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#include "builtin.h"
#include "cache.h"
#include "exec_cmd.h"
#include "help.h"
#include "quote.h"
#include "run-command.h"
const char git_usage_string[] =
"git [--version] [--exec-path[=<path>]] [--html-path] [--man-path] [--info-path]\n"
" [-p|--paginate|--no-pager] [--no-replace-objects] [--bare]\n"
" [--git-dir=<path>] [--work-tree=<path>] [--namespace=<name>]\n"
" [-c name=value] [--help]\n"
" <command> [<args>]";
const char git_more_info_string[] =
N_("See 'git help <command>' for more information on a specific command.");
static struct startup_info git_startup_info;
static int use_pager = -1;
struct pager_config {
const char *cmd;
int want;
char *value;
};
static int pager_command_config(const char *var, const char *value, void *data)
{
struct pager_config *c = data;
if (!prefixcmp(var, "pager.") && !strcmp(var + 6, c->cmd)) {
int b = git_config_maybe_bool(var, value);
if (b >= 0)
c->want = b;
else {
c->want = 1;
c->value = xstrdup(value);
}
}
return 0;
}
/* returns 0 for "no pager", 1 for "use pager", and -1 for "not specified" */
int check_pager_config(const char *cmd)
{
struct pager_config c;
c.cmd = cmd;
c.want = -1;
c.value = NULL;
git_config(pager_command_config, &c);
if (c.value)
pager_program = c.value;
return c.want;
}
static void commit_pager_choice(void) {
switch (use_pager) {
case 0:
setenv("GIT_PAGER", "cat", 1);
break;
case 1:
setup_pager();
break;
default:
break;
}
}
static int handle_options(const char ***argv, int *argc, int *envchanged)
{
const char **orig_argv = *argv;
while (*argc > 0) {
const char *cmd = (*argv)[0];
if (cmd[0] != '-')
break;
/*
* For legacy reasons, the "version" and "help"
* commands can be written with "--" prepended
* to make them look like flags.
*/
if (!strcmp(cmd, "--help") || !strcmp(cmd, "--version"))
break;
/*
* Check remaining flags.
*/
if (!prefixcmp(cmd, "--exec-path")) {
cmd += 11;
if (*cmd == '=')
git_set_argv_exec_path(cmd + 1);
else {
puts(git_exec_path());
exit(0);
}
} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "--html-path")) {
puts(system_path(GIT_HTML_PATH));
exit(0);
} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "--man-path")) {
puts(system_path(GIT_MAN_PATH));
exit(0);
} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "--info-path")) {
puts(system_path(GIT_INFO_PATH));
exit(0);
} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "-p") || !strcmp(cmd, "--paginate")) {
use_pager = 1;
} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "--no-pager")) {
use_pager = 0;
if (envchanged)
*envchanged = 1;
} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "--no-replace-objects")) {
read_replace_refs = 0;
setenv(NO_REPLACE_OBJECTS_ENVIRONMENT, "1", 1);
if (envchanged)
*envchanged = 1;
} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "--git-dir")) {
if (*argc < 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "No directory given for --git-dir.\n" );
usage(git_usage_string);
}
setenv(GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT, (*argv)[1], 1);
if (envchanged)
*envchanged = 1;
(*argv)++;
(*argc)--;
} else if (!prefixcmp(cmd, "--git-dir=")) {
setenv(GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT, cmd + 10, 1);
if (envchanged)
*envchanged = 1;
} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "--namespace")) {
if (*argc < 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "No namespace given for --namespace.\n" );
