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/*
* SHA-1 implementation for PowerPC.
*
* Copyright (C) 2005 Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
*/
/*
* PowerPC calling convention:
* %r0 - volatile temp
* %r1 - stack pointer.
* %r2 - reserved
* %r3-%r12 - Incoming arguments & return values; volatile.
* %r13-%r31 - Callee-save registers
* %lr - Return address, volatile
* %ctr - volatile
*
* Register usage in this routine:
* %r0 - temp
* %r3 - argument (pointer to 5 words of SHA state)
* %r4 - argument (pointer to data to hash)
* %r5 - Constant K in SHA round (initially number of blocks to hash)
* %r6-%r10 - Working copies of SHA variables A..E (actually E..A order)
* %r11-%r26 - Data being hashed W[].
* %r27-%r31 - Previous copies of A..E, for final add back.
* %ctr - loop count
*/
/*
* We roll the registers for A, B, C, D, E around on each
* iteration; E on iteration t is D on iteration t+1, and so on.
* We use registers 6 - 10 for this. (Registers 27 - 31 hold
* the previous values.)
*/
#define RA(t) (((t)+4)%5+6)
#define RB(t) (((t)+3)%5+6)
#define RC(t) (((t)+2)%5+6)
#define RD(t) (((t)+1)%5+6)
#define RE(t) (((t)+0)%5+6)
/* We use registers 11 - 26 for the W values */
#define W(t) ((t)%16+11)
/* Register 5 is used for the constant k */
/*
* The basic SHA-1 round function is:
* E += ROTL(A,5) + F(B,C,D) + W[i] + K; B = ROTL(B,30)
* Then the variables are renamed: (A,B,C,D,E) = (E,A,B,C,D).
*
* Every 20 rounds, the function F() and the constant K changes:
* - 20 rounds of f0(b,c,d) = "bit wise b ? c : d" = (^b & d) + (b & c)
* - 20 rounds of f1(b,c,d) = b^c^d = (b^d)^c
* - 20 rounds of f2(b,c,d) = majority(b,c,d) = (b&d) + ((b^d)&c)
* - 20 more rounds of f1(b,c,d)
*
* These are all scheduled for near-optimal performance on a G4.
* The G4 is a 3-issue out-of-order machine with 3 ALUs, but it can only
* *consider* starting the oldest 3 instructions per cycle. So to get
* maximum performance out of it, you have to treat it as an in-order
* machine. Which means interleaving the computation round t with the
* computation of W[t+4].
*
* The first 16 rounds use W values loaded directly from memory, while the
* remaining 64 use values computed from those first 16. We preload
* 4 values before starting, so there are three kinds of rounds:
* - The first 12 (all f0) also load the W values from memory.
* - The next 64 compute W(i+4) in parallel. 8*f0, 20*f1, 20*f2, 16*f1.
* - The last 4 (all f1) do not do anything with W.
*
* Therefore, we have 6 different round functions:
* STEPD0_LOAD(t,s) - Perform round t and load W(s). s < 16
* STEPD0_UPDATE(t,s) - Perform round t and compute W(s). s >= 16.
* STEPD1_UPDATE(t,s)
* STEPD2_UPDATE(t,s)
* STEPD1(t) - Perform round t with no load or update.
*
* The G5 is more fully out-of-order, and can find the parallelism
* by itself. The big limit is that it has a 2-cycle ALU latency, so
* even though it's 2-way, the code has to be scheduled as if it's
* 4-way, which can be a limit. To help it, we try to schedule the
* read of RA(t) as late as possible so it doesn't stall waiting for
* the previous round's RE(t-1), and we try to rotate RB(t) as early
* as possible while reading RC(t) (= RB(t-1)) as late as possible.
*/
/* the initial loads. */
#define LOADW(s) \
lwz W(s),(s)*4(%r4)
/*
* Perform a step with F0, and load W(s). Uses W(s) as a temporary
* before loading it.
* This is actually 10 instructions, which is an awkward fit.
* It can execute grouped as listed, or delayed one instruction.
* (If delayed two instructions, there is a stall before the start of the
* second line.) Thus, two iterations take 7 cycles, 3.5 cycles per round.
*/
#define STEPD0_LOAD(t,s) \
add RE(t),RE(t),W(t); andc %r0,RD(t),RB(t); and W(s),RC(t),RB(t); \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r0; rotlwi %r0,RA(t),5; rotlwi RB(t),RB(t),30; \
add RE(t),RE(t),W(s); add %r0,%r0,%r5; lwz W(s),(s)*4(%r4); \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r0
/*
* This is likewise awkward, 13 instructions. However, it can also
* execute starting with 2 out of 3 possible moduli, so it does 2 rounds
* in 9 cycles, 4.5 cycles/round.
