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Git LFS Batch API

Added: v0.6

The Batch API is used to request the ability to transfer LFS objects with the LFS server. The Batch URL is built by adding /objects/batch to the LFS server URL.

Git remote: https://git-server.com/foo/bar
LFS server: https://git-server.com/foo/bar.git/info/lfs
Batch API: https://git-server.com/foo/bar.git/info/lfs/objects/batch

See the Server Discovery doc for more info on how LFS builds the LFS server URL.

All Batch API requests use the POST verb, and require the following HTTP headers. The request and response bodies are JSON.

Accept: application/vnd.git-lfs+json
Content-Type: application/vnd.git-lfs+json

See the Authentication doc for more info on how LFS gets authorizes Batch API requests.

Requests

The client sends the following information to the Batch endpoint to transfer some objects:

  • operation - Should be download or upload.
  • transfers - An optional Array of String identifiers for transfer adapters that the client has configured. If omitted, the basic transfer adapter MUST be assumed by the server.
  • ref - Optional object describing the server ref that the objects belong to. Note: Added in v2.4.
    • name - Fully-qualified server refspec.
  • objects - An Array of objects to download.
    • oid - String OID of the LFS object.
    • size - Integer byte size of the LFS object. Must be at least zero.

Note: Git LFS currently only supports the basic transfer adapter. This property was added for future compatibility with some experimental transfer adapters. See the API README for a list of the documented transfer adapters.

// POST https://lfs-server.com/objects/batch
// Accept: application/vnd.git-lfs+json
// Content-Type: application/vnd.git-lfs+json
// Authorization: Basic ... (if needed)
{
  "operation": "download",
  "transfers": [ "basic" ],
  "ref": { "name": "refs/heads/master" },
  "objects": [
    {
      "oid": "12345678",
      "size": 123,
    }
  ]
}

Ref Property

The Batch API added the ref property in LFS v2.4 to support Git server authentication schemes that take the refspec into account. Since this is a new addition to the API, servers should be able to operate with a missing or null ref property.

Some examples will illustrate how the ref property can be used.

  • User owner has full access to the repository.
  • User contrib has readonly access to the repository, and write access to refs/heads/contrib.
{
  "operation": "download",
  "transfers": [ "basic" ],
  "objects": [
    {
      "oid": "12345678",
      "size": 123,
    }
  ]
}

With this payload, both owner and contrib can download the requested object, since they both have read access.

{
  "operation": "upload",
  "transfers": [ "basic" ],
  "objects": [
    {
      "oid": "12345678",
      "size": 123,
    }
  ]
}

With this payload, only owner can upload the requested object.

{
  "operation": "upload",
  "transfers": [ "basic" ],
  "ref": { "name": "refs/heads/contrib" },
  "objects": [
    {
      "oid": "12345678",
      "size": 123,
    }
  ]
}

Both owner and contrib can upload the request object.

Successful Responses

The Batch API should always return with a 200 status, unless there are some issues with the request (bad authorization, bad json, etc). See below for examples of response errors. Check out the documented transfer adapters in the API README to see how Git LFS handles successful Batch responses.

Successful responses include the following properties:

  • transfer - String identifier of the transfer adapter that the server prefers. This MUST be one of the given transfer identifiers from the request. Servers can assume the basic transfer adapter if none were given. The Git LFS client will use the basic transfer adapter if the transfer property is omitted.
  • objects - An Array of objects to download.
    • oid - String OID of the LFS object.
    • size - Integer byte size of the LFS object. Must be at least zero.
    • authenticated - Optional boolean specifying whether the request for this specific object is authenticated. If omitted or false, Git LFS will attempt to find credentials for this URL.
    • actions - Object containing the next actions for this object. Applicable actions depend on which operation is specified in the request. How these properties are interpreted depends on which transfer adapter the client will be using.
      • href - String URL to download the object.
      • header - Optional hash of String HTTP header key/value pairs to apply to the request.
      • expires_in - Whole number of seconds after local client time when transfer will expire. Preferred over expires_at if both are provided. Maximum of 2147483647, minimum of -2147483647.
      • expires_at - String ISO 8601 formatted timestamp for when the given action expires (usually due to a temporary token).

Download operations MUST specify a download action, or an object error if the object cannot be downloaded for some reason. See "Response Errors" below.

Upload operations can specify an upload and a verify action. The upload action describes how to upload the object. If the object has a verify action, the LFS client will hit this URL after a successful upload. Servers can use this for extra verification, if needed. If a client requests to upload an object that the server already has, the server should omit the actions property completely. The client will then assume the server already has it.

// HTTP/1.1 200 Ok
// Content-Type: application/vnd.git-lfs+json
{
  "transfer": "basic",
  "objects": [
    {
      "oid": "1111111",
      "size": 123,
      "authenticated": true,
      "actions": {
        "download": {
          "href": "https://some-download.com",
          "header": {
            "Key": "value"
          },
          "expires_at": "2016-11-10T15:29:07Z",
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

If there are problems accessing individual objects, servers should continue to return a 200 status code, and provide per-object errors. Here is an example:

// HTTP/1.1 200 Ok
// Content-Type: application/vnd.git-lfs+json
{
  "transfer": "basic",
  "objects": [
    {
      "oid": "1111111",
      "size": 123,
      "error": {
        "code": 404,
        "message": "Object does not exist"
      }
    }
  ]
}

LFS object error codes should match HTTP status codes where possible:

  • 404 - The object does not exist on the server.
  • 410 - The object was removed by the owner.
  • 422 - Validation error.

Response Errors

LFS servers can respond with these other HTTP status codes:

  • 401 - The authentication credentials are needed, but were not sent. Git LFS will attempt to get the authentication for the request and retry immediately.
  • 403 - The user has read, but not write access. Only applicable when the operation in the request is "upload."
  • 404 - The Repository does not exist for the user.
  • 422 - Validation error with one or more of the objects in the request. This means that none of the requested objects to upload are valid.

Error responses will not have an objects property. They will only have:

  • message - String error message.
  • request_id - Optional String unique identifier for the request. Useful for debugging.
  • documentation_url - Optional String to give the user a place to report errors.
// HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found
// Content-Type: application/vnd.git-lfs+json

{
  "message": "Not found",
  "documentation_url": "https://lfs-server.com/docs/errors",
  "request_id": "123"
}

HTTP 401 responses should include an LFS-Authenticate header to tell the client what form of authentication it requires. If omitted, Git LFS will assume Basic Authentication. This mirrors the standard WWW-Authenticate header with a custom header key so it does not trigger password prompts in browsers.

// HTTP/1.1 401 Unauthorized
// Content-Type: application/vnd.git-lfs+json
// LFS-Authenticate: Basic realm="Git LFS"

{
  "message": "Credentials needed",
  "documentation_url": "https://lfs-server.com/docs/errors",
  "request_id": "123"
}

The following status codes can optionally be returned from the API, depending on the server implementation.

  • 406 - The Accept header needs to be application/vnd.git-lfs+json.
  • 429 - The user has hit a rate limit with the server. Though the API does not specify any rate limits, implementors are encouraged to set some for availability reasons.
  • 501 - The server has not implemented the current method. Reserved for future use.
  • 507 - The server has insufficient storage capacity to complete the request.
  • 509 - The bandwidth limit for the user or repository has been exceeded. The API does not specify any bandwidth limit, but implementors may track usage.

Some server errors may trigger the client to retry requests, such as 500, 502, 503, and 504.