usage(git_usage_string);
}
setenv(GIT_NAMESPACE_ENVIRONMENT, (*argv)[1], 1);
if (envchanged)
*envchanged = 1;
(*argv)++;
(*argc)--;
} else if (!prefixcmp(cmd, "--namespace=")) {
setenv(GIT_NAMESPACE_ENVIRONMENT, cmd + 12, 1);
if (envchanged)
*envchanged = 1;
} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "--work-tree")) {
if (*argc < 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "No directory given for --work-tree.\n" );
usage(git_usage_string);
}
setenv(GIT_WORK_TREE_ENVIRONMENT, (*argv)[1], 1);
if (envchanged)
*envchanged = 1;
(*argv)++;
(*argc)--;
} else if (!prefixcmp(cmd, "--work-tree=")) {
setenv(GIT_WORK_TREE_ENVIRONMENT, cmd + 12, 1);
if (envchanged)
*envchanged = 1;
} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "--bare")) {
static char git_dir[PATH_MAX+1];
is_bare_repository_cfg = 1;
setenv(GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT, getcwd(git_dir, sizeof(git_dir)), 0);
if (envchanged)
*envchanged = 1;
} else if (!strcmp(cmd, "-c")) {
if (*argc < 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "-c expects a configuration string\n" );
usage(git_usage_string);
}
git_config_push_parameter((*argv)[1]);
(*argv)++;
(*argc)--;
} else {
fprintf(stderr, "Unknown option: %s\n", cmd);
usage(git_usage_string);
}
(*argv)++;
(*argc)--;
}
return (*argv) - orig_argv;
}
static int handle_alias(int *argcp, const char ***argv)
{
int envchanged = 0, ret = 0, saved_errno = errno;
const char *subdir;
int count, option_count;
const char **new_argv;
const char *alias_command;
char *alias_string;
int unused_nongit;
subdir = setup_git_directory_gently(&unused_nongit);
alias_command = (*argv)[0];
alias_string = alias_lookup(alias_command);
if (alias_string) {
if (alias_string[0] == '!') {
const char **alias_argv;
int argc = *argcp, i;
commit_pager_choice();
/* build alias_argv */
alias_argv = xmalloc(sizeof(*alias_argv) * (argc + 1));
alias_argv[0] = alias_string + 1;
for (i = 1; i < argc; ++i)
alias_argv[i] = (*argv)[i];
alias_argv[argc] = NULL;
ret = run_command_v_opt(alias_argv, RUN_USING_SHELL);
if (ret >= 0) /* normal exit */
exit(ret);
die_errno("While expanding alias '%s': '%s'",
alias_command, alias_string + 1);
}
count = split_cmdline(alias_string, &new_argv);
if (count < 0)
die("Bad alias.%s string: %s", alias_command,
split_cmdline_strerror(count));
option_count = handle_options(&new_argv, &count, &envchanged);
if (envchanged)
die("alias '%s' changes environment variables\n"
"You can use '!git' in the alias to do this.",
alias_command);
memmove(new_argv - option_count, new_argv,
count * sizeof(char *));
new_argv -= option_count;
if (count < 1)
die("empty alias for %s", alias_command);
if (!strcmp(alias_command, new_argv[0]))
die("recursive alias: %s", alias_command);
trace_argv_printf(new_argv,
"trace: alias expansion: %s =>",
alias_command);
new_argv = xrealloc(new_argv, sizeof(char *) *
(count + *argcp));
/* insert after command name */
memcpy(new_argv + count, *argv + 1, sizeof(char *) * *argcp);
*argv = new_argv;
*argcp += count - 1;
ret = 1;
}
if (subdir && chdir(subdir))
die_errno("Cannot change to '%s'", subdir);
errno = saved_errno;
return ret;
}
const char git_version_string[] = GIT_VERSION;
#define RUN_SETUP (1<<0)
#define RUN_SETUP_GENTLY (1<<1)
#define USE_PAGER (1<<2)
/*
* require working tree to be present -- anything uses this needs
* RUN_SETUP for reading from the configuration file.
