_description='test corner cases of git-archive'
+. ./test-lib.sh
+
+test_expect_success 'create commit with empty tree' '
+ git commit --allow-empty -m foo
+'
+
+# Make a dir and clean it up afterwards
+make_dir() {
+ mkdir "$1" &&
+ test_when_finished "rm -rf '$1'"
+}
+
+# Check that the dir given in "$1" contains exactly the
+# set of paths given as arguments.
+check_dir() {
+ dir=$1; shift
+ {
+ echo "$dir" &&
+ for i in "$@"; do
+ echo "$dir/$i"
+ done
+ } | sort >expect &&
+ find "$dir" -print | sort >actual &&
+ test_cmp expect actual
+}
+
+test_expect_success 'tar archive of empty tree is empty' '
+ git archive --format=tar HEAD >empty.tar &&
+ make_dir extract &&
+ "$TAR" xf empty.tar -C extract &&
+ check_dir extract
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'tar archive of empty tree with prefix' '
+ git archive --format=tar --prefix=foo/ HEAD >prefix.tar &&
+ make_dir extract &&
+ "$TAR" xf prefix.tar -C extract &&
+ check_dir extract foo
+'
+
+test_expect_success UNZIP 'zip archive of empty tree is empty' '
+ # Detect the exit code produced when our particular flavor of unzip
+ # sees an empty archive. Infozip will generate a warning and exit with
+ # code 1. But in the name of sanity, we do not expect other unzip
+ # implementations to do the same thing (it would be perfectly
+ # reasonable to exit 0, for example).
+ #
+ # This makes our test less rigorous on some platforms (unzip may not
+ # handle the empty repo at all, making our later check of its exit code
+ # a no-op). But we cannot do anything reasonable except skip the test
+ # on such platforms anyway, and this is the moral equivalent.
+ "$GIT_UNZIP" "$TEST_DIRECTORY"/t5004/empty.zip
+ expect_code=$?
+
+ git archive --format=zip HEAD >empty.zip &&
+ make_dir extract &&
+ (
+ cd extract &&
+ test_expect_code $expect_code "$GIT_UNZIP" ../empty.zip
+ ) &&
+ check_dir extract
+'
+
+test_expect_success UNZIP 'zip archive of empty tree with prefix' '
+ # We do not have to play exit-code tricks here, because our
+ # result should not be empty; it has a directory in it.
+ git archive --format=zip --prefix=foo/ HEAD >prefix.zip &&
+ make_dir extract &&
+ (
+ cd extract &&
+ "$GIT_UNZIP" ../prefix.zip
+ ) &&
+ check_dir extract foo
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'archive complains about pathspec on empty tree' '
+ test_must_fail git archive --format=tar HEAD -- foo >/dev/null
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'create a commit with an empty subtree' '
+ empty_tree=$(git hash-object -t tree /dev/null) &&
+ root_tree=$(printf "040000 tree $empty_tree\tsub\n" | git mktree)
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'archive empty subtree with no pathspec' '
+ git archive --format=tar $root_tree >subtree-all.tar &&
+ make_dir extract &&
+ "$TAR" xf subtree-all.tar -C extract &&
+ check_dir extract sub
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'archive empty subtree by direct pathspec' '
+ git archive --format=tar $root_tree -- sub >subtree-path.tar &&
+ make_dir extract &&
+ "$TAR" xf subtree-path.tar -C extract &&
+ check_dir extract sub
+'
+
+test_done
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BIN  t/t5004/empty.zip
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