*/
#define STEPD0_UPDATE(t,s,loadk...) \
add RE(t),RE(t),W(t); andc %r0,RD(t),RB(t); xor W(s),W((s)-16),W((s)-3); \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r0; and %r0,RC(t),RB(t); xor W(s),W(s),W((s)-8); \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r0; rotlwi %r0,RA(t),5; xor W(s),W(s),W((s)-14); \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r5; loadk; rotlwi RB(t),RB(t),30; rotlwi W(s),W(s),1; \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r0
/* Nicely optimal. Conveniently, also the most common. */
#define STEPD1_UPDATE(t,s,loadk...) \
add RE(t),RE(t),W(t); xor %r0,RD(t),RB(t); xor W(s),W((s)-16),W((s)-3); \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r5; loadk; xor %r0,%r0,RC(t); xor W(s),W(s),W((s)-8); \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r0; rotlwi %r0,RA(t),5; xor W(s),W(s),W((s)-14); \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r0; rotlwi RB(t),RB(t),30; rotlwi W(s),W(s),1
/*
* The naked version, no UPDATE, for the last 4 rounds. 3 cycles per.
* We could use W(s) as a temp register, but we don't need it.
*/
#define STEPD1(t) \
add RE(t),RE(t),W(t); xor %r0,RD(t),RB(t); \
rotlwi RB(t),RB(t),30; add RE(t),RE(t),%r5; xor %r0,%r0,RC(t); \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r0; rotlwi %r0,RA(t),5; /* spare slot */ \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r0
/*
* 14 instructions, 5 cycles per. The majority function is a bit
* awkward to compute. This can execute with a 1-instruction delay,
* but it causes a 2-instruction delay, which triggers a stall.
*/
#define STEPD2_UPDATE(t,s,loadk...) \
add RE(t),RE(t),W(t); and %r0,RD(t),RB(t); xor W(s),W((s)-16),W((s)-3); \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r0; xor %r0,RD(t),RB(t); xor W(s),W(s),W((s)-8); \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r5; loadk; and %r0,%r0,RC(t); xor W(s),W(s),W((s)-14); \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r0; rotlwi %r0,RA(t),5; rotlwi W(s),W(s),1; \
add RE(t),RE(t),%r0; rotlwi RB(t),RB(t),30
#define STEP0_LOAD4(t,s) \
STEPD0_LOAD(t,s); \
STEPD0_LOAD((t+1),(s)+1); \
STEPD0_LOAD((t)+2,(s)+2); \
STEPD0_LOAD((t)+3,(s)+3)
#define STEPUP4(fn, t, s, loadk...) \
STEP##fn##_UPDATE(t,s,); \
STEP##fn##_UPDATE((t)+1,(s)+1,); \
STEP##fn##_UPDATE((t)+2,(s)+2,); \
STEP##fn##_UPDATE((t)+3,(s)+3,loadk)
#define STEPUP20(fn, t, s, loadk...) \
STEPUP4(fn, t, s,); \
STEPUP4(fn, (t)+4, (s)+4,); \
STEPUP4(fn, (t)+8, (s)+8,); \
STEPUP4(fn, (t)+12, (s)+12,); \
STEPUP4(fn, (t)+16, (s)+16, loadk)
.globl ppc_sha1_core
ppc_sha1_core:
stwu %r1,-80(%r1)
stmw %r13,4(%r1)
/* Load up A - E */
lmw %r27,0(%r3)
mtctr %r5
1:
LOADW(0)
lis %r5,0x5a82
mr RE(0),%r31
LOADW(1)
mr RD(0),%r30
mr RC(0),%r29
LOADW(2)
ori %r5,%r5,0x7999 /* K0-19 */
mr RB(0),%r28
LOADW(3)
mr RA(0),%r27
STEP0_LOAD4(0, 4)
STEP0_LOAD4(4, 8)
STEP0_LOAD4(8, 12)
STEPUP4(D0, 12, 16,)
STEPUP4(D0, 16, 20, lis %r5,0x6ed9)
ori %r5,%r5,0xeba1 /* K20-39 */
STEPUP20(D1, 20, 24, lis %r5,0x8f1b)
ori %r5,%r5,0xbcdc /* K40-59 */
STEPUP20(D2, 40, 44, lis %r5,0xca62)
ori %r5,%r5,0xc1d6 /* K60-79 */
STEPUP4(D1, 60, 64,)
STEPUP4(D1, 64, 68,)
STEPUP4(D1, 68, 72,)
STEPUP4(D1, 72, 76,)
addi %r4,%r4,64
STEPD1(76)
STEPD1(77)
STEPD1(78)
STEPD1(79)
/* Add results to original values */
add %r31,%r31,RE(0)
add %r30,%r30,RD(0)
add %r29,%r29,RC(0)
add %r28,%r28,RB(0)
add %r27,%r27,RA(0)
bdnz 1b
/* Save final hash, restore registers, and return */
stmw %r27,0(%r3)
lmw %r13,4(%r1)
addi %r1,%r1,80
blr
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