*/
#define NEED_WORK_TREE (1<<3)
struct cmd_struct {
const char *cmd;
int (*fn)(int, const char **, const char *);
int option;
};
static int run_builtin(struct cmd_struct *p, int argc, const char **argv)
{
int status, help;
struct stat st;
const char *prefix;
prefix = NULL;
help = argc == 2 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-h");
if (!help) {
if (p->option & RUN_SETUP)
prefix = setup_git_directory();
if (p->option & RUN_SETUP_GENTLY) {
int nongit_ok;
prefix = setup_git_directory_gently(&nongit_ok);
}
if (use_pager == -1 && p->option & (RUN_SETUP | RUN_SETUP_GENTLY))
use_pager = check_pager_config(p->cmd);
if (use_pager == -1 && p->option & USE_PAGER)
use_pager = 1;
if ((p->option & (RUN_SETUP | RUN_SETUP_GENTLY)) &&
startup_info->have_repository) /* get_git_dir() may set up repo, avoid that */
trace_repo_setup(prefix);
}
commit_pager_choice();
if (!help && p->option & NEED_WORK_TREE)
setup_work_tree();
trace_argv_printf(argv, "trace: built-in: git");
status = p->fn(argc, argv, prefix);
if (status)
return status;
/* Somebody closed stdout? */
if (fstat(fileno(stdout), &st))
return 0;
/* Ignore write errors for pipes and sockets.. */
if (S_ISFIFO(st.st_mode) || S_ISSOCK(st.st_mode))
return 0;
/* Check for ENOSPC and EIO errors.. */
if (fflush(stdout))
die_errno("write failure on standard output");
if (ferror(stdout))
die("unknown write failure on standard output");
if (fclose(stdout))
die_errno("close failed on standard output");
return 0;
}
static void handle_internal_command(int argc, const char **argv)
{
const char *cmd = argv[0];
static struct cmd_struct commands[] = {
{ "add", cmd_add, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "annotate", cmd_annotate, RUN_SETUP },
{ "apply", cmd_apply, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
{ "archive", cmd_archive },
{ "bisect--helper", cmd_bisect__helper, RUN_SETUP },
{ "blame", cmd_blame, RUN_SETUP },
{ "branch", cmd_branch, RUN_SETUP },
{ "bundle", cmd_bundle, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
{ "cat-file", cmd_cat_file, RUN_SETUP },
{ "check-attr", cmd_check_attr, RUN_SETUP },
{ "check-ref-format", cmd_check_ref_format },
{ "checkout", cmd_checkout, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "checkout-index", cmd_checkout_index,
RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE},
{ "cherry", cmd_cherry, RUN_SETUP },
{ "cherry-pick", cmd_cherry_pick, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "clean", cmd_clean, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "clone", cmd_clone },
{ "column", cmd_column, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
{ "commit", cmd_commit, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "commit-tree", cmd_commit_tree, RUN_SETUP },
{ "config", cmd_config, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
{ "count-objects", cmd_count_objects, RUN_SETUP },
{ "describe", cmd_describe, RUN_SETUP },
{ "diff", cmd_diff },
{ "diff-files", cmd_diff_files, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "diff-index", cmd_diff_index, RUN_SETUP },
{ "diff-tree", cmd_diff_tree, RUN_SETUP },
{ "fast-export", cmd_fast_export, RUN_SETUP },
{ "fetch", cmd_fetch, RUN_SETUP },
{ "fetch-pack", cmd_fetch_pack, RUN_SETUP },
{ "fmt-merge-msg", cmd_fmt_merge_msg, RUN_SETUP },
{ "for-each-ref", cmd_for_each_ref, RUN_SETUP },
{ "format-patch", cmd_format_patch, RUN_SETUP },
{ "fsck", cmd_fsck, RUN_SETUP },
{ "fsck-objects", cmd_fsck, RUN_SETUP },
{ "gc", cmd_gc, RUN_SETUP },
{ "get-tar-commit-id", cmd_get_tar_commit_id },
{ "grep", cmd_grep, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
{ "hash-object", cmd_hash_object },
{ "help", cmd_help },
{ "index-pack", cmd_index_pack, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
{ "init", cmd_init_db },
{ "init-db", cmd_init_db },
{ "log", cmd_log, RUN_SETUP },
{ "ls-files", cmd_ls_files, RUN_SETUP },
{ "ls-remote", cmd_ls_remote, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
{ "ls-tree", cmd_ls_tree, RUN_SETUP },
{ "mailinfo", cmd_mailinfo },
