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Server Discovery

One of the Git LFS goals is to work with supporting Git remotes with as few required configuration properties as possible. Git LFS will attempt to use your Git remote to determine the LFS server. You can also configure a custom LFS server if your Git remote doesn't support one, or you just want to use a separate one.

Look for the Endpoint properties in git lfs env to see your current LFS servers.

Guessing the Server

By default, Git LFS will append .git/info/lfs to the end of a Git remote url to build the LFS server URL it will use:

Git Remote: https://git-server.com/foo/bar
LFS Server: https://git-server.com/foo/bar.git/info/lfs

Git Remote: https://git-server.com/foo/bar.git
LFS Server: https://git-server.com/foo/bar.git/info/lfs

Git Remote: git@git-server.com:foo/bar.git
LFS Server: https://git-server.com/foo/bar.git/info/lfs

Git Remote: ssh://git-server.com/foo/bar.git
LFS Server: https://git-server.com/foo/bar.git/info/lfs

SSH

If Git LFS detects an SSH remote, it will run the git-lfs-authenticate command. This allows supporting Git servers to give the Git LFS client alternative authentication so the user does not have to setup a git credential helper.

Git LFS runs the following command:

$ ssh [{user}@]{server} git-lfs-authenticate {path} {operation}

The user, server, and path properties are taken from the SSH remote. The operation can either be "download" or "upload". The SSH command can be tweaked with the GIT_SSH or GIT_SSH_COMMAND environment variables. The output for successful commands is JSON, and matches the schema as an action in a Batch API response. Git LFS will dump the STDERR from the ssh command if it returns a non-zero exit code.

Examples:

The git-lfs-authenticate command can even suggest an LFS endpoint that does not match the Git remote by specifying an href property.

# Called for remotes like:
#   * git@git-server.com:foo/bar.git
#   * ssh://git@git-server.com/foo/bar.git
$ ssh git@git-server.com git-lfs-authenticate foo/bar.git download
{
  "href": "https://lfs-server.com/foo/bar",
  "header": {
    "Authorization": "RemoteAuth some-token"
  },
  "expires_in": 86400
}

Git LFS will output the STDERR if git-lfs-authenticate returns a non-zero exit code:

$ ssh git@git-server.com git-lfs-authenticate foo/bar.git wat
Invalid LFS operation: "wat"

Custom Configuration

If Git LFS can't guess your LFS server, or you aren't using the git-lfs-authenticate command, you can specify the LFS server using Git config.

Set lfs.url to set the LFS server, regardless of Git remote.

$ git config lfs.url https://lfs-server.com/foo/bar

You can set remote.{name}.lfsurl to set the LFS server for that specific remote only:

$ git config remote.dev.lfsurl http://lfs-server.dev/foo/bar
$ git lfs env
...

Endpoint=https://git-server.com/foo/bar.git/info/lfs (auth=none)
Endpoint (dev)=http://lfs-server.dev/foo/bar (auth=none)

Git LFS will also read these settings from a .lfsconfig file in the root of your repository. This lets you commit it to the repository so that all users can use it, if you wish.

$ git config --file=.lfsconfig lfs.url https://lfs-server.com/foo/bar
You can’t perform that action at this time.