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test-lib: Let tests specify commands to be run at end of test

Certain actions can imply that if the test fails early, recovery from
within other tests is too much to expect:

 - creating unwritable directories, like the EACCESS test in t0001-init
 - setting unusual configuration, like user.signingkey in t7004-tag
 - crashing and leaving the index lock held, like t3600-rm once did

Some test scripts work around this by running cleanup actions outside
the supervision of the test harness, with the unfortunate consequence
that those commands are not appropriately echoed and their output not
suppressed.  Others explicitly save exit status, clean up, and then
reset the exit status within the tests, which has excellent behavior
but makes the tests hard to read.  Still others ignore the problem.

Allow tests a fourth option: by calling this function, tests can
stack up commands they would like to be run to clean up.

Commands passed to test_when_finished during a test are
unconditionally run in the test environment immediately before the
test is completed, in last-in-first-out order.  If some cleanup
command fails, then the other cleanup commands are still run before
the failure is reported and the test script allowed to continue.

Signed-off-by: Jonathan Nieder <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
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1 parent 6b6f5d4 commit 3bf7886705b4ea7189f046fa5258fdf6edcdbe23 @jrn jrn committed with gitster May 2, 2010
Showing with 27 additions and 1 deletion.
  1. +27 −1 t/
@@ -366,8 +366,9 @@ test_debug () {
test_run_ () {
+ test_cleanup='eval_ret=$?'
eval >&3 2>&4 "$1"
- eval_ret="$?"
+ eval >&3 2>&4 "$test_cleanup"
return 0
@@ -545,6 +546,31 @@ test_cmp() {
+# This function can be used to schedule some commands to be run
+# unconditionally at the end of the test to restore sanity:
+# test_expect_success 'test core.capslock' '
+# git config core.capslock true &&
+# test_when_finished "git config --unset core.capslock" &&
+# hello world
+# '
+# That would be roughly equivalent to
+# test_expect_success 'test core.capslock' '
+# git config core.capslock true &&
+# hello world
+# git config --unset core.capslock
+# '
+# except that the greeting and config --unset must both succeed for
+# the test to pass.
+test_when_finished () {
+ test_cleanup="eval_ret=\$?; { $*
+ } && (exit \"\$eval_ret\"); $test_cleanup"
# Most tests can use the created repository, but some may need to create more.
# Usage: test_create_repo <directory>
test_create_repo () {

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