{ "mailsplit", cmd_mailsplit },
{ "merge", cmd_merge, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "merge-base", cmd_merge_base, RUN_SETUP },
{ "merge-file", cmd_merge_file, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
{ "merge-index", cmd_merge_index, RUN_SETUP },
{ "merge-ours", cmd_merge_ours, RUN_SETUP },
{ "merge-recursive", cmd_merge_recursive, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "merge-recursive-ours", cmd_merge_recursive, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "merge-recursive-theirs", cmd_merge_recursive, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "merge-subtree", cmd_merge_recursive, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "merge-tree", cmd_merge_tree, RUN_SETUP },
{ "mktag", cmd_mktag, RUN_SETUP },
{ "mktree", cmd_mktree, RUN_SETUP },
{ "mv", cmd_mv, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "name-rev", cmd_name_rev, RUN_SETUP },
{ "notes", cmd_notes, RUN_SETUP },
{ "pack-objects", cmd_pack_objects, RUN_SETUP },
{ "pack-redundant", cmd_pack_redundant, RUN_SETUP },
{ "pack-refs", cmd_pack_refs, RUN_SETUP },
{ "patch-id", cmd_patch_id },
{ "peek-remote", cmd_ls_remote, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
{ "pickaxe", cmd_blame, RUN_SETUP },
{ "prune", cmd_prune, RUN_SETUP },
{ "prune-packed", cmd_prune_packed, RUN_SETUP },
{ "push", cmd_push, RUN_SETUP },
{ "read-tree", cmd_read_tree, RUN_SETUP },
{ "receive-pack", cmd_receive_pack },
{ "reflog", cmd_reflog, RUN_SETUP },
{ "remote", cmd_remote, RUN_SETUP },
{ "remote-ext", cmd_remote_ext },
{ "remote-fd", cmd_remote_fd },
{ "replace", cmd_replace, RUN_SETUP },
{ "repo-config", cmd_repo_config, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
{ "rerere", cmd_rerere, RUN_SETUP },
{ "reset", cmd_reset, RUN_SETUP },
{ "rev-list", cmd_rev_list, RUN_SETUP },
{ "rev-parse", cmd_rev_parse },
{ "revert", cmd_revert, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "rm", cmd_rm, RUN_SETUP },
{ "send-pack", cmd_send_pack, RUN_SETUP },
{ "shortlog", cmd_shortlog, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY | USE_PAGER },
{ "show", cmd_show, RUN_SETUP },
{ "show-branch", cmd_show_branch, RUN_SETUP },
{ "show-ref", cmd_show_ref, RUN_SETUP },
{ "stage", cmd_add, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "status", cmd_status, RUN_SETUP | NEED_WORK_TREE },
{ "stripspace", cmd_stripspace },
{ "symbolic-ref", cmd_symbolic_ref, RUN_SETUP },
{ "tag", cmd_tag, RUN_SETUP },
{ "tar-tree", cmd_tar_tree },
{ "unpack-file", cmd_unpack_file, RUN_SETUP },
{ "unpack-objects", cmd_unpack_objects, RUN_SETUP },
{ "update-index", cmd_update_index, RUN_SETUP },
{ "update-ref", cmd_update_ref, RUN_SETUP },
{ "update-server-info", cmd_update_server_info, RUN_SETUP },
{ "upload-archive", cmd_upload_archive },
{ "upload-archive--writer", cmd_upload_archive_writer },
{ "var", cmd_var, RUN_SETUP_GENTLY },
{ "verify-pack", cmd_verify_pack },
{ "verify-tag", cmd_verify_tag, RUN_SETUP },
{ "version", cmd_version },
{ "whatchanged", cmd_whatchanged, RUN_SETUP },
{ "write-tree", cmd_write_tree, RUN_SETUP },
};
int i;
static const char ext[] = STRIP_EXTENSION;
if (sizeof(ext) > 1) {
i = strlen(argv[0]) - strlen(ext);
if (i > 0 && !strcmp(argv[0] + i, ext)) {
char *argv0 = xstrdup(argv[0]);
argv[0] = cmd = argv0;
argv0[i] = '\0';
}
}
/* Turn "git cmd --help" into "git help cmd" */
if (argc > 1 && !strcmp(argv[1], "--help")) {
argv[1] = argv[0];
argv[0] = cmd = "help";
}
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(commands); i++) {
struct cmd_struct *p = commands+i;
if (strcmp(p->cmd, cmd))
continue;
exit(run_builtin(p, argc, argv));
}
}
static void execv_dashed_external(const char **argv)
{
struct strbuf cmd = STRBUF_INIT;
const char *tmp;
int status;
if (use_pager == -1)
use_pager = check_pager_config(argv[0]);
commit_pager_choice();
strbuf_addf(&cmd, "git-%s", argv[0]);
/*
* argv[0] must be the git command, but the argv array
* belongs to the caller, and may be reused in
* subsequent loop iterations. Save argv[0] and
* restore it on error.
*/
tmp = argv[0];
argv[0] = cmd.buf;
trace_argv_printf(argv, "trace: exec:");
/*
* if we fail because the command is not found, it is
* OK to return. Otherwise, we just pass along the status code.
*/
status = run_command_v_opt(argv, RUN_SILENT_EXEC_FAILURE | RUN_CLEAN_ON_EXIT);
if (status >= 0 || errno != ENOENT)
exit(status);
argv[0] = tmp;
strbuf_release(&cmd);
}
static int run_argv(int *argcp, const char ***argv)
{
int done_alias = 0;
while (1) {
/* See if it's an internal command */
handle_internal_command(*argcp, *argv);
/* .. then try the external ones */
execv_dashed_external(*argv);
/* It could be an alias -- this works around the insanity
* of overriding "git log" with "git show" by having
* alias.log = show
*/
if (done_alias || !handle_alias(argcp, argv))
break;
done_alias = 1;
}
return done_alias;
}
int main(int argc, const char **argv)
{
const char *cmd;
startup_info = &git_startup_info;
cmd = git_extract_argv0_path(argv[0]);
if (!cmd)
cmd = "git-help";
git_setup_gettext();
/*
* "git-xxxx" is the same as "git xxxx", but we obviously:
*
* - cannot take flags in between the "git" and the "xxxx".
* - cannot execute it externally (since it would just do
* the same thing over again)
*
* So we just directly call the internal command handler, and
* die if that one cannot handle it.
*/
if (!prefixcmp(cmd, "git-")) {
cmd += 4;
argv[0] = cmd;
handle_internal_command(argc, argv);
die("cannot handle %s internally", cmd);
}
/* Look for flags.. */
argv++;
argc--;
handle_options(&argv, &argc, NULL);
if (argc > 0) {
if (!prefixcmp(argv[0], "--"))
argv[0] += 2;
} else {
/* The user didn't specify a command; give them help */
commit_pager_choice();
printf("usage: %s\n\n", git_usage_string);
list_common_cmds_help();
printf("\n%s\n", git_more_info_string);
exit(1);
}
cmd = argv[0];
/*
* We use PATH to find git commands, but we prepend some higher
* precedence paths: the "--exec-path" option, the GIT_EXEC_PATH
* environment, and the $(gitexecdir) from the Makefile at build
* time.
*/
setup_path();
while (1) {
static int done_help = 0;
static int was_alias = 0;
was_alias = run_argv(&argc, &argv);
if (errno != ENOENT)
break;
if (was_alias) {
fprintf(stderr, "Expansion of alias '%s' failed; "
"'%s' is not a git command\n",
cmd, argv[0]);
exit(1);
}
if (!done_help) {
cmd = argv[0] = help_unknown_cmd(cmd);
done_help = 1;
} else
break;
}
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to run command '%s': %s\n",
cmd, strerror(errno));
return 1;
}
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